October 2014

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ctober began with your webmaster adding material on the four “Lighthouse Stevensons” — Robert Stevenson and his sons Alan, David, and Thomas — and Thomas's famous son, Robert Louis Stevenson, which led, among other things, to photographs and paintings of the writer, his family, and homes in different parts of the world, including the watercolors of W. Brown Macdougall. Once again mining the rich ore in the Internet Archive produced images and information about various works of art, including Thomas Jackson's Grand Piano, Paul Falconer Poole's Going out for the Night, John Jackson's Portrait of Sir David Wilkie, four new paintings by Frank Dicksee, Frank Holl's Leaving Home, Sir Edward Poynter's When the World Was Young.

GPL also reviewed an exhibition —  Making Pottery Art: The Robert A. Ellison Jr Collection of French Ceramics (c. 1880-1910) at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York — and several books, including John Paul M. Kanwit's Victorian Art Criticism and the Woman Writer and James Hamilton’s A Strange Business: Making Art and Money in Nineteenth-Century Great Britain.

A visit to Switzerland in September produced Jacqueline Banerjee's two-part photo-essay on Sir Leslie Stephen as a mountaineer, and a biography of him. After that came some more work on Sir Thomas Telford's Menai Bridge in N. Wales, and Robert Stephenson's Britannia Bridge over the Menai, nearby — two of the age's great engineering feats. The latter was guarded by sculptor John Thomas's four monumental Egyptian-style lions. Then off again to India, with an essay on the history of Delhi's oldest church, St James', with its memories of an older Imperial India and the Sepoy Rebellion, and the bizarre case of the East India Company's Delhi agent, Sir Thomas Metcalfe, who turned an early seventeenth-century tomb into his country house — "Dilkusha" (or Heart's Delight).

Simon Cooke contributed “William Makepeace Thackeray and Book Illustration,” “Thackeray and Book Illustration: Style and Purpose,” and “Illustration and Irony — Thackeray's Christmas Books.

Tim Willasey-Wilsey contributed “The Place of Slaughter. Umbeyla 1863” and “In Search of Gopal Drooge and the Murder of Captain William Richardson.

Jay Rosenthal formatted Mia Chen's review of Ross G. Forman's China and the Victorian Imagination: Empires Entwined from Review19.Natalie Saudo-Welby's review of Laura Rotunno's Postal Plots in British Fiction, 1840-1898: Readdressing Correspondence in Victorian Culture appears this month by kind permission of the Cercles reviews editor, Antoine Capet. Patrick O'Sullivan, Visiting Scholar, New York University, has shared two reviews of books concerning the Irish Famine: Christopher Morash's Writing the Irish Famine and The Hungry Stream: Essays on Emigration and Famine edited by E. Margaret Crawford.

Thanks to “SilverTiger” for pointing out with remarkable graciousness a twice-repeated paragraph in the essay on Waterhouse's Lloyds Bank.

As of the twentieth the site has 80,113 documents and images.

September 2014

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s the month began, your webmaster added materials from the British Museum, including two sets of tiles by J. P. Seddon — a set of nine forming a quatrefoil and another of four forming a stylized fleurs-de-lys and an ivory medallion portrait of Admiral Thomas Maitland, 11th Earl of Lauderdale (1803-1878) by Benjamin Cheverton, who invented a reducing machine for copying marble portrait busts on small scale. He also added “The 2014 Discovery of one of the ships from the Franklin expedition.” GPL reviewed Sculpture Victorious: Art in the Age of Invention, 1837-1901, the exhibition of sculpture that opened at the Yale Center for British Art on the 12th and next year will be at the Tate Gallery in London.

Next, created Victorian Web versions of the 100 chapters of Trollope's The Way We Live Now and its 40 illustrations. The plan is to integrate it with VW commentaries on specific passages the novel and James Kincaid's book on Trollope.

Philip Allingham has recently edited a special issue of The Dickens Magazine that contains sixteen essays, three by him and one by Jackie Banerjee. He also continued working on his Oliver Twist illustrations project, part of which included adding his scans of 28 plates by James Mahoney and a similar number by Harry Furniss.

Jacqueline Banerjee, having completed her series of photo essays on the architecture of Strawberry Hill, began work on the building's stained glass, creating seven essays containing three dozen photographs. Next, she provided essays on George Stephenson's Kilsby Tunnel, his life and birthplace at Wylam, Northumberland, and probably the oldest surviving train station in the world -- at Wylam. Another wonderful old Victorian station came next, Tynemouth, also in Northumberland, and two bridges: more work on Baron Armstrong's Swing Bridge on the Tyne, and a new piece on Robert Stevenson's High Level Bridge there, both great engineering feats for their times, and part of the sensational vista of central Tyne crossings at Newcastle.

Simon Cooke added a new artist to our illustration section, contributing “Mary Ellen Edwards and Illustration of the 1860s,” “Mary Ellen Edwards as an Illustrator of Fiction,” “Mary Ellen Edwards— Her Style and Influence” plus examples of her illustrations to which GPL added six illustrations of William Gilbert's Ruth Thornbury; or the Old Maid's Story.

Katherine Miller Weber completed her web version of Robert Hewison's John Ruskin: The Argument of the Eye, and GPL added the book's fifty plates. Weber next formatted the first three chapters of James Kincaid’s The Novels of Anthony Trollope, which the Clarendon Press published in 1977.

Tim Willasey-Wilsey, Senior Visiting Research Fellow at the Centre for Defence Studies, Kings College, London, contributed “The Memorial to the Queen’s Own Corps of Guides at Mardan, Pakistan,” “The “Sanguinary” Battle of Chillianwala and the “Lost Graves” of the 24th Foot,” and “Of Intelligence, an Assassination, East Indiamen and the Great Hurricane of 1808,” after which he sent in “Ten Churches of British India,” illustrated by his own photographs, and “Sudden Death in a Burmese Paradise.”

Patrick DePaolo contributed “Sir William Watson Cheyne (1852-1932): Bacteriologist and Surgeon.” Susan Guralnik reviewed Joy Spanabel Emery's A History of the Paper Pattern Industry: The home Dressmaking Fashion Revolution.

Mia Ridge, doctoral student in digital humanities at the Open University, sent along new information about Margaret Giles's Boy on a Tortoise. Thanks to Simon Montgomery for correcting the names of the painter and engraver of a portrait of Sir Walter Scott, and thanks to Casey Ward for spotting a spelling error. Graham Dry writes from Munich to correct information about a Leighton binding.

On the twenty-ninth the site had 79,782 documents and images.

August 2014

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he month began with your webmaster creating icons, homepage, and subject lists for Mrs. Humphrey Ward plus various essays, including “Unitarianism and Robert Elsmere's new religion,” ““Well, if she was inconsequent, she was dear!” — The diminishing of Eugénie in Fenwick's Career,” “The Swindle and the double life in Fenwick's Career,” “Social class in Fenwick's Career,” “Passages discussing painting in Fenwick's Career,” “The tale of George Romney in Fenwick's Career,” and “Examples of Ward's word-painting” plus four illustrations of her work by Albert Sterner. In addition GPL added material on Emily Faithfull, and the English Women's Journal and on the divide in Victorian feminism between women's public rights and their private ones. Next, he created a section on W. S. Gilbert's book illustrations and added an image of the cover his “Bab” Ballads to our section on book design and two reviews —  the first, “Charles LaPorte and Timothy Larsen on Victorian religion and Victorian literature” and the second on Charlotte Brontë’s Atypical Typology by Keith A. Jenkins. He also added a delightful example of Art Nouveau in illustration — Oskar Zwintscher's train with Art Nouveau smoke that looks eerily like the work of Maurice Sendak — and an interesting French version of the kind of work that appeared in Punch, Henri de Montaut's cartoon of a member of the minor nobility placing an enormous seal on a letter. Returning to British work, GPL added a drawing by Charles West Cope.

While vacationing in Nova Scotia, GPL came upon two interesting examples of Gothic Revival churches, the tiny wood Community Church in North Grand Pré and L'Église Sainte-Marie at Church Point, perhaps the largest wooden church in America. A visit to the Acadian Village in West Pubnico, Nova Scotia — Le Village historique acadien de la Nouvelle-Écosse — produced a series of photographs that you can find in “The blacksmith at work: making nails by hand” — one of the documents in the section on human-powered technology.

Philip V. Allingham added R. Knight's illustrations for Thomas Hardy's Under the Greenwood Tree, a project which involved reconfiguring the Hardy main page and adding photographs associated with places in the novel. He next began a project involving visual material related to Oliver Twist, contributing images and in-depth commentaries thirty plates by Felix Darley, including thirteen from Scenes and Characters from Dickens (1888). Next, he began to write commentaries for the original 24 Cruikshank illustrations.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed a main page or sitemap for the stained glass designer Charles Hardgrave and his east window of St James' Church, Weybridge plus the sitemap for James Powell & Sons, Whitefriars. She then added a third stained glass designer new to the site — William Wailes — plus three of his windows, and his remarkable home, Saltwell Towers in Saltwell Park. In addition, she has identified several memorials in St. Paul's Cathedral by major sculptors, including Onslow Ford's Memorial to Sir George Grey, Sir Alfred Gilbert's Edward Bulwer-Lytton Memorial, Hamo Thornycroft's Sir John Goss, Knt., Francis Derwent Wood's Major-General Sir John Eardley Wilmot Inglis, and Farmer & Brindley's Memorial to Lt. Col Sir William Hutt Curzon Wyllie. Three monuments were by Marochetti, and this prompted a new collaboration with Caroline Hedengren-Dillon, who sent in photographs for a short essay on Marochetti's monument there to the Viscounts Melbourne, with its two lovely angels. Another collaboration was with Penelope Harris, who provided the text for pictures of Henry John Hansom's St Joseph's R.C. Church, East Greenwich. Many thanks to both. JB's last major project this month took the form of a series of eight photo essays containing more than 40 images on Horace Walpole's Strawberry Hill.

Katherine Miller Weber, who is creating a web version of Robert Hewison’s Ruskin: The Argument of the Eye, has completed the first seven chapters and also formatted dozens of reviews that Review 19 has shared with the Victorian Web, and GPL has created seventeen separate lists of reviews, such as those for architecture, decorative arts and design, gender matters, genre, history, literature, religion, and science.

Zack Rearick, M.A., a graduate student at Georgia State University, contributed a database of the meter in Christina Rossetti's “Goblin Market” plus How to Read the Database of the Scansion of Christina Rossetti's ‘Goblin Market’”

Thanks to Albert Hickson, who wrote identifying the open doorway in one of our photographs of Venice as the entrance to the convent of San Stefano.

As of the twenty-fifth the site had 78,896 documents and images.

July 2014

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As the month began, your webmaster added Sally Mitchell's discussion of Francis Power Cobbe and workhouse visitation and her discussion of the Echo plus three interesting late-Victorian essays on women novelists from Project Gutenberg to the site — Edna Lyall's “Mrs. Gaskell,” Eliza Lynn Linton's “George Eliot,” and Mrs Parr's “Diane Mulock Craik. Next, GPL added materials Mrs Humphry Ward (Mathew Arnold's niece) including “Robert Elsemere's deathbed,” ““‘It is hard, it is bitter’ — Robert Elsemere's loss of belief,” and “To reconceive the Christ! — Robert Elsmere's New Brotherhood of Christ,” “There are drawbacks to having a St. Elizabeth for a sister” — Catherine Leyburn,” and selected passages from her works, such as “The living conditions of the rural poor in Robert Elsmere.

Philip V. Allingham began the month by completing the section containing sixteen plates for R. Knight's illustrations of Thomas Hardy's “Under the Greenwood Tree.”

After returning on a trip to Newcastle that produced hundreds of photographs, Jacqueline Banerjee sent in Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones's drawing King's Daughters, which she added to the review by Joe Pilling, who has become a regular contributor, of Judith Flanders's A Circle of Sisters: Alice Kipling, Georgiana Burne-Jones, Agnes Poynter and Louisa Baldwin. She also reviewed Catriona Blaker's book on E. W. Pugin in Kent. Next, came a half dozen documents with stained glass by Clayton & Bell for St Peter's Church, Hersham, Surrey. She then added photos of sculpture by John Graham Lough, a difficult procedure that required removing distracting backgrounds from the images, which included his The Infant Lyrist Taming Cerberus, Cupid and Psyche, Boy Giving Water to a Dolphin, and Sabrina.

The trip north also produced an essay on Ewan Christian's restoration of Carlisle Cathedral, a biography of Christian, and more sculptural works: memorials to Bishops Harvey Goodwin by Hamo Thornycrof, and Francis Close by H H Armstead; and one to George Moore by John Acton-Adams. From Hexham came John Tweed's fine memorial to Colonel Benson, and, from Tynemouth, Alfred Turner's pensive Queen Victoria.

JB's other work this month included a new essay on Marochetti's first great equestrian statue, of Emmanuele Filiberto in Turin. She was helped here by Caroline Hedengren-Dillon, who herself contributed Marochetti's medallion portrait of his daughter Giovanna. Many thanks for that. Then JB sent in Vital Dubray's similarly iconic equestrian statue of Napoleon, in Rouen. Closer to home was Christ Church, East Greenwich by two architects of interest, John Brown and Robert Kerr. Finally, we opened a new section to bring together work on that quintessential Victorian, Samuel Smiles.

Diane Greco Josefowicz contributed “The Polyglot Darwin,” a review of Marwa Elshakry's Reading Darwin in Arabic, 1860-1950 (2013). She and GPL created a sitemap, “Reviews of books about science, medicine, and literature.”

Katherine Miller Weber, who's importing and formatting documents and images into the Victorian Web, has completed her first two documents — Jonathan Smith's review of George Levine's Darwin the Writer and Patrick C. Fleming's review of Juliet John's Dickens and Mass Culture. In the following days she added two dozen more.

Valeria Aleksandrova writes that she has translated one of our docs on early locomotives into Swedish, and Kate Bondareva e-mails from Germany that she's translated into French our directions for contributors.

Thanks to a reader who wishes to remain anonymous for sending us the correct full name of the sister of the architect Walter Granville, editor of his autobiography — Paulina Katinka Eliza Bozzi Granville, and thanks also to Gerry Newby for pointing out an incorrect image and to Joanna Penglase of Australia for letting us know that one of our off-site links no longer works.

On the twenty-eighth the site had 78,573 documents and images.

June 2014

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n the first day of the new month, your webmaster completed the web-version of the third chapter of Marjorie Stone's book on Elizabeth Barrett Browning and a week or so later completed the entire book, after which he reviewed of Stephen J. May's Voyage of the Slave Ship: J. M. W. Turner's Masterpiece in Historical Context (2014). Creating web versions of parts of the Fine Art Society catalogue, Architects for a New Age, added to sections on the architect William Wilkins, Charles Barry, and Philip Hardwick and also created a new one for E. W. Godwin. After photographing Joseph Durham's The Rowers in a private collection, Landow added to the materials on the sculptor. Using new software — 3DRT Setup Utility Lisboa v.1.4.8.— he created a qtvr images of several sculptures whose rotation readers can control. These include the Durham, Thomas Brock's Frederick, Lord Leighton, and Frederick James Halnon's Peace.

After a trip to Ottawa for the opening of the Gustave Doré: Master of Imagination at the National Gallery of Canada, Landow reviewed this eye-opening exhibition and its excellent catalogue. As the month ended, he reviewed Terry Deary's Dangerous Days on the Victorian Railways: A history of the terrors and the torments, the dirt, diseases and deaths suffered by our ancestors.

Philip V. Allingham contributed an essay on Arthur Jules Goodman's illustrations for Hardy's "An Imaginative Woman" (1894) and another —his first published article — “The Naming of Names in Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol.” In the second half of the month he created a section for an artist new to this site — R. Knight, who illustrated Thomas Hardy's Under the Greenwood Tree.

Jacqueline Banerjee finished her work on Pugin at the very end of last month with two of the preparatory drawings for the Houses of Parliament, went on to format Joe Pilling's review (see below) with two sets of selected passages about Archbishop Benson's extraordinary wife Mary Benson and her "unequal marriage" (these last with help from GPL!), and next turned to R. R. Goulden's touching memorial for the social reformer and feminist Margaret MacDonald in Lincoln's Inn Fields. She also added pictures of the original interiors of Leighton House to modern photographs of it, giving some contemporary views of the artist's home.

Some collaborations followed: with John Kemp over Old Place in Lindfield, Sussex, home of his great-great-granduncle, the stained glass artist Charles Eamer Kempe; and with Clodagh Brown over the work of her greatgrandfather Ralph Hedley in St Nicholas, Newcastle (this was a rewrite of an earlier entry). Many thanks to both. She then looked at J. L. Pearson's St James' Church, Weybridge. This involved opening sections for two new stained glass artists, George Hedgeland and Michael O'Connor, as well as adding works by familiar names such as Sir Edward Burne-Jones, and Francis Chantrey.

Simon Cooke contributed an introduction to periodical Belgravia “ and Visualizing the Sensational: George du Maurier’s Illustrations for The Notting Hill Mystery in Once a Week,” after which he created a section on an illustrator new to the Victorian Web, Paolo Priolo

Joe Pilling reviewed Rodney Bolt's As Good as God, as Clever as the Devil: The Impossible Life of Mary Benson.

Thanks to James Heffernan, founder and editor-in-chief of Review 19 for generously sharing the reviews on his site with readers of the Victorian Web. The first one on our site is Laurence Davies's brilliant review of Jonathan H. Grossman's Charles Dickens's Networks: Public Transportation and the Novel. Over the next few days, Landow put up six reviews of books about Dickens, three about Trollope, two on Tennyson, and two dozen on more general subjects plus several each in other sections of the site, such as Genre, Gender Matters, Technology, and Social and Political History.

Penelope Harris, a new contributor, sent in a biography of the architect-inventor Joseph Hansom and the church he and his son designed: Church of the Holy Name of Jesus (R.C.) in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester; Jackie Banerjee provided the photographs. Thanks to Dr Trudi Tate, Clare Hall, Cambridge University, for sending in her transcription of “Alma,” a Crimean War poem by R. C. Trench and Hollie Mantle for send in Luke Rees's “Blood, Betting and Baiting: The Dark History of London’s Pubs.”

On the thirtieth the site had 78,227 documents and images.

May 2014

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he Fine Art Society, whose contributions fifteen years ago essentially began our sections on visual arts, has just shared a half dozen catalogues with us, and your webmaster created a web version of Gordon Cooke's Whistler on the Thames, which contains detailed discussions of fourteen of the artist's etchings and lithographs, and the same editor's Samuel Palmer, His Friends, and Followers allowed the addition of work by three artists to the site: a dozen etchings by Samuel Palmer, three paintings and six engravings and lithographs by Edward Calvert, and two paintings by George Richmond. In addition, the Victorian and Edwardian items in Masterpieces from the John Scott Collection provided essays on the following works of decorative art: William Burges's Wheel of Fortune table, William de Morgan's Fishing Lesson charger, yellow glazed four-handled vase with grotesque masks, Thomas Jeckyll's sunflower andirons, Minton & Company's vase decorated in the pseudo-cloisonné, and Harry Clarke's “Mr Gilhooley” by Liam O’Flaherty from the Geneva window.

After a collector who wishes to remain anonymous contributed photographs of Victorian and Edwardian medals and information about them, your webmaster spent the first few days in April creating html documents for them. This collection includes multiple new works by three artists — (1) Frank Bowcher (Col. J.F. Lewis R.E., Comitatus Vigorniæ , Edward Allen Baron Brotherington of Wakefield, Montague John Rendall, Tower Bridge opening medal, 1894, David Lloyd George , Franco-British Medal, 1908, and the Queen Victoria Diamond Jubilee Badge); (2) Emil Fuchs (Aerial Crossing of the English Channel medal, South African Campaign Peace Medal , George V Coronation Medal, and Queen Victoria household medal); and (3) Benjamin Wyon (Sir Christopher Wren, Sir John Vanbrugh, Sir William Chambers (after Richard Westmacott)). In addition, this contribution contained single works by other medallists, many new to the site. We have, for example, Charles John Allen's 700th Anniversary of Liverpool; Gilbert Bayes's Railway Centenary Medal; Charles Bell Birch's Edward, Prince of Wales; George William De Saulles' Edward VII Board of Education Medal; Charles Doman's Unveiling of Cenotaph; Conrad Dressler's M.B. Lucas; Alfred Drury's Lest We Forget (World War I medal); Sir George Frampton's City of London Imperial Volunteers medal; Walter Gilbert's Liverpool Cathedral Ernest George Gillick's 1926 General Strike Service medal; Ethel Alice Chivers Harris's Edward Gascoigne Bulwer; William Goscombe John's Thomas Edward Ellis Edouard Lanteri's R. Phene Spiers ; Alphonse Legros's Sinclair Compton VIII – Duke of Devonshire; Erik Lindberg, Stockholm Summer Olympics Medal 1912 (obverse); Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal's Stockholm Summer Olympics Medal (reverse); Alfred Bertram Pegram's Jutland Victory Medal; Edward Carter Preston's 1919 Peace Medal (Bethnal Green); Theodore Spicer Simson's Aerial Crossing of the English Channel medal; Harold Stabler's Merchantile Marine Medal; Alfred Joseph Stothard's Reynolds; Sir W. Hamo Thornycroft's James T. Chance Leonard Charles Wyon's Hogarth; William Wyon's Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey . In addition to these medals the following sculptural works have been added: Conrad Dressler's untitled portrait disk, Albert Toft's untitled head of a bearded man, perhaps a prophet, Ellen Mary Rope's letterbox, Alfred Drury's Innocence, Mary Seton Watts's St. Cecilia, Elsie March'Portrait bust, and a copper tazza by an unknown artist.

Visits to the National Science Museum produced images of three pioneering locomotives, Puffing Billy — “the oldest surviving locomotive in the world,” Robert Stephenson's Rocket — “the first modern steam locomotive,” and Stephenson and Joseph Locke's Columbine.

Philip V. Allingham began or continued several major projects, the first of which concerns Edward Dalziel's illustrations of Dickens's Christmas stories. Second, he began a section of reactions to the Crimean War in periodicals ranging from The Illustrated London News to Punch. In addition, he added two of John Leech's important political cartoons with extensive commentary — Substance and Shadow and Capital and Labour.

Jacqueline Banerjee created a new section in architecture on the remarkable Sarah Losh (1785-1853), which includes a biography and photo-essay on St Mary's Church, Wreay. Thanks to Bob Morgan for sharing his photographs with us. Since then she has been working on the sculpture of Baron Marochetti, adding his effigies of Prince Albert and Queen Victoria at Frogmore Mausoleum, a drawing of the missing angel for Bellini's tomb in Paris, a medallion of his wife Camille, and a bas-relief portrait of his sons. Many thanks to Caroline Hedengren-Dillon for her photographs of these last three. JB has also translated from the French a fascinating article by Caroline Hedengren-Dillon on Baron Marochetti's insertion of portraits of his family his bas relief, "The Meal at Simon's House" in the Church of the Madeleine"

But then back to the visual arts — Perkin's bust by Pomeroy, and commentaries on some more of Robert Freidus's photographs of important monuments in Highgate Cemetery: of the travelling menagerist George Wombwell; the founder of the famous furniture store, John Maple; the sculptor Alfred George Stevens; the pugilist Tom Sayers; and the physician Joseph Hodgson. To these she added her own pictures of the Lendy Memorial in Sunbury-on-Thames, and Freidus's haunting picture of the Chothia monument in Brookwood Cemetery. Then, much more slowly than your webmaster, she has been formatting and adding commentaries to some of Pugin's secular and domestic designs, in one of the catalogues kindly given by the Fine Arts Society — from door grills for the Palace of Westminster, to bookcases and an incense boat. She also formatted a wide-ranging new article on Men on the Town: Writing Late-Victorian London by Amy Milne-Smith, a fine contribution to our "Gender Studies" section.

Andrzej Diniejko reviewed Chris R. Vanden Bossche 's Reform Acts: Chartism, Social Agency, and the Victorian Novel, 1832-1867. Later in the month attended a conference in Warsaw titled: Wiktorianie nad Tamizą i nad Wisłą (Victorians on the Thames and Vistula) and enjoyed it immensely. The two-day conference, which attracted both Polish Studies and British Studies scholars, was devoted to reflection on various forms of presence of the works of Victorian writers and Victorianism as a model of culture in Polish cultural awareness and in the Polish literature of the second half of the nineteenth century and later periods.

Simon Cooke formatted and added links to Paul Goldman's introduction to the life and works of the illustrator Matthew James Lawless. In addition, he greatly expanded our section on the illustrator Charles Keene, adding several dozen plates and several essays including Once a Week, Keene, and Samuel Lucas, Keene and social comedy: George Meredith’s Evan Harrington, Creating a late medieval world: Illustrating Charles Reade's A Good Fight, Keene and Sensationalism: Ellen Wood's Verner’s Pride, and A note on Keene and the technical processes of transferring the image on to the wood-block.

Joe Pilling reviewed of Amy Milne-Smith's London Clubland: A Cultural History of Gender and Class in Late-Victorian Britain.

