December 2012

Your webmaster reviewed Philip K. Cohen's excellent critical biography whose title well describes its subject: John Evelyn Barlas, A Critical Biography: Poetry, Anarchism, and Mental Illness in Late-Victorian Britain (2012). Drawing once again upon the riches of the Internet Archive, Landow added the essays of Henry James on illustrators (Edward A. Abbey, Charles C. Reinhart, and Alfred Parsons) and writers (Matthew Arnold, George Eliot, William Morris, Rudyard Kipling, and A. C. Swinburne). Landow then added more than thirty plates by one of his favorite illustrators, Edmund J. Sullivan, with sitemaps (or homepages) for his illustrations of Tennyson and Fitzgerald's Rubaiyat to match the older one on Carlyle's Sartor Resartus. Then, drawing upon James Thorpe's 1949 monograph, he added commentaries to these sitemaps and Sullivan's main page. Working from other sources, he added works to Charles Robinson and created new sections on Harry Clarke, William James Linton, and Helen M. Sinclair. The year ended with Landow adding to the material on Frank Brangwyn, creating new sections for his engravings and lithographs, watercolors, and war posters, and adding dozens of examples to those already existing on paintings and drawings plus commentaries taken from two books by his early twentieth-century advocate, Walter Shaw Sparrow.

Philip v. Allingham has contributed a dozen and a half comparative essays on the illustrations of Dickens's Christmas books by the American E. A. Abbey (subject of an essay by Henry James just added).

At the very end of last month and the beginning of this, Jacqueline Banerjee wrote an illustrated essay on the French influence on Victorian Architecture, including the example of Cuthbert Brodrick's Second Empire-style Grand Hotel, Scarborough. She then started writing about Pugin in the Midlands, discussing — the exterior and interior of his masterpiece, the Roman Catholic Church of St Giles in Cheadle, and its beautiful stained glass. Dr Craig Thornber again very kindly provided some lovely pictures, this time for her description of the other (Anglican) Church of St Giles in Cheadle, and her short biography of its architect, J. P. Pritchett. These were followed by photo essays on Pugin's additions and alterations to Alton Towers, the Convent and school at Cheadle, and a review of Michael Fisher's book, "Gothic For Ever": A. W. N. Pugin, Lord Shrewsbury, and the Rebuilding of Catholic England. JB also reviewed two other new books: Philip Davies's London: Hidden Interiors, with its magnificent photography by Derek Kendall, and John Sankey's edition of an exciting find, a recently discovered early twentieth-century biography of Thomas Brock: Thomas Brock: Forgotten Sculptor of the Victoria Memorial. Finally, she excerpted and formatted a well-illustrated discussion of "Pugin's First Church, St James', Reading," from John and Lindsay Mullaney's recent book about the church. We are very grateful to them both for the chance to reprint this informative account. It is of great interest because the church, unusually for Pugin, is in Noman-Romanesque style, and they discuss how far it already fits in with his "True Principles."

Andrzej Diniejko, Contributing Editor, Poland, sent along fron Warsaw his new section on Walter Besant, which includes a biography, “Walter Besant's Dystopian Novels,” “Walter Besant's Novels of East London,” and a chronology of his works.

Simon Cooke, who has an updated biography, began his promised series of articles on Victorian periodicals and book illustration with “Samuel Lucas, Once a Week, and the Development of Sixties Illustration” and “The Cornhill Magazine, George Smith and illustrators of ‘The Sixties.’” To accompany these essays, he also contributed illustrations by Robert Barnes (Honest Work and Death by suffocation) and George du Maurier (The Cicilian Pirates).

Stuart Durant, one of our regulars, contributed “Voysey and his first mentor, John Pollard Seddon.

Graham Lupp from Down Under sent along his photograph and accompanying text of Orton Park in New South Wales.

Greg Withnail writes from the Open University to point out a bad link created when we moved an essay to our section on children's literature. Thanks!

As of the 24th the site has 66, 595 documents and images.

November 2012

We welcome Simon Cooke as the Assistant Editor for Book Illustration and Design. Most appropriately, he contributed more material to his section on the illustrator Alfred Walter Bayes (1831-1909) and a much-needed essay on German illustrators and Victorian England. These new additions to our section on illustration prompted your webmaster to add to the materials on Laurence Housman, the brother of the poet who was a fine illustrator, poet, playwright, and author of both realist and fantasy fiction. The Internet Archive provided 60 examples of his illustrations for his own and other writer's works and two of his designs for bindings, and his autobiography, The Unexpected Year proved a treasure drove of information about his relation with his more famous brother, his reminiscences of Wilde and Whistler, the history of his religious belief, the harmful effects of Victorian prudery, and his movement from a political and social conservative to a radical who campaigned for female suffrage.

Drawing upon more published work of the late E.D.H. Johnson (your webmaster's thesis advisor way back in 1966), we've added “British Painting and the Industrial Revolution,” comments on Wilkie and genre painting, The Graphic. The Internet Archive version of Charles Rowley's illustrated reminiscences, has provided substantial additions to our sections on Ford Madox Brown's drawings and paintings, Walter Crane's drawings, and Frederic Shields's paintings

Philip V. Allingham contributed five commentaries on Edwin Austin Abbey's illustrations for A Christmas Carol.

Jacqueline Banerjee's contributions in the first half of the month included photographs of, and commentaries on, Sir Francis Chantrey's famous and touching Sleeping Children and his figure of Bishop Ryder, both from Lichfield Cathedral, and a photo-essay on the architect Basil Champneys' contributions to Manchester Cathedral. Her recent trip to Manchester also yielded an illustrated essay on Edward Salomons' fine Reform Club there. She completed her short series on the interior of the Midland Grand Hotel at St. Pancras with a look at the Grand Staircase and the atrium there, then turned to a private residence: The Heights in Witley, Surrey, designed for Sir Henry Cole by his son. It later became the home of George Eliot. Many thanks to Sarah Worthington for suggesting this piece, and also for her photographs and added information. Collaboration is always welcome!

We have several contributions from Down Under: Gill Parmenter contributed “The Adult’s Construction of the Inner World of the Child: Insights from Nineteenth-Century Autobiographical Literature” and Graham Lupp a photograph of Woolstone, a mansion decorated with cast iron trim. Thanks to Margaret Wright of Australia for correcting a typo that put a date in the wrong century!

As of the 27th the site has grown to 65, 882 documents and images — and this after deleting dozens of small thumbnails no longer necessary when most readers have faster Internet access.

October 2012

Your webmaster continued working with both his photographs of Oxford colleges and material available in the Internet Archive, creating a new homepage for Oxford that now includes 23 colleges plus a section on individual churches and streets. Part of this project includes a review of J. Mordaunt Crook's Brasenose: The Biography of an Oxford College. Doing a little housekeeping, your master added photographs and images that had been waiting patiently for many months, including works in cast iron, such as a finial with mer children (mermaid babies) surmounted by gilded crown, an ornate cast-iron lamppost in Trafalgar Square with cherubs and griffins, and a glass-and-iron porch roof with a cast bad relief of a dog. Thanks to the Athenæum Club we have a portrait of Sir Walter Scott, the formatting of which led to creating a new art relations section for the novelist. August's visit to London also produced a photograph of Westmacott's statue that surmounts the Duke of York's Column on Carlton Terrace.

The section on the Victoria and Albert Museum, which tripled in size, now includes pictures of the the columns and façade of the Henry Cole wing before and after restoration, the Costume Gallery and larger images and details of the altar screen visible from the entrance hall, examples of damage to the façade caused by air pollution, and the museums usually hidden iron and glass roof that protects a dropped ceiling over the galleries. Several of the older photographs have been replaced by better ones, many details have been added as well. The Internet archive provides images of proposed works by the architect, W. D. Caroë and wallpaper by Walter Crane.

Landow also reviewed Sara Atwood’s Ruskin’s Educational Ideals and drawing upon Holman Hunt's Pre-Raphaelitism and the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood created a number of documents for the section on Ford Madox Brown, including “'Curious crotchets:' Hunt on Ford Madox Brown's disappointments and character,” Ford Madox Brown's earlier work, Ford Madox Brown becomes a Pre-Raphaelite convert, Holman Hunt on Ford Madox Brown's mistreatment by the art establishment and later years, and Ford Madox Brown's praise for Hunt and Millais plus Hunt's comments on Dante Gabriel Rossetti's Girlhood of Mary Virgin and The Annunciation. He also added a dozen or so images to the artist's works.

Philip V. Allingham's chapter in Reading Victorian Book Illustration received a very favorable review by New Books Online 19.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed her biography of the Manchester architect Edward Salomons and his Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue in Manchester plus William Robert Colton's The Spring-Tide of Life and Henry Richard Hope-Pinker's statuette of Dr. James Martineau. A reader (P. Brown) wrote in to correct a misidentification of a building and Ray Unwin contributed a fine photo, which she used in her essay on Newcastle's Union Club Thanks everybody! A week in Paris, and a very special visit to "Castello Marochetti" in Vaux--sur-Seine, then produced some contributions from France: photographs and discussions of the Eiffel Tower and the Art Nouveau metro station at Porte Dauphine (to which GPL usefully added details from Saint-Michel);an attractive stained glass window in a Parisian townhouse; and a series of new works by Marochetti: his relief of the Battle of Jemmapes on the Arc de Triomphe; his headstone for the composer Bellini at Père LaChaise; a a bust of Sir James Stephen; a medallion of Lord Macaulay; and The Angel of Sleep. Many thanks again to Caroline Hedengren-Dillon for her continued support of our Marochetti pages! Back in England, JB came across a picture of the artist William Holman Hunt's cottage in Sonning, making a nice link to the painting of Sonning which GPL had put up earlier this year. In addition, she began a series on the interior of the Midland Grand Hotel, including Introduction and Entrance Hall and a gallery of gothic arches plus Hardwick Road Cemetery, King's Lynn by Aickin & Capes.

Derek B. Scott, our music editor from Leeds, sends in performances of three more Victorian parlor ballads, including "Love’s Old Sweet Song" (which appears in Molly Bloom’s monologue in James Joyce’s Ulysses) plus "It was a Dream" and "Goodbye!"

Diane Greco Josefowicz, our science editor, has just compiled "Contraception in Victorian Britain: A Bibliography of Secondary Materials"

Simon Cooke contributed essays entitled “Art-training in mid-Victorian Britain: Sass’s” and “Art-training in mid-Victorian Britain: Leigh’s” plus a five essays, including a biography, on the illustrator Alfred Walter Bayes, father of he famous sculptor.

Dr Alexandra Mitchell, Project Officer (Worsley New Hall) at the University of Salford, writes to tell us about material available online about Blore's Worsley New Hall.

Paul Venter sent along a fine example of zoological illustration by R. Morgan. If you have any information about this nineteenth-century draughtsman and lithographer, please e-mail the webmaster.

As of the 29th the site had 65, 314 documents and images.

September 2012

Your webmaster began the month with a review of Sylvia Nasar's Grand Pursuit: The Story of Economic Genius and a few a brief pieces inspired by Nasar (who is best known for A Beautiful Mind) — What was the life of a typical Englishman just before Victoria ascended the throne? and Malthus, Mill, Carlyle, Marx, and Economics as a “Dismal Science.” Work continues on photographs from the recent trip to England, including a fountain in one of the Inns of Court, the Friends Meeting House in Hampstead, and a series on the William Morris Gallery in Walthamstow, an “anonymous” post box, and several works in the Athenaeum: George James Howard's drawing of F. T. Palgrave and two drawings by Alphonse Legros — Cardinal Manning,  G. F. Watts, and a caricature of the Athenaeum Burne-Jones sent to his nephew Rudyard Kipling upon his election to the club.

In addition, Landow has again teamed with Robert Freidus on documenting London cemeteries, and the first documents thus far for Camberwell Old Cemetery in Southwark, London, Kingston on Thames Cemetery, and Twickenham Cemetery, Willesden United Synagogue Cemetery, which thus far includes more than 50 memorials. Landow also wrote A little too thin: A Review of Sara Atwood’s Ruskin’s Educational Ideals.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed "Border Crossings" a review of Claudia Nelson's Precocious Children & Childish Adults: Age Inversion in Victorian Literature, after which she continued her work on the art and architecture of Birmingham with some wonderful photographs (and accompanying texts) of Burne-Jones stained glass in St. Philip's Cathedral, Birmingham: the Nativity, Crucifixion Ascension, and Last Judgment.

Shifting her focus from Birmingham to Manchester, she has begun a series on photo-essays on Waterhouse's designs for the University of Manchester, beginning with the Waterhouse Quad and Rear Courtyard and university buildings facing Oxford Road. Thanks to Stephen Richards for contributing his excellent photographs. Joining Landow and Freidus on the London cemetery project, she carrie dout a great deal of research to produce “A Victorian Partnership: Aickin & Capes” She also sent in some sculpture photos and commentaries, on Richard Cockle Lucas's Dr Johnson statue in Lichfield; Percy Fitzgerald's biography and his Boswell statue in the same town, as well as his statue of Dr Johnson in London; and Sir Richard Westmacott's monument to Nelson in Birmingham's Bull Ring, this last piece accompanying a lovely photograph provided by Dr Craig Thornber. She rounded off the month with an essay on Victorian Listed Buildings," prompting your hard-working webmaster to make links to it from the many, many splendid listed buildings in our architecture section.

Phillip V. Allingham has completed several months' work on the illustrations of Dickens's five Christmas books (including Christmas Carol)

Andrzej Diniejko contributes a six-part series of essays on the history of the Salvation Army, which includes biographies of both William and Catherine Mumford Booth plus a discussion of the The Hallelujah Lasses, a chronology, and a bibliography and suggestions for additional reading.

Diane Greco Josefowicz has written "Bad Medicine" — a review of Sylvia A. Pamboukian's Doctoring the Novel: Medicine and Quackery from Shelley to Doyle

Tamsin Williams writes to announce a splendid exhibition of the works of William and Evelyn De Morgan at the Watts Gallery, Compton, Surrey (6 November 2012 – 27 January 2013).

Cécile Haranger-Dehayes, who teaches at l'Université Inter-Ages de Caen, has written and volunteered to help translate the site into French. Béatrice Laurent, Maître de Conférences at the Université des Antilles et de la Guyane, Martinique, who has translated materials in the Victorian Web, contributes two essays in French: “Ailleurs intérieurs : l’errance chez Thomas De Quincey” and “Nowhere, Neverland, Wonderland : les Ailleurs féériques des Victoriens

Mark Bernstein of Eastgate Systems helpfully sends along a few corrections of typos in the Ruskin section. Dorothy Fuldheim pointed out a dead offsite link. P. Brown corrects the identification of a building in Newcastle. Thanks!

Bernard F. Dukore, University Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Virginia Tech, writes to announce the publication of his new book Bernard Shaw: Slaves of Duty and Tricks of the Governing Class, by ELT Press (available on Amazon).

As of the 24th the site had 64,515 documents and images.

August 2012

Your webmaster began the month with a few brief documents about Darwin — Darwin's views of religion: his agnosticism and his reasons for rejecting Christianity and descriptions by Darwin and his son Francis of the family home in Down. As part of the ongoing project to update the formatting of some of our earliest documents, Landow restyled the main pages containing photographs of Myanmar.

A week in England produced several hundred photographs of the University of Oxford — yes, that's the proper name of the university — including series on the following colleges: Balliol, Brasenose, Christ Church, Keble, Magdalen, and St. John's. A walk with Robert Freidus through Hampstead Heath produced a much-expanded section on that green space. In addition to the architecture of William Butterfield's Keble College, the site now contains his mosaics in the chapel. Before heading to Oxford Landow completed the basic Legal London section by adding Gray's Inn (with Pomeroy's statue of Francis Bacon) to earlier work on Lincoln's Inn and the Middle and Inner Temples. Exploring the area around Gray's Inn, your webmaster peeked in an alley and caught sight of a massive church tower, which turned out to be Butterfield's Church of St Alban the Martyr, a church almost entire hidden by the buildings surrounding it. More photographs to come!

Philip Allingham continues his series of extensive commentaries on Fred Barnard excellent illustrations for Dickens's Christmas Books; he includes each plate, provides an analysis, and adds comparisons to illustrations of the same scene by other artists. Examples of such comparisons appear in illustrations for A Christmas Carol and The Cricket on the Hearth .

Jacqueline Banerjee opened a new section on the architect Basil Champneys, providing a biographical introduction and two essays on the John Rylands Library with two dozen photos. She also created a biographical introduction for the Manchester sculptor John Cassidy, who did the sculpture at the Rylands and added more illustrations by the architects Edmund Blore and Thomas Allom.

Later in the month, following a trip to Birmingham for a Pugin Society expedition, came a new section on England's second city. New entries so far are on its Town Hall and some works by important Midlands architects Yeoville Thomason (the Council Office and Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery) and J. H. Chamberlain (the Chamberlain Fountain and the School of Art). Also, new works by important sculptors, like J. H. Foley's Prince Albert; Thomas Woolner's Queen Victoria in the Council House and Joseph Chamberlain on the Chamberlain Fountain; Thomas Brock's Queen Victoria in Victoria Square; Francis John Williamson's Joseph Priestley and Birmingham Encouraging and Advancing the Fine Arts; and Albert Toft's wonderful allegorical figures outside Birmingham's Hall of Memory. Pugin buildings yet to come! With the publisher's permission, she also put up a short extract of her new book on George Meredith, about his later poetry.

Montserrat Martínez García translated into Spanish additional chapters of Chris R. Vanden Bossche's book on Carlyle as well as essays on Carlyle and John Brown, Carlyle's racism, and a relevant book review.

Katharine Chandler, Reference Librarian in the Rare Book Room of the Free Library of Philadelphia, writes to say that her institution owns the original watercolor of Sir Samuel Luke Fildes's tribute to Dickens — The Empty Chair.

ERA Publishing House writes from Bulgaria wanting permission to use our illustrations for a translation of Dickens.

Many thanks to Anthony Pace, Superintendent of Cultural Heritage, Malta, for writing in about the misattribution of a church our Maltese section — and for introducing us, in the process, to another fine Maltese architect of the Victorian period. The correction and new information will be up very shortly.

The site has 63,912 documents and images as of the twenty-seventh.

July 2012

In response to students who write to ask if the materials on the site are vetted by referees, GPL explained the ways six categories of materials are accepted. He also finished creating our web version of Derek B. Scott's The Singing Bourgeois: Songs of the Victorian Drawing Room and Parlor and found some photographs of Venice's St. Mark's and the Ducal Palace dating back to 1966. In addition, he scanned and formatted 21 charcoal drawings and relevant text from F. Hopkinson Smith's In Thackeray's London (1916), a volume that includes interesting material on both the novelist himself and the settings of Pendennis and other works..

