This Victorian valentine made in Germany features several motifs that commonly adorn period valentines: angels, birds, and flowers. In Kate Greenaway's 1884 Language of Flowers, roses stand for love, forget-me-nots mean true love, lilies of the valley stand for return of happiness, and pansies mean thoughts. In this is mechanical valentine the front of the card folds down to reveal details of the flowers and birds.
Photograph by Michael Marx
Text Catherine J. Golden
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