Rupert Maas and the Maas Gallery have kindly shared the following images and information with Victorian Web: William Etty's The Pastoral Concert, after Titian plus Seated Nude and Nude from behind plus single works by William A. Breakspeare, Charles Altamont Doyle, Evelyn de Morgan, William Edward Frost, and William Mulready.

David Trestini asks an interesting question about a decade-old undergraduate commentary about a poem by Christina Rossetti. Here's my response.

A bit of fluff: Drama TV sends us their survey of "The most haunting characters in adaptations of Victorian Fiction in Drama, Cinema, and Television" in which Miss Havisham tops the list.

Many thanks to Albert Hickson of Peterborough for sending in multiple suggestions and corrections of materials in the sculpture section. Thanks, too, to Ashley Faulkner for correcting a real howler — a misattribution of Tract 80. Later in the month Kathleen Diana Ravenhill Schoch pointed out some mistranscriptions of the signatures of her great-great-grandfather, Leonard Raven Hill.

On the twenty-sixth the site had 77,539 documents and images.

April 2014

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he month began with your webmaster putting online two paintings relating to Henry Wallis discovered in the Hathi Trust's e-versions of the Art-Journal: Wallis's own Found at Naxos and W. B. Morris's Chatterton's Half-holiday — an obvious work to compare to Wallis's most famous painting. The Art-Journal of different dates also provided images and information about five paintings by John Melhuish Strudwick with commentary by George Bernard Shaw, and works by John Burr, Frederick Goodall, James Noel Paton, Rebecca Solomon, and Marcus Stone.

Prompted by Jacqueline Banerjee's formatting and illustrating Antoine Capet's "Orientalism Revisited: Art and the Politics of Representation." Report of a Symposium at Tate Britain, he transplanted a section on Edward Said's Orientalism from his old Postcolonial Literature and Culture site to the Victorian Web. Searching various issues of the Art-Journal produced A. Johnson's The Sabbath Eve, a selection of illuminated initial letters, Thanks once again to AD Antiques for sharing with us images and information from their collections of Victorian and Edwardian ceramics by Della Robbia, Doulton, and De Morgan. Shortly before leaving for London, he reviewed the Metropolitan Museum of Art's exhibition, “The Passions of Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux.”

Since arriving in London, your webmaster has photographed the remains of the exterior and interior of St Saviour's Church, Walton Place in Kightbridge, most of which has been converted to a theatre and other uses. Many thanks to Ms. Janine Gillion, who generously explained the history and recent conversion of the church. Visits to the Victoria & Albert, which included enjoying its major exhibition of post-WWII Italian fashion and the wonderful new architecture and glass galleries, produced photographs of J. E. Boehm's Eurydice and John Graham Lough's Puck.

Philip V. Allingham, who is off again lecturing on Dickens in Poland, created a series of a dozen illustrated essays on Sol Eytinge's illustrations for Dickens's Uncommercial Traveller and Additional Christmas Stories. He and Andrzej Diniejko together reviewed Joseph P. Jordan's Dickens Novels as Verse.

Following her essay on St John's Church, Kolkata, and some of its monuments, Jacqueline Banerjee's main work this month has been a two-part piece on the Prince of Wales's tour of India in 1875-76, which brought out many good qualities in the future king. She then spent some time formatting and illustrating very welcome reviews: another by Antoine Capet, of a Millais exhibition at the Tate, and one by Ellen Moody of Simon Heffer's High Minds. Many thanks to both contributors. The next review was her own, of the splendid catalogue of the William Burges exhibition in Cork, Searching for the New Jerusalem. Then she put up and wrote about some lovely photographs of North Wales contributed by Bob Morgan, for which we opened a new section in our "Places" section. These started with Llandudno Pier, the longest pier in Wales. She added an essay to these pieces on Dinorwic Quarry and the Quarrymen's Lives.

Simon Cooke added illustrations by Hugh Thomson to his new section on the artist-designer.

Joe Pilling wrote a detailed review of Jane Ridley's Bertie: A Life of Edward VII that JB formatted, adding links and images.

The French-language magazine, Cycles, asked for and received permission to use one of our images.

Thanks to Jonathan Miller for correcting a typo and also pointing out that one refers to the famous residences near Piccadilly as “Albany” and not “the Albany.”

As of the twenty-eighth the site had 76,785 documents and images.

March 2014

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fter reviewing the Ottawa Ruskin show and its catalogue last month, your webmaster received permission from the Ashmolean Museum, the University of Oxford, and the Ruskin Foundation at Lancaster University to add images in the catalogue of that show and another at the Watts Gallery to our site. As a result, we have been able to replace some older monochrome reproductions of Ruskin's drawings and watercolors with excellent color images and also to add several dozen new works. In addition, the site now has seventeen daguerreotypes either by Ruskin or in his collection. Continuing with things Ruskinian, Landow reviewed Robert Brownell's Marriage of Inconvenience: John Ruskin, Effie Gray, John Everett Millais and the surprising truth about the most notorious marriage of the nineteenth century.

He also created a section on Byzantine architecture drawing upon Bannister Fletcher and Ruskin, and later in the month he created a similar section on Romanesque architecture and the Romanesque revival. Next, turning to illustrations, Landow drew upon the Hathi Trust digital library to add 79 of Sir Edwin Landseer's drawings and watercolors reproduced in a twelve-part article in the 1875 Art-Journal, after which, drawing upon his personal library, he added thirty-four of David and William Bell Scott's illustrations for Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress.

After John Rowe send along photographs of what might be a study for Holman Hunt's The Finding of the Saviour in the Temple. Landow put them online with a discussion of the pros and cons of the case. On the way to Susquehanna University, where your webmaster gave two talks, he drove an hour out of the way to the superb Railway Museum of Pennsylvania, which has replicas of two early locomotives — John Steven's Steam Wagon and Stephenson's John Bull.

Philip V. Allingham completed his work on E. W. Haslehust's watercolors of Dickens-land, adding 15 of the artist's paintings to that artist's section, after which he added a dozen of F. O. C. Darley's illustrations to Dickens that included his usual combination of the text illustrated, detailed commentary, and comparative images by other artists. Next he added more than a dozen illustrations of Dickens works by A. A. Dixon, beginning with a depiction of Miss Havisham tell Pip, "It's a bride cake. Mine!" and the title-page for Great Expectations.

Continuing her work on British India, Jacqueline Banerjee has contributed photo essays on several major projects by E. L. Lutyens in New Delhi, whose subjects include The Viceroy's House (Rashtrapati Bhavan) in New Delhi; its forecourt, gardens and walls, and the All-India War Memorial Arch. She has also begun a new section on railways in British India, which already comprises an introduction, history of the narrow gauge Kalka-Shimla Line, and several locomotives, including the Rajputana Malwa Railway (RMR) no. F734 — the first built entirely in India. Churches and memorials in India also provided material as Banrejee contributed Monument to Major-General William Nairn Forbes in St Paul's Cathedral, Kolkata. In addition she had time and energy to edit and format Sarah Sullivan's essay on Richard Norman Shaw's Hitherbury House, Guildford.

Simon Cooke created a section on the illustrator and book designer Charles Henry Bennett (1828–67), which includes a biography plus essays on Bennett as a satirist and comic artist, his relation to the emblem tradition, his illustration of The Pilgrim’s Progress and twenty sample illustrations.

Ian Cawood, Head of History at Newman University, Birmingham, U.K., has contributed a review of By-Elections in British Politics, 1832-1914, which originally appeared in Cercles.

Thanks to the following: (1) Dickie Felton, Communications Manager, National Museums Liverpool, for sharing with us posters for late-Victorian shipping lines that will appear in a forthcoming exhibition. (2) AD Antiques for sharing images of two more works by the Martin Brothers — a tobacco jar in the shape of a comical grotesque bird and a long slender jug portraying an eskimo. (3) Sarah Colegrave for permitting us to include a number of her gallery's holdings, including three works by Walter Greaves that depict Chelsea — Second Hand Furniture Shop, Duke Street, Milk Shop, Lawrence Street, and Stokes Bootmaker, Lombard Street — plus Francis Derwent Wood's Nude Torso, James Havard Thomas's Portrait of Almina Wertheimer and George Howard's Cottage at Barford, Churt, Surrey. (4) James Graham-Stewart for sharing a photograph of Sir Richard Westmacott's Paolo and Francesca.

Thanks to John Hodges for pointing out that a link in our essay on Tower Bridge went to the wrong Brunel and to Albert Hickson for pointing out an incorrect date of Burne-Jones's Laus Veneris in a old student essay.

As of the thirtieth, the site has 76,379 documents and images.

February 2014

Illuminated initial O

our webmaster began the month with a review of Laura Euler's The Glasgow Style, the work for which prompting creating a sitemap (homepage) for that movement in the design section as well as others for Archie Campbell, Ethel Larcombe, Jesse M. King, and Talwin Morris. He next created a new section for leather bookbinding, adding material by late-Victorian and Edwardian book binders.

Last month Landow reviewed Claire Tomalin's The Invisible Woman, which Sony Pictures Classics had sent our editors in advance of the forthcoming movie of the same name. The film finally reached Providence, Rhode Island, at mid-month, and Landow wrote a review that examines the different ways scholarly books and cinema tell their tales. Landow attended the opening in Ottawa at the National Gallery of Canada of Christopher Newall's important exhibition, John Ruskin Artist and Observer, and he reviewed both show and massive catalogue. Prompted by an exhibition on Gustave Doré this coming June in Ottawa, he greatly enlarged our section on the artist and illustrator.

Philip V. Allingham, having completed the enormous comparative project involving Harry Furniss's illustrations of Dickens, is now working on two projects: E. W. Haslehust's watercolors of Dickens-land and F. O. C. Darley's illustrations of Dickens fiction.

Jaqueline Banerjee's magnum opus this month took the form of creating a new section about Byzantine Revival architecture, which includes a long essay on the revival plus photo-essays about John Oldrid Scott's Santa Sophia (Greek Orthodox Cathedral of Aghia Sophia), London, and Sidney Barnsley's The Church of Jesus Christ and the Wisdom of God, Lower Kingswood, Surrey. JB's work this month also included "Maggie Tulliver and Girls' Education in The Mill on the Floss," and two new entries for the Welsh architect Edwin Seward: the former Cardiff Coal and Shipping Exchange, and the former Harbour Trust Building, Swansea.

Andrzej Diniejko, who created the section on Victorian socialism last month, has added “Christian Socialism in Victorian England.”

Diane Greco Josefowicz has written a substantial essay entitled “Recent Studies of Victorian Psychology and its Relation to Victorian Literature” that discusses among other things cognitive cultural studies, cognitive literary historicism, and the more general problem of understanding Victorian theories of psychology and mind and then determining to what extent they help us better understand Victorian literature.

Simon Cooke has contributed illustrated essays on the book-cover designs of A. A. Turbayne and Laurence Housman.

Antoine Capet of the University of Rouen has very kindly shared with us some more of his informative reviews, of: Tim Barringer's Pre-Raphaelites: Victorian Avant-Garde; Judith Neiswander's The Cosmopolitan Interior: Liberalism and the British Home, 1870-1914; Catherine Arscott's William Morris and Burne-Jones: Interlacings; and Allen Staley's The New Painting of the 1860s: Between the Pre-Raphaelites and the Aesthetic Movement.

George Robinson contributed “ The Edinburgh Fire Brigade, 1837-72” and promises to send some photos to accompany his brief essay.

Thanks to a reader who identifies himself as Silver Tiger for pointing to a broken offsite link.

As of the twenty-fourth the site had 75,481 documents and images.

January 2014

Illuminated initial Y

our webmaster continues work on the twenty-fifth-anniversary web-edition of Alice H. R. H. Victorian Bibliomania: The Illuminated Book in Nineteenth-Century Britain. In addition, he reviewed a book on Steampunk and Michael Forres's Art Bronzes and made some observations on Claire Tomalin's The Invisible Woman, which Sony Pictures Classics had sent our editors in advance of the forthcoming movie of the same name. He and John Pankhurst worked together to format and put online more than 50 photographs and captions for Bell & Beckham's stained glass plus one of their painted tiles and other church decorations.

Phillip V. Allingham has completed his Harry Furniss project, having written more than 100 comparative essays on the illustrator's work on Dickens's fiction.

Jacqueline Banerjee has contributed “Cultural Imperialism or Rescue? The British and Suttee.” Her work on the visual arts includes Edward Lears The Cedars of Lebanon, Richard Reginald Goulden's War Memorial in the Royal Borough of Kingston-upon-Thames, London, the The Rossetti family grave in Highgate Cemetery, and that for Welsh-born sculptor Joseph Edwards plus various sculpture on Vauxhall Bridge, including Pomeroy's Architecture and Engineering and Drury's Science and Education.

Simon Cooke created a new sections for three illustrators who were also book designers — George Heywood Sumner, Arthur Gaskin, and Hugh Thomson. Each section contains a biographical essay and introduction and several plates.

Diane Greco Josefowicz has reviewed Jennifer Esmail's Reading Victorian Deafness: Signs and Sounds in Victorian Literature and Culture (2013)

Annie Creswick-Dawson contributed “The Creswick sculptures on the Bloomsbury Library, Birmingham,” which originally appeared in The Friends of Brantwood. Mike Hickox contributed an essay on Henry Wallis's Back from Marston Moor.

Antoine Capet, reviews editor of the inter-disciplinary journal Cercles, has kindly shared seven reviews with us. His own are of Elizabeth Prettejohn's The Art of the Pre-Raphaelites and Laura MacCulloch's Pre-Raphaelite Treasures at National Museums Liverpool. Four others are by Laurent Bury: J. B. Bullen's Rossetti, Painter and Poet; Margaret F. McDonald and Patricia de Montfort's An American in London: Whistler and the Thames; Spike Bucklow and Sally Woodcock's Sir John Gilbert: Art and Imagination in the Victorian Age; and Nicholas Tromans' Richard Dadd: The Artist and the Asylum. Another review, by Hugh Clout, is of Drew Gray's London's Shadows: The Dark Side of the Victorian City. Thanks to Jackie Banerjee, who illustrated and formatted these welcome essays.

Emma Coleman writes from the de Morgan Centre to announce an exhibition that includes a rarely-seen portrait of Pre-Raphaelite artists’ model Jane Morris.

Alexander Mirgorodskiy of Taganrog, Russia, asked for and received permission to use one of our images in his book on the attacks of the British and French on Taganrog and Azov Sea coast in the summer of 1855. Courtney Quigley, Exhibitions and Programs Production Manager of the Chicago Botanic Garden asked for and received permission to use one of our images “for an informational panel about Orchid History.” Piret Põldver, Editor of Maurus Publishing House in Tallinn, Estonia, has received permission to translate our web version of Carlyle's “Signs of the Times.”

Thanks to Alane Lim for pointing out broken links caused by reformatting some documents, and thanks to Carl Eichenlaub for pointing out a missing document in the In Memoriam project.

As of the twenty-seventh the site had 74,801 documents and images.

December 2013

Your webmaster has written “Beauties in Bell Jars: A Review of John Whitenight's Under Glass: A Victorian Obsession” and added more than 290 illustrations by Sidney Paget of the Sherlock Holmes stories, which provide useful documentation of railroad travel in the 1890s and what men wore, such as their hats, outerware, and trousers.

Landow's major project was a twenty-fifth-anniversary web-edition of the catalogue of Alice H. R. H. Victorian Bibliomania 1987 exhibition at the Museum of the Rhode Island School of Design. This catalogue's six dozen entries valuably complement Simon Cooke's section on book bindings and design with its authoritative discussions of Victorian book illumination, chromolithography, and relievo bindings, all related to both the Gothic Revival and the Arts and Crafts Movement. This important exhibition includes works by Owen Jones, Henry Noel Humphreys, William Morris, Augustus Pugin, John Ruskin, and many others. Fortunately, both the Museum and some of the major lenders to the exhibition, particularly Ellen K. Morris and Edward Levin, have enthusiastically supported creating a new, much-expanded e-version of the original catalogue, which replaced many of the black-and-white illustrations with color and also much more material.

Jacqueline Banerjee has contributed "Industry, Religion and Self-Help in Mrs. Henry Wood's Mrs Halliburton's Troubles," which includes a discussion of the glove-making trade in nineteenth-century Worcester, as well as an essay on humour in Mrs Wood's The Channings. Also, she added further comments on the webmaster's pictures of Vauxhall Bridge in London, with its eight unusually placed statues by F. W. Pomeroy and Alfred Drury, like Pomeroy's Pottery. Nearby was the Doulton Pottery in Lambeth, with interesting traces of it even in the one remaining building's interior.

Simon Cooke contributed ‘A Refined Division of Labour’: The Production of Cloth-Bound Books and has continued his work on Victorian book design, adding a dozen or so images of work by Aubrey Beardsley, Robert Dudley, Laurence Housman, and Albert Warren.

Mike Hickox, a frequent contributor, has written “A Sculptor's Workshop, Stratford-upon-Avon — 1617 by Henry Wallis

John E. S. Pankhurst has contributed a catalogue of the stained glass and church decoration by the firm of Bell & Beckham.

Zsófia Marincsák of www.sherlockian-sherlock.com, a site based in Hungary, writes to exchange links. Rory Walsh. Discovering Britain Project Officer of the Royal Geographical Society, reqeusted and received permission to use one of our images.

Thanks to Rev. Dr. Ron Davies for correcting a caption for our photo of Budapest castle

On the thirtieth the site had 74,371 documents and images.

November 2013

Your webmaster added two works by Edith Downing illustrated in The Studio: Music and Mother and children. The Internet Archive online version of this periodical also provided images of paintings, including Albert Goodwin's The Delectable Mountains, and Sir Edward John Poynter's The Message, and sculpture including Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal's Oceana. Robert Freidus and GPL teamed up once again, adding photographs of George Tinworth's Pilgrimage of Life Fountain in Kennington Park, London,

Philip V. Allingham will be heading to Lublin, Poland, next month to give a talk at Maria Curie-Sklodowska University for PASE (the Polish Association for the Study of English). His subject will be the changing reception of Great Expectations as reflected in its Victorian illustrations. Before heading across the Atlantic, Allingham wrote a dozen more essays on Harry Furniss's illustrations of Dickens's A Tale of Two Citiesich includes. Each essay contains an enlargeable image of the illustration, the passage it realizes, an interpretive essay, and comparisons with images of illustrations by other artists.

Jaqueline Banerjee created new sections for two important women novelists — Mary Augusta Ward and Mrs. Henry Wood. Ward's includes a biography, discussion of her career as writer, philanthropy, and later reputation, and Wood's biography, discussion of her career as writer, death and posthumous reputation, and her grave in Highgate Cemetery.

Andrzej Diniejko, our Contributing Editor for Poland, has created a substantial new section on Arthur Conan Doyle containing a biography, chronology, bibliography and discussions of both his writing career and interest in spiritualism. Prompted by the new material on Doyle, Banerejee wrote Dickens's Inspector Bucket Points the Way, and Landow added excerpts and essays on Doyle including “'Who will say what is possible in such a country?' South America as bridge to the unknown dreamland,” Racism and genocide in Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's The Lost World, “We are the Mormons”: The Church of Latter Day Saints in Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's A Study in ScarletSherlock Holmes's praise of state schools, Setting as characterization in Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's The Lost World, “The notorious Professor Challenger” — “a stunted Hercules” and an “enormous bull-frog,” and “Sherlock Holmes's anti-romantic view of the country,” In addition, Landow added 140 of Sidney Paget's illustrations of Sherlock Holmes stories with the passages illustrated and then mined them for documents in the site's section on Victorian Men's Fashions, 1850-1900, including those on Outerwear, trousers, outerwear, and hats.

Diane Greco Josefowicz contributed Caroline Herschel (1750-1848), astronomer.

Simon Cooke, who reviewed Peter Levi's Edward Lear: A Life, created a new section on the artist and designer Robert Dudley, which includes essays on his illustrations, book cover designs, and chromolithographs. /p>

Nancy Glazener, Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies, Department of English, University of Pittsburgh, asked for and received permission to reproduce Beerbohm's Robert Browning, Taking Tea with the Browning Society as an illustration for her Modern Language Quarterly essay on Browning in America.

Thanks once again to Robert Bowman for sharing images and information about sculpture in his gallery's collection: William Reid Dicks's Mask of Perseus, Francis Derwent Wood's The Bather, Richard Louis Garbe's The Song of the Siren, Frederick James Halnon's Peace, and Sir William Goscombe John's Boy at Play. Thanks also for AD Antiques for sharing images and information about several tiles by the Martin Brothers, including Flower-and-leaves and Rose. The Maas Gallery contributed an image of James Thomas Watts's A Welsh Wood in Winter.

Thanks to Anthony Pincott, Hon. Treasurer and Membership Secretary of The Bookplate Society, who writes from London to correct James Thomas Watts's year of birth: According to FreeBMD website, “ an index of births, marriages and deaths, transcribed from official registers,” he was born in March 1850. Thanks, also, to Deena Wang '14, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, for pointing out broken links in the Music and Popular Entertainment section.

The site had 73,325 documents and images as of the thirteenth.

October 2013

Your webmaster delivered a keynote address at E-Learning2013 in Las Vegas entitled “Twenty-Five Years of Teaching with the Victorian Web: What Works and What Doesn't.” Continuing to work with Trollope's novels, Landow has written “Trollope's flawed protagonists — the example of Framley Parsonage,” “The path of a letter in Frampton Parsonage,” “Personal, local, and national politics in Frampton Parsonage and Trollope's use of the mock-heroic.”

Ah, the names of London pubs of which Robert Freidus sent in photographs that Landow formatted — Chelsea's The Adam and Eve, Black Lion Pub on High Kilburn Road (there are also Red and White Lion Pubs elsewhere), the Crown in Seven Dials and the Crown in Seven Dials and the Crown & Cushion on Westminster Bridge Road, the Falcon in Clapham south of the Thames and the Flask in Hampstead, way north of the Thames (saw one of the Rolling Stones there once). How about the Hung, Drawn & Quartered Pub at Byward Street and Great Tower Street. I especially like the name of the Shooting Star.

The Internet Archive provided seven drawings by Phil May, including a self portrait, plus a portrait of Charles Santley, the impressario and opera singer, by Thomas Cooper Gotch, who is generally known for his allegorical paintings of young girls and women.

Landow also formatted the photographs of medals by famous sculpturs provides by a collector who wishes to remain anonymous: Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm's Queen Victoria 1887 Golden Jubilee Medal, Frank Bowcher's William Shakspere (honouring William Spark Ogden), M.H. Spielmann, and 1897 Diamond Jubilee Medal for the Victorian Era Exhibition; Thomas Brock's maquette for the 1911 Royal Academy medal; Emil Fuchs's King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra Coronation Medal; William Goscombe John's Edward, Prince of Wales Investiture Medal and his George V Jubilee Medal; Alphonse Legros's John Stuart Mill; Frederick Lord Leighton's Queen Victoria 1887 Golden Jubilee Medal, and three by Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal: Mercantile Marine WWI Medal, Royal Society of Arts Medal (George V) , and George V and Queen Mary Coronation medal.

Philip V. Allingham continued his major project on Harry Furniss's illustrations to Dickens's Christmas stories, each essay of which contains the scanned illustration, caption, text illustrated, commentary and comparison with other illustrators' approach to the same passage. He has written photo-essays for Polly, Barbox Brothers' Guest at Dinner, What Christmas is, as we Grow Older, and Nurse and Mother.

Jacqueline Banerjee has continued her work with the architect William Richard Lethaby, adding All Saints' Church, Brockhampton and Birmingham's Eagle Insurance Buildings, High Coxlease in Hampshire plus his drawing for an elaborate fireplace. She then sent in a photo essay on Claremont, the royal estate in Surrey where Queen Victoria spent her happiest days as a child. Next, she created a biography for another architect, George Halford Fellowes Prynne plus photo essays on the exterior and interior of his St Peter's Church, Staines, after which she wrote a biographical introduction to the works of Prynne's brother, the stained-glass designer Edward Arthur Fellowes Prynne plus a series of photo essays on his own work for his brother's church in Staines.

Derek B. Scott contributed his performance of Felix McGlennon's music hall song “Comrades.”

Simon Cooke contributed two essays on book and binding design: “Victorian book illustrators as book cloth designers, 1850–1870: Richard Doyle and Arthur Hughes” and “John Sliegh: illustrator and book cover designer.” He provided half a dozen illustrations for the first essay and is currently working on a set for the second. Thanks to Simon for procuring permission from Edmund M. B. King to include in the Victorian Web his “The Book Cover Designs of William Harry Rogers.” (which originally appeared in the British Library Journal). GPL scanned, formatted, and linked the text.

Gaby Lacayo has translated into Spanish three essays by Philip V. Allingham relating to Wilkie Collins life and relation to Dickens.

Thanks to Joseph Dimartino, who shared photographs of Thomas Brock's Hercules strangling Antaeus.

David McDonnell has written to thank us for providing information used in his book ClanMcDonnell Tales of Ireland.

The site had 73,026 documents on the twenty-eighth.