Landow also converted for the site several important essays on Victorian autobiography that first appeared in a volume he edited three decades ago — three general essays: Howard Helsinger's "Credence and Credibility: The Concern for Honesty in Victorian Autobiography," Elizabeth K. Helsinger's "Ulysses to Penelope: Victorian Experiments in Autobiography", and LuAnn Walther's "The Invention of Childhood in Victorian Autobiography," plus two on individual authors: Elizabeth K. Helsinger's "The Structure of Ruskin's Praeterita and Robert Patten's "Autobiography Into Autobiography: The Evolution of David Copperfield." In addition, he reformatted Peter L. Shillingsburg's Pegasus in Harness: Victorian Publishing and W. M. Thackeray, which first joined the Victorian Web more than a decade ago. Working on Pegasus in Harness provided much material for the technology and economics of authorship, and at the same time it shrunk the Victorian Web! The latest format for books absorbed more than one hundred notes that had become separate documents, so at month's end we now have 63,395 documents and images, down from 63,453 a week earlier.

Congratulations to Philip V. Allingham, who has been promoted to the rank of full professor at Lakehead University.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed "Cholera," "John Snow and Waterborne Diseases," and several essays on the architect Edward Blore, including a biography and photo-essays on Pitt Buildings at Cambridge University Press, his St John the Baptist Church in London, and Government House, Sydney. and Government House, Sydney, as well as his Worsley Hall, Manchester. Then followed some more work on the commentaries on Burlington House, home of the Royal Academy, and The Society of Antiquaries, and a biography of the architect/topographical illustrator Thomas Allom, together with two of his wonderfully atmospheric illustrations, Druids' Grove and Lymington Iron Works. Another subject was Stationers' Hall in London, where for many years all published material had to be registered.

Andrzej Diniejko created materials for a new section on George Moore that include a biography, chronology, and introduction to his works.

Katherine M. Miller reviewed Caroline Levine and Mario Ortiz-Robles's Narrative Middles: Navigating the Nineteenth-Century British Novel.

Caroline Hedregen-Dillon sent in a photograph of Baron Marochetti's tender La Bimba Dormiente(Sleeping Girl), very kindly providing an English summary of her recent essay on it in La Tribune de l'Art. Thank you so much!

Charles de Paolo, Professor of English at Manhattan Community College of the City University of New York, contributed "Pasteur and Lister: A Chronicle of Scientific Influence."

June 2012

Now that Derek B. Scott, our editor for music and popular entertainment, has received permission from his publishers to put The Singing Bourgeois: Songs of the Victorian Drawing Room and Parlor on our site, your webmaster has begun the process of scanning, formatting, and linking the text, which ranges from opera to parlor ballads and from the role of railroads in making pianos popular in middle-class homes to stories of the heroic battles fought by women composers. Thus far, the introduction and two chapters — The Foundations of the Drawing-room Genre and The Growth of the Market for Domestic Music — are online. The first chapter includes the following sections: The English opera, The cultivation of refined 'folk' airs, The respectable entertainer, and Access to music. As of the 28th, the last 9 chapters, glossary, and bibliography are also complete.

In addition, GPL put up another dozen or so tombs and funerary sculpture, working with Robert Freidus's photographs. Among the more interesting: the tombs of William Richard Sutton , Herbert George Warren, and Sir Horace Jones.

Jacqueline Banerjee, who's also been traveling on the continent this month, has created several photo essays on work by A. W. N. Pugin and his son Edward W. Pugin: (1) St Wilfrid's Church, Hulme, Manchester, an essay graced by more than a dozen of her photographs plus those of Pugin's stained-glass; (2) St Peter the Apostle's Church, Woolwich and associated buildings (exterior; interior); (3) Thanks to Catriona Blaker of the Pugin Society for her welcome assistance. JB also created a section on William Wilkinson Wardell, an architect who worked with Pugin, and the tomb with recumbent effigy of Canon Richard North that the architect's son designed and which William Farmer carved.

Diane Greco Josefowicz's reviewed Patrick Brantlinger's Taming Cannibals: Race and the Victorians (2011).

Vlad Brown, who requested and received permission to translate the introduction to the Victorian Web into Ukrainian, has put the translation on his site.

Thanks: to Peter Jackson for correcting a name in Kipling's biography; to Jacqueline Burrows for correcting an error in Tennyson's "Lady of Shalott;" to Philip Hart for telling us about another in the notes to In Memoriam, section 1; to Dorothy Fuldheim for pointing out that an off-site link no longer worked and suggesting a replacement.

As of the 25th, the site has 63,355 documents and images.

May 2012

Robert Freidus, our contributing photographer and an expert on funerary sculpture, sent along a DVD containing 1108 images a documents about grave markers, sculpture, tombs, mausoleums, and chapels in London cemeteries, which enabled your webmaster to create a homepage for mausoleums and others thus far for the Brompton, City of London, Golders Green, Nunhead, and Putney Vale Cemeteries. Jacqueline Banerjee wrote an introduction and history for Brompton.

Drawing on materials from H. R. Robertson's Life on the Upper Thames, GPL created several documents about rural occupations, including Polling the Willow, Osier Cutting and Peeling — rural work for men and women, Osier Peeling — rural work for men, women, and children , and The working conditions of shepherd boys. Eighty Picturesque Views of the Thames and Medway, another work made accessible by the invaluable Internet Archive, provideed more than 5 dozen beautiful images and interesting text about cities and towns along the river. Start here and take a tour.

After concluding his comparisons of Phiz's Household Edition illustrations for The Pickwick Papers with his earlier work and that of Thomas Nast, Philip V. Allingham scanned the images and wrote extensive commentaries for Sol Eytinge's 16 illustrations for the Diamond Edition of Martin Chuzzlewit, plus Fred Barnard's 5 Christmas Carol illustrations, which he compared to the originals of Leech and select illustrations for the 1868 Ticknor & Fields edition by Sol Eytinge (see, for example, He had been Tim's blood-horse all the way from church).

Despite major computer problems (everyone has them!), Jacqueline Banerjee completed her work on the Ford Madox Brown murals at Manchester Town Hall, and reviewed Julian Treuherz's lovely book about Brown, which she'd found so helpful for that project. She moved on from Manchester to Aldershot. and P. C. Hardwick's Royal Garrison Church there, and wrote an illustrated account of Prince Albert's brainchild, Aldershot Military Town in Hampshire. Since M. C. Wyatt's statue of Wellington was transported there from its original place on the Wellington Arch, this led to a short biography of Wyatt, and an item on his more successful equestrian statue of George III, nicknamed "The pig-tail and pump-handle" — find out why!

Next came an account of Greenwich, from the point of view of a Victorian enthusiast, with its splendid buildings containing (for example) a splendid Franklin Memorial, busts of Admirals Keats and Hardy, and a beautiful Victorian seashore painting — one of James Clarke Hook's "Hookscapes." She also wrote a photo-essay on the famous clipper ship, the Cutty Sark. Finally came an essay on Brompton Cemetery, to contribute to the most recent of your webmaster's fruitful collaborations with photographer Robert Freidus (see above).

Andrzej Diniejko, our contributing editor from Poland, contributed a biographical introduction and chronology for Amy Levy, the tragic late-Victorian Anglo-Jewish Poet and Novelist.

Montserrat Martínez García translated into Spanish the top level link lists for gender matters, and María M. Bautista did the same for 20 documents containing images of William de Morgan's ceramics.

Cambridge University Press would like to alert us to a recent initiative. It's collaborating with Cambridge University Library and other partner libraries to reissue a whole range of out-of-copyright works "of enduring scholarly value." The books are crisply and legibly printed, and would often be of special interest to our readers. For example, already available is the monumental "Library Edition of the Works of John Ruskin." More information at the Cambridge Library Collection minisite, or the Cambridge Library Collection blog.

Thanks to Cameron Norman, who reported a broken link in the list of comments about characterization in Great Expectations.

As of the 28th, the site has 62,877 documents and images.

April 2012

On April 1st (no fooling), the Victorian Web joined Facebook, and within the first few days we hd 30 likes — nice, but considering that we have more than 4,000 sites linking to us, we hope for a lot more. Check in on Facebook for announcements of new material and suggestions about what to check out.

Your webmaster continued to add to the Darwin section both essays (“'So it is with ourselves' — Darwin, evolution, and moral philosophy”) and selected passages (“Darwin on Mass Death”). In addition GPL and Robert Freidus continued their collaboration, adding a new section on W. Wheatley Wagstaff and three of his sculptures, a number of works by William Goscombe John (Merlin and Arthur,) Boy at Play, Thomas Henry Thomas (1834-1915), Age, Morpheus, The Boy Scout, Thirteen (Muriel), Lord Glanley of St. Fagans, R.G. Hill-Snook, JP, Lord Mayor of Cardiff, Sir William Reardom Smith, and George V and Queen Mary, — Thanks to the National Museum of Wales and the sculptor's heirs for permitting us to put photographs of these works online. Other works from the National Gallery of Wales include William Reynolds-Stephens's Portrait of a Lady, Herbert Wards's The Idol Maker.

The Thames project continued with with addition of 23 lithographs by T.R. Way and 43 watercolors by Mortimer Menpes, an artist who began as one of Whistler's disciples. In addition, the graphics section grew with four dozen plates from the Halls's Thee Book of the Thames from its Rise to its Fall (1859) and G. A. Symington's Father Thames. Click here and take a tour of the River Thames by choosing the next button. Cityscapes in the painting section is another good place to explore.

Philip V. Allingham and your webmaster continued work on the illustrations for both the American and British Household Editions of Dickens's works, this month adding images by Phiz from the British version and extensive commentaries (including comparisons with earlier individual illustrations by Phiz himself and other illustrators, such as Thomas Nast) for another 35 plates. Thomas Nast's 52 illustrations also went online.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed "'All That Is Buried Is Not Dead': An Autobiographical Element in Olive Schreiner's Story of an African Farm," and formatted and illustrated an account of the architectural historian James Fergusson, whose fascination for early Indian architecture eventually led him to compile the first history of world architecture. But her major project this month involves Manchester. She sent in photo-entries on the following works of sculpture there: Hamo Thornycroft's South African War Memorial, William Theed's James Watt, Albert-Bruce-Joy's Oliver Heywood, Edward Onslow Ford's Victoria Monument, and Thomas Woolner's beautiful weaving roundel. She followed with essays on the interior and exterior of Waterhouse's Manchester Town Hall, which she illustrated with her photographs, and with a contribution of great important to the site's section on painting — an introduction and commentaries on Ford Madox Brown's twelve Manchester Town Hall Murals. Thanks to the Manchester authorities who provided the photographs and permission to use them.

Amitav Banerjee contributed a review of Jules Stewart's Prince Albert: A Life, and in that connection JB added pictures of, and commentaries for Osborne House on the Isle of Wight, and also the Prince Consort's Library in Aldershot.

Pleased with our review of their new biography of Prince Albert, I. B. Tauris publishers would like us to announce the addition to their catalogue of reissues of Lytton Strachey's biographies, Queen Victoria and Elizabeth and Essex: A Tragic History, both highly readable and now with illustrations. They write: "I.B.Tauris are endeavoring to bring books by this famous writer of the late Victorian age back onto the market and back in the spotlight." A worthy aim, especially as inspection copies reveal that the reissues are well-produced, with additional illustrations.

Hristo Boev from Romania contributed Anorexia Mirabilis Decoded: Rereading Female Corporeal Consumption in Florence Dombey, Amy Dorrit, Dora Spenlow and Agnes Wickfield.

H.W. Ellis writes from Australia, "I was searching for the line 'but it's thank you Mr Atkins...' and your site came up and I must compliment you on the content. I believe the Mr Tommy Atkins came from the use of Tommy Atkins as the sample name in "How to fill in your pay book" which is also why British soldiers are called Tommy." Wikipedia's article on the BriBritish Army suggests that this is a likely explanation. Thanks!

Dr. Melisa Klimaszewski of Drake University writes to point out that documents in the Neovictorian section on Carey's Jack Maggs do not appear at the end of links. Turns out a single missing ">" produced a blank page. Easily fixed. Whew! Thanks, Melissa! Malcolm McKee points out an historical error in one of our articles written in 1988. Time to fix it!

As of April 30th, the site had 62,334 documents and images.

March 2012

Reading Darwin's Voyage of the Beagle on his iPad while exercising led to your webmaster expanding the Darwin section, creating a new sitemap (or homepage), and writing “Darwin on the pains and pleasures of travel,” “The hills are shadows, and they flow from form to form, and nothing stands — Ruskin,Tennyson, and Darwin as Sages,” “'The warfare is too bloody to last': Exterminating Indians in Argentina,” “'I never saw a more cheerless prospect': Darwin climbs a mountain and tells us what he sees,” “How did the stones get there? A Darwinian Act of Interpretation,” and “‘I shall never again visit a slave-country.’” Drawing chiefly upon works made available on line by Internet Archive, your webmaster also added 60 plates of works by Samuel Prout and drew upon Hatton's Club-Land to expand the section on Victorian clubs. a new section on cityscapes the Various works, such as Tony Grubhofer's London and the Hall's book on the Thames, led to new material on the River Thames in the visual arts, ships (for the technology section), and churches in art, which consists chiefly of etchings but also includes examples of drypoint, drawings, and watercolors). Working with Philip Allingham, GPL created a section with 57 documents containing the 1873 illustrations of Pickwick Papers that Phiz did for Dickens's posthumous Household Edition.

Philip V. Allingham completed work Sol Eytinge's illustrations for Pickwick Papers and began commentaries for the Household Edition version, writing them for the uncaptioned first page depicting Pickwick and the pugnacious cabman, “What! Introducing his friend?,” “Mr. Snodgrass and Mr. Winkle had each performed a compulsory summerset with remarkable agility,” “The horse no sooner beheld Mr. Pickwick advancing with the chaise whip in his hand, &c,” “Mr. Wardle looked on, in silent wonder,” “Mr. Tupman looked round. There was the fat boy,” “Sam stole a look at the inquirer.,” “Take this little villain away, said the agonised Mr. Pickwick,” “Permit me to introduce my friends,” “The door was just going to be closed in consequence,” “"Who are you, you rascal?" said the captain, administering several pokes to Mr. Pickwick's body,” “"Heyling!" said the old man wildly. "My boy, Heyling, my dear boy, look, look!",” “Standing before the dressing-glass was a middle-aged lady in yellow curl-papers,” “Before Mr. Pickwick distinctly knew what was the matter, he was surrounded by the whole body, and kissed by every one of them,” “Seated on an upright tombstone, close to him, was a strange unearthly figure,” “Mr. Pickwick . . . . went lowly and gravely down the slide, with his feet about a yard and a quarter apart,” “An admonitory gesture from Perker restrained him,”

Jacqueline Banerjee spent the first part of the month working on Leeds, writing about Leeds architects George Corson, who designed the Central Library, School Board Offices, and Grand Theatre) there; and R. D. Chantrell, who designed the parish church of St Peter, Kirkgate. Amongst other landmark buildings in Leeds, she discussed E. M. Barry's Leeds Grammar School, and Alfred Waterhouse and his son Paul's buildings for what would become the University of Leeds. In connection with the latter, she also looked at the Victoria Building at Liverpool University. Stephen Richards and Gary Jenkins both helped by contributing pictures for some of these — thanks! She nextm contributed two places in Delhi connected with the Raj, Flagstaff Tower on North Ridge, and the Durbar Memorial in Coronation Park.

JB then wrote two reviews of new books, Building a Great Victorian City: Leeds Architects and Architecture 1790-1914 and Fleshing out Strachey: A Review of Magnificent Obsession: Victoria, Albert and the Death that Changed the Monarchy, by Helen Rappaport (2011).

With help from Sarah Hughes of the education department at Truro Cathedral, she finally identified the carvings on the cathedral's West Front, some of them at least by Nathaniel Hitch. Thank you to Sarah, too. JB also wrote a short biography of the architectural sculptor Thomas Earp, and a somewhat longer one of the architect Alfred Waterhouse.

GPL created a new sitemap (or homepage) for Manchester when JB turned her attention to that city, creating photo-essays for Thomas Worthington's City Police and Sessions Court, his Albert Memorial, Matthew Noble's Wellington Monument and Oliver Cromwell, Edward Hodges Baily's Thomas Fleming, Albert Bruce-Joy's John Bright, Sir Francis Chantrey's John Dalton, Sir Alfred Gilbert's James Prescott Joule, William Theed's Sir Rowland Hill , John Bright, and Humphrey Chetham.

Andrzej Diniejko created a section on Olive Schreiner including a life and works and a discussion of The Story of an African Farm just in tome for the Victorian Web to provide an appripiate place for Liz Stanley's announcement of the University of Edinburgh's Olive Schreiner Letters Online project.

Diane Greco Josefowicz, our new Science and Technology Editor, created the “Submarine Telegraphy Timeline” and added nineteenth-century cartoons and lithographs, including “The Laying of the Cable -- John and Jonathan Joining Hands” and “The Atlantic Cable” and “ample Case Showing Sections of Atlantic Cables.”

Peter King of the Voysey Society writes to announce a new website that will offer material on the life and works of the great architect-designer.

Laurence Constanty-Roussillon completed her translation of the first chapter of Ruskin — “Ruskin le mot-peintre, and Vanessa Ly from Paris sent in a translation of Les femmes à l’ère victorienne - la question du statut social et économique : classe sociale et travail

Thanks to Beth Lawrence for suggesting that we add Elisha Otis and his invhention of the elevator safety brake (1853) to the technology timeline. Correction by John Yeadonz

As of the 26th, the site had 61,584 documents and images.

February 2012

This month saw a several large collaborative projects go online, the first set of which contributes to the many commemorations of the bicentennial of Dickens's Birth on 7 February 1812. Philip V. Allingam has created "2012: Events Marking the Bicentennial" to put in one place the announcements we have received and events he has attended. We're doing our part with Philip Allingam and Jacqueline Banerjee's's photographs of Rochester and othrer Dickens-related places, and your webmaster has formatted more of Montserrat Martínez García's translations of the site's biographical materials for Dickens. Andrzej Diniejko contributed “Charles Dickens as Social Commentator and Critic,» which discusses Oliver Twist, through Nicholas Nickleby, A Christmas Carol, The Chimes, Dombey and Son, Bleak House, Hard Times, and Little Dorrit.

Like the Rochester page in Dickens, that on London's Tower Bridge epitomizes the Victorian Web, since five people including early twentieth-century artists and photographers provided images and several people added text and captions. Equally important, it shows how we can take separate bits of data, such as images from the Internet Archive and the photo library's night picture and add them to Barry's text, cresting somethinng unique that uniquely connects various disciplines.