September 2013

The month began with your webmaster adding to the site several essays from Victorian periodicals, including one from the 1860 Cornhill Review on the adulteration of food and “Edward J. Poynter, R.A.” from the 1883 Magazine of Art, a periodical that contributed images and information about a range of paintings, such as Thomas Faed's From Dawn Till Sunset, Evangeline, His Only Pair, and Granny M'Laughan; Frank Holl's Self-portrait and portraits of John Everett Millais, Sir William Jenner, and John Bright; Albert Moore's MidsummerThe Lovers, Pale Margaret, The Quartet, White Hydrangeas, Rose Leaves, Reading Aloud, Autumn, and Yellow Marguerites; William Blake Richmond's Andrew Lang, Hermes, and A Maid of Athens; W. P. Frith, R.A. at the Age of Thirty, and Lauce and His Dog; John Collier's A Prietess of Bacchus, Arthur Hughes's Silver and Gold, Peter Macnab's The Lady of Shalott, and G.F. Watts's Sir Frederick Leighton. In addition to material about painting, the Magazine of Art provided reproductions of designs by G. F. Watts and W. E. Britten for Salviati mosaics in St. Paul's plus Britten's 12 illustrations of Swinburne poems and B. Jobling's drawings of Tyneside.

The Hathi Trust Digital Library's e-versions of The Art-Journal provided images and information for Augustus Leopold Egg's The Victim and Daniel Maclise's The Ballad Singer. Landow next created a section on Anthony Trollope's The Small House at Allington beginning with a “Crosbie was not altogether a villain” — Trollope and the psychology of betrayal, after which he added a dozen passages exemplifying the novel's characterization, setting, description, and political and social themes.

Philip V. Allingham continued his major project on Harry Furniss's illustrations to Dickens's Christmas stories, each essay of which contains the scanned illustration, caption, text illustrated, commentary and comparison with other illustrators' approach to the same passage. His essays include Arrivals at The Holly Tree, Servants at The Holly Tree, The Golden Lucy, Captain Jorgan, The Tinker's Philosophy and half a dozen others.

In addition to formatting and illustrating Linda Hall's “Garden Suburbs: Architecture, Landscape and Modernity 1880-1940,” Jacqueline Banerjee created a related project on Port Sunlight, including “Port Sunlight, Wirral, Cheshire: Introduction,” “Port Sunlight's Housing,” “Port Sunlight: Amenities,” as well as a new section for the architects William and Segar Owen and several of their buildings: Christ Church, The Lady Lever Art Gallery, and the Warrington Technical School.The next creates a biography and homepage for William Richard Lethaby as well as his Melsetter House, Chapel of St Colm and St Margaret,and All Saints' Brockhampton. Finally, she wrote “Mary Kingsley: Demystifying Africa.”

Andrzej Diniejko, our contributing editor from Poland, has written “The Fabian Society in Late Victorian Britain.”

Simon Cooke created a new section for the illustrator Ernest Griset, which includes an introduction and Griset's delightful Natural History, The Fox and the Grapes, and The Mountain in Labour. Thanks to Simon for procuring permission from Edmund M. B. King to include in the Victorian Web his “The Book Cover Designs of John Leighton, F.S.A.” (which originally appeared in the British Library Journal). GPL scanned, formatted, and linked the text, adding half a dozen images.

Hugh Small contributed “After Crimea: Florence Nightingale and Slum Clearance,” and Cyndy Manton shared a brief introduction to the designer Henry Wilson.

More Spanish translations: Esther Fernández Gutiérrez rendered into Spanish a dozen or so documents from the Blackmore section while Lourdes Ilian translated biography and Dick Sullivan's “Sadness and Salvation: Six Victorian Poems.”

Stephen Zelnick contributed “Conrad’s Bloody Imperialism: Achebe, Said, and what Conrad really wrote.” Charles de Paolo contributed “George Robert Waterhouse (1808-1888), Architect, Entomologist, Zoologist, Mineralogist, and Curator.” Amy Milne-Smith shared several extensive passages from her 2011 book, London Clubland: A Cultural History of Gender and Class in late-Victorian Britain, including “Understanding London Clubland: Exclusion in Action — Club Elections,Gentleman behaving badly: Gambling in London Clubland,” and an extensive bibliography.

Thanks to a private collector who wishes to remain anonymous for sharing photographs of two paintings by Robert Brough — Sweetviolets and Breton Women.

Lindsey Moore, Deputy editor of Skipton's Craven Herald requested and received permission to use an image on the site.

Thanks to Donato Esposito for sending in new information about the year of J. H. Dearle's birth.

The site had with 72,708 documents on the thirtieth.

August 2013

Your webmaster reviewed Emerging from the Shadows, the catalogue for the fine exhibition of Holl's works at the Watts Gallery. Thanks also to Francesca Collin who obtained permission for us to put online photographs of painting and sculpture at Guildhall Art Gallery. These works include three by Sir George Frampton: Geoffrey Chaucer, Queen Mary, and King George V, Albert Bruce Joy's Lord Salisbury, William Merrett's Florence Nightingale, William Theed's General Gordon, John ing Herbert's Our Saviour Subject to His Parents at Nazareth, John Collier's Clytemnestra, and James Tissot's The Last Evening.

Drawing upon Project Gutenberg's online version of Anthony Trollope's Thackeray, GPL also added Thackeray's “The Willow” and his parody of this medieval-style balland. Thackeray also was the basis of the following documents: “Trollope on Thackeray's style,” “Thackeray becomes editor of the Cornhill Magazine,” “A Defense of Thackeray's characters in Vanity Fair,” “Henry Esmond the greatest of Thackeray's works,” “Trollope on the novel as teacher of morals,” and “Trollope on Dickens, Thackeray, and lectures and public readings,” The Hathi Trust Digital Library provided the text of its review of the Moxon Tennyson as well as engravings of the following paintings and sculptures: John Henry Foley's Innocence, Daniel Maclise's Undine, William Mulready's The Wolf and the Lamb David Roberts's Gate of the Metwaleys: Cairo, Clarkson Stanfield's The Battle of Trafalgar, Theeds's Sappho, William Wyon's The Rescue,

Jacqueline Banerjee began the month by reorganizing the material on Highgate Cemetery, including the monuments for George Eliot, Karl Marx, Herbert Spencer, and Frank Matcham. Turning to architecture in the Uk and Europe, she next contributed “Guildford Castle Grounds, Guildford, Surrey, by Henry Peak,” which includes a new a section for P. J. H. Cuypers, whose Rijksmuseum and Amsterdam Central Station both owed something to the amazingly widespread influence of Ruskin and the Arts and Crafts Movement — as indeed did Amsterdam's fabulous Shipping House, the first fully accomplished work of the Amsterdam School.

Then, coming back to her collaboration with photographer Robert Freidus, she wrote about John Johnson's Colquhoun Mortuary Chapel at Brookwood Cemetery, and the chapels and Egyptian Catacombs at Highgate Western Cemetery. She also put together with commentaries two galleries of views (Eastern and Western, and two of monuments with angels or similar figures (Eastern and Western), for each side of this famous cemetery. Monuments considered separately were Frank Holl's, Michael Faraday's and the architect Edward Blore's. But, thanks to our busy contributing photographer, there are many more famous people's graves and unusual monuments still to come. Special thanks to Dr Ian Dungavell for contributing his photos of the interior of the Colquhoun Mortuary Chapel at Brookwood.

Simon Cooke continued his essays on Victorian book illustrators with an introduction to the life and works of John William North and the following three essays on Arthur Boyd Houghton, the great illustrator: “Houghton as a stylist: from the Orient to images of the Victorian poor,” “Houghton and the representation of children,” and “Houghton, escapism, and contemporary life” plus a half dozen images.

Diane Greco Josefowicz contributed “Was Darwin Racist?: A Review of Charles De Paolo's The Ethnography of Charles Darwin: A Study of His Writings on Aboriginal Peoples

Jessica Porter and Albert Pionke contributed an HTML version of Thomas de Quincey's “Secret Societies.”

John Cooper, Webmaster of Oscar Wilde in America, shared with us “The Roots of Oscar Wilde’s Dress Philosophy.” Andrey Fomin has translated Diane Josefowicz's

The Wave Theory of Light” into Czech. Thanks to Jeanette Edgar of Blackwell, the Arts and Crafts House in Bowness-on-Windermere for sharing a series of photographs of Baillie-Scott's furniture, and thanks to Liss Fine Art for sharing images of Frank Brangwyn's mural The Printed Word Makes the People of the World One and sketches for other murals, including studies for Man the Creator and Man the Master as well as Fyffe Christie's The Lady of Shalott .

Thanks to Ellen McCormick for correcting a factual error.

On August 26th there were 72,190 documents and images on the site.

July 2013

Working through folders of photographs taken in London, your webmaster added London's Methodist Central Hall and the former St. Peter's Church (1866) — now St. Yeghiche's Armenian Church. Thanks to the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's for permitting GPL to photograph and put online photos of the Victorian mosaics designed by Salviati and Richmond in the Cathedral.

GPL also formatted several of Robert Friedus's photograph series, including the tomb of Guilio Salviati, the Novello Theatre (originally the Waldorf), Shaftesbury Theatre. His new photographs of architectural sculpture include Paul Gasq's Simmer and Winter and works on the St. Thomas More Buildings in Chelsea, Balfour House on Great Titchfield Street, and buildings at 26 Westbourne Grove, Westminster Palace Gardens, 153 Fenchurch Street, and wrought iron gates and fencing at G. E. Street's Law Courts. Prompted by Philip Allingham's photo essay, “John Butler, Lieutenant-Colonel and leader of Butler's Rangers,” GPL began work on our new section on Victorian Canada.

Philip V. Allingham contributed 4 photographs by Alfred Ellis of characters in the play based on George Du Maurier's Trilby; each photograph is accompanied by Du Maurier's original illustration, the passage the photograph represents, and an essay explaining the relation ship between images and text. Her also contributed scans and commentaries the Tauchnitz plates of Dickens and the illustrations by Harry Furniss of Cricket on the Hearth, such as Caleb Plummer — The Toy Maker. Allingham began our new section on Victorian Canada with a photo-essay on John Butler, Lieutenant-Colonel and leader of Butler's Rangers.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed “The Cremation Society and Woking Crematorium, Surrey, ” a “History of Brookwood cemetery,” and commentary to accompany Bob Freidus's photos on the Monastery of the St Edward the Martyr in Brookwood Cemetery. She also provided the text and bibliography for the history of Willesden United Synagogue Cemetery and for “Ritual buildings and views” as well as creating a new section for the architect Nathan Solomon Joseph, including a biography and preliminary list of works. Still in connection with cemeteries, she wrote about Sir William Drake, lawyer and art connoisseur, who has an elegant mausoleum at Brookwood, and rewrote an earlier piece on Highgate Cemetery to include seven of Robert Freidus's lovely pictures. She also added a new piece, with more of his pictures, on a remarkable late-19c.businesswoman, Marthe Josephine Besson, who is buried there. Finally, last month's visit to the recently restored Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam produced a biography of W. F. Dixon, and she followed this up in July with a series of five commentaries on his brilliant (in every sense) stained glass windows there.

Self-abuse, daughter abuse, manslaughter, homicide, scandal — Diane Greco Josefowicz, our Science & Technology Editor, discusses them all in her "Purity and Danger in Malvern: A Review of Pauline Conolly's The Water Doctor's Daughters."

Andrzej Diniejko contributed “A Short Bibliographical Survey of Thomas Hardy Studies.”

Want to see how Trollope (and his readers) mapped out his novels? Take a look at Ellen Moody's "Mapping Trollope; or Geographies of Power."

Ivo de Galan has shared another work with readers of the Victorian Web: Portrait of a young woman by Sir Samuel Luke Fildes, R. A.

A collector, who wishes to remain anonymous, shared with us photographs of the 16-inch version of Alfred the Great, L. Gwendolen Williams's A Primrose by the River Banks, Maggie Richardson's In Ha Signo Vinces, Mary Kynaston Watts-Jones's Mother and child, and her But things like this, you know, after a famous victory.

Alberto Landoni, a retired mathematician from a little town near Milan, Italy, requested and received permission to reproduce Jackie Banerjee's photograph of Cambridge's Church of the Holy Sepulchre in his planned book on Legnano.

Vassilaki Papanicolaou, who is finishing a doctorate in comparative literature at University Bordeaux III, France, kindly sent in corrections for some scanning and typographical errors on the site. Many thanks, and thanks to Brian J. Goggin of Stradbally North, Castleconnell, County Limerick, Ireland, for identifying the Louisa as a horse-drawn barge

As of July 29th the site had 71,729 documents and images.

June 2013

Continuing their collaboration, your webmaster and Robert Freidus created a partial list of the works that served as prizes in the annual Art Union lottery. He also put up “Communcations Networks: Postal Service, Telegraph, LAN, and Internet” — brief selection from Catherine Golden's work. On the 12th Landow left for Germany to begin a brief 1-month Fulbright (as a Senior Specialist in Information Technology) at the University of Bayreuth. Thanks to Tamsin Williams and the Watts Gallery for sharing more than a dozen images of paintings by Frank Holl, which has enabled GPL to create a new section on the artist and announce the Gallery's coming exhibition of his work.

Philip V. Allingham contributed essays on Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, "The Blackwood's Tale": An Enduring Legacy," and the Tauchnitz editions of Charles Dickens. He also continued his series of in-depth comparative studies of individual plates of illustrations of Dickens, The Ghostly Knocker, Marley's Ghost, Phantoms in the Street, and The First of the Three Spirits.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed a five-part essay on Victorian orphanages that concentrates on Captain Coram and the Foundling Hospital in London but ranges widely as well. Much of the rest of the month was spent on completing her work on Lichfield Cathedral. This included the highly decorative monument to Bishop Selwyn, who was Bishop of New Zealand, and (exotic in another way) a monument to the controversial Major Hodson of Hodson's Horse, who died in the 1857 Mutiny. The interior of the Cathedral, with its splendid Scott-Skidmore screen and other fittings, came last, with a list of "Related Material" there serving as an index to the whole series. Other contributions included a short essay on E. M. Barry's Charing Cross Hotel (and some proof-reading, as usual! Please notify us of any mistakes you spot!).

Simon Cooke opened the month with essays on a series of new illustrators, including Ford Madox Brown, James Doyle, Charles Doyle, and Frederick Shields plus an essay on the illustrations of William Holman Hunt. He closed out July with an essay on John William North; the illustrations will come in August.

James Driscoll of Driscolls Antiques Ltd., of Clitheroe, Lancashire, kindly shared photographs of a dozen works of Victorian furniture, one of the most interesting being a burr walnut card table from the 1860s that opens in two different ways. Alison Davey of AD Antiques, of Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire, has generously shared photographs and information about two dozen ceramic objects, including chargers by William de Morgan, grotesque birds, vases, and a fish by the Martin Brothers, and a range of objects manufactured by Doulton — Lambeth jugs designed by Hanna Barlow, an Art Nouveau vase designed by Eliza Simmance, and Mark Marshall's The Waning of the Honeymoon.

Sharon Kim, Professor of English at Judson University, contributed four passages from her Literary Epiphany in the Novel, 1850-1950: Constellations of the Soul, which Palgrave Macmillan published in 2012: “Epiphany as experience and epiphany as a textual record of that experience,” “Epiphanies and spirituality,” “Epiphanies and Time,” and “Reverse Projection: Moral Epiphany in Middlemarch,”

As of June 24th, the site had 70, 820 documents and images.

May 2013

Lovely May began with your webmaster reviewing Leah Price's fascinating How to Do Things with Books in Victorian Britain and David J. Getsy's Body Doubles: Sculpture in Britain, 1877-1905. It ended with his joint review of two books about Victorian violence: Ingrid Hanson's William Morris and the Uses of Violence, 1856-1890 and Amy E. Martin's Alter-Nations: Nationalisms, Terror, and the State in Nineteenth-Century Britain and Ireland. In between he delved once again into the treasure house that is the Internet Archive, from which he created a new section on Frances Macdonald and added three objects to that for Alexander Fisher, 1 to that for Herbert MacNair, 11 photographs of interior architectural sculpture by W.R. Colton, two dozen examples of work in metal, glass, and textile design by Christopher Dresser, and more than a dozen objects by his favorite designer, Charles Rennie Mackintosh, a including a series on the Argyle Street tea rooms, several posters, and mural decorations. Later in the month issues of the Architecture Review furnished information and images that allowed adding more than a half a dozen names to our section on women sculptors plus new works by S. Nicholson Babb, Francis Derwent Wood, Sir William Reid Dick, George Frampton, Richard Garbe, Ernest Gillick, Andrea Carlo Lucchesi, Paul Raphael Montford, William Burnie Rhind, Ellen Mary Rope, and Albert Toft, Arthur George Walker. This same periodical also furnished material that permitted creating new sections in architecture for John Belcher and Mackay Hugh Baillie Scott and adding numerous examples of work by John Belcher, W.D. Caroe, Thomas E. Colcutt, Basil Champneys, Edward Buckton Lamb Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, Edward William Mountford, Ernest Newton, Charles Harrison Townsend, and Aston Webb.

Jacqueline Banerjee, who reviewed Mitchell and Benford's new Yale edition of George Meredith's Modern Love and Poems of the English Roadside, with Poems and Ballads, created a photo-essay on T. R. Spence's St George's Church in Newcastle with the assistance of Bob Morgan, Dr Neil Moat, and the Newcastle City Library and the monument to Andrew Newton by Richard Westmacott, Senior, at Lichfield Cathedral. This was followed by stained glass at the cathedral by John Hardman, Charles Eamer Kempe and William Wailes, with short biographies of Kempe and Wailes. Other work this month includes a piece on F. W. Woodington's splendid Rugby Union Lion at Twickenham, and a longer life and illustrations for Kate Greenaway (for the illustrations, see the index there). Other contributions are about Ruskin's spring and pump at Fulking, Sussex, and Bird, a new illustration by Helen Allingham. She also reviewed Pamela Horn's concise but very useful Life in a Victorian Classroom.

Philip V. Allingham completed his extensive commentaries on Sol Eyting, Jr., illustrations to Dickens's Christmas book.

Simon Cooke has written the authoritative essay on William Holman Hunt as book illustrator. Continuing his series of essays on illustrated Victorian periodicals, Cooke also contributed an essay on The Quiver and four plates by Frederick Sandys.

Ed Green has shared with readers of the Victorian Web his “Music and the Victorian Mind: The Musical Aesthetics of the Rev. H. R. Haweis,” which first appeared in IRASM [International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music]. Thanks to the editors for their permission.

John Sankey's review of Nicola Capon's John Tweed: Sculpting the Empire came in at the end of last month. Many thanks!

Marja Berclouw contributed an illustrated essay, “A Prosaic but Useful Service: Bathhouses and Washhouses, an Idea Whose Time Had Come,” to the Public Health section. Michael and Sudan Padwee contributed new photographs and information about Victorian tiles that enabled GPL to create a homepage for them. Maroussia Oakley contributed introductions to two Victorian periodicals — Good Words for the Young and The Welcome Guest. Robert L. Patten has kindly permitted us to include his classic essay “ Pickwick Papers and the Development of Serial Fiction.”

Terence Trelawny-Gower writes inquiring about architectural sculpture in Clare College Cambridge designed by Sir Matthew Digby Wyatt and executed by Theodore Phyffers.

The SDBB (The Swiss Service Centre for Vocational Training, Study and Careers Counselling) is an Institution of the Swiss Conference of Cantonal Ministers of Education (EDK) requested and received permission to use an image of a student essay on Brontë.

Thanks to Richard Toporoski of Vancouver for pointing out a mistaken transcription of “GCB.” as “CCB.”

By May 27th, the site had 70, 313 documents and images.

April 2013

The month began with your webmaster back in London, expecting a balmy spring but encountering cold, strong breezes, and, yes, snow. Before leaving home, he put online 10 of William Nicholson's fine portraits of Queen Victoria and other notables, which Paul Liss of liss Fine Art shared with readers of the Victorian Web. Thanks, Paul! Thanks, too, to Chris Blanchett, a tile historian, who explained that tiles in G. E. Street's Roman church attributed to William Morris are actually by Frederick Garrard. He also contributed a glossary of ceramics terms, a biography of Garrard, discussion of his styles, list of works, and photographs of 46 other tiles by Garrard, which led to your webmaster's creating a homepage for tiles and for Gerrard. While out exploring the area north of Old Brompton Road, Landow came upon a William Butterfield gem — the Church of St. Augustine Queens Gate. See the new sections on the exterior, interior, tile paintings of Old and New Testament events, and the church's post-Victorian stained glass.

Thanks to Peyton Skipwith, past Master of the Art Workers Guild, and Ellspeth Dennison, current secretary, Landow was able to photograph the Guild's treasure trove of portraits for the site. The painted commemorative portraits of Masters of the Guild include Gilbert Bayes by G. N. Meredith Frampton, Robert Anning Bell's self-portrait, Sir George Frampton, R.A by William Strang, Graham Jackson by Solomon J. Solomon, F. W. Pomeroy by Robert Anning Bell. The sculpted ones (nine busts and one bas relief) include C. R. Ashbee by Allan G. Wyon, Walter Crane by George Blackall-Simonds, Selwyn Image by William Silver Frith, Thomas Stirling Lee (1898) by Arthur George Walker, W. R. Lethaby by Gilbert Bayes, William Morris by Conrad Dressler, William Strang George Frampton, Francis W. Troup by Gilbert Bayes, Heywood Sumner by Henry Alfred Pegram, Charles Harrison Townsend by Francis Derwent Wood. A visit to Parliament Square produced a new set of four photographs of Henry John Temple, Viscount Palmerston and a detail of the Disraeli. The rare appearance of the sun this trip also occasioned new photos, such as a brightly lit cow on the former Wrights Dairy on King's Road. Landow also reviewed Barbara Black's A Room of His Own: A Literary-Cultural Study of Victorian Clubland.

Rising very early one morning to avoid crowds in Parliament Square and take photographs there when the sun shines from just the right place in the sky, Landow made new images of Matthew Noble's statues of Robert Peel and Edward George Geoffrey Smith Stanley, Lord Derby as well as H. Young's Palmerston and Mario Raggi's Benjamin Disraeli. He then took a series of photographs of the medieval revival carvings on Middlesex Guildhall from which he created a gallery, linked to Jackie Banerjee's photo essay. Returning to a another place first photographed for the site a dozen years ago, he added many images to the section on Holy Trinity, Sloane Street — the Arts and Crafts Church. A walk around Chelsea produced photos of another interesting church — St Simon Zelotes, and thanks to Aïcha Mehrez and the Royal British Society of Sculptors for providing information and a photograph to accompany Landow's photographs of Dora House, the home of the Society. After Rupert Maas of the Maas Gallery gave the Victorian Web permission to use images from their current Pre-Raphaelitism show, Landow added to the site two works by the Pre-Raphaelite sculptor Alexander Munro plus paintings and drawings by William Bond, John Brett, Edward Burne-Jones, E. R. Frampton, Henry Holiday, A. W. Hunt, J. W. Inchbold, John Samuel Raven, D. G. Rossetti, Frederick Sandys, Robert Tonge, and William J. Webbe.

Philip V. Allingham spent April 11 through 13 at the University of Warminsko-Mazurski, in Poland, at a Dickens conference.

Early in the month, Jacqueline Banerjee completed a short series of essays on Basil Champneys' college buildings: Bedford College, London, Newnham College, Cambridge, and the Divinity School, Cambridge — also his Gothic memorial cross for All Saint's Church in Cambridge. These were followed by photo essays on the Victoria Law Courts, Birmingham, by Aston Webb & Ingress Bell, with memorable architectural sculpture by Harry Bates (Queen Victoria) and William Silver Frith (St George and the Dragon, and other figures), and the stylish Methodist Central Hall, Birmingham, the architectural sculpture for which was by the leading terracotta firm of Gibbs & and Canning. Then, as a result of a visit to South London, JB wrote about the William Booth Memorial Training College on Denmark Hill, and the statues there by George Wade: General William Booth himself and his wife Catherine, of the Salvation Army. She also reviewed the hefty new edition of J. Mordaunt Crook's splendid William Burges and the High Victorian Dream. At the end of the month, she opened a new section on the sculptor Mary Grant, which includes her statues at Lichfeild Cathedral, and her busts of Sir Francis Grant, Tennyson and Parnell. Adding some comments to Robert Freidus's picture, JB also discussed 49 Pall Mall, and started writing about Sir George Gilbert Scott's restoration of Lichfield Cathedral.

Derek B. Scott, our music editor, set in his performance of Longfellow's The Wreck of the Hesperus.

Simon Cooke contributed a dozen or so illustrations by Harrison Weir.

Maroussia Oakley, a new contribution, has written two essays on Victorian magazines: The Welcome Guest. A Magazine of Recreative Reading for All and Good Words for the Young.

Ruth M. Landow contributed five photographs of Tower Bridge.

Daniela Daniele, Assistant Professor of Anglo-American Literature, University of Udine, Italy, made an interesting contribution to the gender matters section: “Sandism in reverse: the strange, marmorean beauty of Julia Ward Howe’s The Hermaphrodite” Michael Padwee contributed 11 images of tiles by the International Tile Company. Mike Hickox contributed “The Political Background to The Death of Chatterton by Henry Wallis” Continuing the flood of new contributions, Martin C. Jenkins sent his his biography of the sculptor F. Lynn Jenkins.

Thanks to Mark Bernstein of Eastgate Systems for picking up a typo.

On the 29nd of April the site had 69,351 documents and images.