Your webmaster again worked with Robert Friedus, creating illustrated material on various London buildings and related architectural sculpture, including 23 Albemarle Street, 16 Clifford Street, Willing House (with A. Stanley Young's Mercury), 16 Brook Street, Emerson's Clarence Wing of St. Mary's Hospital. Sir William Reid Dick's bronze sculpture around the main entrance of Selfridge's Department Store and Gilbert Bayes's The Queen of Time above it. Thanks to Bob Friedus for obtaining permission from Amgueddfa Cymru Caerdydd — the National Museum of Wales in Cardiff — to permit the Victorian Web to include photographs of works in its collections and to David Anderson, Director General of the Museum, for providing photographs of sculpture and painting. Thus far GPL has put up three busts by James Milo Griffith, another three by John Gibson, Alice Meredith (Gertrude) Williams's Spirit of the Crusades, Jules Dalou's Portrait of a Man, and Frederick Sandys's painting Queen Eleanor.

Thanks to Kimberly Blaker of New Boston Fine and Rare Books for sharing an album dating from the 1870s that contains more than fifty photographs of Oxford and Cambridge. Formatting documents for them and creating new homepages for each university occupied a few pleasant days. Drawing once again upon Internet Archive version of The Studio, GPL next added 16 drawings of the two universities by Vernon Howe Bailey plus 8 studies by Herbert James Draper for Prospero Summoning Nymphs and Deities and a photograph of the artist in his studio. Various issues of The Studio also provided additional drawings by Bailey of London, 10 watercolors of Italy, Scotland, and England by Sir Edward Poynter, and 20 watercolors and drawings Eleanor, Fortescue-Brickdale and a half dozen paintings by Lucien Lévy-Dhurmer. When Logan wrote in to inquire about Charlotte Young, your webmaster discovered he had never connected her homepage to our list of authors and as part of doing so added more links, chiefly to works by Jacqueline Banerjee. Internet Archive version of The Art Journal provided Walter Crane's stained-glass designs and Byam Shaw's painting Notice Neptune, though . . . illustrating Browning's “My last Duchess.”

Drawing upon images and text provided by the Maas Gallery, GPL added the following works to out section on painting: an unknown artist's Ramsgate, and another's Lady of Shalott, John Brett's The Coast of Sicily from the Taormina Cliffs, for Laus Veneris, Oliver Clare's Primroses and Birds's Nests on a Mossy Bank, Sir Frank Dicksee's Sea and Sunshine, Lyme Regis, Baillie Hamilton's Sunset, Constantinople, J. D. Harding's Lake Lucerne , James Hayllar's The Wandering Minstrel in a Quiet Square, J.G. Marks's Forty Winks, William James Müllers's An Arab, Paul Falconer Poole's J.G. Marks's Girl with a Pitcher, Sir Edward John Poynter's study for tiles in the Grill-Room of the Victoria & Albert Museum.

Having completed his commentaries on the 43 illustrations of Pickwick Papers by Seymour and Phiz, Philip V. Allingam, who has been busy at Dickens conferences and celebrations in England and France, began scanning the images and writing commentaries for Sol Eytinge's 18 plates.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed the Cambridge Camden (later Ecclesiological) Society as well as the following photos and photo-essays on Scott and Skidmore's Memorial to Dean Ramsay in Edinburgh, a new section on Francis Skidmore, Nathaniel Hitch's statues on the West Front of Truro Cathedral, New Court, St John's College, Cambridge, by Rickman & Hutchinson, Goscombe John's The Late Dean Vaughan , St Christopher's Chapel, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children, London, by E. M. Barry and its stained glass by Clayton and Bell. In addition she created a new section on hospitals and an essay on Victorian architectural historians and theorists.

Diane Greco Josefowicz contributed “The Zodiac at Dendera and the debate over the age of the earth,” which summarizes her recent Princeton University Press book.

Noelia Malla García sent in her Spanish translations of more than 20 essays in the Wilde section, and GPL formatted, linked, and put them online along with Ana Abril Hernández's translations of the fifth chapter of Kincaid's Tennyson's Major Poems, Laura Masides's translations of the section on Felicia Hemans, and Montserrat Martínez García's biographical materials for Dickens.

Robert Ehrlich kindly wrote to identify the painter Thomas Langdon whom Ruskin mentions in the Hunt-Ruskin correspondence, which I first published in 1977.

Amy Byrk writes to recommend a link to the homepage for “What Victorians Wore: An Overview of Victorian Costume.” Thanks Ann! And thanks to Eve Beauchemin for correcting a typo! and to Roger Knights for pointing out run-on italics in Wilde's “Decay of Lying.”

As of the 27th, the site contains 60,644 documents and images.

January 2012

Welcome Diane Greco Josefowicz, PhD (MIT), who joins us this month as our Science Editor!

Your webmaster worked with issues of The Studio made available by the Internet Archive to create sections for the metalwork and enamels of Alexander Fisher, England's greatest master of both at century's end. In addition to the more than two dozen works in these parts of the site and half a dozen in his previously created sculpture section, the enamels and enamelists material contains Fisher's three-part “The Art of True Enamelling upon Metal” as well as Fred Miller's essay on him. As the month ended, he spent a day putting online another article from The Studio, Baldry's on the ecclestiastical art of W. Reynolds-Syephens. While searching for materials on Fisher, GPL found Stanley Nicholson Babb's gold medal bas relief Boadicea urging the Britons to avenge her outraged daughters, C. J. Allen's bust of an elderly woman, and Babb, and works by Gilbert Bayes (A Knight on His War Horse , Jason ploughing the acre of Mars, The Langham Collar, Pegasus).

After Clive Wilmer contributed his essay on the Ruskin-Whistler trial (see below), the need for a substantial section on James McNeil Whistler became apparent, and your webmaster spent a week or two creating one that thus far includes 10 paintings, 15 drawings and watercolors, 27 drypoints, etchings, engravings, and lithographs, and a gallery of portraits of the painting (including a bust new to the Victorian Web by Boehm) plus several essays. In addition, he added the following Martineau materials: her essays on Macaulay, John Wilson Croker, and John Gibson Lockhart, and her explanation of Unitarianism.

Philip V. Allingam has almost completed his large project of providing all the illustrations by Phiz and Robert Seymour for Dickens's Pickwick Papers. The project involves rescanning the images at higher resolution, adding scans of details, adding the texts illustrated, and writing extensive commentaries for each of the 43 plates. In addition PVA has begun to provide plates by other illustrators, such as the American Thomas Nast and even Phiz's own new versions of old subjects.

Before setting off for a vacation in India, Jacqueline Banerjee suggested that we create a new section for Queen Victoria, and created an index for our scattered material on her, adding detailed and simplified versions of her family tree, and adapting Lytton Strachey's analysis of the Queen and her reign for our website. She created a homepage for the Newcastle architect John Dobson, provided a biography for the Liverpool architect Harvey Lonsdale Elmes, and added the Plowden Buildings to our new "Legal London" section. Next came a series on J. L. Pearson's Truro Cathedral, the only new cathedral to have been designed in the nineteenth century, including a photo-essay on it, and discussions of Pearson's pulpit there, George Tinworth's frieze, and Nathaniel Hitch's carvings on the west front. More pictures were also added to Rowe's Corn Exchange in Cambridge. In addition, she helped your webmaster expand the section William Burges's Cardiff Castle with some of Bob Freidus's lovely pictures from there, providing extra commentaries for, in particular, the nursery and Lord Bute's bedroom and bathroom, rooms which we had not previously featured.

Finally, she suggested incorporating the complete text of Paul Waterhouse's 1897 entry in the Dictionary of National Biography on Sir Gilbert Scott, helping your webmaster adapt this valuable biography. It now includes links to his many works on our site and 20 photographs, making it much easier for us to grasp the scale of his achievement. One should point out in passing that these added links and illustrations exemplify how the Victorian Web versions of documents, which situate them within a network of meaningful connections, differ from those on the still-invaluable Internet Archive, which presents them as easily accessible isolated books. To take one example: the original text of the Dictionary of National Biography biography of the great architect mentions that he was a descendant of the “commentator Scott,” but few twenty-first-century readers will understand that Waterhouse refers to the enormously popular author of biblical commentaries found in many family Bibles throughout nineteenth-century Great Britain and the United States. Perhaps more than anyone else, this ancestor of the architect taught Victorians of many denominations how to interpret the Bible.

Before leaving for India JB also did a considerable amount of proof-reading, a boring but essential chore when our website is expanding so rapidly. Readers' amendments are warmly welcomed and credited!

Paul of CBS Radio Mystery Theater site sent along links to the old radio versions of works by Conan Doyle, Dickens, Stevenson, Stoker, and Wilde.

Clive Wilmer of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, and Master of the Guild of St. George, contributed two essays: (1) “The Falling Rocket: Ruskin, Whistler and Abstraction in Art” and (2) “‘No such thing as a flower such thing as a man’: John Ruskin’s response to Darwin.”

Ian Sherwood, Canon of Christ Church, Istanbul, kindly send along photographs of this George Edmund Street building, which is also known as the Crimean War Memorial. Vanessa Ly of Paris translated several documents in the French version of the Gender Matters section, including “Les femmes comme sujet dans l'art victorien - Représentations des femmes,” “Les diverses représentations de Judith,” and “La figure de la gouvernante, basé sur Les anges noirs de la nuit par Ronald Pearsall.”

Thanks to Anthea Lang for identifying the architects who added the spire to Pugin's St. Mary's Cathedral in Newcastle, and thanks, too, to Ana Mitric for correcting a broken link and to Desmond A.C. Reid for both correcting the title of David McGill's sculpture of St. Sebastian and sending along a photograph of the bronze version now “Kilmarnock, in the Dick Institute.” Bill Burns e-mailed to correct a next link. Thanks!

As of the 30th, the site had 59,917 documents and images.

December 2011

Your webmaster and Robert Friedus continued their collaboration with a range of material on architecture and sculpture, including adding photographs to our section Thomas Brock's Victoria Memeorial before Buckingham Palace: the gilded bronze Victory with Constancy and Courage, the bronze statues Manufacture, Naval and Military Power and Art and Science, marble bas reliefs Sea nymphs plus Alfred Drury's nearby amorini representing colonies and dominions (Canada, West Africa, and South Africa) and Francis Derwent Wood's Australia. Architecture and architectural sculpture include J. Daymond's Birds and vegetation on 86, St. james Street, London, and the work on The Oxford and Cambridge Club.

Their next joint project involved adding material about the sculpture and buildings of Cardiff to the section that Jacqueline Banerjee created. Using Friedus's photographs, GPL added Fehr's magnificent Welsh Dragon on the stone plinth that rises from the dome of City Hall, Hodge's Sculpture on the City Hall clock tower, Montford's Commerce and Industry and Music and Poetry, Poole's Unity and Patriotism and Nereids, Pomeroy's Tritons and Rivers, and McGill's Science and Education.

Following Dr. Banerjee's suggestion, GPL created a new section on legal London, adding his photographs of the Inner Temple Gardens to our series on the Royal Courts of Law, Lincoln's Inn and the Law Society. Using both their photographs, JB did the hard work of research and writing, creating documents for Smirke's Paper Buildings, Thomas Jackson's 1-4 Temple Gardens and E.M. Barry's Hare Court. She also added a building adjacent to the Inner Temple — Hamilton House, originally home to the Callender Cable and Construction Company.

M. H. Spielmann's British Sculpture and Sculptors of Today, which the Internet Archive had made easily accessible, has proved a treasure trove of information about sculptors and their works. Thus far GPL has added Spielmann's essays on both medallists and sculptor-silversmiths as well as using his text to createillustrated biographical introductions for William Robert Colton, Walter Crane, Alfred Drury, Edwin Roscoe Mullins, F. E. E. Schenck, George Tinworthk, and images and critical commentary to the sections on Albert Bruce-Joy, Henry Alfred Pegram, Lilian V. Hamilton, and Lady Feodora Gleichen.

Philip V. Allingham continued his major project or expanding and upgrading the section on Victorian book illustration with Phiz's work for Dickens's Pickwick Papers, creating new, more detailed scans, including the passages illustrated, and occasionally adding extended commentary. See, for example, The Trial, The Card-room at Bath, Mr. Winkle's Situation when the Door 'blew-to', Conviviality at Bob Sawyer's, and especially Christmas Eve at Mr. Wardle's. He and GPL added Daniel Maclise's sketch of Dickens with the two Hogarth sisters and his portrait of Catherine Dickens.

Jacqueline Banerjee wrote an illustrated essay on Ruskin and Lake Como and contributed photographs and discussions of works by Thomas Nicholls at Cardiff Castle (Chimneypiece frieze in the Winter Smoking Room, Robert the Consul on the chimneypiece of the Banqueting Hall, and The Three Fates on the chimneypiece of the Drawing Room). In addition, she created a section on the stained-glas designer H. W. Lonsdale, which thus far includes a biographical introduction and five of his works.

Working with photographs kindly submitted by Colin Hinson, as well as Robert Freidus, JB also contributed new commentaries on William Burges's two important Yorkshire churches: St Mary, Studley Royal and Christ the Consoler, as well as their fonts by Thomas Nicholls at St Mary and Christ the Consoler. She also made an index for the sculptor James Redfern, and discussed his lovelyreredos at Christ the Consoler, which Freidus had photographed. This was followed by an essay on Temple Church, London illustrated by both GPL's and her own photographs, and some Victorian colour illustrations; indexes for the architects James Savage and Anthony Salvin, and a commentary on the Round Church, Cambridge.

Amitav Banerjee, Emeritus Professor of English and American Literature, Kobe College, Japan, reviewed Tim Jeal's Explorers of the Nile: The Triumph and Tragedy of a Great Victorian Adventure.

William O. Beeman, Professor and Chair of the Department of Anthropology, University of Minnesota, shared the recordings of his performance of a half dozen parlor songs, including The Madman, The Last Link is Broken, Mr. and Mrs. Brown, Lenore (Thy voice is music to mine ear), and Woodman, Spare That Tree!. Derek B. Scott, our Music Editor, contributed performances of two more Victorian parlor songs: The Little Hero (lyrics by Arthur Matthison and music by Stephen Adams) and Ora Pro Nobis (lyrics by A. Horspool, music by T. Piccolomini).

Thanks to Mark Perlman for correcting a typo in one of the DuMaurier documemts!

Béatrice Laurent of l'Université des Antilles et de la Guyane, writes to invite readers of the Victorian Web to submit papers for a seminar entitled “Sleeping Beauties in Victorian Britain: cultural, artistic and literary explorations of a myth” at the 11th conference of the European Society for the Study of English, Instanbul, Turkey (September 4-8, 2012).

Gurpreet Gill, Coordinator for Course Materials at DeVry's Online Services, requested and received permission to link to our introduction to Herbert Spencer. Of course, one doesn't need permission to link to any document on a public website that is not password protected, but the courtesy of letting us know about the link is much appreciated.

As of 26 December, the site has 59,224 documents and images.

November 2011

The month began with your webmaster visiting Baltimore, Maryland, where he obtained material from both the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Museum and the wonderful Walters Art Museum whose website provides large images of its holdings and permits their reproduction under the Creative Commons License. Thus far, I have added five works by René Lalique to the Art Nouveau Jewelry section, others to that for Castellani Classical Revival and Archeological Jewelry (the Coral and gold bracelet with the head of Bacchus and two bacchantes is especially fine), Louis Majorelle's Art Nouveau wall cabinet, plus paintings by Sir Laurence Alma Tadema (The Blind Beggar, A Roman Emperor (Claudius), The Triumph of Titus: The Flavians, and Sappho and Alcaeus) and William Mulready's Othelo and Henry LeJeune's Ophelia.

Reading Stephen Jay Gould's fascinating Dinosaur in a Haystack prompted two brief pieces — "'Ringing down the grooves of change:' Tennyson's mistaken railway analogy" and "Tennyson and Evolution: Was he a proto-Darwinian or a proto-Gouldian?"

The September trip to London continues to furnish material, such as the sculpture on the Albert Memorial — Geometry, Physiology, Chemistry plus much of the Frieze of Parnassus that surrounds the base of the Memorial, including the sections containing H. H. Armstead's poets, composers, and painters, and J. Birnie Philip's great engineers of the Ancient World , architects, and sculptors. Architectural additions include The Pheasantry on King's Road in Chelsea, and the mosaics section now includes 20 representions of arts, crafts, and intellectual activities on walls of the Museum of Childhood, Bethnal Green, London. Additions to the section on stained glass include half a dozen works by George and Eve Ostrehan and 5 by Clayton and Bell.

The Academy Architecture and Architectural Review, which the Internet Archive has made easily accessible, continues to provide materials for our sections of both sculpture and architecture, including works by Alfred Drury (The Fine Arts, Science, Education, and and Local Government), Sir George Frampton (Two busts in wax of young women), Martin Harvey as Sidney Carton in “The Only Way”), and Edward VI), E. M. Rope (Laborare est orare and Children bringing Lilies to the Holy Child), Albert Toft (The Inception of the Modern World).

Your webmaster returned briefly to the UK for the annual meeting in Sheffield of Ruskin's Guild of St. George, of which had been elected a Companion. During his two days in Sheffield, he began a section on that city, which thus far contains photographs of E. W. Mountford's Town Hall and two dozen other buildings, chiefly examples of small factories or works and railway station. The Sheffield section also includes photographs of half a dozen examples of architectural sculpture by F. W. Pomeroy. The brief visit included four days in London that produced some interesting new material. After Jacqueline Banerjee gained permission to photograph Two Temple Place, Astor's mansion near Victoria Embankment, GPL contributed two and a half dozen images of the building plus others of its sculpture (Nathaniel Hitch's gilded bas reliefs of figures from history and literature, Sir George Frampton's nine gilded bronze bas reliefs of Arthurian heroines, Thomas Nicholls's carvings of The Three Musketeers by Dumas, frieze with 82 Shakespearean characters, , six statues with American literary associations plus Clayton & Bell's stained glass window depicting a Swiss landscape).

Thanks to Jonathan Ford, Secretary of the Athenæum Club, for generously sharing John Kenworthy-Browne's “A Temple of British Worthies: The Historic Portrait Busts in the Athenæum,” with readers of the Victorian Web and for granting permission to photograph and put online the Club and its sculpture. During a stay at the Athenæum, your webmaster photographed Thorvaldsen's Psyche, the Club's copy of the Belvedere Apollo, and various rooms, all of which produced a new homepage for the Athenæum and a photograph gallery. The web version of Kenworthy-Browne's “A Temple of British Worthies” contains an introductory essay, a section on the tradition of library busts, a discussion of making plaster casts as an essential part of the nineteenth-century sculptor's work, a catalogue of the library busts, and photographs of other busts at the Club plus documents, such as selections form the Minutes of the General Committee.

During the first two days of your webmaster's brief stay in England, when the Athenæum was full, the Reform Club nearby kindly provided a room and permission to photograph some of their sculpture. Thanks to Michael McKerchar, Club Secretary, for permission to photograph and include on our site busts by Matthew Noble (Cobden, Cromwell, and Palmerston) and John Acton-Adams (Gladstone and Brougham, and John Bright).

Robert Friedus and GPL teamed up again to put online Sir Aston Webb and William Robert Colton's Royal Artillery Boer War Memorial and Webb's Admiralty Arch and Sir Thomas Brock's statues there of Navigation and Gunnery.

Philip V. Allingham continues his series of extensive commentaries on individual illustrations of Dickens novels sending along images and essays for Sol Eytinge's Barnaby Rudge: Sim Tappertit and Stagg, Old Rudge, Mr. and Mrs. Varden and Miss Miggs, Joe Willet and Dolly Varden, Edward and Mr. Chester, Lord Gordon, Gashford, and Grueby, Mr. Haredale, Joe Willet and Dolly Varden plus illustrations to Hard Times: Thomas Gradgrind, The Horse-Riding Party, Mr. Bounderby and Mrs. Sparsit, Stephen and Rachael, Mr. Harthouse and Tom,, and Mrs. Bounderby and Sissy

Jacqueline Banerjee displayed her wide range of interests and expertise by contributing material on architecture book illustration, sculpture, and Victorian and Neo- Victorian fiction: For example, she contributed "Authenticism and Post-Authenticism: Wilkie Collins's Armadale and Michael Cox's The Meaning of Night and to accompany this five-part essay she created a section on a new illustrator, George Housman Thomas (1824-1868) also adding the frontispiece to Wilkie Collins Armadale plus six other illustrations. In addition, she contributed photo essays on two works by the great late-Victorian theater designer, Frank Matcham: The Hackney Empire and The Victoria Quarter, Briggate, Leeds plus the interior of Moore's Hop Exchage. Her work on sculpture appears in her contributions about Thomas Nicholls, which includes a biographical introduction, his animal sculpture and his Lefroy Monument in All Saints, Fleet, Hampshire. Finally, she collaborated with Ingrid Brown on a photo essay about St. Peter's School, Clifton, York.

Andrzej Diniejko contributed "W. Somerset Maughams Slum Novel Liza of Lambeth" and "Arthur Morrison's Slum Fiction: The Voice of New Realism."

Montserrat Martínez García continues her translations of the Victorian Web into Spanish, adding the fourth chapter of E. D. H. Johnson's Dickens — “Su arte narrativo.”

Paul Thompson of writes to suggest exchanging links, which we have done.

Alexander Ovsov has published a Romanian translation of our credits page at Web Geek Science).

Stuart Toms, the great-great-great grandson of the sculptor Theodore Phyffers, who first wrote to correct our error in the sculptor's name, next provided a biographical introduction for the sculptor.

As of the 28th, the site had 58,567 documents and images.

October 2011

Now that your webmaster is back from London (sigh), he has continued to work on material for the sculpture section gathered there — two dozen more monuments from St. Paul's Cathedral plus additions to the first, second, and third architectural sculpture galleries plus a brick panel for LeMay Hop Factors south of the Thames, an elaborately decorated domed building in Islington, a queen's head (from a Chelsea pub of that name) and a lovely statue of a girl offering wine set in a niche of a home in that area of London. Works from the center of London include Harold Parker's Australia House group and Bertram Mackennal's Phoebus and the Horses of the Sun.

Chelsea provided a particularly interesting addition to the architecture section, T. G. Somerford's Arts & Crafts Temperance Billiard Hall and the Poor Law Guardians' Offices, both on King's Road. Using Robert Friedus's photographs, he created a brief discussion of John Dando Sedding's Our Most Holy Redeemer.

Thanks once again to the Fine Art Society and Robert Upstone its Head of Modern British Art, who sent an electronic version of their 2010 exhibition catalogue, Lavery and the Glasgow Boys, which has permitted the creation of a new section on Scottish painting and new sections on the work of Sir James Guthrie, George Henry, Sir John Lavery, Alexander Mann, Arthur Melville, James Paterson, and Edward Arthur Walton plus single works by Joseph Crawhall, David Gauld, Sir John Watson Gordon, and Alexander Roche. "'the only thing worth living for' Art and the 'Glasgow Boys'" — the essay by Kenneth McConkey, who also wrote the individual catalogue entries — was especially welcome.

Philip V. Allingham continues his series of extensive commentaries on individual illustrations of Dickens novels by sending along image and essay for the first two by Sol Eytinge's for Barnaby Rudge.

Jacqueline Banerjee continued her series of photo essays on the architect, Henry Francis Lockwood (1811-1878), adding Salts Mill, near Bradford, United Reformed Church, Saltaire, Victoria Hall, Saltaire, Former Factory School, Saltaire, Dining Room and Sir Titus Salt's Hospital, Saltaire, and Examples of housing in Saltaire. She also wrote about the statue of Sir Titus Salt by Francis Derwent Wood, started a new section on the Yorkshire-born sculptor Thomas Milnes, including his bust of Sir Titus Salt, and his Wellington monument at the Royal Arsenal, London. Then came an introduction to the work of the Belfast-born sculptor Patrick McDowell, and an essay about Roberts Park, Saltaire. Some of her best photographs of Saltaire were generously provided by Saltaire photographer and blogger "jennyfreckles" and the eRiding Media Library. Many thanks to both! She also continued her series on Leeds architecture: Percy Robinson's Yorkshire Building Society, John & Joseph Leeming's City Markets, and George Smith's Thornton's Arcade, Briggate.

Andrzej Diniejko continued his series of photo essays on the gothic revival in Poland with the Holy Virgin Mary Cathedral in Radom as well as adding Jack London's Autobiographical Account of the East End Slums: The People of the Abyss to his section on slum fiction.

George Monteiro, Professor of English and of Portuguese and Brazilian Studies Emeritus at Brown University kindly gave permission to put up several of his essays, and thus far “Browning's 'My Last Duchess',” “A Proposal for Settling the Grammarian's Estate,” “The Apostasy and Death of St. Praxed's Bishop,” and “All the pretty sea-horses: Echoes and Traces of Robert Browning's 'My Last Duchess' in A Streetcar Named Desire” are online.

Montserrat Martínez García continues her translations of the Victorian Web into Spanish, adding the sitemap for religious tracts as well as an introduction, history, relation to gender matters, and the relation of Victorian novelists to religious tracts plus John Henry Newman's first of the Oxford Tracts. In addition, she translated “Dickens's Professional Career,” the first chapter of E. D. H. Johnson's book on the novelist. Finally, she provides photographs of the University of Cambridge, such as Punts on the River Cam near Clare College, the courtyard of King's, and First Court, Christ's College for which JB wrote the captions and GPL did the formatting. Cristina Cobo translated S.C. Hall's biography of Thomas Hood and “The Song of the Shirt

Bob Speel writes that he has created a new website on Victorian sculpture. Robert Friedus contributed more photographs of sculpture, including works by Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal (Edward VII and Lord Curzon), Baron Carlo Marochetti (Colin Campbell, Lord Clyde), Thomas Rudge (Finsbury War Memorial)

His photographs of architecture include H.R. Houchin and Frank Smee's 125, Cockspur and Richard Norman Shaw's 1 St. James Street, Reginald Blomfield's 20, Buckingham Gate, Henry T. Hare's Carnegie Central Library in Hammersmith and its sculptures by F.E.E. Schenck, P. Hoffman's Washington Hotel, R.H. Moore's Hop and Malt Exchange, a warehouse at 51-53, Southwark Street, Bermondsey, T. Goode & Co of South Audley Street — A building for China Merchants in the Queen Anne style with elements of Japonoiserie and St. James Court, which Pevsner describes as "giant" and "ostentatious." Other buildings include Albert J. Bolton's 87 to 102 Mount Street (including 26-33 South Audley Street), T. Chatfield Clarke & Son's 125-129 Mount Street, F.P. Cockerell's 1 South Audley Street, G.L. Crickmay's 2 South Audley Street, Lewis Isaacs and H. L. Florence's Connaught Hotel, three of Frank Matcham's London theaters: London Hippodrome, London Coliseum, and thre Richmond Theatre, C.J. Chirney Pawley, Alexander Graham, and Henry Bushell's St. James Court, 41-53 Buckingham Gate, W. H. Powell's 125-129 Mount Street, A.E. Purdie's Presbytery of the Immaculate Conception Church, James Trant Smith's 117-121 Mount Street, J.E. Trollope's 1-8 Carlos Placand Aldford House, an unknown architect's 17 Queen Street, Mayfair, and J.T. Wimperis's 4 Queen Street, Mayfair,

Thanks to Mark Preston for pointing out incorrect captions on the Albert Memorial friezes.

On the 30th the site had 57, 901 documents and images.

September 2011

This month opens with welcoming Derek B. Scott, Professor of Critical Musicology at the University of Leeds as our new Victorian Web Music Editor.

Your webmaster is back in London where he took advantage of some lovely sunny days to photograph a dozen portraits on the façade of the Foreign Office by Henry Armstead or J. Birnie Philip and Frederick Thomas's series of eight great portraitists on the north-facing façade of National Portrait Gallery plus his portraits of Macaulay, Carlyle, and Stanhope over the entrance. He also contributed photographs for Sir Francis Chantrey's George IV and both the main statue and details of Boehm's Carlyle. In addition he added the following buildings to the architecture section: The Prince of Wales public house, Philip Webb's 35, Glebe Place, Chelsea home and studio for the painter George Boyce, John Lowe's 50 Glebe Place, Charles Rennie Mackintosh's only building in London.

During OpenHOuse London on the weekend of 17-18 September, when the usually inaccessible Foreign Office welcomes vimositors, GPL photographed much of the sculpture there, thus expanding the section he and Jacquekline Banerjee began some years back. First to go online are images of more than two dozen busts by Hugues Protat in the Durbar Court of those men who created and governed British India. Thanks to Hannah Talbot, Press and Communications Officer of St. Paul's Cathedral, and the Dean and Chapter, GPL obtained permission to photograph its eighteenth- and nineteenth-century sculpture and mosaics. Thus far complete and online: more than two dozen monuments in the aisles and crypt as well as a new section of Alfred Stevens's great Wellington Monument with both more sculpture and the Cathedral's Victorian mosaics to come.

Days when it was better to remain inside, he added photographs to our series on Blackfriars Pub (the major bas reliefs, Arts and Crafts metalwork, Music Making plus 11 works by Henry Poole), and a new photograph of Baily's Lord Nelson. When the sun had set, he took some night photographs, including the Michelin Building in Chelsea with its glowing yellow globes, and works from a private collection, including a bronze nude by an unknown sculptor.

A visit to London enabled photographing works in a private collection, which includes the following works: Baldwin's Newel Post by Gilbert Bayes, several works by Alfred Drury (a plaster version of Griselda, Mother and Child, and Sir John Alexander Cockburn ), Conrad Dressler's Young Maiden Holding a Ring, Putto by Onslow Ford, new pictures of The Victor by David McGill, several bronzes by Alfred Stevens (Lion and Two Young Boys), The Smith Award 1930 by Charles Leonard Hartwell, Kathleen Scott, Baroness Kennet's Seated Female Nude A Young Woman Enslaved by Love by A. B. Simpson, A Lioning Cat (Corky) by Hamo Thornycroft, Ellaline Terriss by Albert Toft, and two bronzes by Francis Derwent Wood (Mother and Child and Head of a Woman.

Continuing to work with both Internet resources and submissions from contributors, he added sculpture by Gilbert Bayes Amor Victor, Benjamin Clemens (Sappho), Lady Feodora Gleichen (Herr Kubelik and Memorial to Mrs. Duncombe), Charles Leonard Hartwell (As he rode down to Camelot) John Holmes (Vanity), four works by Andrea Lucchesi (Carthage BC 149, Vanity and Illusion, A Dancer, and The Sentinel), Harold Parker (The long, long Dreams of Youth and Ariadne), C. Rutland (Morpheus), William Burnie Rhind (Study for a Public Statue (of a Military Officer), King Robert the Bruce, and Wallace), C. Rutland (Morpheus). In addition, The Architectural Review provide new material on work by John Belcher, Thomas E. Collcutt, and Aston Webb

Jacqueline Banerjee continued her major project on the Yorkshire Dales in Victorian times adding illustrated essays about religion and education, which led in turn to a series on both Anglican and dissenting houses of worship in this area: Gilbert Scott's Restoration of Ripon Cathedral, A. B. Higham's St Margaret of Antioch's Church in Hawes, Wensleydale, the Reeth Evangelical Congregational Church in Swaledale, and the Wesleyan Chapel in Reeth, Swaledale. To this section she also added her photo-essay on a part-Georgian, part-neo-Gothic house in the Dales. In addition, she wrote an illustrated an essay on Lockwood and Mawson's Bradford Town Hall and William Burges's unsuccessful design for the Law Courts competition, which influenced it.

Andrzej Diniejko contributed to bioth the literature and architecture sections this money, adding Dziekoski's Holy Virgin Mary Cathedral in Radom (Koció Mariacki) to his section on the Polish gothic revival and The Record of Badalia Herodsfoot Rudyard Kiplings Only Slum Story.

Montserrat Martínez García began translating the Dickens section into Spanish by sending in her translations of all the top-level pages with their long lists of links.

Robert Freidus and GPL continued their collaboration adding both architecture, sculpture, and architectural sculpture. These contributions included the Guinness Trust Building in Hammersmith, W. R. Colton's Mermaid Fountain, Frank Matcham's Richmond Theatre, new photographs of Watts's Physical Energy and four detailed views of the base of Alfred Gilbert's Eros, and additional photographs of Gleichen's Artemis Fountain.

Anna Waymack sent in photographs and accompanying text about pre-Victorian mourning jewelry obtained from a collector who wishes to remain anonymous.

Daniela Jose Wiita, a new contributor, sent in “The title of Browning's 1836 poem and first use of the medical term ‘Porphyria’ (1889)“ to correct an earlier reading of the poem. Ingrid Brown, another new contributor, sent in a detailed study, “St. Matthias' Church and the Medievalism of Sir George Gilbert Scott.

Thanks to Molly Farrow and Vicki Carroll who e-mailed that the entire history section had disappeared! It's all due to what I'd call a too sticky touchpad: while moving my finger past the history folder while uploading new documents, I inadvertently moved the history section inside another one. It's easy to fix, fortunately, but really scary until one discovers where it moved this time. Thanks also to Denise A. Barnett to pointing out a problem with a document.

As of the 26 the site had 57,100 documents and images.

August 2011

Using the Internet Archive's out-of-copyright online version of the 1904-1907 issues of Alexander Koch's Academy Architecture and Architectural Review, your webmaster added early twentieth-century photographs of materials already on the site, such as C. J. Allen's Justice, William Robert Colton's The Wavelet, Stanley Nicholson Babb's Motherhood, Henry C. Fehr's Hesitation and Morning, Frank Lynn Jenkins's The Spirit of British Maritime Commerce and The Spirit of Steam Navigation, William Goscombe John's Memorial Relief to the late Canon Guy, D.D., The late Duke of Devonshire, K. G., A Maid so Young, and Hermes, Adrian Jones's Colonel Asfur Dowla and For the Faith, Brotherhood from Hamo Thornycroft's Gladstone Memorial on the Strand in London and The Drummer Boy from Sir William Goscombe John's The King's Liverpool Regiment Memorial. More importantly, this source provided enough material to create sections for sculptors entirely new to the Victorian Web or those for whom it had only a single item, such as Edith A. Bell (Naomi, Reverie, and Idleness), Benjamin Clemens (Immolate, Eurydice, and Andromeda ), Alexander J. Leslie (The Devotion of Menockeus, the Son of Kreon, Narcissus), Andrea Carlo Lucchesi (The Bud and the Bloom and Semita vitae, The Victory of Peace, A Valkyrie, and Carthage BC 149), J. Pittendrigh MacGillivray (Ottilie, Daughter of Lord M'Laren), Edith C. Maryon (The Triumph of Peace and (The Pixies' Ring), Alfred Bertram Pegram (Narcissus, Endymion, and Morning), Percy Portsmouth (Night, The Necklace , and Mirth, and Admiration), Oliver Wheatley (Awakening), L. Gwendolyn Williams (Peace), The Lorelei and Watching, Pandora, abd Virgin and Child). In addition sculptors were added for whom the site has only a single work, such as D. W. Stevenson (Lady Godiva),

Many items were also added to existing sections on sculptors, such as Gilbert Bayes (The Storm Ride, The Invocation, and Greek Dancer), Alfred Drury (Richard Hooker, Lieut.-Col. McCarty O'Leary Mural Tablet Mrs. Craigie (John Oliver Hobbes), and Saint George, Knowledge, and Inspiration), Henry C. Fehr (The Fallen Angel), William Silver Frith (Bishop Eliot Memorial), Charles Leonard Hartwell (Study for Part of a War Memorial, The Rising Tide, The Stalkers, and The Bathers), Albert Hemstock Hodge, (War, Rage, Pain), Commerce), Science), A Daughter of Neptune), and Boys with Goat and Turkey), Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal (The Dancer, Figure of Glory for Islington War Memorial, War, The Truth-Seeker, Madonna and the Child Christ, Earth and the Elements, and Fame), Paul Raphael Montford (The Flow — model of a group for the Town Hall, Cardiff), E. Roscoe Mullins (Bless me, even me also, O my father , Sisters), Boy with Top), Man and his Burden, and Cain. My punishment is more than I can bear.), Frederick William Pomeroy (Memorial to John D. Sedding, architect of Holy Trinity, Sloane Street, London and The Late Dean Hale, Recombent Effigy in Marble for Rochester Cathedral), William Birnie Rhind (Sketch Model for the Statue of Colonel Light, Group, Military Memorial in Alloa, and Royal Scots Memorial in St. Giles' Cathedral, Edinburgh, Royal Scots Memorial in St. Giles' Cathedral, Models of Statues of "Agriculture" and "Iron Moulding", Models of Statues of "Pottery" and "Mining", Sketch Model of Allegorical Group for Public Building, Group of Queen Mary and two of her Supporters for the National Portrait Gallery, Edinburgh, The Grand Marquess of Montrose, and Sketch Design of Frieze, Midlothian Countt Buildings), Albert Toft (The Cup of Immortality, The Cherry Girl, Children of the Sculptor, Feeding the Hungry, Maternity, and Clothing the Naked three panels from “a Memorial to the Late Queen in Nottingham”, Antigone, A Memorial to the Men of Birmingham who fell during the War in South Africa, 1899-1902, Mother and Child, and The Spirit of Contemplation), Arthur George Walker (Memorial to the late Marchioness of Lothian at Blicking, Death of the First-born, and The Dancer) Sir Francis Derwent Wood (Study of a Female Torso, Love and Life, Sacred and Profane, Atalanta, and Abundance),

Your webmaster, Jacqueline Banerjee, and Robert Freidus again worked collaboratively amplifying earlier projects, such as Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm's Charles Darwin, Sir Thomas Brock's Drury Lane Sir Augustus Harris and his Sir Richard Owen, Horace Jones's Temple Bar Memorial with new photographs of sculpture, such as Charles J. Samuel Kelsey's Queen Victoria and the Prince of Wales Going to St. Paul's, two reliefs by Charles Henry Mabey (Time and Fortune Draw a Curtain Over Temple Bar and Queen Victoria's Progress to the Guildhall London Nov. 9th 1837), Charles Bell Birch's Griffin (really a dragon), and an unknown sculptor's friezes representing science, art, peace, and war plus John Ternouth's The Battle of Copenhagen on Nelson's Column.