March 2013

This month your webmaster contributed a review of two works of Neo-Victorian fiction that provide continuations of novels by Dickens and Eliot: Charles Barry's Mr. Micawber Down Under (2011) and Imke Thormählen's The Laidislaw Case (2011). Then, working with photographs and research by Robert Freidus, and valuable assistance from Jacqueline Banerjee, he created sections containing hundreds of images for the following cemeteries and their monument and mausoleums: Abney Park, Beckenham, Hampstead, Hillingdon, Hither Green, Nunhead, and S. Ealing.

At the end of last month, Jacqueline Banerjee's contributions included an account of the Aston Webb buildings at the University of Birmingham, with external sculptural and decorative work by Henry Alfred Pegram and Robert Anning Bell, and T. R. Spence's magnificent window inside the Great Hall. So this month began with a new section on Spence, explaining his involvement with the Art Workers' Guild, together with a short biography of him kindly contributed by Dr Neil Moat, and one of his paintings, The Disciples of Sappho. A visit to Ealing then inspired another new section, this time on the London borough's best-remembered architect, Charles Jones, who was responsible for the former town hall, as well as the later town hall, and for important work on Sir John Soane's Pitzhanger Manor-House and its grounds, Walpole Park. In the park is Jones's memorial, by the medallist/sculptor Frank Bowcher. Jones's two town halls led to a new town halls index, bringing together various examples of this important class of Victorian architecture.

Philip V. Allingham continued his major illustration project, posting images and extensive commentary for the British Household Edition of The Unfortunate Traveller by E. G. Dalziel and the American version by C. S. Reinhart. He has also nearly completed the commentaries for Marcus Stone's eight Illustrated Library Edition illustrations for A Child's History of England, a series undoubtedly sanctioned by Dickens himself. In consequence, issues as various as Dickens's attitudes towards historical figures in English and French history such as Joan of Arc and Lady Jane Grey, as well as to "The Burgers of Calais," almshouses, Victorian theatres, ship-building, Mormon emigration, and mailboats have been connected with Dickens's non-fiction published in the 1850s and 1860s.

Diane Greco Josefowicz added an introduction and new material to her bibliography of primary sources on Victorian theories of biology and gender.

Simon Cooke, who continues to explain our already large section on illustration, contributed a biographical introductions for Thomas Morten and John Pettie plus examples of their work.

Elaine D. Trehub contributed "Archival resources relating to the higher education of women in England," a survey that covers thirteen institutions, including women's colleges at Cambridge, London, and Oxford.

Thanks to Liselot Quisquater from the University of Ghent for notifying us about a bad link, which turned out to be a document that had gone missing. Your webmaster located it and put it in its proper location. Thanks, too, to Katja Rachinsky, who wrote from Germany to correct a typo in the date of one of Alexander Bain's works, and to Thomas Sawyer from Irvine, California for proof-reading our essay on London Society and providing an important date.

As of the 25th, the site had 68,432 document and images.

February 2013

Your webmaster began the month editing and formatting the work of two new contributors on large projects. First, he worked with Michael Kersting's 40 photographs of Pugin's churches and chapels in County Wexford, Ireland. A much larger project involved creating with Clare Sargent a hypermedia assemblage comprising the history of St. Peter's College, Radley, its predecessor institution, St Columba’s College, Stackallan, Ireland, and the founders, patrons, staff, and a students of the English High Church boarding school — all of which provides the context for Ms. Sargent's edition (on this site) of Robert Singleton's diaries. Next, using volumes available online from the Internet Archive and his own library, GPL added steel engraved versions of works by J. D. Harding, Samuel Prout, and J. W. M. Turner from Jenning's 1833 Landscape Annual and the 1830 edition of Roger's Italy. The last half of the month was spent translating Elizabeth K. Helsinger's Ruskin and the Art of the Beholder into html and linking it to materials both within and without our Ruskin section.

Philip V. Allingham completed the commentaries on E. A. Abbey's American Household Edition illustrations for The Christmas Books and Christmas Stories, after which he began work on commentaries for Edward Dalziel's British Household Edition illustrations of The Uncommercial Traveller, complementing earlier commentaries on C. S. Reinhart's illustrations for a similar anthology in the Harper and Brothers' Household Edition. The acquisition of the full set of Furniss's 1915 edition of the works of Charles Dickens (courtesy of Professor Emeritus Jim Gellert of Lakehead University's English Department) prompted him to update the commentaries for a number of Furniss's illustrations for Great Expectations, including his complicated title-page vignette for that volume. All told, he's done about 30 essays during the last two months.

Jacqueline Banerjee created a section on the sculpture of Marshall Wood (1834-1882) and sent in new photographs of his statue of Queen Victoria in Kolkata, together with one of Richard Cobden in Manchester. Completing her work on St Chad's R. C. Cathedral, Birmingham, she wrote a piece on John Hardman & Co. and two of the Hardman stained glass windows there, the Flanagan window and the war memorial window. Very many thanks to Canon Gerry Breen of the cathedral for his kind help in "reading" the former. A prominent Kolkata architect followed, Walter Granville, whose General Post Office, High Court and elegant Indian Museum were all landmark buildings there — as was Charles Wyatt's grand Raj Bhavan or Government House. This led to an essay on the whole Wyatt dynasty of architects, and short separate biographies of Benjamin Dean Wyatt and Sir Matthew Digby Wyatt, as well as a couple of fine London buildings by two earlier Wyatts — Samuel Wyatt's Trinity House, and James Wyatt's "Gothick" former Royal Military Academy, Woolwich.

Andrzej Diniejko, our Contributing Editor from Poland, created a section on Caroline Norton, including a biography, chronology, and list of works in various genres.

This month, the Pugin Society asked if they could link to us, and the BBC history website requested our help on the topic of crime and crime fiction in the Victorian period. Peter Silk wrote to request permission to use one of Bob Freidus's photos for a Royal Mail commemorative sheet celebrating the life and work of the Australian sculptor Bertram Mackennal.

Alison Hemmings of the Caledonian Club's magazine asked for and received permission to use an image of St. Paul's.

Thanks to Matthew T. Howells for writing in with additional information about Church of St, James the Great on Cardiff.

Jane Freeman writes to point out a typo in Charlotte Brontë's penname. John Sankey, a regular contributor, corrects a few dates in the list of Athenæum members. Thanks!

As of the 25th, the site had 67,677 document and images.

January 2013

The year began with 66, 789 documents and images on the Victorian Web, 4,500 sites linked to us, and all of 101 people follow us on on the VW Facebook page.

Your webmaster continued expanding the section on Frank Brangwynn, adding thirty watercolors of bridges, medieval and modern, which led to creating a new home- or index page for Victorian railways in the visual arts. Next, he created a section on Liverpool before Victoria and another on Glasgow in the Visual Arts plus creating a chronology for the “Early History of the Steamship” and adding photographs and information about late-Victorian and Edwardian steam ships. Discovering that one of our images by Albrecht Dürer had gone missing, GPL scanned another and created a section on Dürer, which includes links to a few of the Victorian artists he influenced. Continuing to mine The Internet Archive, GPL added to our section on Victorian railways, beginning with late-nineteenth-century discussions of individual lines, such as The Great Western, the North-Eastern, and the London and South-Western Railways — more to come soon — and images and descriptions of characteristic locomotives.

Philip V. Allingham completed the last of his twenty-eight essays comparing individual illustrations by Edward A. Abbey to both the texts they realize and other artist's illustrations of the same passages.He has begun a similar series on the Dickens illustrations of Harry Furniss.

Jaqueline Banerjee began the month with a biography of the sculptor R. J. Wyatt and a photographs of his monument to the Smith Family in St Mary the Virgin Church, Merton Park, a church about which she contributed a photo-essay discussing both its origin form, Victorian additions, monuments, and stained glass window by Burne-Jones and Morris, including Moses and Abraham, Isaiah and David, St Mary and St John, and . Other materials associated with this church include Nathaniel Hitch and Henry Philip Burke Downing's war monument in the churchyard. She also added a photo-essay on Silvester Charles Capes's commercial building at 14-16 Cowcross Street in Islington. (The Financial Times requested and received permission to quote from one of her contributions.)

Upon her return from India, she contributed some beautiful photographs of Frampton's statue of Sir Andrew Henderson Leith Fraser that stands before the Victoria Memorial in Calcutta. Turning to things back in England, she sent in a substantial photo-essay of Pugin's Cathedral Church of St Chad, Birmingham, followed by others on the interior of St Chad's, and on Pugin's stained glass there. Thanks to the Dean & Chapter of the cathedral for allowing us to illustrate these. Somers Clarke's essay on stained glass provided some interesting comments on the subject too. Finally, these researches also turned up some more information about a later stained glass artist, A. K. Nicholson.

Some extra pictures of Chantrey's Bishop Heber in St Paul's Cathedral in Kolkata took us back to India again, and prompted John Sankey to send in a new contribution about Thomas Brock's young Queen Victoria in the Victoria Memorial Hall there. Many thanks!!

Simon Cooke continued his series of articles on Victorian periodicals with an introduction to the Methodist reformer Thomas Bywater Smithies's Band of Hope Review and its illustrations, including John Gilbert's Curious Jane with the Gypsies. He accompanyied this contribution with essays on Smithies's British Workman and its illustrations by Gilbert and Robert Barnes. He also added examples of work by German illustrators, such as Alfred Rethel's Death on the Barricades and Siegfried and the Rhine Maidens. Cooke also wrote essays on The Churchman’s Family Magazine and London Society — An Illustrated Magazine of Light and Amusing Literature for the Hours of Relaxation. The month ended with an essay with examples of the illustrations of Richard Dadd.

Asun López-Varela vetted and then sent along Yuliya Yuliyanova Pavlova's translations into Spanish of the materials on the children's author, Julia Horatia Ewing.

Philip Cohen contributed photographs of the Glasgow Royal Asylum, Gartnavel, where the poet John Barlas ended his days.

The De Morgan Centre, which has sent along a notice of their forthcoming exhibition, The Lost Paintings of Evelyn De Morgan (1 February to 20 April), has also kindly shared several images of the artist's work, including St. Christina Giving her Father’s Jewels to the Poor.

Dennis McCue, Senior Information Officer, Glasgow City Council, kindly sent along a photograph of George Frampton's monument for Queen Victoria as exhibited at the 1901 International Exhibition in Glasgow, which now accompanies photographs of the statue in Calcutta by Ramnath Subbaraman, Robert Freidus, and Simon Stock.

Michael Curl writes to inform us that the old link to Trollope's Apollo: A Guide to Classics in the Barsetshire Novels of Anthony Trollope no longer works and to one that does. Thanks! Thanks and apologies are due to Denise Betteridge whose e-mail from last July pointing out the disappearance of an image just surfaced in GPL's in-box.

As of the 28th the site had 67,194 documents and images.

December 2012

Your webmaster reviewed Philip K. Cohen's excellent critical biography whose title well describes its subject: John Evelyn Barlas, A Critical Biography: Poetry, Anarchism, and Mental Illness in Late-Victorian Britain (2012). Drawing once again upon the riches of the Internet Archive, Landow added the essays of Henry James on illustrators (Edward A. Abbey, Charles C. Reinhart, and Alfred Parsons) and writers (Matthew Arnold, George Eliot, William Morris, Rudyard Kipling, and A. C. Swinburne). Landow then added more than thirty plates by one of his favorite illustrators, Edmund J. Sullivan, with sitemaps (or homepages) for his illustrations of Tennyson and Fitzgerald's Rubaiyat to match the older one on Carlyle's Sartor Resartus. Then, drawing upon James Thorpe's 1949 monograph, he added commentaries to these sitemaps and Sullivan's main page. Working from other sources, he added works to Charles Robinson and created new sections on Harry Clarke, William James Linton, and Helen M. Sinclair. The year ended with Landow adding to the material on Frank Brangwyn, creating new sections for his engravings and lithographs, watercolors, and war posters, and adding dozens of examples to those already existing on paintings and drawings plus commentaries taken from two books by his early twentieth-century advocate, Walter Shaw Sparrow.

Philip v. Allingham has contributed a dozen and a half comparative essays on the illustrations of Dickens's Christmas books by the American E. A. Abbey (subject of an essay by Henry James just added).

At the very end of last month and the beginning of this, Jacqueline Banerjee wrote an illustrated essay on the French influence on Victorian Architecture, including the example of Cuthbert Brodrick's Second Empire-style Grand Hotel, Scarborough. She then started writing about Pugin in the Midlands, discussing — the exterior and interior of his masterpiece, the Roman Catholic Church of St Giles in Cheadle, and its beautiful stained glass. Dr Craig Thornber again very kindly provided some lovely pictures, this time for her description of the other (Anglican) Church of St Giles in Cheadle, and her short biography of its architect, J. P. Pritchett. These were followed by photo essays on Pugin's additions and alterations to Alton Towers, the Convent and school at Cheadle, and a review of Michael Fisher's book, "Gothic For Ever": A. W. N. Pugin, Lord Shrewsbury, and the Rebuilding of Catholic England. JB also reviewed two other new books: Philip Davies's London: Hidden Interiors, with its magnificent photography by Derek Kendall, and John Sankey's edition of an exciting find, a recently discovered early twentieth-century biography of Thomas Brock: Thomas Brock: Forgotten Sculptor of the Victoria Memorial. Finally, she excerpted and formatted a well-illustrated discussion of "Pugin's First Church, St James', Reading," from John and Lindsay Mullaney's recent book about the church. We are very grateful to them both for the chance to reprint this informative account. It is of great interest because the church, unusually for Pugin, is in Noman-Romanesque style, and they discuss how far it already fits in with his "True Principles."

Andrzej Diniejko, Contributing Editor, Poland, sent along fron Warsaw his new section on Walter Besant, which includes a biography, “Walter Besant's Dystopian Novels,” “Walter Besant's Novels of East London,” and a chronology of his works.

Simon Cooke, who has an updated biography, began his promised series of articles on Victorian periodicals and book illustration with “Samuel Lucas, Once a Week, and the Development of Sixties Illustration” and “The Cornhill Magazine, George Smith and illustrators of ‘The Sixties.’” To accompany these essays, he also contributed illustrations by Robert Barnes (Honest Work and Death by suffocation) and George du Maurier (The Cicilian Pirates).

Stuart Durant, one of our regulars, contributed “Voysey and his first mentor, John Pollard Seddon.

Graham Lupp from Down Under sent along his photograph and accompanying text of Orton Park in New South Wales.

Greg Withnail writes from the Open University to point out a bad link created when we moved an essay to our section on children's literature. Thanks!

As of the 24th the site has 66, 595 documents and images.

November 2012

We welcome Simon Cooke as the Assistant Editor for Book Illustration and Design. Most appropriately, he contributed more material to his section on the illustrator Alfred Walter Bayes (1831-1909) and a much-needed essay on German illustrators and Victorian England. These new additions to our section on illustration prompted your webmaster to add to the materials on Laurence Housman, the brother of the poet who was a fine illustrator, poet, playwright, and author of both realist and fantasy fiction. The Internet Archive provided 60 examples of his illustrations for his own and other writer's works and two of his designs for bindings, and his autobiography, The Unexpected Year proved a treasure drove of information about his relation with his more famous brother, his reminiscences of Wilde and Whistler, the history of his religious belief, the harmful effects of Victorian prudery, and his movement from a political and social conservative to a radical who campaigned for female suffrage.

Drawing upon more published work of the late E.D.H. Johnson (your webmaster's thesis advisor way back in 1966), we've added “British Painting and the Industrial Revolution,” comments on Wilkie and genre painting, The Graphic. The Internet Archive version of Charles Rowley's illustrated reminiscences, has provided substantial additions to our sections on Ford Madox Brown's drawings and paintings, Walter Crane's drawings, and Frederic Shields's paintings

Philip V. Allingham contributed five commentaries on Edwin Austin Abbey's illustrations for A Christmas Carol.

Jacqueline Banerjee's contributions in the first half of the month included photographs of, and commentaries on, Sir Francis Chantrey's famous and touching Sleeping Children and his figure of Bishop Ryder, both from Lichfield Cathedral, and a photo-essay on the architect Basil Champneys' contributions to Manchester Cathedral. Her recent trip to Manchester also yielded an illustrated essay on Edward Salomons' fine Reform Club there. She completed her short series on the interior of the Midland Grand Hotel at St. Pancras with a look at the Grand Staircase and the atrium there, then turned to a private residence: The Heights in Witley, Surrey, designed for Sir Henry Cole by his son. It later became the home of George Eliot. Many thanks to Sarah Worthington for suggesting this piece, and also for her photographs and added information. Collaboration is always welcome!

We have several contributions from Down Under: Gill Parmenter contributed “The Adult’s Construction of the Inner World of the Child: Insights from Nineteenth-Century Autobiographical Literature” and Graham Lupp a photograph of Woolstone, a mansion decorated with cast iron trim. Thanks to Margaret Wright of Australia for correcting a typo that put a date in the wrong century!

As of the 27th the site has grown to 65, 882 documents and images — and this after deleting dozens of small thumbnails no longer necessary when most readers have faster Internet access.

October 2012

Your webmaster continued working with both his photographs of Oxford colleges and material available in the Internet Archive, creating a new homepage for Oxford that now includes 23 colleges plus a section on individual churches and streets. Part of this project includes a review of J. Mordaunt Crook's Brasenose: The Biography of an Oxford College. Doing a little housekeeping, your master added photographs and images that had been waiting patiently for many months, including works in cast iron, such as a finial with mer children (mermaid babies) surmounted by gilded crown, an ornate cast-iron lamppost in Trafalgar Square with cherubs and griffins, and a glass-and-iron porch roof with a cast bad relief of a dog. Thanks to the Athenæum Club we have a portrait of Sir Walter Scott, the formatting of which led to creating a new art relations section for the novelist. August's visit to London also produced a photograph of Westmacott's statue that surmounts the Duke of York's Column on Carlton Terrace.

The section on the Victoria and Albert Museum, which tripled in size, now includes pictures of the the columns and façade of the Henry Cole wing before and after restoration, the Costume Gallery and larger images and details of the altar screen visible from the entrance hall, examples of damage to the façade caused by air pollution, and the museums usually hidden iron and glass roof that protects a dropped ceiling over the galleries. Several of the older photographs have been replaced by better ones, many details have been added as well. The Internet archive provides images of proposed works by the architect, W. D. Caroë and wallpaper by Walter Crane.

Landow also reviewed Sara Atwood’s Ruskin’s Educational Ideals and drawing upon Holman Hunt's Pre-Raphaelitism and the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood created a number of documents for the section on Ford Madox Brown, including “'Curious crotchets:' Hunt on Ford Madox Brown's disappointments and character,” Ford Madox Brown's earlier work, Ford Madox Brown becomes a Pre-Raphaelite convert, Holman Hunt on Ford Madox Brown's mistreatment by the art establishment and later years, and Ford Madox Brown's praise for Hunt and Millais plus Hunt's comments on Dante Gabriel Rossetti's Girlhood of Mary Virgin and The Annunciation. He also added a dozen or so images to the artist's works.

Philip V. Allingham's chapter in Reading Victorian Book Illustration received a very favorable review by New Books Online 19.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed her biography of the Manchester architect Edward Salomons and his Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue in Manchester plus William Robert Colton's The Spring-Tide of Life and Henry Richard Hope-Pinker's statuette of Dr. James Martineau. A reader (P. Brown) wrote in to correct a misidentification of a building and Ray Unwin contributed a fine photo, which she used in her essay on Newcastle's Union Club Thanks everybody! A week in Paris, and a very special visit to "Castello Marochetti" in Vaux--sur-Seine, then produced some contributions from France: photographs and discussions of the Eiffel Tower and the Art Nouveau metro station at Porte Dauphine (to which GPL usefully added details from Saint-Michel);an attractive stained glass window in a Parisian townhouse; and a series of new works by Marochetti: his relief of the Battle of Jemmapes on the Arc de Triomphe; his headstone for the composer Bellini at Père LaChaise; a a bust of Sir James Stephen; a medallion of Lord Macaulay; and The Angel of Sleep. Many thanks again to Caroline Hedengren-Dillon for her continued support of our Marochetti pages! Back in England, JB came across a picture of the artist William Holman Hunt's cottage in Sonning, making a nice link to the painting of Sonning which GPL had put up earlier this year. In addition, she began a series on the interior of the Midland Grand Hotel, including Introduction and Entrance Hall and a gallery of gothic arches plus Hardwick Road Cemetery, King's Lynn by Aickin & Capes.

Derek B. Scott, our music editor from Leeds, sends in performances of three more Victorian parlor ballads, including "Love’s Old Sweet Song" (which appears in Molly Bloom’s monologue in James Joyce’s Ulysses) plus "It was a Dream" and "Goodbye!"

Diane Greco Josefowicz, our science editor, has just compiled "Contraception in Victorian Britain: A Bibliography of Secondary Materials"

Simon Cooke contributed essays entitled “Art-training in mid-Victorian Britain: Sass’s” and “Art-training in mid-Victorian Britain: Leigh’s” plus a five essays, including a biography, on the illustrator Alfred Walter Bayes, father of he famous sculptor.

Dr Alexandra Mitchell, Project Officer (Worsley New Hall) at the University of Salford, writes to tell us about material available online about Blore's Worsley New Hall.

Paul Venter sent along a fine example of zoological illustration by R. Morgan. If you have any information about this nineteenth-century draughtsman and lithographer, please e-mail the webmaster.

As of the 29th the site had 65, 314 documents and images.

September 2012

Your webmaster began the month with a review of Sylvia Nasar's Grand Pursuit: The Story of Economic Genius and a few a brief pieces inspired by Nasar (who is best known for A Beautiful Mind) — What was the life of a typical Englishman just before Victoria ascended the throne? and Malthus, Mill, Carlyle, Marx, and Economics as a “Dismal Science.” Work continues on photographs from the recent trip to England, including a fountain in one of the Inns of Court, the Friends Meeting House in Hampstead, and a series on the William Morris Gallery in Walthamstow, an “anonymous” post box, and several works in the Athenaeum: George James Howard's drawing of F. T. Palgrave and two drawings by Alphonse Legros — Cardinal Manning,  G. F. Watts, and a caricature of the Athenaeum Burne-Jones sent to his nephew Rudyard Kipling upon his election to the club.

In addition, Landow has again teamed with Robert Freidus on documenting London cemeteries, and the first documents thus far for Camberwell Old Cemetery in Southwark, London, Kingston on Thames Cemetery, and Twickenham Cemetery, Willesden United Synagogue Cemetery, which thus far includes more than 50 memorials. Landow also wrote A little too thin: A Review of Sara Atwood’s Ruskin’s Educational Ideals.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed "Border Crossings" a review of Claudia Nelson's Precocious Children & Childish Adults: Age Inversion in Victorian Literature, after which she continued her work on the art and architecture of Birmingham with some wonderful photographs (and accompanying texts) of Burne-Jones stained glass in St. Philip's Cathedral, Birmingham: the Nativity, Crucifixion Ascension, and Last Judgment.

Shifting her focus from Birmingham to Manchester, she has begun a series on photo-essays on Waterhouse's designs for the University of Manchester, beginning with the Waterhouse Quad and Rear Courtyard and university buildings facing Oxford Road. Thanks to Stephen Richards for contributing his excellent photographs. Joining Landow and Freidus on the London cemetery project, she carrie dout a great deal of research to produce “A Victorian Partnership: Aickin & Capes” She also sent in some sculpture photos and commentaries, on Richard Cockle Lucas's Dr Johnson statue in Lichfield; Percy Fitzgerald's biography and his Boswell statue in the same town, as well as his statue of Dr Johnson in London; and Sir Richard Westmacott's monument to Nelson in Birmingham's Bull Ring, this last piece accompanying a lovely photograph provided by Dr Craig Thornber. She rounded off the month with an essay on Victorian Listed Buildings," prompting your hard-working webmaster to make links to it from the many, many splendid listed buildings in our architecture section.

Phillip V. Allingham has completed several months' work on the illustrations of Dickens's five Christmas books (including Christmas Carol)

Andrzej Diniejko contributes a six-part series of essays on the history of the Salvation Army, which includes biographies of both William and Catherine Mumford Booth plus a discussion of the The Hallelujah Lasses, a chronology, and a bibliography and suggestions for additional reading.

Diane Greco Josefowicz has written "Bad Medicine" — a review of Sylvia A. Pamboukian's Doctoring the Novel: Medicine and Quackery from Shelley to Doyle

Tamsin Williams writes to announce a splendid exhibition of the works of William and Evelyn De Morgan at the Watts Gallery, Compton, Surrey (6 November 2012 – 27 January 2013).

Cécile Haranger-Dehayes, who teaches at l'Université Inter-Ages de Caen, has written and volunteered to help translate the site into French. Béatrice Laurent, Maître de Conférences at the Université des Antilles et de la Guyane, Martinique, who has translated materials in the Victorian Web, contributes two essays in French: “Ailleurs intérieurs : l’errance chez Thomas De Quincey” and “Nowhere, Neverland, Wonderland : les Ailleurs féériques des Victoriens

Mark Bernstein of Eastgate Systems helpfully sends along a few corrections of typos in the Ruskin section. Dorothy Fuldheim pointed out a dead offsite link. P. Brown corrects the identification of a building in Newcastle. Thanks!

Bernard F. Dukore, University Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Virginia Tech, writes to announce the publication of his new book Bernard Shaw: Slaves of Duty and Tricks of the Governing Class, by ELT Press (available on Amazon).

As of the 24th the site had 64,515 documents and images.

August 2012

Your webmaster began the month with a few brief documents about Darwin — Darwin's views of religion: his agnosticism and his reasons for rejecting Christianity and descriptions by Darwin and his son Francis of the family home in Down. As part of the ongoing project to update the formatting of some of our earliest documents, Landow restyled the main pages containing photographs of Myanmar.

A week in England produced several hundred photographs of the University of Oxford — yes, that's the proper name of the university — including series on the following colleges: Balliol, Brasenose, Christ Church, Keble, Magdalen, and St. John's. A walk with Robert Freidus through Hampstead Heath produced a much-expanded section on that green space. In addition to the architecture of William Butterfield's Keble College, the site now contains his mosaics in the chapel. Before heading to Oxford Landow completed the basic Legal London section by adding Gray's Inn (with Pomeroy's statue of Francis Bacon) to earlier work on Lincoln's Inn and the Middle and Inner Temples. Exploring the area around Gray's Inn, your webmaster peeked in an alley and caught sight of a massive church tower, which turned out to be Butterfield's Church of St Alban the Martyr, a church almost entire hidden by the buildings surrounding it. More photographs to come!

Philip Allingham continues his series of extensive commentaries on Fred Barnard excellent illustrations for Dickens's Christmas Books; he includes each plate, provides an analysis, and adds comparisons to illustrations of the same scene by other artists. Examples of such comparisons appear in illustrations for A Christmas Carol and The Cricket on the Hearth .

Jacqueline Banerjee opened a new section on the architect Basil Champneys, providing a biographical introduction and two essays on the John Rylands Library with two dozen photos. She also created a biographical introduction for the Manchester sculptor John Cassidy, who did the sculpture at the Rylands and added more illustrations by the architects Edmund Blore and Thomas Allom.

Later in the month, following a trip to Birmingham for a Pugin Society expedition, came a new section on England's second city. New entries so far are on its Town Hall and some works by important Midlands architects Yeoville Thomason (the Council Office and Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery) and J. H. Chamberlain (the Chamberlain Fountain and the School of Art). Also, new works by important sculptors, like J. H. Foley's Prince Albert; Thomas Woolner's Queen Victoria in the Council House and Joseph Chamberlain on the Chamberlain Fountain; Thomas Brock's Queen Victoria in Victoria Square; Francis John Williamson's Joseph Priestley and Birmingham Encouraging and Advancing the Fine Arts; and Albert Toft's wonderful allegorical figures outside Birmingham's Hall of Memory. Pugin buildings yet to come! With the publisher's permission, she also put up a short extract of her new book on George Meredith, about his later poetry.

Montserrat Martínez García translated into Spanish additional chapters of Chris R. Vanden Bossche's book on Carlyle as well as essays on Carlyle and John Brown, Carlyle's racism, and a relevant book review.

Katharine Chandler, Reference Librarian in the Rare Book Room of the Free Library of Philadelphia, writes to say that her institution owns the original watercolor of Sir Samuel Luke Fildes's tribute to Dickens — The Empty Chair.

ERA Publishing House writes from Bulgaria wanting permission to use our illustrations for a translation of Dickens.

Many thanks to Anthony Pace, Superintendent of Cultural Heritage, Malta, for writing in about the misattribution of a church our Maltese section — and for introducing us, in the process, to another fine Maltese architect of the Victorian period. The correction and new information will be up very shortly.

The site has 63,912 documents and images as of the twenty-seventh.

July 2012

In response to students who write to ask if the materials on the site are vetted by referees, GPL explained the ways six categories of materials are accepted. He also finished creating our web version of Derek B. Scott's The Singing Bourgeois: Songs of the Victorian Drawing Room and Parlor and found some photographs of Venice's St. Mark's and the Ducal Palace dating back to 1966. In addition, he scanned and formatted 21 charcoal drawings and relevant text from F. Hopkinson Smith's In Thackeray's London (1916), a volume that includes interesting material on both the novelist himself and the settings of Pendennis and other works..

Landow also converted for the site several important essays on Victorian autobiography that first appeared in a volume he edited three decades ago — three general essays: Howard Helsinger's "Credence and Credibility: The Concern for Honesty in Victorian Autobiography," Elizabeth K. Helsinger's "Ulysses to Penelope: Victorian Experiments in Autobiography", and LuAnn Walther's "The Invention of Childhood in Victorian Autobiography," plus two on individual authors: Elizabeth K. Helsinger's "The Structure of Ruskin's Praeterita and Robert Patten's "Autobiography Into Autobiography: The Evolution of David Copperfield." In addition, he reformatted Peter L. Shillingsburg's Pegasus in Harness: Victorian Publishing and W. M. Thackeray, which first joined the Victorian Web more than a decade ago. Working on Pegasus in Harness provided much material for the technology and economics of authorship, and at the same time it shrunk the Victorian Web! The latest format for books absorbed more than one hundred notes that had become separate documents, so at month's end we now have 63,395 documents and images, down from 63,453 a week earlier.

Congratulations to Philip V. Allingham, who has been promoted to the rank of full professor at Lakehead University.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed "Cholera," "John Snow and Waterborne Diseases," and several essays on the architect Edward Blore, including a biography and photo-essays on Pitt Buildings at Cambridge University Press, his St John the Baptist Church in London, and Government House, Sydney. and Government House, Sydney, as well as his Worsley Hall, Manchester. Then followed some more work on the commentaries on Burlington House, home of the Royal Academy, and The Society of Antiquaries, and a biography of the architect/topographical illustrator Thomas Allom, together with two of his wonderfully atmospheric illustrations, Druids' Grove and Lymington Iron Works. Another subject was Stationers' Hall in London, where for many years all published material had to be registered.

Andrzej Diniejko created materials for a new section on George Moore that include a biography, chronology, and introduction to his works.

Katherine M. Miller reviewed Caroline Levine and Mario Ortiz-Robles's Narrative Middles: Navigating the Nineteenth-Century British Novel.

Caroline Hedregen-Dillon sent in a photograph of Baron Marochetti's tender La Bimba Dormiente(Sleeping Girl), very kindly providing an English summary of her recent essay on it in La Tribune de l'Art. Thank you so much!

Charles de Paolo, Professor of English at Manhattan Community College of the City University of New York, contributed "Pasteur and Lister: A Chronicle of Scientific Influence."

June 2012

Now that Derek B. Scott, our editor for music and popular entertainment, has received permission from his publishers to put The Singing Bourgeois: Songs of the Victorian Drawing Room and Parlor on our site, your webmaster has begun the process of scanning, formatting, and linking the text, which ranges from opera to parlor ballads and from the role of railroads in making pianos popular in middle-class homes to stories of the heroic battles fought by women composers. Thus far, the introduction and two chapters — The Foundations of the Drawing-room Genre and The Growth of the Market for Domestic Music — are online. The first chapter includes the following sections: The English opera, The cultivation of refined 'folk' airs, The respectable entertainer, and Access to music. As of the 28th, the last 9 chapters, glossary, and bibliography are also complete.

In addition, GPL put up another dozen or so tombs and funerary sculpture, working with Robert Freidus's photographs. Among the more interesting: the tombs of William Richard Sutton , Herbert George Warren, and Sir Horace Jones.

Jacqueline Banerjee, who's also been traveling on the continent this month, has created several photo essays on work by A. W. N. Pugin and his son Edward W. Pugin: (1) St Wilfrid's Church, Hulme, Manchester, an essay graced by more than a dozen of her photographs plus those of Pugin's stained-glass; (2) St Peter the Apostle's Church, Woolwich and associated buildings (exterior; interior); (3) Thanks to Catriona Blaker of the Pugin Society for her welcome assistance. JB also created a section on William Wilkinson Wardell, an architect who worked with Pugin, and the tomb with recumbent effigy of Canon Richard North that the architect's son designed and which William Farmer carved.

Diane Greco Josefowicz's reviewed Patrick Brantlinger's Taming Cannibals: Race and the Victorians (2011).

Vlad Brown, who requested and received permission to translate the introduction to the Victorian Web into Ukrainian, has put the translation on his site.

Thanks: to Peter Jackson for correcting a name in Kipling's biography; to Jacqueline Burrows for correcting an error in Tennyson's "Lady of Shalott;" to Philip Hart for telling us about another in the notes to In Memoriam, section 1; to Dorothy Fuldheim for pointing out that an off-site link no longer worked and suggesting a replacement.

As of the 25th, the site has 63,355 documents and images.

May 2012

Robert Freidus, our contributing photographer and an expert on funerary sculpture, sent along a DVD containing 1108 images a documents about grave markers, sculpture, tombs, mausoleums, and chapels in London cemeteries, which enabled your webmaster to create a homepage for mausoleums and others thus far for the Brompton, City of London, Golders Green, Nunhead, and Putney Vale Cemeteries. Jacqueline Banerjee wrote an introduction and history for Brompton.

Drawing on materials from H. R. Robertson's Life on the Upper Thames, GPL created several documents about rural occupations, including Polling the Willow, Osier Cutting and Peeling — rural work for men and women, Osier Peeling — rural work for men, women, and children , and The working conditions of shepherd boys. Eighty Picturesque Views of the Thames and Medway, another work made accessible by the invaluable Internet Archive, provideed more than 5 dozen beautiful images and interesting text about cities and towns along the river. Start here and take a tour.

After concluding his comparisons of Phiz's Household Edition illustrations for The Pickwick Papers with his earlier work and that of Thomas Nast, Philip V. Allingham scanned the images and wrote extensive commentaries for Sol Eytinge's 16 illustrations for the Diamond Edition of Martin Chuzzlewit, plus Fred Barnard's 5 Christmas Carol illustrations, which he compared to the originals of Leech and select illustrations for the 1868 Ticknor & Fields edition by Sol Eytinge (see, for example, He had been Tim's blood-horse all the way from church).

Despite major computer problems (everyone has them!), Jacqueline Banerjee completed her work on the Ford Madox Brown murals at Manchester Town Hall, and reviewed Julian Treuherz's lovely book about Brown, which she'd found so helpful for that project. She moved on from Manchester to Aldershot. and P. C. Hardwick's Royal Garrison Church there, and wrote an illustrated account of Prince Albert's brainchild, Aldershot Military Town in Hampshire. Since M. C. Wyatt's statue of Wellington was transported there from its original place on the Wellington Arch, this led to a short biography of Wyatt, and an item on his more successful equestrian statue of George III, nicknamed "The pig-tail and pump-handle" — find out why!

Next came an account of Greenwich, from the point of view of a Victorian enthusiast, with its splendid buildings containing (for example) a splendid Franklin Memorial, busts of Admirals Keats and Hardy, and a beautiful Victorian seashore painting — one of James Clarke Hook's "Hookscapes." She also wrote a photo-essay on the famous clipper ship, the Cutty Sark. Finally came an essay on Brompton Cemetery, to contribute to the most recent of your webmaster's fruitful collaborations with photographer Robert Freidus (see above).

Andrzej Diniejko, our contributing editor from Poland, contributed a biographical introduction and chronology for Amy Levy, the tragic late-Victorian Anglo-Jewish Poet and Novelist.

Montserrat Martínez García translated into Spanish the top level link lists for gender matters, and María M. Bautista did the same for 20 documents containing images of William de Morgan's ceramics.

Cambridge University Press would like to alert us to a recent initiative. It's collaborating with Cambridge University Library and other partner libraries to reissue a whole range of out-of-copyright works "of enduring scholarly value." The books are crisply and legibly printed, and would often be of special interest to our readers. For example, already available is the monumental "Library Edition of the Works of John Ruskin." More information at the Cambridge Library Collection minisite, or the Cambridge Library Collection blog.

Thanks to Cameron Norman, who reported a broken link in the list of comments about characterization in Great Expectations.

As of the 28th, the site has 62,877 documents and images.

April 2012

On April 1st (no fooling), the Victorian Web joined Facebook, and within the first few days we hd 30 likes — nice, but considering that we have more than 4,000 sites linking to us, we hope for a lot more. Check in on Facebook for announcements of new material and suggestions about what to check out.

Your webmaster continued to add to the Darwin section both essays (“'So it is with ourselves' — Darwin, evolution, and moral philosophy”) and selected passages (“Darwin on Mass Death”). In addition GPL and Robert Freidus continued their collaboration, adding a new section on W. Wheatley Wagstaff and three of his sculptures, a number of works by William Goscombe John (Merlin and Arthur,) Boy at Play, Thomas Henry Thomas (1834-1915), Age, Morpheus, The Boy Scout, Thirteen (Muriel), Lord Glanley of St. Fagans, R.G. Hill-Snook, JP, Lord Mayor of Cardiff, Sir William Reardom Smith, and George V and Queen Mary, — Thanks to the National Museum of Wales and the sculptor's heirs for permitting us to put photographs of these works online. Other works from the National Gallery of Wales include William Reynolds-Stephens's Portrait of a Lady, Herbert Wards's The Idol Maker.

The Thames project continued with with addition of 23 lithographs by T.R. Way and 43 watercolors by Mortimer Menpes, an artist who began as one of Whistler's disciples. In addition, the graphics section grew with four dozen plates from the Halls's Thee Book of the Thames from its Rise to its Fall (1859) and G. A. Symington's Father Thames. Click here and take a tour of the River Thames by choosing the next button. Cityscapes in the painting section is another good place to explore.

Philip V. Allingham and your webmaster continued work on the illustrations for both the American and British Household Editions of Dickens's works, this month adding images by Phiz from the British version and extensive commentaries (including comparisons with earlier individual illustrations by Phiz himself and other illustrators, such as Thomas Nast) for another 35 plates. Thomas Nast's 52 illustrations also went online.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed "'All That Is Buried Is Not Dead': An Autobiographical Element in Olive Schreiner's Story of an African Farm," and formatted and illustrated an account of the architectural historian James Fergusson, whose fascination for early Indian architecture eventually led him to compile the first history of world architecture. But her major project this month involves Manchester. She sent in photo-entries on the following works of sculpture there: Hamo Thornycroft's South African War Memorial, William Theed's James Watt, Albert-Bruce-Joy's Oliver Heywood, Edward Onslow Ford's Victoria Monument, and Thomas Woolner's beautiful weaving roundel. She followed with essays on the interior and exterior of Waterhouse's Manchester Town Hall, which she illustrated with her photographs, and with a contribution of great important to the site's section on painting — an introduction and commentaries on Ford Madox Brown's twelve Manchester Town Hall Murals. Thanks to the Manchester authorities who provided the photographs and permission to use them.

Amitav Banerjee contributed a review of Jules Stewart's Prince Albert: A Life, and in that connection JB added pictures of, and commentaries for Osborne House on the Isle of Wight, and also the Prince Consort's Library in Aldershot.

Pleased with our review of their new biography of Prince Albert, I. B. Tauris publishers would like us to announce the addition to their catalogue of reissues of Lytton Strachey's biographies, Queen Victoria and Elizabeth and Essex: A Tragic History, both highly readable and now with illustrations. They write: "I.B.Tauris are endeavoring to bring books by this famous writer of the late Victorian age back onto the market and back in the spotlight." A worthy aim, especially as inspection copies reveal that the reissues are well-produced, with additional illustrations.

Hristo Boev from Romania contributed Anorexia Mirabilis Decoded: Rereading Female Corporeal Consumption in Florence Dombey, Amy Dorrit, Dora Spenlow and Agnes Wickfield.

H.W. Ellis writes from Australia, "I was searching for the line 'but it's thank you Mr Atkins...' and your site came up and I must compliment you on the content. I believe the Mr Tommy Atkins came from the use of Tommy Atkins as the sample name in "How to fill in your pay book" which is also why British soldiers are called Tommy." Wikipedia's article on the BriBritish Army suggests that this is a likely explanation. Thanks!

Dr. Melisa Klimaszewski of Drake University writes to point out that documents in the Neovictorian section on Carey's Jack Maggs do not appear at the end of links. Turns out a single missing ">" produced a blank page. Easily fixed. Whew! Thanks, Melissa! Malcolm McKee points out an historical error in one of our articles written in 1988. Time to fix it!

As of April 30th, the site had 62,334 documents and images.

March 2012

Reading Darwin's Voyage of the Beagle on his iPad while exercising led to your webmaster expanding the Darwin section, creating a new sitemap (or homepage), and writing “Darwin on the pains and pleasures of travel,” “The hills are shadows, and they flow from form to form, and nothing stands — Ruskin,Tennyson, and Darwin as Sages,” “'The warfare is too bloody to last': Exterminating Indians in Argentina,” “'I never saw a more cheerless prospect': Darwin climbs a mountain and tells us what he sees,” “How did the stones get there? A Darwinian Act of Interpretation,” and “‘I shall never again visit a slave-country.’” Drawing chiefly upon works made available on line by Internet Archive, your webmaster also added 60 plates of works by Samuel Prout and drew upon Hatton's Club-Land to expand the section on Victorian clubs. a new section on cityscapes the Various works, such as Tony Grubhofer's London and the Hall's book on the Thames, led to new material on the River Thames in the visual arts, ships (for the technology section), and churches in art, which consists chiefly of etchings but also includes examples of drypoint, drawings, and watercolors). Working with Philip Allingham, GPL created a section with 57 documents containing the 1873 illustrations of Pickwick Papers that Phiz did for Dickens's posthumous Household Edition.

Philip V. Allingham completed work Sol Eytinge's illustrations for Pickwick Papers and began commentaries for the Household Edition version, writing them for the uncaptioned first page depicting Pickwick and the pugnacious cabman, “What! Introducing his friend?,” “Mr. Snodgrass and Mr. Winkle had each performed a compulsory summerset with remarkable agility,” “The horse no sooner beheld Mr. Pickwick advancing with the chaise whip in his hand, &c,” “Mr. Wardle looked on, in silent wonder,” “Mr. Tupman looked round. There was the fat boy,” “Sam stole a look at the inquirer.,” “Take this little villain away, said the agonised Mr. Pickwick,” “Permit me to introduce my friends,” “The door was just going to be closed in consequence,” “"Who are you, you rascal?" said the captain, administering several pokes to Mr. Pickwick's body,” “"Heyling!" said the old man wildly. "My boy, Heyling, my dear boy, look, look!",” “Standing before the dressing-glass was a middle-aged lady in yellow curl-papers,” “Before Mr. Pickwick distinctly knew what was the matter, he was surrounded by the whole body, and kissed by every one of them,” “Seated on an upright tombstone, close to him, was a strange unearthly figure,” “Mr. Pickwick . . . . went lowly and gravely down the slide, with his feet about a yard and a quarter apart,” “An admonitory gesture from Perker restrained him,”

Jacqueline Banerjee spent the first part of the month working on Leeds, writing about Leeds architects George Corson, who designed the Central Library, School Board Offices, and Grand Theatre) there; and R. D. Chantrell, who designed the parish church of St Peter, Kirkgate. Amongst other landmark buildings in Leeds, she discussed E. M. Barry's Leeds Grammar School, and Alfred Waterhouse and his son Paul's buildings for what would become the University of Leeds. In connection with the latter, she also looked at the Victoria Building at Liverpool University. Stephen Richards and Gary Jenkins both helped by contributing pictures for some of these — thanks! She nextm contributed two places in Delhi connected with the Raj, Flagstaff Tower on North Ridge, and the Durbar Memorial in Coronation Park.

JB then wrote two reviews of new books, Building a Great Victorian City: Leeds Architects and Architecture 1790-1914 and Fleshing out Strachey: A Review of Magnificent Obsession: Victoria, Albert and the Death that Changed the Monarchy, by Helen Rappaport (2011).

With help from Sarah Hughes of the education department at Truro Cathedral, she finally identified the carvings on the cathedral's West Front, some of them at least by Nathaniel Hitch. Thank you to Sarah, too. JB also wrote a short biography of the architectural sculptor Thomas Earp, and a somewhat longer one of the architect Alfred Waterhouse.

GPL created a new sitemap (or homepage) for Manchester when JB turned her attention to that city, creating photo-essays for Thomas Worthington's City Police and Sessions Court, his Albert Memorial, Matthew Noble's Wellington Monument and Oliver Cromwell, Edward Hodges Baily's Thomas Fleming, Albert Bruce-Joy's John Bright, Sir Francis Chantrey's John Dalton, Sir Alfred Gilbert's James Prescott Joule, William Theed's Sir Rowland Hill , John Bright, and Humphrey Chetham.

Andrzej Diniejko created a section on Olive Schreiner including a life and works and a discussion of The Story of an African Farm just in tome for the Victorian Web to provide an appripiate place for Liz Stanley's announcement of the University of Edinburgh's Olive Schreiner Letters Online project.

Diane Greco Josefowicz, our new Science and Technology Editor, created the “Submarine Telegraphy Timeline” and added nineteenth-century cartoons and lithographs, including “The Laying of the Cable -- John and Jonathan Joining Hands” and “The Atlantic Cable” and “ample Case Showing Sections of Atlantic Cables.”

Peter King of the Voysey Society writes to announce a new website that will offer material on the life and works of the great architect-designer.

Laurence Constanty-Roussillon completed her translation of the first chapter of Ruskin — “Ruskin le mot-peintre, and Vanessa Ly from Paris sent in a translation of Les femmes à l’ère victorienne - la question du statut social et économique : classe sociale et travail

Thanks to Beth Lawrence for suggesting that we add Elisha Otis and his invhention of the elevator safety brake (1853) to the technology timeline. Correction by John Yeadonz

As of the 26th, the site had 61,584 documents and images.

February 2012

This month saw a several large collaborative projects go online, the first set of which contributes to the many commemorations of the bicentennial of Dickens's Birth on 7 February 1812. Philip V. Allingam has created "2012: Events Marking the Bicentennial" to put in one place the announcements we have received and events he has attended. We're doing our part with Philip Allingam and Jacqueline Banerjee's's photographs of Rochester and othrer Dickens-related places, and your webmaster has formatted more of Montserrat Martínez García's translations of the site's biographical materials for Dickens. Andrzej Diniejko contributed “Charles Dickens as Social Commentator and Critic,» which discusses Oliver Twist, through Nicholas Nickleby, A Christmas Carol, The Chimes, Dombey and Son, Bleak House, Hard Times, and Little Dorrit.

Like the Rochester page in Dickens, that on London's Tower Bridge epitomizes the Victorian Web, since five people including early twentieth-century artists and photographers provided images and several people added text and captions. Equally important, it shows how we can take separate bits of data, such as images from the Internet Archive and the photo library's night picture and add them to Barry's text, cresting somethinng unique that uniquely connects various disciplines.

Your webmaster again worked with Robert Friedus, creating illustrated material on various London buildings and related architectural sculpture, including 23 Albemarle Street, 16 Clifford Street, Willing House (with A. Stanley Young's Mercury), 16 Brook Street, Emerson's Clarence Wing of St. Mary's Hospital. Sir William Reid Dick's bronze sculpture around the main entrance of Selfridge's Department Store and Gilbert Bayes's The Queen of Time above it. Thanks to Bob Friedus for obtaining permission from Amgueddfa Cymru Caerdydd — the National Museum of Wales in Cardiff — to permit the Victorian Web to include photographs of works in its collections and to David Anderson, Director General of the Museum, for providing photographs of sculpture and painting. Thus far GPL has put up three busts by James Milo Griffith, another three by John Gibson, Alice Meredith (Gertrude) Williams's Spirit of the Crusades, Jules Dalou's Portrait of a Man, and Frederick Sandys's painting Queen Eleanor.

Thanks to Kimberly Blaker of New Boston Fine and Rare Books for sharing an album dating from the 1870s that contains more than fifty photographs of Oxford and Cambridge. Formatting documents for them and creating new homepages for each university occupied a few pleasant days. Drawing once again upon Internet Archive version of The Studio, GPL next added 16 drawings of the two universities by Vernon Howe Bailey plus 8 studies by Herbert James Draper for Prospero Summoning Nymphs and Deities and a photograph of the artist in his studio. Various issues of The Studio also provided additional drawings by Bailey of London, 10 watercolors of Italy, Scotland, and England by Sir Edward Poynter, and 20 watercolors and drawings Eleanor, Fortescue-Brickdale and a half dozen paintings by Lucien Lévy-Dhurmer. When Logan wrote in to inquire about Charlotte Young, your webmaster discovered he had never connected her homepage to our list of authors and as part of doing so added more links, chiefly to works by Jacqueline Banerjee. Internet Archive version of The Art Journal provided Walter Crane's stained-glass designs and Byam Shaw's painting Notice Neptune, though . . . illustrating Browning's “My last Duchess.”

Drawing upon images and text provided by the Maas Gallery, GPL added the following works to out section on painting: an unknown artist's Ramsgate, and another's Lady of Shalott, John Brett's The Coast of Sicily from the Taormina Cliffs, for Laus Veneris, Oliver Clare's Primroses and Birds's Nests on a Mossy Bank, Sir Frank Dicksee's Sea and Sunshine, Lyme Regis, Baillie Hamilton's Sunset, Constantinople, J. D. Harding's Lake Lucerne , James Hayllar's The Wandering Minstrel in a Quiet Square, J.G. Marks's Forty Winks, William James Müllers's An Arab, Paul Falconer Poole's J.G. Marks's Girl with a Pitcher, Sir Edward John Poynter's study for tiles in the Grill-Room of the Victoria & Albert Museum.