Meanwhile GPL and RF added examples of architectural sculpture on commercial buildings, including Hibbert Charles Binney's Justice robed with attendants, P. Lindsay Clark's four reliefs of bakers on the former Nordheim Model Bakery, Sir William Reid Dick's Female Figure holding a Globe on the London Bridge Approach, sculpture on the Royal Insurance Building by Drury, Mackennal, and an unknown sculptor, Sir George Frampton's Electricity and Engineering on Elektra House and his many works on Lloyds Register of Shipping, E. Roscoe Mullins's Putti and Shield on the Fine Art Society, Louis Frederick Roslyn's Commerce, Transport, Industry, and Communications on Norway House, A. S. Young's Prudence, Justice and Liberality on the Norwich Union Insurance Building, H. A. Peto and Sir E. George's 60-61 Piccadilly (the former Albemarle Hotel), J.E. Taylerson's sculptural decorations on Lloyds Register of Shipping, William Theed's Camels (20 Eastcheap), and the following work by unknown sculptors: two Atlantes on Temple Chambers, a Ram on the former Cooper's Wool Warehouse, female caryatids on 44, Old Bond Street,

Their collaboration also included architectural sculpture on government buildings, such as Joseph Durham's Queens Victoria, Maud, and Anne on the former Public Record Office (now part of King's College London), and Roslyn's freestanding . Work in churches includes Nathaniel Hitch's St. Ethelburga, Virgin and Child, Lancelet Andrews on J.L. Pearson's Church of All Hallows Barking, Frederick William Pomeroy's Memorial to John D. Sedding, architect of Holy Trinity, Sloane Street, London plus war memorials, including William Robert Colton's Memorial to Captain Frederick C. Selous in the Natural History Museum, H.T.H. van Goldberdinge's Memorial to Captain Charles Fryatt and Charles Leonard Hartwell's Memorial to Field Marshall Sir Henry Wilson — both in Liverpool Street Station — and Sir Edward Lutyens's Memorial for the 1914-18 War, Trinity Square Gardens.

Philip V. Allingham completed his major project of creating commentaries each of Marcus Stone's forty-odd illustrations to Dickens's Our Mutual Friend.

Jacqueline Banerjee has contributed a substantial essay, “Self-Presentation and Self-Realisation in Dickens's Nicholas Nickleby.” In addition to keeping track of book reviews and catching formatting and typographical errors, she wrote essays on two works by Emmanuel Luigi Galizia illustrated by 15 of her photos — The Addolorata Chapel and Cemetery, Paolo, Malta and The Turkish Cemetery, Marsa, Malta. She also contributed photographs and commentary for John Tweed's Joseph Cowen and Thomas Eyre Macklin's South African War Memorial, both in Newcastle, and Chantrey's George IV in Brighton. JB created an index with biographical introduction for William Haywoood, the architect and engineeer responsible for the Holborn Viaduct. She also added to the materials on the Watts Gallery at Compton, and worked with with GPL on J. L. Pearson's restoration of All Hallows, London (the oldest church in the City). JB also began a new section in "Places" on the Yorkshire Dales, for which she has created an introduction and a beautifully illustrated photo-essay, "The Yorkshire Dales in Victorian Times" and "The Settle-Carlisle Railway: Derby Gothic," a study of both the railway and the architecture of its stations.

Andrzej Diniejko created a new section, “The Gothic Revival in Poland,” writing (a) an illustrated introduction and added materials about (2) Cathedral of St. Michael the Archangel and Florian the Martyr, (c) a neo-Gothic palace in Starawies, and (d) St. Michael the Archangel Parish Church in Starawies, all of which he illustrated with his own photographs. In addition, he contributed The English-style romantic landscape garden in Arkadia: Gothick ruins and the High Priests's Santuary and The Potocki Mausoleum, both illustrated with photographs by Anna Diniejko-Was.

Béatrice Laurent, Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Université d'Avignon et des Pays de Vauclause, translated into French the introduction to GPL's Oxford Past Masters Ruskin.

A Canadian collector who wishes to remain anonymous has kindly shared his late nineteenth-century painting by Pollie Clarke of Elaine

Derek B. Scott, Professor of Critical Musicology, University of Leeds, has contributed another of his performances of a Victorian parlor song, his latest being “The Children's Home” (1881).

Lousia Hadley PhD contributed Tell us what really happened: Evidence and the Past in Julian Barness Arthur & George to our Neo-Victorian section.

Miss Rae from Hawaii pointed out a bad link to “The Reign of Law” by George Campbell, Duke of Argyll. Thanks!

As of the 29th, the site had 56,307 documents and images.

July 2011

Your webmaster and Robert Freidus continued to enlarge the section on architectural and other sculpture, adding Thomas Tyrell's Atlas, an unknown sculptor's Queen's Assurance Sign, John Broad's Japanese Man and Woman, J. Daymond & Son's 80 Fetter Lane, Francis William Doyle Jones's Chimera with Personifications of Fire and the Sea, Sir William Reid Dick's Boy with Goose, and work by unknown sculptors including that on pediment at Harrods, four Renaissance portrait Heads on a building in Cornhill, classically draped figures symbolizing telegraphy and writing, Salisbury House, putti on the King Lud Building, Fleet Street and Ludgate Circus, a bronze eagle over a doorway on King william Street, Athena with a medusa shield flanked by her eagles of wisdom on the same street, Male and female allegorical figures symbolizing commerce and manufacturing near Holborn Circus, Putti symbolizing Painting, Commerce, and Astronomy at 1 Bishopsgate, Atlas supporting the Earth (Trafalgar Square), Mercury with his caduceus symbolizing commerce (Temple Avenue and Tudor Street), Boar (former St. John Street pub), Britannia with a lion and putti with a wheel and scales (Threadneedle Street), Locke, Pestalozzi, and other portraits (former home of the College of Preceptors), Mary, Queen of Scots (Fleet Street), Two putti, garlands, and a lion head (former Whitehall Club), A painted lion and two painted Chinamen (Twinings's), Justice and Strength Trademark (7 & 8 West Smithfield), and Faith, Hope, and Charity on the City Temple near Holborn Viaduct.

Larger projects involved creating a list of architectural sculptors, a five-part list of the iconography they used, list of Italian sculptors with works in the UK, and groups of sculptural decoration of individual buildings, such as Elektra House by Belcher and Joass with works by Drury, Frampton, John, Pomeroy, and others; Stanley Hamp's Thames House and its sculptural decoration by Frank Lynn Jenkins (Abundance), Richard Garbe (The Fruits of Land and Water, Mercury and Pegasus, and Putti), William Bainbridge Reynolds (Galleon), and George Duncan MacDougald (Overdoor Group with Mercury); Sir William Tite's Royal Exchange with work by Sir Richard Westmacott's freize on the portico, Samuel Joseph's Sir Hugh Myddleton, John Carew's Sir Richard Whittington, William Behnes's Sir Thomas Graham, Railways and Shipping on the former offices of the London Chatham & Dover Railway, Charles Kelsey's statues representing Dublin, Edinburgh, Liverpool, and London on Smithfield Market, Spandrels men writing and receiving letters on the former General Post Office, King Edward Street, Putti and shields on Alfred Waterhouse's Prudential Assurance Building., the Smithfield Market War Memorial, four works by Charles James Pibworth, and a simple Drinking fountain by the Wills Brothers.

Non-architectural sculpture additions include Charles John Allen's Memorial to John Heminge and Henry Condell, the men who assembled the First Folio of Shakespeare's plays in 1623, Bertram Mackennal's Paul's Cross, George Herbert Tyson Smith's Birkenhead War Memorial and his Cenotaph in Liverpool.

GPL discussed the problems of creating an allegorical iconography for the new temples of capitalism, such as the Metropolitan Life Assurance Company building, and he, RF, and Jacqueline Banerjee worked together on Fehr's work on the Middlesex Guildhall in Parliament Square, London

Philip V. Allingham contributed Two Scenes of Urban "Refuges"  A Sign of the Hungry Forties: "Are There No Prisons, Are There No Workhouses?" with illustrations from The Illustrated London News, which GPL formatted and linked to PVA's A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year by Kenny Meadows and his illustrated comments on alcohol in Victorian Christmas celebrations and his scan of Eliza Cook's Christmas song. Using PVA's earlier contributions, including articles on Christmas in the Royal family, GPL created a sitemap for Victorian Christmas celebration. PVA also provided scanned images, represented passage, and extensive commentaries for more illustrations by Marcus Stone of Dickens's Our Mutual Friend,, including The Flight, Three-Penn'orth Rum, Mr. Fledgeby Departs on His Errand of Mercy. In addition, he wrote two essays on the symbolic covers of Dickens's novels when published in parts, one on Phiz's for A Tale of Two Cities and a second on Marcus Stone's for Our Mutual Friend.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed photographs, commentary, and formatting for Edward Hodges Baily's Thomas Bewick, John Thomas's Tympanum and panels beside the south (main) entrance to Leeds Town Hall and his Rachel, the Daughter of Laban with a Lamb at her Feet, Charles Leonard Hartwell's Newcastle war memorial and The Goatherd's Daughter, Henry Alfred Pegram's Hylas, and Baron Marochetti's Charity, and two leeds sculptors — Joseph Thewlis and Edward Caldwell Spruce. She also contributed photographs and commentary for R. R. Rowe's Corn Exchange in Cambridge, Leeds Town Hall, indexes for the sculptors Matthew Noble and C. L. Hartwell, Matthew Noble's Prince and Princess of Wales, Queen Victoria, Prince Albert in Leeds, and Marochetti's Duke of Wellington, also in Leeds.

She also wrote and illustrated an essay on the Bradford Wool Exchange to which GPL contributed a brief discussion of the Exchange's relation to Ruskin's “Traffic.” With the co-operation of the Natural History Society of Northumbria, JB then added an essay on the work of the botanist Margaret Rebecca Dickinson. One of her pictures of George Gilbert Scott's King's College Chapel in London was featured (with permission) on the front cover of the programme book for the Society of Biblical Literature's International Meeting at King's this month.

Andrzej Diniejko contributed an introduction to the life and works of W. E. Henley. While vacationing with his family in the Polish countryside he's searching for examples of the Gothic Revival and nineteenth-century iron-and-glass architecture for VW.

Dr. Pascal Debout of the Faculté de Droit, Université de Strasbourg, has completed his French translation of the third chapter of Landow's Past Masters Ruskin: Ruskin l'interprète de la société.

Christina Beardsley writes to provide links to the preface, introduction, and second chapter of her biography of the liberal Churchman Frederick W. Robertson; they have been added to the Robertson sitemap (homepage).

As of the 25th, the site had 55,260 documents and images.

June 2011

Your webmaster began the month by arriving in Rijeka, Croatia, where he's spending three weeks as a Fulbright Senior Specialist in Information Technology. While being shown around the beautiful city center by his host, Professor Marina Biti, Chair of Croatian Studies, he found analogues to British Victorian architecture in Rijeka, taking photographs of a public market to the section of iron and glass architecture and some beautiful Art Nouveau buildings on the Korzo, the main pedestrian shopping street. A few days after his arrival he gave a lecture at the University of Rijeka about the Victorian Web, and on the 5th he flew to Eindhoven, the Netherlands, for the ACM (computer science) HT2011 conference where presented a paper entitled “Victorian Web and the Victorian Course Wiki — Comparing the Educational Effectiveness of Identical Assignments in Web 1.0 and Web 2.0.”

Working with about 50 photographs contributed by Robert Freidus and a few of his own, your webmaster created “A British Pantheon: Painters, Sculptors, and Designers depicted on the façades of the Victorian And Albert Museum, London.” GPL and Freidus collaborated on many more documents containing photographs of sculpture, including Cecil Brown's Imperial Camel Corps Memorial, Mortimer Brown's Twickenham War Memorial, a new section on Charles Doman consisting of 11 works, smaller ones for Ernest George Gillick, Richard Reginald Goulden, John Hancock, Albert Hemstock Hodge, David McGill, and Herbert W. Palliser plus Sir Thomas Brock's Robert Raikes, Benjamin Creswick's Cutler's Hall Frieze, Aimé-Jules Dalou's Charity Drinking Fountain, Eugénie Maria Wynne, Monument to Charles Floquet (Paris), Monument to Louis Auguste Blanqui (Paris), Hamo Thornycroft's Richard Norman Shaw, Alfred Drury's War Memorial to London Troops, Sir William Goscombe John's Monument to Sir Patrick Playfair and two bas reliefs on the Queen Victoria Memorial in Calcutta, Adrian Jones's Prince George, 2nd Duke of Cambridge, David McGill's Sir Wilfrid Lawson. With more of Bob Freidus's pictures, we opened a new site on Henry Charles Fehr, with several of Fehr's works in Leeds and London, including his statues of John Harrison and James Watt, and his war memorial in Leeds; also his freize on the Middlesex Guildhall. Freidus, GPL and JB collaborated on Richard's Westmacott's freize.on the Royal Exchange as well. Freidus also contributed series of photographs on Sir William Tite's Royal Exchange and john Gibson's National Provincial Bank of England, both of which have important programs of architectursl sculpture by Hancock and C. Mabey.

Philip V.Allingham contributed an essay on Dickens's religious beliefs and continued his major projects on commentaries about illustrations of the novels, adding a dozen images and commentaries about Marcus Stone's for Dickens's Our Mutuual Friend plus otherts for Sol Eytinge's illustrations for A Tale of Two Cities. He also sent in material from The Illustrated News on a raneg of subjects.

Earlier in the month Jacqueline Banerjee sent in Léon-Joseph Chavalliaud's sculpture of Mrs Siddons. JB's trip "up north" later in the month has yielded, so far, William Goscombe John's war memorial, The Response, in Newcastle; George Frampton's memorial to Queen Victoria in Leeds; and George Gilbert Scott's Leeds General Infirmary. She added (with permission from Orleans House Gallery) two of Richard Dadd's works, Portrait of Sir Thomas Phillips in Turkish Dress, and Crazy Jane. Jacqueline Banerjee formatted and added commentaries on these and three other works by different artists from the Lady Lever Art Gallery in Port Sunlight: Millais' Little Speedwell's Darling Blue and Apple Blossoms (or Spring); and Onslow Ford's Snowdrift. An earlier contribution from the turn of the month was on Archbishop Heber, sparked by Bob Freidus's photograph of Heber's fine monument by Chantry in Kolkata. JB would also like to thank Julia Bolton Holloway for a correction made then to her piece on "The English Cemetery in Florence." Permission was given to use some of JB's material on Richard Jefferies in the London Society Journal.

Mark De Novellis, Curator of Exhibitions and Collections at the Orleans House Gallery, Riverside, Twickenham, writes to tell us about the current exhibition of Richard Dadd's work at the gallery. Works from the Bethlem Art and History Collections Trust, West London Mental Health NHS Trust and private collections have all been brought together to chart this artist's early career, travels to Europe and the Middle East, mental illness and work created while at Bethlem and Broadmoor Hospitals. The exhibition is free, and lasts until 2 Ocober. More details on the exhibition website.

A collector who wishes to remain anonymous contributed photographs of two works by Alfred Drury (Griselda and A Seated Boy) and two by George Frampton (The Knight of the Once and My Thoughts are My Children) plus David McGill's The Victor.

Kristina Hochwender, PhD, Assistant Professor of English, University of Evansville, contributed a series of essays on Margaret Olphant and related novelists, including “The Clerical Novel,” Clerical Education in Margaret Oliphants Clerical Novels,” The Rector,” Mr Proctor Proposes,” Margaret Oliphant's Town of Carlingford,” and Oliphant's Salem Chapel.”

Viviane de Moraes Abrahão translated four essays from the section on Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna, and Montserrat Martínez García continued her major translation work, adding sections on Victorian apocalyptics, prophetics, sermons, hymns, and religious tracts.

A new contributor, Hristo Boev from Constanta-Romania, sent in an essay on "Deterritorialization and Reterritorialization in Little Nelll's Death Scene — Deconstructing Little Nell."


Thanks to Todd Ramsey for taking the trouble to send along the updated URLs for more than half a dozen sites listed on the “Related Resources” page.

As of the 27th, the site had 54,456 documents and images.

May 2011

The Department of English at Brown University gave a retirement dinner for your webmaster on the 11th, he submitted his last grades on the 29th, and on memorial day he said a few words to the graduating English concentrators, thereby just about closing out his 39 years at the university (retirement comes officially at the end of the academic year — June 31st).

Your webmaster began this month the way he ended April, spending three to four hours a day — sometimes entire days and evenings — working with the wonderful torrent of images of Victorian sculpture and information about them that Robert Freidus has sent in from London. Working on them entailed resizing images, correcting their color and perspective, and removing distracting backgrounds plus creating and linking HTML documents for them. Bob sent in photographs of monuments and portraits by sculptors new to the Victorian Web as well as those of whom we already had many examples. His valuable contributions permitted creating a much larger gallery of statues of Queen Victoria as well as greatly increasing our section on British sculpture in India. His photographs — often multiple views of the same sculpture — include Gilbert Bayes's Diana; Sir Thomas Brock's The Black Prince; Sir William Reid Dick's Freeman Freeman-Thomas, Marquess of Willingdon, Harry Dwight Ripley Monument, and the Leverhulme WWI memorial, Alfred Drury's wonderful Circe and his Morning and Evening; John Henry Foley's Lieutenant General Sir James Outram, Calcutta; Edward Onslow Ford's Dancing and Linus; Sir George Frampton's Queen Victoria, Anthony Patrick MacDonell, Sir Andrew Henderson Leith Fraser; Lord Ronald Gower's Shakespeare Memorial; George Sergeant Jagger's George V; Goscombe John's Sir John Woodburn and panels for the Queen Victoria Memorial; George Henry Paulin's Kirkcudbright War Memorial and King Robert of Sicily), Frederick William Pomeroy's Curzon Memorial and Dean Hook; Thomas Tarran's Victoria; George Havard Thomas's Sir Spencer Harcourt Butle; more than a dozen works by Richard Westmacott, including his Warren Hastings and Lord William Cavendish Bentinck, both in Calcutta, and twelve example sof his funerary work in England and India; and John Warrington Wood's Sisters of Bethany, Frank Arnold Wright's Dawn.