Having completed his commentaries on the 43 illustrations of Pickwick Papers by Seymour and Phiz, Philip V. Allingam, who has been busy at Dickens conferences and celebrations in England and France, began scanning the images and writing commentaries for Sol Eytinge's 18 plates.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed the Cambridge Camden (later Ecclesiological) Society as well as the following photos and photo-essays on Scott and Skidmore's Memorial to Dean Ramsay in Edinburgh, a new section on Francis Skidmore, Nathaniel Hitch's statues on the West Front of Truro Cathedral, New Court, St John's College, Cambridge, by Rickman & Hutchinson, Goscombe John's The Late Dean Vaughan , St Christopher's Chapel, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children, London, by E. M. Barry and its stained glass by Clayton and Bell. In addition she created a new section on hospitals and an essay on Victorian architectural historians and theorists.

Diane Greco Josefowicz contributed “The Zodiac at Dendera and the debate over the age of the earth,” which summarizes her recent Princeton University Press book.

Noelia Malla García sent in her Spanish translations of more than 20 essays in the Wilde section, and GPL formatted, linked, and put them online along with Ana Abril Hernández's translations of the fifth chapter of Kincaid's Tennyson's Major Poems, Laura Masides's translations of the section on Felicia Hemans, and Montserrat Martínez García's biographical materials for Dickens.

Robert Ehrlich kindly wrote to identify the painter Thomas Langdon whom Ruskin mentions in the Hunt-Ruskin correspondence, which I first published in 1977.

Amy Byrk writes to recommend a link to the homepage for “What Victorians Wore: An Overview of Victorian Costume.” Thanks Ann! And thanks to Eve Beauchemin for correcting a typo! and to Roger Knights for pointing out run-on italics in Wilde's “Decay of Lying.”

As of the 27th, the site contains 60,644 documents and images.

January 2012

Welcome Diane Greco Josefowicz, PhD (MIT), who joins us this month as our Science Editor!

Your webmaster worked with issues of The Studio made available by the Internet Archive to create sections for the metalwork and enamels of Alexander Fisher, England's greatest master of both at century's end. In addition to the more than two dozen works in these parts of the site and half a dozen in his previously created sculpture section, the enamels and enamelists material contains Fisher's three-part “The Art of True Enamelling upon Metal” as well as Fred Miller's essay on him. As the month ended, he spent a day putting online another article from The Studio, Baldry's on the ecclestiastical art of W. Reynolds-Syephens. While searching for materials on Fisher, GPL found Stanley Nicholson Babb's gold medal bas relief Boadicea urging the Britons to avenge her outraged daughters, C. J. Allen's bust of an elderly woman, and Babb, and works by Gilbert Bayes (A Knight on His War Horse , Jason ploughing the acre of Mars, The Langham Collar, Pegasus).

After Clive Wilmer contributed his essay on the Ruskin-Whistler trial (see below), the need for a substantial section on James McNeil Whistler became apparent, and your webmaster spent a week or two creating one that thus far includes 10 paintings, 15 drawings and watercolors, 27 drypoints, etchings, engravings, and lithographs, and a gallery of portraits of the painting (including a bust new to the Victorian Web by Boehm) plus several essays. In addition, he added the following Martineau materials: her essays on Macaulay, John Wilson Croker, and John Gibson Lockhart, and her explanation of Unitarianism.

Philip V. Allingam has almost completed his large project of providing all the illustrations by Phiz and Robert Seymour for Dickens's Pickwick Papers. The project involves rescanning the images at higher resolution, adding scans of details, adding the texts illustrated, and writing extensive commentaries for each of the 43 plates. In addition PVA has begun to provide plates by other illustrators, such as the American Thomas Nast and even Phiz's own new versions of old subjects.

Before setting off for a vacation in India, Jacqueline Banerjee suggested that we create a new section for Queen Victoria, and created an index for our scattered material on her, adding detailed and simplified versions of her family tree, and adapting Lytton Strachey's analysis of the Queen and her reign for our website. She created a homepage for the Newcastle architect John Dobson, provided a biography for the Liverpool architect Harvey Lonsdale Elmes, and added the Plowden Buildings to our new "Legal London" section. Next came a series on J. L. Pearson's Truro Cathedral, the only new cathedral to have been designed in the nineteenth century, including a photo-essay on it, and discussions of Pearson's pulpit there, George Tinworth's frieze, and Nathaniel Hitch's carvings on the west front. More pictures were also added to Rowe's Corn Exchange in Cambridge. In addition, she helped your webmaster expand the section William Burges's Cardiff Castle with some of Bob Freidus's lovely pictures from there, providing extra commentaries for, in particular, the nursery and Lord Bute's bedroom and bathroom, rooms which we had not previously featured.

Finally, she suggested incorporating the complete text of Paul Waterhouse's 1897 entry in the Dictionary of National Biography on Sir Gilbert Scott, helping your webmaster adapt this valuable biography. It now includes links to his many works on our site and 20 photographs, making it much easier for us to grasp the scale of his achievement. One should point out in passing that these added links and illustrations exemplify how the Victorian Web versions of documents, which situate them within a network of meaningful connections, differ from those on the still-invaluable Internet Archive, which presents them as easily accessible isolated books. To take one example: the original text of the Dictionary of National Biography biography of the great architect mentions that he was a descendant of the “commentator Scott,” but few twenty-first-century readers will understand that Waterhouse refers to the enormously popular author of biblical commentaries found in many family Bibles throughout nineteenth-century Great Britain and the United States. Perhaps more than anyone else, this ancestor of the architect taught Victorians of many denominations how to interpret the Bible.

Before leaving for India JB also did a considerable amount of proof-reading, a boring but essential chore when our website is expanding so rapidly. Readers' amendments are warmly welcomed and credited!

Paul of CBS Radio Mystery Theater site sent along links to the old radio versions of works by Conan Doyle, Dickens, Stevenson, Stoker, and Wilde.

Clive Wilmer of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, and Master of the Guild of St. George, contributed two essays: (1) “The Falling Rocket: Ruskin, Whistler and Abstraction in Art” and (2) “‘No such thing as a flower ...no such thing as a man’: John Ruskin’s response to Darwin.”

Ian Sherwood, Canon of Christ Church, Istanbul, kindly send along photographs of this George Edmund Street building, which is also known as the Crimean War Memorial. Vanessa Ly of Paris translated several documents in the French version of the Gender Matters section, including “Les femmes comme sujet dans l'art victorien - Représentations des femmes,” “Les diverses représentations de Judith,” and “La figure de la gouvernante, basé sur Les anges noirs de la nuit par Ronald Pearsall.”

Thanks to Anthea Lang for identifying the architects who added the spire to Pugin's St. Mary's Cathedral in Newcastle, and thanks, too, to Ana Mitric for correcting a broken link and to Desmond A.C. Reid for both correcting the title of David McGill's sculpture of St. Sebastian and sending along a photograph of the bronze version now “Kilmarnock, in the Dick Institute.” Bill Burns e-mailed to correct a next link. Thanks!

As of the 30th, the site had 59,917 documents and images.

December 2011

Your webmaster and Robert Friedus continued their collaboration with a range of material on architecture and sculpture, including adding photographs to our section Thomas Brock's Victoria Memeorial before Buckingham Palace: the gilded bronze Victory with Constancy and Courage, the bronze statues Manufacture, Naval and Military Power and Art and Science, marble bas reliefs Sea nymphs plus Alfred Drury's nearby amorini representing colonies and dominions (Canada, West Africa, and South Africa) and Francis Derwent Wood's Australia. Architecture and architectural sculpture include J. Daymond's Birds and vegetation on 86, St. james Street, London, and the work on The Oxford and Cambridge Club.

Their next joint project involved adding material about the sculpture and buildings of Cardiff to the section that Jacqueline Banerjee created. Using Friedus's photographs, GPL added Fehr's magnificent Welsh Dragon on the stone plinth that rises from the dome of City Hall, Hodge's Sculpture on the City Hall clock tower, Montford's Commerce and Industry and Music and Poetry, Poole's Unity and Patriotism and Nereids, Pomeroy's Tritons and Rivers, and McGill's Science and Education.

Following Dr. Banerjee's suggestion, GPL created a new section on legal London, adding his photographs of the Inner Temple Gardens to our series on the Royal Courts of Law, Lincoln's Inn and the Law Society. Using both their photographs, JB did the hard work of research and writing, creating documents for Smirke's Paper Buildings, Thomas Jackson's 1-4 Temple Gardens and E.M. Barry's Hare Court. She also added a building adjacent to the Inner Temple — Hamilton House, originally home to the Callender Cable and Construction Company.

M. H. Spielmann's British Sculpture and Sculptors of Today, which the Internet Archive had made easily accessible, has proved a treasure trove of information about sculptors and their works. Thus far GPL has added Spielmann's essays on both medallists and sculptor-silversmiths as well as using his text to createillustrated biographical introductions for William Robert Colton, Walter Crane, Alfred Drury, Edwin Roscoe Mullins, F. E. E. Schenck, George Tinworthk, and images and critical commentary to the sections on Albert Bruce-Joy, Henry Alfred Pegram, Lilian V. Hamilton, and Lady Feodora Gleichen.

Philip V. Allingham continued his major project or expanding and upgrading the section on Victorian book illustration with Phiz's work for Dickens's Pickwick Papers, creating new, more detailed scans, including the passages illustrated, and occasionally adding extended commentary. See, for example, The Trial, The Card-room at Bath, Mr. Winkle's Situation when the Door 'blew-to', Conviviality at Bob Sawyer's, and especially Christmas Eve at Mr. Wardle's. He and GPL added Daniel Maclise's sketch of Dickens with the two Hogarth sisters and his portrait of Catherine Dickens.

Jacqueline Banerjee wrote an illustrated essay on Ruskin and Lake Como and contributed photographs and discussions of works by Thomas Nicholls at Cardiff Castle (Chimneypiece frieze in the Winter Smoking Room, Robert the Consul on the chimneypiece of the Banqueting Hall, and The Three Fates on the chimneypiece of the Drawing Room). In addition, she created a section on the stained-glas designer H. W. Lonsdale, which thus far includes a biographical introduction and five of his works.

Working with photographs kindly submitted by Colin Hinson, as well as Robert Freidus, JB also contributed new commentaries on William Burges's two important Yorkshire churches: St Mary, Studley Royal and Christ the Consoler, as well as their fonts by Thomas Nicholls at St Mary and Christ the Consoler. She also made an index for the sculptor James Redfern, and discussed his lovelyreredos at Christ the Consoler, which Freidus had photographed. This was followed by an essay on Temple Church, London illustrated by both GPL's and her own photographs, and some Victorian colour illustrations; indexes for the architects James Savage and Anthony Salvin, and a commentary on the Round Church, Cambridge.

Amitav Banerjee, Emeritus Professor of English and American Literature, Kobe College, Japan, reviewed Tim Jeal's Explorers of the Nile: The Triumph and Tragedy of a Great Victorian Adventure.

William O. Beeman, Professor and Chair of the Department of Anthropology, University of Minnesota, shared the recordings of his performance of a half dozen parlor songs, including The Madman, The Last Link is Broken, Mr. and Mrs. Brown, Lenore (Thy voice is music to mine ear), and Woodman, Spare That Tree!. Derek B. Scott, our Music Editor, contributed performances of two more Victorian parlor songs: The Little Hero (lyrics by Arthur Matthison and music by Stephen Adams) and Ora Pro Nobis (lyrics by A. Horspool, music by T. Piccolomini).

Thanks to Mark Perlman for correcting a typo in one of the DuMaurier documemts!

Béatrice Laurent of l'Université des Antilles et de la Guyane, writes to invite readers of the Victorian Web to submit papers for a seminar entitled “Sleeping Beauties in Victorian Britain: cultural, artistic and literary explorations of a myth” at the 11th conference of the European Society for the Study of English, Instanbul, Turkey (September 4-8, 2012).

Gurpreet Gill, Coordinator for Course Materials at DeVry's Online Services, requested and received permission to link to our introduction to Herbert Spencer. Of course, one doesn't need permission to link to any document on a public website that is not password protected, but the courtesy of letting us know about the link is much appreciated.

As of 26 December, the site has 59,224 documents and images.

November 2011

The month began with your webmaster visiting Baltimore, Maryland, where he obtained material from both the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Museum and the wonderful Walters Art Museum whose website provides large images of its holdings and permits their reproduction under the Creative Commons License. Thus far, I have added five works by René Lalique to the Art Nouveau Jewelry section, others to that for Castellani Classical Revival and Archeological Jewelry (the Coral and gold bracelet with the head of Bacchus and two bacchantes is especially fine), Louis Majorelle's Art Nouveau wall cabinet, plus paintings by Sir Laurence Alma Tadema (The Blind Beggar, A Roman Emperor (Claudius), The Triumph of Titus: The Flavians, and Sappho and Alcaeus) and William Mulready's Othelo and Henry LeJeune's Ophelia.

Reading Stephen Jay Gould's fascinating Dinosaur in a Haystack prompted two brief pieces — "'Ringing down the grooves of change:' Tennyson's mistaken railway analogy" and "Tennyson and Evolution: Was he a proto-Darwinian or a proto-Gouldian?"

The September trip to London continues to furnish material, such as the sculpture on the Albert Memorial — Geometry, Physiology, Chemistry plus much of the Frieze of Parnassus that surrounds the base of the Memorial, including the sections containing H. H. Armstead's poets, composers, and painters, and J. Birnie Philip's great engineers of the Ancient World , architects, and sculptors. Architectural additions include The Pheasantry on King's Road in Chelsea, and the mosaics section now includes 20 representions of arts, crafts, and intellectual activities on walls of the Museum of Childhood, Bethnal Green, London. Additions to the section on stained glass include half a dozen works by George and Eve Ostrehan and 5 by Clayton and Bell.

The Academy Architecture and Architectural Review, which the Internet Archive has made easily accessible, continues to provide materials for our sections of both sculpture and architecture, including works by Alfred Drury (The Fine Arts, Science, Education, and and Local Government), Sir George Frampton (Two busts in wax of young women), Martin Harvey as Sidney Carton in “The Only Way”), and Edward VI), E. M. Rope (Laborare est orare and Children bringing Lilies to the Holy Child), Albert Toft (The Inception of the Modern World).

Your webmaster returned briefly to the UK for the annual meeting in Sheffield of Ruskin's Guild of St. George, of which had been elected a Companion. During his two days in Sheffield, he began a section on that city, which thus far contains photographs of E. W. Mountford's Town Hall and two dozen other buildings, chiefly examples of small factories or works and railway station. The Sheffield section also includes photographs of half a dozen examples of architectural sculpture by F. W. Pomeroy. The brief visit included four days in London that produced some interesting new material. After Jacqueline Banerjee gained permission to photograph Two Temple Place, Astor's mansion near Victoria Embankment, GPL contributed two and a half dozen images of the building plus others of its sculpture (Nathaniel Hitch's gilded bas reliefs of figures from history and literature, Sir George Frampton's nine gilded bronze bas reliefs of Arthurian heroines, Thomas Nicholls's carvings of The Three Musketeers by Dumas, frieze with 82 Shakespearean characters, , six statues with American literary associations plus Clayton & Bell's stained glass window depicting a Swiss landscape).

Thanks to Jonathan Ford, Secretary of the Athenæum Club, for generously sharing John Kenworthy-Browne's “A Temple of British Worthies: The Historic Portrait Busts in the Athenæum,” with readers of the Victorian Web and for granting permission to photograph and put online the Club and its sculpture. During a stay at the Athenæum, your webmaster photographed Thorvaldsen's Psyche, the Club's copy of the Belvedere Apollo, and various rooms, all of which produced a new homepage for the Athenæum and a photograph gallery. The web version of Kenworthy-Browne's “A Temple of British Worthies” contains an introductory essay, a section on the tradition of library busts, a discussion of making plaster casts as an essential part of the nineteenth-century sculptor's work, a catalogue of the library busts, and photographs of other busts at the Club plus documents, such as selections form the Minutes of the General Committee.

During the first two days of your webmaster's brief stay in England, when the Athenæum was full, the Reform Club nearby kindly provided a room and permission to photograph some of their sculpture. Thanks to Michael McKerchar, Club Secretary, for permission to photograph and include on our site busts by Matthew Noble (Cobden, Cromwell, and Palmerston) and John Acton-Adams (Gladstone and Brougham, and John Bright).

Robert Friedus and GPL teamed up again to put online Sir Aston Webb and William Robert Colton's Royal Artillery Boer War Memorial and Webb's Admiralty Arch and Sir Thomas Brock's statues there of Navigation and Gunnery.

Philip V. Allingham continues his series of extensive commentaries on individual illustrations of Dickens novels sending along images and essays for Sol Eytinge's Barnaby Rudge: Sim Tappertit and Stagg, Old Rudge, Mr. and Mrs. Varden and Miss Miggs, Joe Willet and Dolly Varden, Edward and Mr. Chester, Lord Gordon, Gashford, and Grueby, Mr. Haredale, Joe Willet and Dolly Varden plus illustrations to Hard Times: Thomas Gradgrind, The Horse-Riding Party, Mr. Bounderby and Mrs. Sparsit, Stephen and Rachael, Mr. Harthouse and Tom,, and Mrs. Bounderby and Sissy

Jacqueline Banerjee displayed her wide range of interests and expertise by contributing material on architecture book illustration, sculpture, and Victorian and Neo- Victorian fiction: For example, she contributed "Authenticism and Post-Authenticism: Wilkie Collins's Armadale and Michael Cox's The Meaning of Night and to accompany this five-part essay she created a section on a new illustrator, George Housman Thomas (1824-1868) also adding the frontispiece to Wilkie Collins Armadale plus six other illustrations. In addition, she contributed photo essays on two works by the great late-Victorian theater designer, Frank Matcham: The Hackney Empire and The Victoria Quarter, Briggate, Leeds plus the interior of Moore's Hop Exchage. Her work on sculpture appears in her contributions about Thomas Nicholls, which includes a biographical introduction, his animal sculpture and his Lefroy Monument in All Saints, Fleet, Hampshire. Finally, she collaborated with Ingrid Brown on a photo essay about St. Peter's School, Clifton, York.

Andrzej Diniejko contributed "W. Somerset Maughams Slum Novel Liza of Lambeth" and "Arthur Morrison's Slum Fiction: The Voice of New Realism."

Montserrat Martínez García continues her translations of the Victorian Web into Spanish, adding the fourth chapter of E. D. H. Johnson's Dickens — “Su arte narrativo.”

Paul Thompson of Schmoop.com writes to suggest exchanging links, which we have done.

Alexander Ovsov has published a Romanian translation of our credits page at Web Geek Science).

Stuart Toms, the great-great-great grandson of the sculptor Theodore Phyffers, who first wrote to correct our error in the sculptor's name, next provided a biographical introduction for the sculptor.

As of the 28th, the site had 58,567 documents and images.

October 2011

Now that your webmaster is back from London (sigh), he has continued to work on material for the sculpture section gathered there — two dozen more monuments from St. Paul's Cathedral plus additions to the first, second, and third architectural sculpture galleries plus a brick panel for LeMay Hop Factors south of the Thames, an elaborately decorated domed building in Islington, a queen's head (from a Chelsea pub of that name) and a lovely statue of a girl offering wine set in a niche of a home in that area of London. Works from the center of London include Harold Parker's Australia House group and Bertram Mackennal's Phoebus and the Horses of the Sun.

Chelsea provided a particularly interesting addition to the architecture section, T. G. Somerford's Arts & Crafts Temperance Billiard Hall and the Poor Law Guardians' Offices, both on King's Road. Using Robert Friedus's photographs, he created a brief discussion of John Dando Sedding's Our Most Holy Redeemer.

Thanks once again to the Fine Art Society and Robert Upstone its Head of Modern British Art, who sent an electronic version of their 2010 exhibition catalogue, Lavery and the Glasgow Boys, which has permitted the creation of a new section on Scottish painting and new sections on the work of Sir James Guthrie, George Henry, Sir John Lavery, Alexander Mann, Arthur Melville, James Paterson, and Edward Arthur Walton plus single works by Joseph Crawhall, David Gauld, Sir John Watson Gordon, and Alexander Roche. "'the only thing worth living for' Art and the 'Glasgow Boys'" — the essay by Kenneth McConkey, who also wrote the individual catalogue entries — was especially welcome.

Philip V. Allingham continues his series of extensive commentaries on individual illustrations of Dickens novels by sending along image and essay for the first two by Sol Eytinge's for Barnaby Rudge.

Jacqueline Banerjee continued her series of photo essays on the architect, Henry Francis Lockwood (1811-1878), adding Salts Mill, near Bradford, United Reformed Church, Saltaire, Victoria Hall, Saltaire, Former Factory School, Saltaire, Dining Room and Sir Titus Salt's Hospital, Saltaire, and Examples of housing in Saltaire. She also wrote about the statue of Sir Titus Salt by Francis Derwent Wood, started a new section on the Yorkshire-born sculptor Thomas Milnes, including his bust of Sir Titus Salt, and his Wellington monument at the Royal Arsenal, London. Then came an introduction to the work of the Belfast-born sculptor Patrick McDowell, and an essay about Roberts Park, Saltaire. Some of her best photographs of Saltaire were generously provided by Saltaire photographer and blogger "jennyfreckles" and the eRiding Media Library. Many thanks to both! She also continued her series on Leeds architecture: Percy Robinson's Yorkshire Building Society, John & Joseph Leeming's City Markets, and George Smith's Thornton's Arcade, Briggate.

Andrzej Diniejko continued his series of photo essays on the gothic revival in Poland with the Holy Virgin Mary Cathedral in Radom as well as adding Jack London's Autobiographical Account of the East End Slums: The People of the Abyss to his section on slum fiction.

George Monteiro, Professor of English and of Portuguese and Brazilian Studies Emeritus at Brown University kindly gave permission to put up several of his essays, and thus far “Browning's 'My Last Duchess',” “A Proposal for Settling the Grammarian's Estate,” “The Apostasy and Death of St. Praxed's Bishop,” and “All the pretty sea-horses: Echoes and Traces of Robert Browning's 'My Last Duchess' in A Streetcar Named Desire” are online.

Montserrat Martínez García continues her translations of the Victorian Web into Spanish, adding the sitemap for religious tracts as well as an introduction, history, relation to gender matters, and the relation of Victorian novelists to religious tracts plus John Henry Newman's first of the Oxford Tracts. In addition, she translated “Dickens's Professional Career,” the first chapter of E. D. H. Johnson's book on the novelist. Finally, she provides photographs of the University of Cambridge, such as Punts on the River Cam near Clare College, the courtyard of King's, and First Court, Christ's College for which JB wrote the captions and GPL did the formatting. Cristina Cobo translated S.C. Hall's biography of Thomas Hood and “The Song of the Shirt

Bob Speel writes that he has created a new website on Victorian sculpture. Robert Friedus contributed more photographs of sculpture, including works by Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal (Edward VII and Lord Curzon), Baron Carlo Marochetti (Colin Campbell, Lord Clyde), Thomas Rudge (Finsbury War Memorial)

His photographs of architecture include H.R. Houchin and Frank Smee's 125, Cockspur and Richard Norman Shaw's 1 St. James Street, Reginald Blomfield's 20, Buckingham Gate, Henry T. Hare's Carnegie Central Library in Hammersmith and its sculptures by F.E.E. Schenck, P. Hoffman's Washington Hotel, R.H. Moore's Hop and Malt Exchange, a warehouse at 51-53, Southwark Street, Bermondsey, T. Goode & Co of South Audley Street — A building for China Merchants in the Queen Anne style with elements of Japonoiserie and St. James Court, which Pevsner describes as "giant" and "ostentatious." Other buildings include Albert J. Bolton's 87 to 102 Mount Street (including 26-33 South Audley Street), T. Chatfield Clarke & Son's 125-129 Mount Street, F.P. Cockerell's 1 South Audley Street, G.L. Crickmay's 2 South Audley Street, Lewis Isaacs and H. L. Florence's Connaught Hotel, three of Frank Matcham's London theaters: London Hippodrome, London Coliseum, and thre Richmond Theatre, C.J. Chirney Pawley, Alexander Graham, and Henry Bushell's St. James Court, 41-53 Buckingham Gate, W. H. Powell's 125-129 Mount Street, A.E. Purdie's Presbytery of the Immaculate Conception Church, James Trant Smith's 117-121 Mount Street, J.E. Trollope's 1-8 Carlos Placand Aldford House, an unknown architect's 17 Queen Street, Mayfair, and J.T. Wimperis's 4 Queen Street, Mayfair,

Thanks to Mark Preston for pointing out incorrect captions on the Albert Memorial friezes.

On the 30th the site had 57, 901 documents and images.

September 2011

This month opens with welcoming Derek B. Scott, Professor of Critical Musicology at the University of Leeds as our new Victorian Web Music Editor.

Your webmaster is back in London where he took advantage of some lovely sunny days to photograph a dozen portraits on the façade of the Foreign Office by Henry Armstead or J. Birnie Philip and Frederick Thomas's series of eight great portraitists on the north-facing façade of National Portrait Gallery plus his portraits of Macaulay, Carlyle, and Stanhope over the entrance. He also contributed photographs for Sir Francis Chantrey's George IV and both the main statue and details of Boehm's Carlyle. In addition he added the following buildings to the architecture section: The Prince of Wales public house, Philip Webb's 35, Glebe Place, Chelsea home and studio for the painter George Boyce, John Lowe's 50 Glebe Place, Charles Rennie Mackintosh's only building in London.

During OpenHOuse London on the weekend of 17-18 September, when the usually inaccessible Foreign Office welcomes vimositors, GPL photographed much of the sculpture there, thus expanding the section he and Jacquekline Banerjee began some years back. First to go online are images of more than two dozen busts by Hugues Protat in the Durbar Court of those men who created and governed British India. Thanks to Hannah Talbot, Press and Communications Officer of St. Paul's Cathedral, and the Dean and Chapter, GPL obtained permission to photograph its eighteenth- and nineteenth-century sculpture and mosaics. Thus far complete and online: more than two dozen monuments in the aisles and crypt as well as a new section of Alfred Stevens's great Wellington Monument with both more sculpture and the Cathedral's Victorian mosaics to come.

Days when it was better to remain inside, he added photographs to our series on Blackfriars Pub (the major bas reliefs, Arts and Crafts metalwork, Music Making plus 11 works by Henry Poole), and a new photograph of Baily's Lord Nelson. When the sun had set, he took some night photographs, including the Michelin Building in Chelsea with its glowing yellow globes, and works from a private collection, including a bronze nude by an unknown sculptor.

A visit to London enabled photographing works in a private collection, which includes the following works: Baldwin's Newel Post by Gilbert Bayes, several works by Alfred Drury (a plaster version of Griselda, Mother and Child, and Sir John Alexander Cockburn ), Conrad Dressler's Young Maiden Holding a Ring, Putto by Onslow Ford, new pictures of The Victor by David McGill, several bronzes by Alfred Stevens (Lion and Two Young Boys), The Smith Award 1930 by Charles Leonard Hartwell, Kathleen Scott, Baroness Kennet's Seated Female Nude A Young Woman Enslaved by Love by A. B. Simpson, A Lioning Cat (Corky) by Hamo Thornycroft, Ellaline Terriss by Albert Toft, and two bronzes by Francis Derwent Wood (Mother and Child and Head of a Woman.

Continuing to work with both Internet resources and submissions from contributors, he added sculpture by Gilbert Bayes Amor Victor, Benjamin Clemens (Sappho), Lady Feodora Gleichen (Herr Kubelik and Memorial to Mrs. Duncombe), Charles Leonard Hartwell (As he rode down to Camelot) John Holmes (Vanity), four works by Andrea Lucchesi (Carthage BC 149, Vanity and Illusion, A Dancer, and The Sentinel), Harold Parker (The long, long Dreams of Youth and Ariadne), C. Rutland (Morpheus), William Burnie Rhind (Study for a Public Statue (of a Military Officer), King Robert the Bruce, and Wallace), C. Rutland (Morpheus). In addition, The Architectural Review provide new material on work by John Belcher, Thomas E. Collcutt, and Aston Webb

Jacqueline Banerjee continued her major project on the Yorkshire Dales in Victorian times adding illustrated essays about religion and education, which led in turn to a series on both Anglican and dissenting houses of worship in this area: Gilbert Scott's Restoration of Ripon Cathedral, A. B. Higham's St Margaret of Antioch's Church in Hawes, Wensleydale, the Reeth Evangelical Congregational Church in Swaledale, and the Wesleyan Chapel in Reeth, Swaledale. To this section she also added her photo-essay on a part-Georgian, part-neo-Gothic house in the Dales. In addition, she wrote an illustrated an essay on Lockwood and Mawson's Bradford Town Hall and William Burges's unsuccessful design for the Law Courts competition, which influenced it.

Andrzej Diniejko contributed to bioth the literature and architecture sections this money, adding Dziekoski's Holy Virgin Mary Cathedral in Radom (Koció Mariacki) to his section on the Polish gothic revival and The Record of Badalia Herodsfoot Rudyard Kiplings Only Slum Story.

Montserrat Martínez García began translating the Dickens section into Spanish by sending in her translations of all the top-level pages with their long lists of links.

Robert Freidus and GPL continued their collaboration adding both architecture, sculpture, and architectural sculpture. These contributions included the Guinness Trust Building in Hammersmith, W. R. Colton's Mermaid Fountain, Frank Matcham's Richmond Theatre, new photographs of Watts's Physical Energy and four detailed views of the base of Alfred Gilbert's Eros, and additional photographs of Gleichen's Artemis Fountain.

Anna Waymack sent in photographs and accompanying text about pre-Victorian mourning jewelry obtained from a collector who wishes to remain anonymous.

Daniela Jose Wiita, a new contributor, sent in “The title of Browning's 1836 poem and first use of the medical term ‘Porphyria’ (1889)“ to correct an earlier reading of the poem. Ingrid Brown, another new contributor, sent in a detailed study, “St. Matthias' Church and the Medievalism of Sir George Gilbert Scott.

Thanks to Molly Farrow and Vicki Carroll who e-mailed that the entire history section had disappeared! It's all due to what I'd call a too sticky touchpad: while moving my finger past the history folder while uploading new documents, I inadvertently moved the history section inside another one. It's easy to fix, fortunately, but really scary until one discovers where it moved this time. Thanks also to Denise A. Barnett to pointing out a problem with a document.

As of the 26 the site had 57,100 documents and images.

August 2011

Using the Internet Archive's out-of-copyright online version of the 1904-1907 issues of Alexander Koch's Academy Architecture and Architectural Review, your webmaster added early twentieth-century photographs of materials already on the site, such as C. J. Allen's Justice, William Robert Colton's The Wavelet, Stanley Nicholson Babb's Motherhood, Henry C. Fehr's Hesitation and Morning, Frank Lynn Jenkins's The Spirit of British Maritime Commerce and The Spirit of Steam Navigation, William Goscombe John's Memorial Relief to the late Canon Guy, D.D., The late Duke of Devonshire, K. G., A Maid so Young, and Hermes, Adrian Jones's Colonel Asfur Dowla and For the Faith, Brotherhood from Hamo Thornycroft's Gladstone Memorial on the Strand in London and The Drummer Boy from Sir William Goscombe John's The King's Liverpool Regiment Memorial. More importantly, this source provided enough material to create sections for sculptors entirely new to the Victorian Web or those for whom it had only a single item, such as Edith A. Bell (Naomi, Reverie, and Idleness), Benjamin Clemens (Immolate, Eurydice, and Andromeda ), Alexander J. Leslie (The Devotion of Menockeus, the Son of Kreon, Narcissus), Andrea Carlo Lucchesi (The Bud and the Bloom and Semita vitae, The Victory of Peace, A Valkyrie, and Carthage BC 149), J. Pittendrigh MacGillivray (Ottilie, Daughter of Lord M'Laren), Edith C. Maryon (The Triumph of Peace and (The Pixies' Ring), Alfred Bertram Pegram (Narcissus, Endymion, and Morning), Percy Portsmouth (Night, The Necklace , and Mirth, and Admiration), Oliver Wheatley (Awakening), L. Gwendolyn Williams (Peace), The Lorelei and Watching, Pandora, abd Virgin and Child). In addition sculptors were added for whom the site has only a single work, such as D. W. Stevenson (Lady Godiva),

Many items were also added to existing sections on sculptors, such as Gilbert Bayes (The Storm Ride, The Invocation, and Greek Dancer), Alfred Drury (Richard Hooker, Lieut.-Col. McCarty O'Leary Mural Tablet Mrs. Craigie (John Oliver Hobbes), and Saint George, Knowledge, and Inspiration), Henry C. Fehr (The Fallen Angel), William Silver Frith (Bishop Eliot Memorial), Charles Leonard Hartwell (Study for Part of a War Memorial, The Rising Tide, The Stalkers, and The Bathers), Albert Hemstock Hodge, (War, Rage, Pain), Commerce), Science), A Daughter of Neptune), and Boys with Goat and Turkey), Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal (The Dancer, Figure of Glory for Islington War Memorial, War, The Truth-Seeker, Madonna and the Child Christ, Earth and the Elements, and Fame), Paul Raphael Montford (The Flow — model of a group for the Town Hall, Cardiff), E. Roscoe Mullins (Bless me, even me also, O my father , Sisters), Boy with Top), Man and his Burden, and Cain. My punishment is more than I can bear.), Frederick William Pomeroy (Memorial to John D. Sedding, architect of Holy Trinity, Sloane Street, London and The Late Dean Hale, Recombent Effigy in Marble for Rochester Cathedral), William Birnie Rhind (Sketch Model for the Statue of Colonel Light, Group, Military Memorial in Alloa, and Royal Scots Memorial in St. Giles' Cathedral, Edinburgh, Royal Scots Memorial in St. Giles' Cathedral, Models of Statues of "Agriculture" and "Iron Moulding", Models of Statues of "Pottery" and "Mining", Sketch Model of Allegorical Group for Public Building, Group of Queen Mary and two of her Supporters for the National Portrait Gallery, Edinburgh, The Grand Marquess of Montrose, and Sketch Design of Frieze, Midlothian Countt Buildings), Albert Toft (The Cup of Immortality, The Cherry Girl, Children of the Sculptor, Feeding the Hungry, Maternity, and Clothing the Naked three panels from “a Memorial to the Late Queen in Nottingham”, Antigone, A Memorial to the Men of Birmingham who fell during the War in South Africa, 1899-1902, Mother and Child, and The Spirit of Contemplation), Arthur George Walker (Memorial to the late Marchioness of Lothian at Blicking, Death of the First-born, and The Dancer) Sir Francis Derwent Wood (Study of a Female Torso, Love and Life, Sacred and Profane, Atalanta, and Abundance),

Your webmaster, Jacqueline Banerjee, and Robert Freidus again worked collaboratively amplifying earlier projects, such as Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm's Charles Darwin, Sir Thomas Brock's Drury Lane Sir Augustus Harris and his Sir Richard Owen, Horace Jones's Temple Bar Memorial with new photographs of sculpture, such as Charles J. Samuel Kelsey's Queen Victoria and the Prince of Wales Going to St. Paul's, two reliefs by Charles Henry Mabey (Time and Fortune Draw a Curtain Over Temple Bar and Queen Victoria's Progress to the Guildhall London Nov. 9th 1837), Charles Bell Birch's Griffin (really a dragon), and an unknown sculptor's friezes representing science, art, peace, and war plus John Ternouth's The Battle of Copenhagen on Nelson's Column.

Meanwhile GPL and RF added examples of architectural sculpture on commercial buildings, including Hibbert Charles Binney's Justice robed with attendants, P. Lindsay Clark's four reliefs of bakers on the former Nordheim Model Bakery, Sir William Reid Dick's Female Figure holding a Globe on the London Bridge Approach, sculpture on the Royal Insurance Building by Drury, Mackennal, and an unknown sculptor, Sir George Frampton's Electricity and Engineering on Elektra House and his many works on Lloyds Register of Shipping, E. Roscoe Mullins's Putti and Shield on the Fine Art Society, Louis Frederick Roslyn's Commerce, Transport, Industry, and Communications on Norway House, A. S. Young's Prudence, Justice and Liberality on the Norwich Union Insurance Building, H. A. Peto and Sir E. George's 60-61 Piccadilly (the former Albemarle Hotel), J.E. Taylerson's sculptural decorations on Lloyds Register of Shipping, William Theed's Camels (20 Eastcheap), and the following work by unknown sculptors: two Atlantes on Temple Chambers, a Ram on the former Cooper's Wool Warehouse, female caryatids on 44, Old Bond Street,

Their collaboration also included architectural sculpture on government buildings, such as Joseph Durham's Queens Victoria, Maud, and Anne on the former Public Record Office (now part of King's College London), and Roslyn's freestanding . Work in churches includes Nathaniel Hitch's St. Ethelburga, Virgin and Child, Lancelet Andrews on J.L. Pearson's Church of All Hallows Barking, Frederick William Pomeroy's Memorial to John D. Sedding, architect of Holy Trinity, Sloane Street, London plus war memorials, including William Robert Colton's Memorial to Captain Frederick C. Selous in the Natural History Museum, H.T.H. van Goldberdinge's Memorial to Captain Charles Fryatt and Charles Leonard Hartwell's Memorial to Field Marshall Sir Henry Wilson — both in Liverpool Street Station — and Sir Edward Lutyens's Memorial for the 1914-18 War, Trinity Square Gardens.

Philip V. Allingham completed his major project of creating commentaries each of Marcus Stone's forty-odd illustrations to Dickens's Our Mutual Friend.

Jacqueline Banerjee has contributed a substantial essay, “Self-Presentation and Self-Realisation in Dickens's Nicholas Nickleby.” In addition to keeping track of book reviews and catching formatting and typographical errors, she wrote essays on two works by Emmanuel Luigi Galizia illustrated by 15 of her photos — The Addolorata Chapel and Cemetery, Paolo, Malta and The Turkish Cemetery, Marsa, Malta. She also contributed photographs and commentary for John Tweed's Joseph Cowen and Thomas Eyre Macklin's South African War Memorial, both in Newcastle, and Chantrey's George IV in Brighton. JB created an index with biographical introduction for William Haywoood, the architect and engineeer responsible for the Holborn Viaduct. She also added to the materials on the Watts Gallery at Compton, and worked with with GPL on J. L. Pearson's restoration of All Hallows, London (the oldest church in the City). JB also began a new section in "Places" on the Yorkshire Dales, for which she has created an introduction and a beautifully illustrated photo-essay, "The Yorkshire Dales in Victorian Times" and "The Settle-Carlisle Railway: Derby Gothic," a study of both the railway and the architecture of its stations.

Andrzej Diniejko created a new section, “The Gothic Revival in Poland,” writing (a) an illustrated introduction and added materials about (2) Cathedral of St. Michael the Archangel and Florian the Martyr, (c) a neo-Gothic palace in Starawies, and (d) St. Michael the Archangel Parish Church in Starawies, all of which he illustrated with his own photographs. In addition, he contributed The English-style romantic landscape garden in Arkadia: Gothick ruins and the High Priests's Santuary and The Potocki Mausoleum, both illustrated with photographs by Anna Diniejko-Was.

Béatrice Laurent, Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Université d'Avignon et des Pays de Vauclause, translated into French the introduction to GPL's Oxford Past Masters Ruskin.

A Canadian collector who wishes to remain anonymous has kindly shared his late nineteenth-century painting by Pollie Clarke of Elaine

Derek B. Scott, Professor of Critical Musicology, University of Leeds, has contributed another of his performances of a Victorian parlor song, his latest being “The Children's Home” (1881).

Lousia Hadley PhD contributed Tell us what really happened: Evidence and the Past in Julian Barness Arthur & George to our Neo-Victorian section.

Miss Rae from Hawaii pointed out a bad link to “The Reign of Law” by George Campbell, Duke of Argyll. Thanks!

As of the 29th, the site had 56,307 documents and images.

July 2011

Your webmaster and Robert Freidus continued to enlarge the section on architectural and other sculpture, adding Thomas Tyrell's Atlas, an unknown sculptor's Queen's Assurance Sign, John Broad's Japanese Man and Woman, J. Daymond & Son's 80 Fetter Lane, Francis William Doyle Jones's Chimera with Personifications of Fire and the Sea, Sir William Reid Dick's Boy with Goose, and work by unknown sculptors including that on pediment at Harrods, four Renaissance portrait Heads on a building in Cornhill, classically draped figures symbolizing telegraphy and writing, Salisbury House, putti on the King Lud Building, Fleet Street and Ludgate Circus, a bronze eagle over a doorway on King william Street, Athena with a medusa shield flanked by her eagles of wisdom on the same street, Male and female allegorical figures symbolizing commerce and manufacturing near Holborn Circus, Putti symbolizing Painting, Commerce, and Astronomy at 1 Bishopsgate, Atlas supporting the Earth (Trafalgar Square), Mercury with his caduceus symbolizing commerce (Temple Avenue and Tudor Street), Boar (former St. John Street pub), Britannia with a lion and putti with a wheel and scales (Threadneedle Street), Locke, Pestalozzi, and other portraits (former home of the College of Preceptors), Mary, Queen of Scots (Fleet Street), Two putti, garlands, and a lion head (former Whitehall Club), A painted lion and two painted Chinamen (Twinings's), Justice and Strength Trademark (7 & 8 West Smithfield), and Faith, Hope, and Charity on the City Temple near Holborn Viaduct.

Larger projects involved creating a list of architectural sculptors, a five-part list of the iconography they used, list of Italian sculptors with works in the UK, and groups of sculptural decoration of individual buildings, such as Elektra House by Belcher and Joass with works by Drury, Frampton, John, Pomeroy, and others; Stanley Hamp's Thames House and its sculptural decoration by Frank Lynn Jenkins (Abundance), Richard Garbe (The Fruits of Land and Water, Mercury and Pegasus, and Putti), William Bainbridge Reynolds (Galleon), and George Duncan MacDougald (Overdoor Group with Mercury); Sir William Tite's Royal Exchange with work by Sir Richard Westmacott's freize on the portico, Samuel Joseph's Sir Hugh Myddleton, John Carew's Sir Richard Whittington, William Behnes's Sir Thomas Graham, Railways and Shipping on the former offices of the London Chatham & Dover Railway, Charles Kelsey's statues representing Dublin, Edinburgh, Liverpool, and London on Smithfield Market, Spandrels men writing and receiving letters on the former General Post Office, King Edward Street, Putti and shields on Alfred Waterhouse's Prudential Assurance Building., the Smithfield Market War Memorial, four works by Charles James Pibworth, and a simple Drinking fountain by the Wills Brothers.

Non-architectural sculpture additions include Charles John Allen's Memorial to John Heminge and Henry Condell, the men who assembled the First Folio of Shakespeare's plays in 1623, Bertram Mackennal's Paul's Cross, George Herbert Tyson Smith's Birkenhead War Memorial and his Cenotaph in Liverpool.

GPL discussed the problems of creating an allegorical iconography for the new temples of capitalism, such as the Metropolitan Life Assurance Company building, and he, RF, and Jacqueline Banerjee worked together on Fehr's work on the Middlesex Guildhall in Parliament Square, London

Philip V. Allingham contributed Two Scenes of Urban "Refuges"  A Sign of the Hungry Forties: "Are There No Prisons, Are There No Workhouses?" with illustrations from The Illustrated London News, which GPL formatted and linked to PVA's A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year by Kenny Meadows and his illustrated comments on alcohol in Victorian Christmas celebrations and his scan of Eliza Cook's Christmas song. Using PVA's earlier contributions, including articles on Christmas in the Royal family, GPL created a sitemap for Victorian Christmas celebration. PVA also provided scanned images, represented passage, and extensive commentaries for more illustrations by Marcus Stone of Dickens's Our Mutual Friend,, including The Flight, Three-Penn'orth Rum, Mr. Fledgeby Departs on His Errand of Mercy. In addition, he wrote two essays on the symbolic covers of Dickens's novels when published in parts, one on Phiz's for A Tale of Two Cities and a second on Marcus Stone's for Our Mutual Friend.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed photographs, commentary, and formatting for Edward Hodges Baily's Thomas Bewick, John Thomas's Tympanum and panels beside the south (main) entrance to Leeds Town Hall and his Rachel, the Daughter of Laban with a Lamb at her Feet, Charles Leonard Hartwell's Newcastle war memorial and The Goatherd's Daughter, Henry Alfred Pegram's Hylas, and Baron Marochetti's Charity, and two leeds sculptors — Joseph Thewlis and Edward Caldwell Spruce. She also contributed photographs and commentary for R. R. Rowe's Corn Exchange in Cambridge, Leeds Town Hall, indexes for the sculptors Matthew Noble and C. L. Hartwell, Matthew Noble's Prince and Princess of Wales, Queen Victoria, Prince Albert in Leeds, and Marochetti's Duke of Wellington, also in Leeds.

She also wrote and illustrated an essay on the Bradford Wool Exchange to which GPL contributed a brief discussion of the Exchange's relation to Ruskin's “Traffic.” With the co-operation of the Natural History Society of Northumbria, JB then added an essay on the work of the botanist Margaret Rebecca Dickinson. One of her pictures of George Gilbert Scott's King's College Chapel in London was featured (with permission) on the front cover of the programme book for the Society of Biblical Literature's International Meeting at King's this month.

Andrzej Diniejko contributed an introduction to the life and works of W. E. Henley. While vacationing with his family in the Polish countryside he's searching for examples of the Gothic Revival and nineteenth-century iron-and-glass architecture for VW.

Dr. Pascal Debout of the Faculté de Droit, Université de Strasbourg, has completed his French translation of the third chapter of Landow's Past Masters Ruskin: Ruskin l'interprète de la société.

Christina Beardsley writes to provide links to the preface, introduction, and second chapter of her biography of the liberal Churchman Frederick W. Robertson; they have been added to the Robertson sitemap (homepage).

As of the 25th, the site had 55,260 documents and images.

June 2011

Your webmaster began the month by arriving in Rijeka, Croatia, where he's spending three weeks as a Fulbright Senior Specialist in Information Technology. While being shown around the beautiful city center by his host, Professor Marina Biti, Chair of Croatian Studies, he found analogues to British Victorian architecture in Rijeka, taking photographs of a public market to the section of iron and glass architecture and some beautiful Art Nouveau buildings on the Korzo, the main pedestrian shopping street. A few days after his arrival he gave a lecture at the University of Rijeka about the Victorian Web, and on the 5th he flew to Eindhoven, the Netherlands, for the ACM (computer science) HT2011 conference where presented a paper entitled “Victorian Web and the Victorian Course Wiki — Comparing the Educational Effectiveness of Identical Assignments in Web 1.0 and Web 2.0.”

Working with about 50 photographs contributed by Robert Freidus and a few of his own, your webmaster created “A British Pantheon: Painters, Sculptors, and Designers depicted on the façades of the Victorian And Albert Museum, London.” GPL and Freidus collaborated on many more documents containing photographs of sculpture, including Cecil Brown's Imperial Camel Corps Memorial, Mortimer Brown's Twickenham War Memorial, a new section on Charles Doman consisting of 11 works, smaller ones for Ernest George Gillick, Richard Reginald Goulden, John Hancock, Albert Hemstock Hodge, David McGill, and Herbert W. Palliser plus Sir Thomas Brock's Robert Raikes, Benjamin Creswick's Cutler's Hall Frieze, Aimé-Jules Dalou's Charity Drinking Fountain, Eugénie Maria Wynne, Monument to Charles Floquet (Paris), Monument to Louis Auguste Blanqui (Paris), Hamo Thornycroft's Richard Norman Shaw, Alfred Drury's War Memorial to London Troops, Sir William Goscombe John's Monument to Sir Patrick Playfair and two bas reliefs on the Queen Victoria Memorial in Calcutta, Adrian Jones's Prince George, 2nd Duke of Cambridge, David McGill's Sir Wilfrid Lawson. With more of Bob Freidus's pictures, we opened a new site on Henry Charles Fehr, with several of Fehr's works in Leeds and London, including his statues of John Harrison and James Watt, and his war memorial in Leeds; also his freize on the Middlesex Guildhall. Freidus, GPL and JB collaborated on Richard's Westmacott's freize.on the Royal Exchange as well. Freidus also contributed series of photographs on Sir William Tite's Royal Exchange and john Gibson's National Provincial Bank of England, both of which have important programs of architectursl sculpture by Hancock and C. Mabey.

Philip V.Allingham contributed an essay on Dickens's religious beliefs and continued his major projects on commentaries about illustrations of the novels, adding a dozen images and commentaries about Marcus Stone's for Dickens's Our Mutuual Friend plus otherts for Sol Eytinge's illustrations for A Tale of Two Cities. He also sent in material from The Illustrated News on a raneg of subjects.

Earlier in the month Jacqueline Banerjee sent in Léon-Joseph Chavalliaud's sculpture of Mrs Siddons. JB's trip "up north" later in the month has yielded, so far, William Goscombe John's war memorial, The Response, in Newcastle; George Frampton's memorial to Queen Victoria in Leeds; and George Gilbert Scott's Leeds General Infirmary. She added (with permission from Orleans House Gallery) two of Richard Dadd's works, Portrait of Sir Thomas Phillips in Turkish Dress, and Crazy Jane. Jacqueline Banerjee formatted and added commentaries on these and three other works by different artists from the Lady Lever Art Gallery in Port Sunlight: Millais' Little Speedwell's Darling Blue and Apple Blossoms (or Spring); and Onslow Ford's Snowdrift. An earlier contribution from the turn of the month was on Archbishop Heber, sparked by Bob Freidus's photograph of Heber's fine monument by Chantry in Kolkata. JB would also like to thank Julia Bolton Holloway for a correction made then to her piece on "The English Cemetery in Florence." Permission was given to use some of JB's material on Richard Jefferies in the London Society Journal.