Some items drew upon extensive material already on the site, such as Joseph Whitehead's Monument to John Rae, the Scottish physician who discovered traces of cannibalism in the remains of the ill-fated Franklin arctic expedition about which Philip Allingham had written a series of essays, including one on Dickens's response to the discovery. (GPL had also photographed Noble's Franklin monument. These kinds of convergences exemplify the kind of implicit collaboration in scholarship that sites like the Victorian Web do best.

Freidus also contributed photographs an dinformation about a large number of other items: C.O. Ellison & Son's Liverpool Ear and Infirmary and two works of high relief on its façade; a bust of Dwarkamath Tagore by Henry Weekes in the National Library, Calcutta; Matthew Noble's Monument to Archbishop Musgrave; William Reynolds-Stephens's Monument to Bishop Sir Edwyn Hoskyn; Monument to James Saumarez, Lord de Saumarez; Edward M. Richardson's Monument to James Jeremie; Peter Rouw's Monument to General Joshua le Marchant; George Frederick Morris Harding's Monument to George Kenneth Vansittart.

Freidus's photographs and information have also prompted the creation of a section for funerary sculpture, which began with two works by H. H. Armstead, nine by John Bacon the Younger and three by E. H. Baily, two by William Behnes, one by Joseph Edward Boehm, five by Sir Francis Chantrey, and Henry Alfred Pegram's Into the Silent Land, four by Ellen Mary Rope, two by Dorothy Anne Aldrich Rope, and one by John Steell — plus, of course, numerous works photographed earlier by Jacqueline Banerjee.

Philip V. Allingham contributed illustrated essay, “The Electric Telegraph, Telecommunications Wonder of the Railway Age: 1791 to 1852” and “The Laying of Submarine Cable — The Triumph of Brunel's "Great Eastern" on 27 July 1866” plus images of the great ship.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed an illustrated essay on Sir George Frampton's Liverpool Memorial to Sir Alfred Lewis Jones and added commentary and bibliography of several of Roibert Freidus's contributions. She next created a photo essay on William Hallett's St John the Baptist Roman Catholic Church in Brighton and another on N. H. J. Westlake's paintings and stained glass for this church plus John Edward Carew's sculptures, The Battle of Trafalgar, at the base of Nelson's Column, The Baptism of Christ and monuments to Maria Fitzherbert and the Rev. Edward Cullin. Additional work on architectiure included her photo-essay on John Francis Bentley's Interior Remodelling of St Botolph without Aldgate, London. In addition, she reviewed Michael Nelson's Queen Victoria and the Discovery of the Riviera and Ted Jones's A Short Notice of The French Riviera: A Literary Guide for Travellers.

More Spanish translations continue to arrive: Rocío Morales de la Prida sent in “Mujeres inglesas y hombres chinos: tareas domésticas en el Oeste americano,” an essay by Tamar S. Wagner on Catherine Hubback, Jane Austen's niece, and Marina Coma Díaz translated Stuart Currie's “George Whyte-Melville, Vampirismo, y La Guerra de Crimea. & Montserrat Martínez García translated three long, complex documents: Henry Melvill's “La muerte de Moisés” and Simón, el cireneo” plus a scetion from Images of Crisis, “El arcoíris: imágenes problemáticas de naturaleza problemática

Galina Miklosic writes from Minsk for permission, which she received, to translate our essay on Radcliffe's word-painting into Belorussian, which she then planned to post on her blog.

Penn Quinn writes to report a broken link on the Braddon sitemap. Thanks!

The site had 53,855 documents and images on the 30th of the month.

April 2011

After returning from Jyväskylä, Finland, where your webmaster gave several lectures, one about experimemts with this site, he devoted much energy to formatting material and correcting perspective and removing distracting bacgrounds from photographs by new contributors as well as continuing to mine Punch for relevant cartoons and caricatures. Drawing upon some work he had done last month, he put up five more contemporary photographs of Onslow Ford's sculpture.

Philip V. Allingham writes to announce his new book on illustrations of Thoomas Hardy's work. He, Stuart Durant, and GPL collaborated on adapting an image of “The Great Western Railway Terminus, at Paddington” for includion in the section on Victorian railway stations. He and GPL collaborated on two documents about polution of the Thames — “Charles Dickens and ‘the Big Stink’” and a transcription of an editorial from the 1858 Illustrated London News: “The Purification of The Thames.”

Jacqueline Banerjee began the month with two illustrated essays about works of C. H. Townsend (1) an adaptation of an article in The Studio about his Cliff Towers, Devonshire, and (2) the house today, which is now known as La Tourelle. Inspired by GPL's trip to Finland, she created "Charles Harrison Townsend and the Finnish Connection." Thanks to Professor Raine Koskimaa of the University of Jyväskylä for information about some of the buildngs photographed. She added William Butterfield's St Augustine's Church,Cardiff, and Sir Richard Westmacott's Monument to George III, The Copper Horse at Windsor. She also wrote “Edwin Seward and the Building of the Welsh Capital” and three of Seward's buildings — the Cardiff Union Workhouse, the Cardiff Royal Infirmary and the Morgan Arcade, this last with a photograph by Robin Drayton. Near the end of April, she contributed a review of Victorian Prism: Refractions of the Crystal Palace, edited by James Buzard, Joseph W. Childers, and Eileen Gillooly

Amitav Banerjee reviewed Shabrani Basu's Victoria & Abdul: The True Story of Queen's Closest Confidant, and John Sankey reviewed Penelope Curtis and Keith William's Modern British Sculpture, the catalogue for the recent exhibition at the Royal Academy.

Robert Freidus contributed photograph and captions for three works by Harry Bates — Hounds in Leash, Lord Roberts Memorial , and the Easter frontal in Holy Trinity Church, Sloane Square, London — two by Henry Alfred Pegram, Sir Francis Legatt Chantrey, RA and John Flaxman, RA, Alfred Drury's Inspiration, four by William Silver Frith (John Bacon and Grinling Gibbons, Power and Blind Justice, and Astor House Lamp Standards), and collaborated with JB and GPL on a series of photographs and commentary about Charles John Allen's Queen Victoria Monument in Liverpool. He also provided for Edward Onslow Ford's Sir Lakshmiswar Bahadur Singh, Maharajah of Darbhanga, William Reynolds-Stephens's Nineteenth-century Worship of Christ. Finally, he put us in touch with a collector who has contributed many images of Victorian sculpture. Thanks!

This new contributor who wishes to remain anonymous provided photographs, information, and corrections for the Harry Bates Æneid Triptych, after which he provided the basis of the text for the same sculptor's War and both text and image for William Augustus Guy Medal. This benefactor's other contributions this month include a bronze nude by an unknown artist and the material for a new section on the sculptor Charles John Allen, including the bronze Rescued and the plaster Maternity as well as photographs and information for the following works by Gilbert Bayes: Baldwin’s Newel Post, The Sea Maid’s Frolic, and Wings of the Wind. Next came Sir William Reid Dick's Arras, Mary Bennett's terracotta plaque of a seated farmgirl in reverie, Frank Bowcher's bas relief portrait of T. H. Huxley, Bertha Gabriella Casella's wax Euterpe, and Aimé-Jules Dalou's Le Jour de Rameaux à Boulogne and La Boulognese. Other contributions: Edward Onslow Ford's Bust of a Lady, Percival M. F. Hedley's Lily Elsie (in her role as Sonia in the Merry Widow), Charles Sargeant Jagger's Cathel and the Woodfolk, Eric Henri Kennington's T. E. Lawrence, George Frampton's James Fleming and St. Christina, Charles De Sousy Ricketts's Paolo & Francesca, Ellen Mary Rope's May Day Symphony and Mother and Child, Edward Poynter's Joseph Whitworth, Stanley Mace Foster's Edouard Lanteri, Edouard Lanteri's Richard Phene Spiers, Dr. Ludwig Mond, and William Blake Richmond, David McGill's Medallion for the Society of British Sculptors, Alfred Bertram Pegram's Mercury, Henry Alfred Pegram's Charles W. Wyllie, Frederick William Pomeroy and John Belcher's Dr. William Gandy, Lilian Simpson's Art Nouveau Book Cover and Atalanta, Theodore Spicer Simson's George Meredith, Reginald Fairfax Wells's Mother and Child.

Montserrat Martínez García translated “Las interpretaciones alegóricas de Ruskin sobre Turner” and several discussions of biblical imagery: “La aplicación de la tipología bíblica en Carlyle,” “Tipología secularizada en la ficción victoriana,” “La imaginería tipológica como comentario autorial,” and “La roca golpeada: uno de los usos victorianos más populares del simbolismo tipológico.” Diana C. Archibald, Associate Professor of English, University of Massachusetts Lowell, contributed “Charles Dickens and Liverpool's Adelphi Hotel.” Ana González-Rivas Fernández, Ph. D. shared “El sistema educativo y los clásicos grecolatinos en las obras de George Eliot.”

Lauren Palmor help out by e-mailing about a few duplicate (and broken) links. Thanks!

The site had 52,981 documents and images on as of the 25th.

March 2011

Your webmaster spent six days formatting and linking Victoria Parra Ortiz's Spanish translations of the more than 130 documemts in the Swinburne section, after which he formatted two sections on Ruskin translated by Montserrat Martínez García. Continuing to mine Punch, he added a dozen cartoons to Fads and Fashions, created section on various aspects of Victorian railways and, in the Arts and Culture section, added a new subsection on The Royal Academy and other galleries and numerous cartoons to Life with the Aesthetes. He spent the last five days of the month at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland — first at the Publishing Electronic Literature in Europe conference, where he spoke on “What Will the Scholarly Book Become in E-space — Experiments with the Victorian Web.” Afterwards he gave a public lecture, “What's Happened on the Internet since 2000? Web 2.0, Social Media, and what they have taught us,” after which he gave several talks on digital literature and culture for a graduate seminar.

Philip V. Allingham completed the plates and extensive commentaries for Fred Barnard's 25 illustrations for Dickens's Tale of Two Cities.

Jacqueline Banerjee, who reviewed Gavin Stamp's Lost Victorian Britain, also created a new section on the architecture and sculpture of Cardiff, which now (in addition to her earlier material on William Burges) includes William Frame's The Pierhead Building, The Norwegian Church, and Lanchester, Stewart and Rickards' Cardiff City Hall plus two war memorials: John Ninian Comper's Welsh National War Memorial and Albert Toft's South African War Memorial . Other sculptural works include four by Sir William Goscombe John — James Rice Buckley, Judge Gwilym Williams , John Cory, and Carved figures in reredos, in the Church of St John the Baptist

JB and Sarah Sullivan, a new contributor, undertook a large project — Blackheath Village, Surrey: Charles Harrison Townsend and the Garden City Movement. Sullivan also contributed Townsend's St Martin's Church, which JB formatted. Dr. Amitav Banerjee reviewed Robert Douglas-Fairhurst's Selected Edition of Henry Mayhew's London Labour and the London Poor.

William Denley Owen contributed “Presenting WRH Powell, Carmarthenshire's First Radical MP

Dr Carlos López Galviz, writes from the Institute of Historical Research, University of London, to announce what promises to be an exciting conference — “Asa Briggs: A Celebration (19 May 2011),

As of the 28th, the site had 52,424 documents and images.

February 2011

Your webmaster put up more examples of Norman-Shaw influenced housing for the well-to-do in Chelsea with Chelsea Court and 1-21 Embankment Gardens (Thanks to Dr. Banerjee for identifying the architect of the first). Continuing to draw upon the Internet Archive's text and image versions of Punch, he wrote “Sabbath Observance, Sabbatarianism, and Social Class” and added eight images and commentaries to our biography of John Bright and a half dozen to “Ritualism as well as many individual cartoons on sculpture, including generous ones (“Mr. Punch's design for a statue to Miss Nightingale”) and satirical ones (“The Napier Statue”) and a new section on Punch on railways and railway travel.

Jacqueline Banerjee began the new year with two substantial illustrated essays — “The Brownings in Florence” and “The English Cemetery in Florence and the Anglo-Florentine Community.” Mid-month she delivered an invited lecture in Malta, “Perspectives on Victorian Architectural Heritage in Sliema.” She also sent in photographs and text for 6 of George Tinworth's ceramic sculptures.

Montserrat Martínez García sent in her Spanish translation of another section of The Aesthetic and Critical Theories of John Ruskin.

Christopher Rollason shared his reviews in both English and Spanish of Ana González-Rivas Fernández's El mundo clásico desde la mirada femenina: Margaret Fuller, Mary Shelley y George Eliot, and Katherine M. Miller reviewed Dallas Liddle's The Dynamics of Genre: Journalism and the Practice of Literature in Mid-Victorian Britain.

Malcolm Shifrin sent us an illustrated description of his site, Victorian Turkish Baths: their origin, development, and gradual decline, which appears in our sections on public health and social history. David Taylor kindly shared his illustrated essay, “The School House, Trumpington, by William Butterfield,” which JB and GPL formatted.

John Price Williams writes to provide the names of the architects who designed the extension to the building that houses the Royal Geographic Sociey. W.D. Owen writes to ask, “Why do you give Sir George Frampton the credit for the Arthur Sullivan memorial on the Embankment in London?? Surely it was the work of Sir William Goscombe John.” Read's Victorian Sculpture says Mr. Owen's correct. Thanks!

As of the 28th, the site had 51,926 documents and images.

January 2011

The New Year began with your webmaster in a very cloudy and often rainy London — one day of sun in three weeks. A quick run from his flat off King's Road — well, a very fast wheezy walk — to Sloane Square on morning after his arrival produced a set of photographs of Holy Trinity, the famous Arts and Crafts church. Even though the sun went behind clouds and a British telecom truck partially blocked the view of Newman's statue near the Brompton Oratory, your webmaster finally obtained a decent image. Rain and clouds didn't get in the way of photographing the newly restored interior Butterfield's All Saints, Margaret Street, which complemented last year's photographs of the exterior. Perhaps the most exciting discovery of this trip was stumbling upon Joseph Durham's Striking the Rock, a bronze sculpture for which your webmaster had been searching for more than three decades!

The one day when the sun shown in a cloudless sky permitted photographs of buildings throughout Cheslea and Kensington, including Norman Shaw's Clock House and the Old Swan House, both on the Embankment, and the Rossetti Studios, a purpose-built apartment block with artist's studios. These walks also produced photographs of an 1850 infant school still in use as well as St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Primary School, which may be by Pugin. (These buildings, plus Jacqueline Banerjee's earlier photos of schools built after the 1870 education act, prompted the creation of a new section on primary and seconday schools.)

Working with the Internet Archive of The Studio produced new images and material for a host of sculptors and their works, including Drury's works on the New War Office (Truth and Justice, The Sorrow of Peace, The Winged Messenger of Peace), Study for Eve, The Little Duchess, Spring, Sir Wm. Maccormac, a war memorial in bronze for New College, Oxford, electric light standards in the form of female nudes, and various saints, Pegram's Music and The Harvest, Toft's The Invocation, Spring, and Hagar, four new works by G. A. Williams of Liverpool, and Reynolds-Stephens's Guinevere's Redeeming and a fire screen.

New material on paintings includes Alma-Tadema's Portrait of E. A. Waterlow, Esq., A.R.A. (the first portrait by this artist we have), with work in different genres by Anning Bell — paintings and sculpture (in the form of painted bas reliefs). In addition to works in fine arts and fine crafts, we added a number of humbler objects, such as a Doulton salt cellar with heads of Disraeli, Salisbury, and Queen Victoria, a drinking fountain and cattle trough in Sloane Square, and a gallery of brick bas-relief wall decorations.

Partly as a means of bringing our reader's attention to Chesterton's ideas, partly as a means of experimenting with what hypertextual academic criticism might become, your webmaster created a kind of collage of twenty passages from C.K. Chesterton's writing, ranging from an attack on the 1832 Reform bill as a conspiracy by landed aristocracy and manufacturers of the North to keep working people from power to sometimes brilliant, often eccentric, and always interesting comments about Carlyle, Dickens, Macaulay, Ruskin, and Trollope.

Spanish translations continued to arrive, and the first week of the month saw Rebeca Cordero Sánchez's renderings of materials on the Arts and Crafts movement, Liberty & Co, and the paintings of Edward Lear. Susana Sánchez Renieblas also began translating the section on Walter Pater. The next week aw Camila Khaski Graglia's translation of the section on Eliza Lynn Linton plus a dozen illustrations of her work by Arthur Hopkins. Raluca Catalina Lazarescu translated the Harriet Martineau section, Natalia Mora López did G.P.R. James, and Viviane de Moraes Abrahão did part of that for Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna. Montserrat Martínez García (who recently earned her PhD with a dissertation on Scott) continues to be the queen of translators working under Asun López Varela, since she not only translated almost the entire large section on Victorian religion but has also just completed rendering into Spanish the Oxford Past Masters Ruskin.

One of the loveliest parts of the visit to London was attending the Thomas Hardy Society Wreath Laying at Westminster Abbey, 2011. Thanks to Jacqueline and Amitav Banerjee for inviting us to attend with them.

Philip V. Allingham completed his commentaries on 65 illustrations by Sol Eytinge for Dickens's Christmas Carol and David Copperfield. Next up, Little Dorritt.

Jacqueline Banerjee (who incidentally has an essay appear in The Times Literary Supplement this first week of January), completed essays with almost two dozen photographs of John Johnson's buildings and the pre-Victorian Bevis Marks Synagogue where Disraeli's birth was registered, and James Savage's St Luke's Church, Chelsea, perhaps the first gothic revival church in the UK. (GPL meanwhile created photographs and text for and Christ Church, Chelsea, originally and now once again the companion church of St. Luke's, which has excellent stained glass, including a panel with William Wilberforce, the champion of the anti-slavery movement.) Other contributions by JB included Sir John Soane's Museum and Sir William Reid Dick's statue of the architect plus am illustrated essay on James Henry Greathead, Tunnelling Expert and Railway Engineer. JB's major literary contribution of the month was her eight-part “The Struggle for Manhood in Victorian Fiction,” which looks at this issue in works by the Brontüs, Carlyle, Dickens, Hughes, Kingsley, Thackeray, and others. She also helped the cause by valuable proof-reading and correcting errors.

Andrzej Diniejko began a new section on the genre of slum fiction with an introduction and bibliographies of primary and sceondary readings. Thanks, too, for his proof-reading work by others on the site.

The Times had some nice things to say about the Victorian Web:

"The Daily Universal Register," Web Search: Victorian Web: An outstanding resource for literature and history students, this website also makes for fascinating reading from anyone interested in matters ranging from what aspects of Victorian culture have been lost with decimalisation to how people sent letters in those days and the rhyming slang of the day. As of this month, the site has nearly 50,000 documents.

(Tuesday December 28 2010, p.26)

Lauren Harmsen Kiehna writes from the University of Kansas to announce the 2011 Trollope Prize competition, which now has both undergraduate and graduate awards.

Dr. Kara Smith, Instructor of History at Georgia Perimeter College, writes to correct a name in the essay on Ricardo, and Carol Engelhardt Herringer, Chair, History Department at Wright State University, writes to do the same for the essay on Pusey. David Sawicki pointed out an incorrect date in Sir Joseph Bazalgette's biography. Thanks also to Alan Day who provided a changed link to a Columbia University site!

By the 30th of January the site had 51, 285 documents and images.

December 2010

By the twenty-seventh, the site had 49,975 documents. Looking through his library, your webmaster came upon a copy of The Diary of Alfred Domett, 1872-1885 obtained in Oxforfd more than three decades ago. Domett, who was the original of Waring in Browning's “What became of Waring?” provides often fascinating material about Browning's views of his contemporaries, early knowledge of Hebrew, and his surpringingly close relationship with Tennyson. He also includes an anecdote about Tennyson's shyness and interesting information about sculptors, such as J. H. Foley, Thomas Thornycroft, and Mary Thornycroft, and the physical appearance of public figures, such as Gladstone and T. H. Huxley. He also recorded his delight with Edinburgh.

After Jacqueline Banerjee pointed out in passing that the Internet Archive had portions of The Studio online, your webmaster drew upon it to add a series of materials to the site — "Sir George Frampton's house in St. John's Wood," a half a dozen drawings and a painting by Byam Shaw, and six paintings and two drawings by Solomon J. Solomon plus a fireplace by C. H. Townsend. The Internet Archive's digitized versions of the University of Toronto's copies of The Studio's provided the materials to create a Victorian Web translations of an essay on the Martin Brothers and Japanese pottery (with several dozen examples), Percy Bates's “The Late Frederick Sandys: A Retrospect”, and Baillie-Scott's essay “On the Characteristics of Mr. C. F. A. Voysey's Architecture” followed by the heavily illustrated “E. J. Horniman's ‘Garden Corner’ designed by C. F. A. Voysey;” These two articles plus materials from this periodical's illustrated review of the 1896 Arts and Crafts Exhibition, which included many illustrations of Voysey's textiles, wallpaper, carpets, and furniture, permitted the creation of a much-improved section about this major architect-designer.

Philip V. Allingham continued work on the illustrations of Dickens by Marcus Stone and Sol Eytinge, adding 50 new plates and thus far 10 sets of captions and commentaries for Stone's Our Mutual Friend.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed essays (illustrated with more than 30 of her photographs) about Pugin's St Augustine's Abbey Church, Ramsgate and the Grange, his home adjacent to the church. To these she added St. Marie's Grange in Wiltshire illustratedby a contemporary engraving. Catriona Blaker of the Pugin Society very kindly read these new contributions and provided corrections and new information. She also created a new section on the Arts and rafts architect Charles Harrison Townsend, including his Whitechapel Art Gallery and The Horniman Museum. In addition, JB provided new versions of works containing links to electronic texts for Hannah More and George MacDonald.

Montserrat Martínez García sent in Spanish translations of twenty more essays from the religion section, completing all the material on alternate traditions from atheism and agnosticism to spiritualism, socinianism, and Swedenborg. Emma Haley's translations of a dozen essays on Marie Corelli also arrived and are now online.

Jacqueline Banerjee did a photo-essay on G. E. Street's American Cathedral in Paris and opened new sites for the sculptor George Wade and the architect Charles Harrison Townsend.

Jonathan Potter contributed “Constructing Social and Personal Identities in Dickens.’ David Copperfield.”

David Skilton, Research Professor in English at Cardiff University, who e-mailed the correct spelling of Miss Richmal Magnall's first name, also provided her dates: 1769-1820. Thanks!

November 2010

Your webmaster spent the first week of the month converting (for the French section of the site) dozens of Olivier Pinel's documents about the people and events of the French Revolution, which he has generously shared with readers of the Victorian Web; 100s more to go. He also added “Richard Jefferies, Mystical Agnostic and Skeptic” and “Richard Jefferies and the Industrial Sublime.” He also formatted the Spanish versions of more than 50 essays related to religion in Victorian England that Montserrat Martínez García translated, including those on the Church of England, dissenters and evangelical protestantism, the Tractarians, and other denominations. Lora Grigorova from Portugal sent in translations of the 3 documents in the Hall Caine section, Zaire Willems did the same for the biography of F. W. Farrar, and Esther Fernández translated the biography of R. D. Blackmore and a dozen related documents. Meanwhile, Asun López-Varela, who heads the Spanish-translation project, translated the sitemap for Decorative Arts and Design.

Philip V. Allingham transcribed and formatted William Winter's reminiscence of the illustrator, Sol Eytinge, Jr., his long essay on Dickens, Eytinge's drawing of Dickens, and Lock and Whitfield's photograph of Wilkie Collins.

Jacqueline Banerjee, who reviewed Victoria & Albert: Art & Love (published by the Royal Colections), created a series of photographs with accompanying commentary on material related to Victorian railways: a signal box on the Lewes and Uckfield Railway, Frederick Dale Banister's Eastbourne Station in Sussex, and an 1851 advertisement for railway insurance. In addition to her biography of Marochetti and photographs of his home on Onslow Square, she added images and text for his Richard I, Coeur de Lion outside the House of Lords, The Assumption of Mary Magdalene (the grand altarpiece at the Madeleine in Paris), his bust of Sir Anthony Panizzi at the British Library, and examples of his designs for furniture and ceramics.

Mike Pratt, Port Colborne, Ontario, Canada, requested and received permission to place on his site Philip V. Allingham's “Dickens's Impressions of the Mississippi valley at Cairo, Illinois, the original of ‘Eden’ in Martin Chuzzlewit.” Meanwhile, PVA continues writing commentaries on Eytinge's illustrations for Our Mutual Friend.

J. Michael Desmond, Professor in the School of Architecture at Louisiana State University, asked for and received permission to use the site's photograph of St. Paul's, Covent Garen, in his book on the architecture of his university. Paul Bukhovko writes from Belarus for permisisn to translate our article “Charles Lyell” [his Belorussian translation]. Ashley Muir Bruhn of Sterling Publishing in New York asked for and received permission to reprint portions of PVA's “Some Early Dramatic Solutions to Dickens's Unfinished Mystery” in an edited volume of John Forster’s The Life of Charles Dickens. Thalia Allington-Wood from the Tate requested and received GPL's photo of the bust of John Robert Cozens on the façade of Royal Institute of Painters in London. Alex, the webmaster of, suggested an excange of links involving George Eliot's neighborhood.

The British Museum writes to invite our readers to a book-signing and Christmas shopping event on Thursday 2nd December in the British Museum Bookshop, from 6pm. On offer are complimentary seasonal refreshments, a discount on books on the decorative arts, a special selection of "authentic replica Victorian jewellery" and the chance to speak to the authors of a new book, Jewellery in the Age of Queen Victoria. The latter is evidently very wide-ranging, encompassing jewellery from Europe and America, and the roles of jewellery in fashion, literature and the culture generally. Sounds promising!

Danniel Dutton writes from the UK to let us know that the old off-site links to texts by George Eliot no longer work, Thanks! Mr. Dutton's e-mail prompted GPL to replace these links with ones to Project Gutenberg e-texts, after which he did the same for a dozen other authors. By the 29nd the site had 49,466 documents.

October 2010

The month, which marks the tenth anniversary of this quasi-blog within the Victorian Web, began with your webmaster in Bucharest, where he gave a talk on the American ceramicist-sculptor, Arnie Zimmerman at a conference on real and virtual cities at a Romanian center for semiotics. While in Bucharest he photographed an interesting nineteenth-century example of iron and glass architecture — the Macca-Vilacrosse Passage, whose name, date, and architect Prof. Mariana Net kindly provided. Just after mid-month more Spanish translations arrived, were formatted, and put online.

Philip V. Allingham scanned 17 illustrations for Sol Eytinge's for Dickens's Our Mutual Friend and provided htmls for the first 4.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed a substantial essay about Pugin's stained glass in St Augustine's Church, Ramsgate accompanied by 16 photographs, after which she created a section on William Henry Playfair, the most famous Scottish architect working in the classical tradition; he designed both the Royal Scottish Academy and the National Gallery of Scotland. Next came her essay and photographs of George Audsley's New West End Synagogue

Andrzej Diniejko traveled from Poland to Sardinia to deliver a lecture on the Victorian Web at the Convegno Italiano at the University of Sassari. Upon his return home he sent along an essay on the life and works of Frances Trollope.

Rosemarie Morgan of St. Andrews writes to to provide advance notice of Hardy at Yale II: (9-12 June 2011).

Mark F. Bean writes to provide a possible explanation for the odd name Catnach.

Christ Keenan of the Edison Innovation Foundation invited us to add a link to the organization's blog, which I have done. Pauline Hernandez wrote to say that the Waterloo link to material about Sherlock Holmes no longer works and suggested another site. Oliver Penil writes to give notice of his French site that lists all those guillotined during the Terror. Paul Thompson writes, “your website won Shmoop's Best of the Web award for Bleak House.” Thanks!

As of the 18th, the site had 48,912 documents and images.

September 2010

As of the 27th, the site has 48,873 documents and images. Your now-seventy-year-old webmaster is writing from Singapore where he and Ruth have flown for the 10th-anniversary celebration of the honors program at the National University of which he was the founding dean. While recovering from jetlag, he has continued work on the French translation of the site, which now consists of 800 documents. Upon his return from Singapore on the 16th, he formatted and uploaded the sitemap for «El Catolicismo romano en la Gran Bretaña victoriana» and twenty odd essays on Victorian Roman Catholicism and anti-catholicism, which includes a chapter from Josef L. Altholz's book on the Liberal Catholic movement in England.

Philip Allingham scanned the images and wrote the text to accompany a series of 14 illustrations by Copping and the Taylors of Dickens' Dream Childrren, a volume written by the novelist's granddaughter; he also scanned the book's introductions.

Jacqueline Banerjee created a sitemap for the architect John Francis Bentley (1839-1902) and an essay about his Westminster Cathedral, London, accompanied by 14 of her photographs plus text and images for Cardinal Wiseman's tomb there. In addition she wrote the texts accompanying Ipshita Banerji's images of the Glass House in the Lal Bagh Gardens, Bangalore, India, and St. Philomena's Church, Mysore; she did the same for Ramnath Subbarabam's images of the Victorian Memorial Hall in Calcutta. She also granted permission to publishers Thames & Hudson and The History Press for use of her images of Susan Durant's sculpture and of Holly Village, Highgate, respectively, in their forthcoming books.

Michael Uphill requested and received permission to include JB's photograph of St Mary Abbotts in his Tales from the London County Crypt — “about bellringers in London.“ Winn W. Wasson, who teaches Political Science at Ashford University in Iowa, requested and received permission material transcribed by PVA.

Christophe Semois wrote suggesting a link to his site, which features the Battle of Waterloo, and I have added it to the suggested reading that follows the biography of Wellington. Ruairidh Anderson writes from the U. K. to announce his Victorian-related blog, Songs from the Howling Sea: every Friday he releases “a free song about a character or event from London's Old East End.” His titles include “Murder and the Medical Profession,” “Part Time Entertainers And Raw Sewage,” and “Sunshine from the East.” Hubert Groult writes from France to request a link to his Wilde site. Ed West wrote to ask for permission to use "pictures for my blog about buildings demolished in the 20th century." Christopher Rollason shared his translation of Tennyson's "Crossing the Bar" with us.

Rachel Preen, Advertising Manager, Ltd, wrote while GPL was in Bucharest that the site had received a star rating from Schoolzone.

Jasmine Boni Ball of the International School of Florence writes, “I came across your site the victorian web and right now im writing a paper about 'what caused an increase in child labour during the victorian times/industrial revolution' was wondering if you could possibly give me some books or websites which would helped me with my historical investigation. I find the internet it quite limited and really need some strong primary sources." Here is GPL's response.

Anna-Maria Barz writes from Germany to let us know that a link in “Tennyson's Works” was broken: when a new version of Jim Kincaid's fine book was uploaded links to it weren't changed. Thanks, Anna-Maria!

August 2010

As the month ended, the site had 48,421 documents and images. Your webmaster continued work on the French version of the site, translating various documents in the Ruskin section, including his Oxford UP “Past Masters” Ruskin, John Ruskin et le conte de fées littéraire,” “John Ruskin sur fantasie dans l'art et la littérature,”, “Ruskin et Baudelaire sur l'art and l'artiste,” and “J. D. Harding et John Ruskin sur la variété infinie de la nature” — plus the usual documents conatining lists of links.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed her essay on John Johnson's St Mary's, South Tidworth, which included thirteen photos including those of Farmer and Brindley's stone carving and stained glass windows by the firm of Clayton and Bell. These new contributions led GPL to add Farmer and Brindley attributions to various documents, including those in the sections for the Foreign Office and the London Natural History Museum. JB also contributed a heavily linked essay and photographs on Pugin's tabernacle now in Southwark Cathedral. Malta Geografika reprinted, with out permission, one of JB's essays on Malta.

Catherine J. Golden and Michael Marx provided another Victorian valentine for the section on Victorian letter writing.

Simon Cooke greatly expanded our section on Victorian book bindings with his essays, “Book Bindings of the 1860s: the Christmas Gift Book” and “Dante Gabriel Rossetti as a Designer of Book Bindings” plus more than a dozen beautful photographs of this aspect of the decoratibe arts.

John Sankey reviewed Paul Murphy's Nineteenth-Century Irish Sculpture: Native Genius Reaffirmed, and Steve Donoghue kindly shared with us his review of Robert Hewison's Ruskin on Venice, which first appeared in Open Letters Monthly: An Arts and Literature Review. Thanks to Nigel Banerjee for suggesting it and to Jacqueline Banerjee for gaining permission from Mr. Donoghue. Cynthia J. Gamble shared with us “Disproving Ruskin's Advice: ‘Don't Go to Exhibitions’ — A Review of Ruskin, Turner and the Pre-Raphaelites at the Tate Britain.

Thanks to Constance Harsh, Professor of English, Colgate University, for providing the correct identity of the towers in the background of one of Phiz's plates for Martin Chuzzlewit. Thanks also to Merryn Somerset for explaining Hardy's reference to “Fosseway” in “A Trampwoman's Tragedy.”

July 2010

Your webmaster's Ruskinian pilgrimage ended on the 2nd, and for the next few weeks he continued to work on the hundreds of photographs of French gothic cathedrals and other buildings, the interior and exterior of Chartres being the last to see completion (and the stained class yet to come). In addition to continuing to format, proof, and link the lists of Ruskin's mentions of individual cities and structures scanned from the Library Edition, he continued what has probably been his single most difficult formatting and editing project on the Victorian Web — an annotated, heavily illustrated and cross-linked online edition of The Seven Lamps of Architecture. Unfortunately, Project Gutenberg has not yet added this work, and various online versions are often dreadful: the Hathi Trust's version, for example, spells Ruskin in various ways, including “Raskin” and “Iluskiu,” “St. Lô” appears as “st l6,” and “façade” as “fa9ade,” and it omits the crucial § in hundreds of cross-references, rendering them useless, since they appear to direct the reader to pages not sections in the text.

Taking a break from The Seven Lamps project, he created an online illustrated journal of the On the Old Road V trip, which pilgrimage James L. Spates, Professor and Class of 1964 Endowed Chair of Sociology and Chair, Urban Studies Program, at Hobart and William Smith Colleges, conceived and led. The illustrated journal awaits the contributions, comments, and photographs from other members of the group, who came from France, Switzerland, England, and the United States. Oh yes, by the 26st, the site had 47,355 documents and images.

On the 30th GPL uploaded the beginnings of French version of the Victorian Web, which thus far consists only of Susana Garcia Hiernaux's translations of materials on Bram Stoker, Swinburne, and Symons plus GPL's translations of various sitemaps and more than two hundred illustrated documents in the sections on architecture (the Houses of Parliament, Norman Shaw, and Waterhouse's Natural History Museum) and sculpture (e.g., the Albert Memorial and the works of Brock and Woolner). Translators — and corrections — most welcome!

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed her three-part essay, Letters in George Meredith’s The Ordeal of Richard FeverelPart I: Arson and Amor, Part II: In the Toils of the "System", Part III: The "Real" Reader — plus a set of topics to be investigated and additions to the Meredith Gallery: an 1862 photograph of Meredith with his son Arthur and a late letter from the novelist. In addition she reviewed Kathryn Ferry's The Victorian Home, one of many useful very short, heavily illustrated books published by Shire. JB also provided photographs and text for the burial stone of Richard Anning Bell and the memorial one for F. W. Pomeroy, did the same for a particularly exciting building — the Shah Jahan Mosque (1867), Surrey, the first mosque in Northern Europe. Continung her work on nineteenth-century sculpture, JB added four new works to the John Gibson section.

Lord Norton used JB's photo of The Buxton memorial and credits her on the House of Lords Blog.

Philip V. Allingham scanned and edited Skinner Prout's 1849 Illustrated Londion News illustrated article, “Scenes on Board an Australian Emigrant Ship” including images of shipboard life and an image of the a settler's hut in Australia. Having provided the contemporary context, he wrote “Skinner Prout’s ‘Scenes on Board an Australian Emigrant Ship’ and David Copperfield,” all of which prompted GPL to create a new sitemap, “Emigration in Victorian Britain.” In addition, PVA scanned the images and accompanying text for ILN articles on four shipwrecks. He continued to mine Illustrated Londion News, producing “Old Style — The Mail Coach,” “New Style — The Mail Train,” and “Dickens's attitude towards the Age of Steam.”

Catherine J. Golden continues to add to her section about the Victorian revltion in letter writing with essays on condolence letters, “Prepaid Stationery and the Penny Black,” and “Valentine.’s Day: Love and Derision ‘By the Bushell.’” Having received permission from the Museum of London to reproduce in the Victorian Web George Elgar Hicks.’s The General Post Office, One Minute to Six she provided a substantial essay on the painting, and she also obtained permission to put online an image of one of the infamous Mulreadies, which GPL used to create details to illustrate her essay. Near the end of the month she sent in Michael Marx's photos of valentines and mourning stationery.

Graham Lupp is a successful Australian painter whose widely diverse artworks involve a great many interests and extensive travel overseas. Originally an architect, Graham also has a keen interest in Victorian Australian architecture, and has proposed sending along “Postcards from Oz” at irregular intervals, and he has already contributed enough material for GPL to create a section on Australian architecture (be sure to take a look at his painting of a window in the local Bishop's Victorian home.

Jeremy Gerrard contributed “The Morality of Sacrifice in Little Dorrit.”

Christian Myhre Nygaard of, a Danish English-language online tv station, invited the Victorian Web to add a link to Gibraltar, an English territory with southern characteristics, which we have done in British Empire sitemap. Keither Duffy writes to let us know about the East Durham History Project to which we have added a link in the places section. Gary Crawford writes to let us know that the URL for Le Fanu Studies has changed. Thanks.

Dr Alexandrina Buchanan, Lecturer in Archive Studies at the University of Liverpool, writes in with information about the retsoration of St. Catherine's Chapel, Ely Cathedral.

Alberto Rinaldi e-mailed from Trossingen, Germany, “we have the pleasure to inform you that ‘The Victorian Webs’ has been selected as the Weekly Link Award winner for this week (July 11-17, 2010). Matthew Koyle pointed out a broken link in the index of authors, and Clare Imholtz wrote to correct an error in the introduction to the illustrator Gilbert. Thanks!

June 2010

In preparation for a voyage to France with fellow Ruskinians — the fifth version or stage of On the Old Road conceived and led by James L. Spates, Class of 1964 Endowed Chair of Professor of Sociology at Hobart and William Smith College — your webmaster scanned twelve plates from The Seven Lamps of Architecture, creating larger scanned images for individual parts of multi-section plates and adding the passages in which Ruskin discusses them. Whenever the Victorian Web had other relevant drawings and watercolors, GPL linked them to these plates as well. During the two-week Ruskin pilgrimage, he took more than a 1,000 photographs of buildings Ruskin described in Bayeux, Caen, Chartres, Coutance, Lisieux, Rouen, and St. Lô. Jim Spates, Cynthia Gamble, Pierre André Mentent, and Norma Wilson identified the architectural details Ruskin drew and about which he wrote. Standing before the buildings Ruskin escribed, Jim read from Ruskin's published writings, letters, and diaries, and Cynthia informed many of our excursions with cutting-edge scholarship by reading from her extensive transcriptions of unpublished manuscript materials. The site now contains photographs of the present condition of the detail at St. Lô to which Ruskin devoted Plate II as well as a better preserved analogue. Similarly, we now have an image of the original window tracery at Bayeux Cathedral that appears in Plate III and what he called the "foam bubbles" in the Plate VII.

The non-Ruskinian discoveries included buildings in Caen that resemble those Samuel Prout drew in Lisieux and a reconstruction (on the grounds of William the Conqueror's castle) of a medieval derrick used in stone quarries (for the technology section). This discovery prompted GPL to rewrite the discussion of ages of technology originally written in 1988, renaming it “Five Ages of Technology.”

The latest catalogue from London's Maas Gallery, whose contents they genrously shared with our readers, provided images and text for paintings and drawings by Jerry Barrett, Eleanor Fortescue Brickdale , Edward Burne-Jones, Herbert Dicksee, and William Etty. In addition, the catalogue contained two beautiful ink-and-watercolor drawings of pre-Victorian steam engines, one of which also contained a cut-away drawing of a paddle-wheel warship. These last two images prompted the creation of a section on steam power, just as the other Maas images led to creating sections for several artists new to the site and removing the list of individual artists from sitemap for Victorian painting and puttng it in a separate document.

Jacqueline Banerjee created a section on the Irish sculptor Albert Bruce-Joy, which includes a biography and status of Alexander Balfour and James Whiteside.

Catherine J. Golden, Professor of English at Skidmore College, who prompted GPL to create a new section, “The Victorian Revolution in Letter Writing, ” contributed her introduction to the subject and her essays — “Sir Rowland Hill,“ “The Portable Writing desk — the Victorian laptop,” and “Postal Products: Postage stamps, Stationery, Letter Racks, Paper Clips, Ink Wells, Desk Sets, Portable Writing Desks.” Thanks to Michael Marx for his excellent photographs accompanying the essays. JB has sent in additional photographs of Post Boxes, and GPL has continued to mine the Victorian Web for examples of ink wells, desks, and writing tables. JB reminded him that she had earlier sent in a photograph of the Perkins D cylinder Printing Press on which the first stamps were produced, and she also provided an image of Marcus Stone's illustration of Nora bent over her letter (from Trollope's He Knew He was Right), which, she pointed out, works well with Ellen Moody's 2007 essay, “Partly Told In Letters: Trollope's Story-telling Art.”

Carla Maria Gnappi, PhD, of Parma, Italy, contributed “Science and Technology in Victorian Utopias.” gave one of its awards to “David Ricardo's Contributions to Economics,” an essay that dates back to 1995.

Thanks to Alice Horne for correcting a misspelled name in the section on Great Expectations and to Marc B. Goldstein for correcting a real howler in “The Lady of Shalott.” Andy Wood, Hon. Secretary, Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours, corrected the birthdate of Alfred East, explaining “I am reliably informed that even during Sir Alfred's lifetime the date was often wrongly given.”

May 2010

Glorious May continues with site having grown to 46,355 documents. Drawing upon M'Clintock and Strong's nineteenth-century Evangelical Cyclopædia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature — the ten volumes of which David Cody, a researcher who worked on the original Intermedia project, gave him two decades ago — your webmaster added susbtantial materials to the religion section, including a ten-part essay on John Wesley, substantial discussions of George Whitefield, Socinus, and Socinianism, and three substantial essays on tracts and the tract movement. After Ohio University Press granted permission for the Victorian Web to translate into html its online PDFs of the introduction and first chapter of Megan A. Norcia's fascinating X Marks the Spot: Women Writers Map the Empire for British Children, 1790-1895 (2010) your webmaster spent several days scanning, modifying, and formatting the many, many endnotes for the VW version.

After Catherine J. Golden, author of Posting It: The Victorian Revolution in Letter Writing (2009), met with GPL to discuss ways of creating a section in the Victorian Web on the subject of her book, which will link to social history, gender matters, economics, technology, and politics, he retitled the section on printing as “Printing, publishing, letter writing, and the beginnings of telecommunications” and put up a new sitemap for Victorian letters as a social and tecnological practice to which Professor Golden contributed an introduction. GPL next devoted most of a week to formatting the materials, particularly the Victorian ones, in Eunice and Ron Shanahan's “Letters from the Past,” separating the letters and commentaries into sections containing for Victorian and earlier letters.

Jacqueline Banerjee added to our writers of children's and historical literature with “Notice of an essay on Emma Marshall ”, and sent in an illustrated essay on the Holborn Viaduct in London, one of the engineering feats of the age, which facilitated access from the West End of London to the East. She also added many new images of the work of the sculptor Henry de Triqueti, including the Triqueti Marbles in the Royal Albert Chapel, Windsor, and reviewed a new book on his work, with several additional images of his sculpture.

Andrzej Diniejko contributed “Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution and the Intellectual Ferment of the Mid- and Late Victorian Periods” and “Ambivalent Victorians in Modern and Postmodern Perceptions. A Review of The Victorians in the Rearview Mirror by Simon Joyce (2007).”

Adrian Lipscomb, who earlier provided our biography of the military painter, William Simpson, provided materials to open a new section on portrait miniatures and one of its practitioners, Maria Eliza [Burt] Simpson, which includes almost a dozen of her works, a biographical essay, and photographs of the artist.

Jeanette Edgar from Blackwell, The Arts & Crafts House in Bowness-on-Windermere, writes to announce William Morris: A Sense of Place, an exhibition that will run from 26 June to 17 October 2010. The Watts Gallery e-mailed a notice of its exhibition of “Photographs of Sir Hubert von Herkomer and his family from the Rob Dickins Collection.

April 2010

As of 26 April, the site had 45, 928 documents and images. Your webmaster created a folder for Sarah Waters in the Neo-Victorian section of the site, to which Devon Anderson contributed “‘The flesh made word’: Fingersmith and the Textual Body, ” Amy Farley “Violating Female Function: The Rewriting of the Female Form in Fingersmith,” and Stefanie Sevcik “Writing, Reading, and Erasing Identities in Fingersmith.”

Jacqueline Banerjee added photos of Galizia's Maltese houses in the Moorish style and completed her section on Victorian Malta with the last of her three-part discussion, “Architecture and Civil and Military Engineering Projects,” the three parts of which include almost 3 dozen of her photographs. In addition , she also sent in photographs, texts, and fully fomatted html for St Michael and All Angels, Brighton, by G. F. Bodley and William Burges; and sitemaps for works by Sir Jeffry Wyattville and A. J. Humbert, two architects who worked on the royal estates at Windsor and Sandringham respectively.

Stuart Durant contributed “A Selection of Great Victorian Railway Stations.” Raymond E. O. Ella kindly provided a photograph of Thornycroft's bust of John Ella and information about the Victorian musician and composer. Teja Varma M.A., an M.Phil candidate at the University Of Delhi, contributed “No Escape to be Had, No Absolution to be Got”: Divorce in the Lives and Novels of Charles Dickens and Caroline Norton.

The section on Neo-Victorians grew as Stefanie Sevcik wrote “The Undelivered Message: French Theory and Biographical Research in A.S. Byatt’s Possession,” Amy Farey “The Public Eye & Narrative Ghosts: Textual Connectivity in A.S. Byatt’s Possession,” and Devon Anderson “‘For the sake of truth alone?’: Taking Possession of the Female Diary.”

Deborah McDonald, who some years back generously shared with readers of the Victorian Web some of her materials on women's work and Victorian feminism, sent along announcement of her new book entitled The Prince, His Tutor and the Ripper. After conferring with her pubisher, she shared her introduction and material upon homosexuality at Eton.

Rose Hepworth and Rachel Pearce, of the Arts Society, Newnham College, University of Cambridge, requested and received permission to use one of our scanned images.

Paul Thompson writes that th site has received best-of-the web awards from PC Magazine for the sections on Jane Eyre, An Ideal Husband, and Dracula.

Thanks to Miles Tittle who correctly identified the subject one of Morris's illuminated manuscripts and to Dan, who provided a corection to a broken link.

March 2010

Perhaps the most important news of the month was the request from the Library of Congress on 29 March to archive the Victorian Web for its historical importance. As of 29 March, the site had 45, 795 documents and images. Your webmaster redesigned and reformatted James Kincaid's Dickens and the Rhetoric of Laughter, and continuing work on the Spanish vesion of the site, formatted the materials on Emily Brontë, Catherine Hubback, and A. C. Benson. The first stages of the Great Expectations project saw completion: this experiment in collaborative scholarship and learning with web-based texts will link (1) the text of the novel, (2) previously published scholarly texts, encluding entire books, (3) dozens of illustrations, (4) contemporary reviews, and (5) student-created annotations that take various forms, including essays and reading and discussion questions. This web version of the novel derives from the Project Gutenberg EBook version that “An Anonymous Volunteer” and David Widger created. Thus far the text, several dozen illustrations, and a few dozen student commentaries are online.

Jacqueline Banerjee added to her work on Edinburgh architecture with a new section on William Hamilton Beattie (1842-1898) that includes his North British Hotel (now the Balmoral) and Jenners Department Store. Next came British Victorian architects in Malta: William Scamp, who designed St Paul's Anglican Pro-Cathedral in Valletta and The old naval bakery, now the Maritime Museum in Vittoriosa and E. M. Barry's (now-destroyed) Royal Opera House, Valletta, after which she wrote two illustrated essays on the Victorian British in Malta — the first on the historical background, the second on society and culture in Victorian Malta — with a third on architecture and civili engineering projects to come.

After completing the commentaries and scans for all 40 of the Phiz illustrations for David Copperfield, Philip V. Allingham sent in more than a dozen scanned images for several Hogarth series, including The Rogue's Progress, England and France, and Beer Street and Gin Lane, and the four-part Election series.

Andrzej Diniejko contributed two substantial essays: “Harriet Martineau: a Radical Liberal Social Commentator” and “Hannah More, Conservative Social Reformer,” introductions to the major works of both once enormously influential authors. (Diniejko's essay on More prompted GPL to look through bookshelves for his copy of S. C. Hall's A Book of Memories of Great Men and Women of the Age where he encountered an illustrated biography by the editor of the Art Journal, which he then scanned and translated into html.)

Sarah Zweifach contributed an interesting brief essay entitled “Saint or Sinner On the Scaffold? Public Shame in Great Expectations, Jane Eyre, and The Scarlet Letter ” that draws upon work in psychology and law. Kasper Nijsen from Amsterdam sent us Swinburne's Masterly Hand: Wagnerian Leitmotifs in "Tristram of Lyonesse". Stuart Durant, who wrote both “The Life and Work of Christopher Dresser, 1834-1904” and a chronology for the famous designer to the catalogue of the 1972 Fine Art Society exhibition, contributed “Christopher Dresser and Interior Design.” Ayla Lepine, Visiting Lecturer, Courtauld Institute of Art, wrote an extensive introduction to the life and works of the architect, George Frederick Bodley (1827-1907). Philip Ashby-Rudd and Emma Trehane contributed “Never-Land, Lulworth Cove and the intellectual circles of J. M. Barrie, Thomas Hardy, Alfred Fripp, Sir Frederick Treves and Gerald Du Maurier” with photographs by John Bickerton.

Lucia Hernandez writes from “Hampstead Theatre about Andersen's English (7 April-8 May 2010), a play that presents an important moment in Hans Christian Andersen’s relation with Charles Dickens. It is a haunting and wistfully funny new play about family secrets, loneliness and love.”

Don LePan, President of Broadview Press (which publishes out so many wonderfully annotated editions of Victorian works, wrote to say that the title of Robert Buchanan's “The Fleshly School of Poetry: Mr. D. G. Rossetti” had a typo — “Fleshy” instead of “Fleshly” One Tim [] wrote to inform us that the link to "Maxwell on Molecules" from the chemistry page didn't work — thanks for that! — and that "the entire chemistry section is very limited. These issues, he advised, "should be immediately addressed as is your civic duty." It's always nice to hear from the young.

February 2010

By the twenty-second the site had 45, 403 documents and images. Continuing to work on the Spanish version of the site, your webmaster has thus far translated and uploaded 1,100 documents — a number really not all that impressive once one realizes that they all appear in sections on architecture, decorative arts, and illustration and thus contain comparatively little text! The long-planned recreation of The “In Memoriam” Project on the web has seen the first stage completed: all 133 sections of the poem have been formatted and linked to lists of almost every appearance of 20 images, symbols, and motifs, such as “ dream,” “hand,” “time” and “widow” (when words repeat within a lne or two, they are not linked). Recreating The “In Memoriam” Web, which Jon Lanestedt of the University of Oslo and GPL published in 1992 with Eastgate Systems, presents major problems on the WWW, since it lacks several key features of Eastgate's Storyspace, among them (1) the ability to create and overlay many small annotation windows, and (2) invisible links that readers can easily locate by pressing a key combination. Of course, using Java and other software, one could replicate some of these features, but the WWW's lack of standardization means that the resulting documents will not function in most web browsers. Stay tuned.

Philip V. Allingham has brought up to 37 the extensive commentaries for Phiz's illustrations of David Copperfield.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed biographical material for the neo-classical sculptor John Gibson, and biographical material and an index for the engineer and architect Captain Francis Fowke; images of and commentaries on F. W. Williamson's Shrubsole Memorial in Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey, Captain Fowke's Royal Scottish Museum in Edinburgh (to which Dave Henniker of Edinburgh Photography kindly contributed an interior view); and William Leiper's impressive Dowanhill Church in Glasgow. Also, an extended discussion of Gerald du Maurier's illustration for Chapter 18 of George Meredith's Adventures of Harry Richmond.

Andrzej Diniejko, our new contributing editor for Poland, wrote Shirley as a Condition-of-England Novel.

Drew Gibbons writes from snowy Virginia (!) that "the information under your 'how to cite' section is in need of updating. The MLA 7th ed., now in force, has made a number of changes, and the site is not reflecting them." As soon I can make it to the library, I shall up date the directions. Christopher Wieninger writes to let us know that Chris Redmon's Sherlockian site has moved to Ashley McConnell writes to correct the assertion that Angela Georgina Burdett-Coutts "the first woman to be given a peerage," so I have added "Victorian" before "first woman."

Etienne Ma of Brown University pointed out two bad links in the sitemap entitled "The Social Contexts of Charles Dickens Writing," one it turns out created by reformatting E. D. H. Johnson's Charles Dickens: An Introduction to His Novels, the other by standardizing the names of sitemaps — once again, editing the site seems to involve two steps forward and one back. Thanks to all.

January 2010

Your webmaster continued working on the Spanish version, formatting the section on Max Beerbohm, George Eliot, Mrs. Henry Wood, and translating sections of the decorative arts, including its sitemap and those for ceramics, and galleries and sections on the Cult of Japan, the Martin Brothers, William de Morgan, and C.R. Ashbee and the Guild of Handicraft (jewelry, metalwork, and furniture).

Jacqueline Banerjee created new sections on the architect David Bryce and the sculptors Amelia Robertson Hill and Behnes including a biuograpjy, photographs and discussions of his Colonel Leake and Sir Robert Peel; she also provided images and discussions of Gibson's Venus Verticordia William Huskisson; plus an illustration by Walter Crane.

Philip V. Allingham has now completed his detailed commentaries on the first 29 illustrations of David Copperfield by Phiz.

Dr Andrzej Diniejko, Senior Lecturer in English Literature and Culture at Poland's Warsaw University, contributed Benjamin Disraeli and the Two Nation Divide," and following our invitation, he reviewed Indiana University Press' Burden or Benefit? Imperial Benevolence and Its Legacies. Derek B. Scott, Professor of Critical Musicology, University of Leeds, contributed to more of his BBc performances of Victorian music hall songs — "Pretty Polly Perkins of Paddington Green" and a Tyneside parody of it, "Cushie Butterfield."

Amy Brennan of the Scottish government's Culture, External Affairs and Tourism Directorate, wrote for and received permission to use one of Dr. Banerjee's photographs of a statue of Robert Burns. Dr. Andy Reid wrote for and also received permissin to use JB's photograph of the Viceroy's Lodge in Shimla, India, in a book on the "Tudoresque Diaspora."

V. Peidis kindly e-mailed to say that the one of our documents in the Feist collection of photographs had the wrong image and that the link in the gallery of statues of Queen Victoria did not work. Nathalie Chernoff of the University of Lancaster wrote let us know about a bad link. Kathy Webber wrote to correct a typo in Tennyson's "Crossing the Bar." Many thanks.

As of the 31st, the site had 44, 873 documents.

What's New for other years

Last modified 19 October 2021