Mark De Novellis, Curator of Exhibitions and Collections at the Orleans House Gallery, Riverside, Twickenham, writes to tell us about the current exhibition of Richard Dadd's work at the gallery. Works from the Bethlem Art and History Collections Trust, West London Mental Health NHS Trust and private collections have all been brought together to chart this artist's early career, travels to Europe and the Middle East, mental illness and work created while at Bethlem and Broadmoor Hospitals. The exhibition is free, and lasts until 2 Ocober. More details on the exhibition website.

A collector who wishes to remain anonymous contributed photographs of two works by Alfred Drury (Griselda and A Seated Boy) and two by George Frampton (The Knight of the Once and My Thoughts are My Children) plus David McGill's The Victor.

Kristina Hochwender, PhD, Assistant Professor of English, University of Evansville, contributed a series of essays on Margaret Olphant and related novelists, including “The Clerical Novel,” Clerical Education in Margaret Oliphants Clerical Novels,” The Rector,” Mr Proctor Proposes,” Margaret Oliphant's Town of Carlingford,” and Oliphant's Salem Chapel.”

Viviane de Moraes Abrahão translated four essays from the section on Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna, and Montserrat Martínez García continued her major translation work, adding sections on Victorian apocalyptics, prophetics, sermons, hymns, and religious tracts.

A new contributor, Hristo Boev from Constanta-Romania, sent in an essay on "Deterritorialization and Reterritorialization in Little Nelll's Death Scene — Deconstructing Little Nell."

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Thanks to Todd Ramsey for taking the trouble to send along the updated URLs for more than half a dozen sites listed on the “Related Resources” page.

As of the 27th, the site had 54,456 documents and images.

May 2011

The Department of English at Brown University gave a retirement dinner for your webmaster on the 11th, he submitted his last grades on the 29th, and on memorial day he said a few words to the graduating English concentrators, thereby just about closing out his 39 years at the university (retirement comes officially at the end of the academic year — June 31st).

Your webmaster began this month the way he ended April, spending three to four hours a day — sometimes entire days and evenings — working with the wonderful torrent of images of Victorian sculpture and information about them that Robert Freidus has sent in from London. Working on them entailed resizing images, correcting their color and perspective, and removing distracting backgrounds plus creating and linking HTML documents for them. Bob sent in photographs of monuments and portraits by sculptors new to the Victorian Web as well as those of whom we already had many examples. His valuable contributions permitted creating a much larger gallery of statues of Queen Victoria as well as greatly increasing our section on British sculpture in India. His photographs — often multiple views of the same sculpture — include Gilbert Bayes's Diana; Sir Thomas Brock's The Black Prince; Sir William Reid Dick's Freeman Freeman-Thomas, Marquess of Willingdon, Harry Dwight Ripley Monument, and the Leverhulme WWI memorial, Alfred Drury's wonderful Circe and his Morning and Evening; John Henry Foley's Lieutenant General Sir James Outram, Calcutta; Edward Onslow Ford's Dancing and Linus; Sir George Frampton's Queen Victoria, Anthony Patrick MacDonell, Sir Andrew Henderson Leith Fraser; Lord Ronald Gower's Shakespeare Memorial; George Sergeant Jagger's George V; Goscombe John's Sir John Woodburn and panels for the Queen Victoria Memorial; George Henry Paulin's Kirkcudbright War Memorial and King Robert of Sicily), Frederick William Pomeroy's Curzon Memorial and Dean Hook; Thomas Tarran's Victoria; George Havard Thomas's Sir Spencer Harcourt Butle; more than a dozen works by Richard Westmacott, including his Warren Hastings and Lord William Cavendish Bentinck, both in Calcutta, and twelve example sof his funerary work in England and India; and John Warrington Wood's Sisters of Bethany, Frank Arnold Wright's Dawn.

Some items drew upon extensive material already on the site, such as Joseph Whitehead's Monument to John Rae, the Scottish physician who discovered traces of cannibalism in the remains of the ill-fated Franklin arctic expedition about which Philip Allingham had written a series of essays, including one on Dickens's response to the discovery. (GPL had also photographed Noble's Franklin monument. These kinds of convergences exemplify the kind of implicit collaboration in scholarship that sites like the Victorian Web do best.

Freidus also contributed photographs an dinformation about a large number of other items: C.O. Ellison & Son's Liverpool Ear and Infirmary and two works of high relief on its façade; a bust of Dwarkamath Tagore by Henry Weekes in the National Library, Calcutta; Matthew Noble's Monument to Archbishop Musgrave; William Reynolds-Stephens's Monument to Bishop Sir Edwyn Hoskyn; Monument to James Saumarez, Lord de Saumarez; Edward M. Richardson's Monument to James Jeremie; Peter Rouw's Monument to General Joshua le Marchant; George Frederick Morris Harding's Monument to George Kenneth Vansittart.

Freidus's photographs and information have also prompted the creation of a section for funerary sculpture, which began with two works by H. H. Armstead, nine by John Bacon the Younger and three by E. H. Baily, two by William Behnes, one by Joseph Edward Boehm, five by Sir Francis Chantrey, and Henry Alfred Pegram's Into the Silent Land, four by Ellen Mary Rope, two by Dorothy Anne Aldrich Rope, and one by John Steell — plus, of course, numerous works photographed earlier by Jacqueline Banerjee.

Philip V. Allingham contributed illustrated essay, “The Electric Telegraph, Telecommunications Wonder of the Railway Age: 1791 to 1852” and “The Laying of Submarine Cable — The Triumph of Brunel's "Great Eastern" on 27 July 1866” plus images of the great ship.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed an illustrated essay on Sir George Frampton's Liverpool Memorial to Sir Alfred Lewis Jones and added commentary and bibliography of several of Roibert Freidus's contributions. She next created a photo essay on William Hallett's St John the Baptist Roman Catholic Church in Brighton and another on N. H. J. Westlake's paintings and stained glass for this church plus John Edward Carew's sculptures, The Battle of Trafalgar, at the base of Nelson's Column, The Baptism of Christ and monuments to Maria Fitzherbert and the Rev. Edward Cullin. Additional work on architectiure included her photo-essay on John Francis Bentley's Interior Remodelling of St Botolph without Aldgate, London. In addition, she reviewed Michael Nelson's Queen Victoria and the Discovery of the Riviera and Ted Jones's A Short Notice of The French Riviera: A Literary Guide for Travellers.

More Spanish translations continue to arrive: Rocío Morales de la Prida sent in “Mujeres inglesas y hombres chinos: tareas domésticas en el Oeste americano,” an essay by Tamar S. Wagner on Catherine Hubback, Jane Austen's niece, and Marina Coma Díaz translated Stuart Currie's “George Whyte-Melville, Vampirismo, y La Guerra de Crimea. & Montserrat Martínez García translated three long, complex documents: Henry Melvill's “La muerte de Moisés” and Simón, el cireneo” plus a scetion from Images of Crisis, “El arcoíris: imágenes problemáticas de naturaleza problemática

Galina Miklosic writes from Minsk for permission, which she received, to translate our essay on Radcliffe's word-painting into Belorussian, which she then planned to post on her blog.

Penn Quinn writes to report a broken link on the Braddon sitemap. Thanks!

The site had 53,855 documents and images on the 30th of the month.

April 2011

After returning from Jyväskylä, Finland, where your webmaster gave several lectures, one about experimemts with this site, he devoted much energy to formatting material and correcting perspective and removing distracting bacgrounds from photographs by new contributors as well as continuing to mine Punch for relevant cartoons and caricatures. Drawing upon some work he had done last month, he put up five more contemporary photographs of Onslow Ford's sculpture.

Philip V. Allingham writes to announce his new book on illustrations of Thoomas Hardy's work. He, Stuart Durant, and GPL collaborated on adapting an image of “The Great Western Railway Terminus, at Paddington” for includion in the section on Victorian railway stations. He and GPL collaborated on two documents about polution of the Thames — “Charles Dickens and ‘the Big Stink’” and a transcription of an editorial from the 1858 Illustrated London News: “The Purification of The Thames.”

Jacqueline Banerjee began the month with two illustrated essays about works of C. H. Townsend (1) an adaptation of an article in The Studio about his Cliff Towers, Devonshire, and (2) the house today, which is now known as La Tourelle. Inspired by GPL's trip to Finland, she created "Charles Harrison Townsend and the Finnish Connection." Thanks to Professor Raine Koskimaa of the University of Jyväskylä for information about some of the buildngs photographed. She added William Butterfield's St Augustine's Church,Cardiff, and Sir Richard Westmacott's Monument to George III, The Copper Horse at Windsor. She also wrote “Edwin Seward and the Building of the Welsh Capital” and three of Seward's buildings — the Cardiff Union Workhouse, the Cardiff Royal Infirmary and the Morgan Arcade, this last with a photograph by Robin Drayton. Near the end of April, she contributed a review of Victorian Prism: Refractions of the Crystal Palace, edited by James Buzard, Joseph W. Childers, and Eileen Gillooly

Amitav Banerjee reviewed Shabrani Basu's Victoria & Abdul: The True Story of Queen's Closest Confidant, and John Sankey reviewed Penelope Curtis and Keith William's Modern British Sculpture, the catalogue for the recent exhibition at the Royal Academy.

Robert Freidus contributed photograph and captions for three works by Harry Bates — Hounds in Leash, Lord Roberts Memorial , and the Easter frontal in Holy Trinity Church, Sloane Square, London — two by Henry Alfred Pegram, Sir Francis Legatt Chantrey, RA and John Flaxman, RA, Alfred Drury's Inspiration, four by William Silver Frith (John Bacon and Grinling Gibbons, Power and Blind Justice, and Astor House Lamp Standards), and collaborated with JB and GPL on a series of photographs and commentary about Charles John Allen's Queen Victoria Monument in Liverpool. He also provided for Edward Onslow Ford's Sir Lakshmiswar Bahadur Singh, Maharajah of Darbhanga, William Reynolds-Stephens's Nineteenth-century Worship of Christ. Finally, he put us in touch with a collector who has contributed many images of Victorian sculpture. Thanks!

This new contributor who wishes to remain anonymous provided photographs, information, and corrections for the Harry Bates Æneid Triptych, after which he provided the basis of the text for the same sculptor's War and both text and image for William Augustus Guy Medal. This benefactor's other contributions this month include a bronze nude by an unknown artist and the material for a new section on the sculptor Charles John Allen, including the bronze Rescued and the plaster Maternity as well as photographs and information for the following works by Gilbert Bayes: Baldwin’s Newel Post, The Sea Maid’s Frolic, and Wings of the Wind. Next came Sir William Reid Dick's Arras, Mary Bennett's terracotta plaque of a seated farmgirl in reverie, Frank Bowcher's bas relief portrait of T. H. Huxley, Bertha Gabriella Casella's wax Euterpe, and Aimé-Jules Dalou's Le Jour de Rameaux à Boulogne and La Boulognese. Other contributions: Edward Onslow Ford's Bust of a Lady, Percival M. F. Hedley's Lily Elsie (in her role as Sonia in the Merry Widow), Charles Sargeant Jagger's Cathel and the Woodfolk, Eric Henri Kennington's T. E. Lawrence, George Frampton's James Fleming and St. Christina, Charles De Sousy Ricketts's Paolo & Francesca, Ellen Mary Rope's May Day Symphony and Mother and Child, Edward Poynter's Joseph Whitworth, Stanley Mace Foster's Edouard Lanteri, Edouard Lanteri's Richard Phene Spiers, Dr. Ludwig Mond, and William Blake Richmond, David McGill's Medallion for the Society of British Sculptors, Alfred Bertram Pegram's Mercury, Henry Alfred Pegram's Charles W. Wyllie, Frederick William Pomeroy and John Belcher's Dr. William Gandy, Lilian Simpson's Art Nouveau Book Cover and Atalanta, Theodore Spicer Simson's George Meredith, Reginald Fairfax Wells's Mother and Child.

Montserrat Martínez García translated “Las interpretaciones alegóricas de Ruskin sobre Turner” and several discussions of biblical imagery: “La aplicación de la tipología bíblica en Carlyle,” “Tipología secularizada en la ficción victoriana,” “La imaginería tipológica como comentario autorial,” and “La roca golpeada: uno de los usos victorianos más populares del simbolismo tipológico.” Diana C. Archibald, Associate Professor of English, University of Massachusetts Lowell, contributed “Charles Dickens and Liverpool's Adelphi Hotel.” Ana González-Rivas Fernández, Ph. D. shared “El sistema educativo y los clásicos grecolatinos en las obras de George Eliot.”

Lauren Palmor help out by e-mailing about a few duplicate (and broken) links. Thanks!

The site had 52,981 documents and images on as of the 25th.

March 2011

Your webmaster spent six days formatting and linking Victoria Parra Ortiz's Spanish translations of the more than 130 documemts in the Swinburne section, after which he formatted two sections on Ruskin translated by Montserrat Martínez García. Continuing to mine Punch, he added a dozen cartoons to Fads and Fashions, created section on various aspects of Victorian railways and, in the Arts and Culture section, added a new subsection on The Royal Academy and other galleries and numerous cartoons to Life with the Aesthetes. He spent the last five days of the month at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland — first at the Publishing Electronic Literature in Europe conference, where he spoke on “What Will the Scholarly Book Become in E-space — Experiments with the Victorian Web.” Afterwards he gave a public lecture, “What's Happened on the Internet since 2000? Web 2.0, Social Media, and what they have taught us,” after which he gave several talks on digital literature and culture for a graduate seminar.

Philip V. Allingham completed the plates and extensive commentaries for Fred Barnard's 25 illustrations for Dickens's Tale of Two Cities.

Jacqueline Banerjee, who reviewed Gavin Stamp's Lost Victorian Britain, also created a new section on the architecture and sculpture of Cardiff, which now (in addition to her earlier material on William Burges) includes William Frame's The Pierhead Building, The Norwegian Church, and Lanchester, Stewart and Rickards' Cardiff City Hall plus two war memorials: John Ninian Comper's Welsh National War Memorial and Albert Toft's South African War Memorial . Other sculptural works include four by Sir William Goscombe John — James Rice Buckley, Judge Gwilym Williams , John Cory, and Carved figures in reredos, in the Church of St John the Baptist

JB and Sarah Sullivan, a new contributor, undertook a large project — Blackheath Village, Surrey: Charles Harrison Townsend and the Garden City Movement. Sullivan also contributed Townsend's St Martin's Church, which JB formatted. Dr. Amitav Banerjee reviewed Robert Douglas-Fairhurst's Selected Edition of Henry Mayhew's London Labour and the London Poor.

William Denley Owen contributed “Presenting WRH Powell, Carmarthenshire's First Radical MP

Dr Carlos López Galviz, writes from the Institute of Historical Research, University of London, to announce what promises to be an exciting conference — “Asa Briggs: A Celebration (19 May 2011),

As of the 28th, the site had 52,424 documents and images.

February 2011

Your webmaster put up more examples of Norman-Shaw influenced housing for the well-to-do in Chelsea with Chelsea Court and 1-21 Embankment Gardens (Thanks to Dr. Banerjee for identifying the architect of the first). Continuing to draw upon the Internet Archive's text and image versions of Punch, he wrote “Sabbath Observance, Sabbatarianism, and Social Class” and added eight images and commentaries to our biography of John Bright and a half dozen to “Ritualism as well as many individual cartoons on sculpture, including generous ones (“Mr. Punch's design for a statue to Miss Nightingale”) and satirical ones (“The Napier Statue”) and a new section on Punch on railways and railway travel.

Jacqueline Banerjee began the new year with two substantial illustrated essays — “The Brownings in Florence” and “The English Cemetery in Florence and the Anglo-Florentine Community.” Mid-month she delivered an invited lecture in Malta, “Perspectives on Victorian Architectural Heritage in Sliema.” She also sent in photographs and text for 6 of George Tinworth's ceramic sculptures.

Montserrat Martínez García sent in her Spanish translation of another section of The Aesthetic and Critical Theories of John Ruskin.

Christopher Rollason shared his reviews in both English and Spanish of Ana González-Rivas Fernández's El mundo clásico desde la mirada femenina: Margaret Fuller, Mary Shelley y George Eliot, and Katherine M. Miller reviewed Dallas Liddle's The Dynamics of Genre: Journalism and the Practice of Literature in Mid-Victorian Britain.

Malcolm Shifrin sent us an illustrated description of his site, Victorian Turkish Baths: their origin, development, and gradual decline, which appears in our sections on public health and social history. David Taylor kindly shared his illustrated essay, “The School House, Trumpington, by William Butterfield,” which JB and GPL formatted.

John Price Williams writes to provide the names of the architects who designed the extension to the building that houses the Royal Geographic Sociey. W.D. Owen writes to ask, “Why do you give Sir George Frampton the credit for the Arthur Sullivan memorial on the Embankment in London?? Surely it was the work of Sir William Goscombe John.” Read's Victorian Sculpture says Mr. Owen's correct. Thanks!

As of the 28th, the site had 51,926 documents and images.

January 2011

The New Year began with your webmaster in a very cloudy and often rainy London — one day of sun in three weeks. A quick run from his flat off King's Road — well, a very fast wheezy walk — to Sloane Square on morning after his arrival produced a set of photographs of Holy Trinity, the famous Arts and Crafts church. Even though the sun went behind clouds and a British telecom truck partially blocked the view of Newman's statue near the Brompton Oratory, your webmaster finally obtained a decent image. Rain and clouds didn't get in the way of photographing the newly restored interior Butterfield's All Saints, Margaret Street, which complemented last year's photographs of the exterior. Perhaps the most exciting discovery of this trip was stumbling upon Joseph Durham's Striking the Rock, a bronze sculpture for which your webmaster had been searching for more than three decades!

The one day when the sun shown in a cloudless sky permitted photographs of buildings throughout Cheslea and Kensington, including Norman Shaw's Clock House and the Old Swan House, both on the Embankment, and the Rossetti Studios, a purpose-built apartment block with artist's studios. These walks also produced photographs of an 1850 infant school still in use as well as St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Primary School, which may be by Pugin. (These buildings, plus Jacqueline Banerjee's earlier photos of schools built after the 1870 education act, prompted the creation of a new section on primary and seconday schools.)

Working with the Internet Archive of The Studio produced new images and material for a host of sculptors and their works, including Drury's works on the New War Office (Truth and Justice, The Sorrow of Peace, The Winged Messenger of Peace), Study for Eve, The Little Duchess, Spring, Sir Wm. Maccormac, a war memorial in bronze for New College, Oxford, electric light standards in the form of female nudes, and various saints, Pegram's Music and The Harvest, Toft's The Invocation, Spring, and Hagar, four new works by G. A. Williams of Liverpool, and Reynolds-Stephens's Guinevere's Redeeming and a fire screen.

New material on paintings includes Alma-Tadema's Portrait of E. A. Waterlow, Esq., A.R.A. (the first portrait by this artist we have), with work in different genres by Anning Bell — paintings and sculpture (in the form of painted bas reliefs). In addition to works in fine arts and fine crafts, we added a number of humbler objects, such as a Doulton salt cellar with heads of Disraeli, Salisbury, and Queen Victoria, a drinking fountain and cattle trough in Sloane Square, and a gallery of brick bas-relief wall decorations.

Partly as a means of bringing our reader's attention to Chesterton's ideas, partly as a means of experimenting with what hypertextual academic criticism might become, your webmaster created a kind of collage of twenty passages from C.K. Chesterton's writing, ranging from an attack on the 1832 Reform bill as a conspiracy by landed aristocracy and manufacturers of the North to keep working people from power to sometimes brilliant, often eccentric, and always interesting comments about Carlyle, Dickens, Macaulay, Ruskin, and Trollope.

Spanish translations continued to arrive, and the first week of the month saw Rebeca Cordero Sánchez's renderings of materials on the Arts and Crafts movement, Liberty & Co, and the paintings of Edward Lear. Susana Sánchez Renieblas also began translating the section on Walter Pater. The next week aw Camila Khaski Graglia's translation of the section on Eliza Lynn Linton plus a dozen illustrations of her work by Arthur Hopkins. Raluca Catalina Lazarescu translated the Harriet Martineau section, Natalia Mora López did G.P.R. James, and Viviane de Moraes Abrahão did part of that for Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna. Montserrat Martínez García (who recently earned her PhD with a dissertation on Scott) continues to be the queen of translators working under Asun López Varela, since she not only translated almost the entire large section on Victorian religion but has also just completed rendering into Spanish the Oxford Past Masters Ruskin.

One of the loveliest parts of the visit to London was attending the Thomas Hardy Society Wreath Laying at Westminster Abbey, 2011. Thanks to Jacqueline and Amitav Banerjee for inviting us to attend with them.

Philip V. Allingham completed his commentaries on 65 illustrations by Sol Eytinge for Dickens's Christmas Carol and David Copperfield. Next up, Little Dorritt.

Jacqueline Banerjee (who incidentally has an essay appear in The Times Literary Supplement this first week of January), completed essays with almost two dozen photographs of John Johnson's buildings and the pre-Victorian Bevis Marks Synagogue where Disraeli's birth was registered, and James Savage's St Luke's Church, Chelsea, perhaps the first gothic revival church in the UK. (GPL meanwhile created photographs and text for and Christ Church, Chelsea, originally and now once again the companion church of St. Luke's, which has excellent stained glass, including a panel with William Wilberforce, the champion of the anti-slavery movement.) Other contributions by JB included Sir John Soane's Museum and Sir William Reid Dick's statue of the architect plus am illustrated essay on James Henry Greathead, Tunnelling Expert and Railway Engineer. JB's major literary contribution of the month was her eight-part “The Struggle for Manhood in Victorian Fiction,” which looks at this issue in works by the Brontüs, Carlyle, Dickens, Hughes, Kingsley, Thackeray, and others. She also helped the cause by valuable proof-reading and correcting errors.

Andrzej Diniejko began a new section on the genre of slum fiction with an introduction and bibliographies of primary and sceondary readings. Thanks, too, for his proof-reading work by others on the site.

The Times had some nice things to say about the Victorian Web:

"The Daily Universal Register," Web Search: Victorian Web: An outstanding resource for literature and history students, this website also makes for fascinating reading from anyone interested in matters ranging from what aspects of Victorian culture have been lost with decimalisation to how people sent letters in those days and the rhyming slang of the day. As of this month, the site has nearly 50,000 documents. www.victorianweb.org

(Tuesday December 28 2010, p.26)

Lauren Harmsen Kiehna writes from the University of Kansas to announce the 2011 Trollope Prize competition, which now has both undergraduate and graduate awards.

Dr. Kara Smith, Instructor of History at Georgia Perimeter College, writes to correct a name in the essay on Ricardo, and Carol Engelhardt Herringer, Chair, History Department at Wright State University, writes to do the same for the essay on Pusey. David Sawicki pointed out an incorrect date in Sir Joseph Bazalgette's biography. Thanks also to Alan Day who provided a changed link to a Columbia University site!

By the 30th of January the site had 51, 285 documents and images.

December 2010

By the twenty-seventh, the site had 49,975 documents. Looking through his library, your webmaster came upon a copy of The Diary of Alfred Domett, 1872-1885 obtained in Oxforfd more than three decades ago. Domett, who was the original of Waring in Browning's “What became of Waring?” provides often fascinating material about Browning's views of his contemporaries, early knowledge of Hebrew, and his surpringingly close relationship with Tennyson. He also includes an anecdote about Tennyson's shyness and interesting information about sculptors, such as J. H. Foley, Thomas Thornycroft, and Mary Thornycroft, and the physical appearance of public figures, such as Gladstone and T. H. Huxley. He also recorded his delight with Edinburgh.

After Jacqueline Banerjee pointed out in passing that the Internet Archive had portions of The Studio online, your webmaster drew upon it to add a series of materials to the site — "Sir George Frampton's house in St. John's Wood," a half a dozen drawings and a painting by Byam Shaw, and six paintings and two drawings by Solomon J. Solomon plus a fireplace by C. H. Townsend. The Internet Archive's digitized versions of the University of Toronto's copies of The Studio's provided the materials to create a Victorian Web translations of an essay on the Martin Brothers and Japanese pottery (with several dozen examples), Percy Bates's “The Late Frederick Sandys: A Retrospect”, and Baillie-Scott's essay “On the Characteristics of Mr. C. F. A. Voysey's Architecture” followed by the heavily illustrated “E. J. Horniman's ‘Garden Corner’ designed by C. F. A. Voysey;” These two articles plus materials from this periodical's illustrated review of the 1896 Arts and Crafts Exhibition, which included many illustrations of Voysey's textiles, wallpaper, carpets, and furniture, permitted the creation of a much-improved section about this major architect-designer.

Philip V. Allingham continued work on the illustrations of Dickens by Marcus Stone and Sol Eytinge, adding 50 new plates and thus far 10 sets of captions and commentaries for Stone's Our Mutual Friend.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed essays (illustrated with more than 30 of her photographs) about Pugin's St Augustine's Abbey Church, Ramsgate and the Grange, his home adjacent to the church. To these she added St. Marie's Grange in Wiltshire illustratedby a contemporary engraving. Catriona Blaker of the Pugin Society very kindly read these new contributions and provided corrections and new information. She also created a new section on the Arts and rafts architect Charles Harrison Townsend, including his Whitechapel Art Gallery and The Horniman Museum. In addition, JB provided new versions of works containing links to electronic texts for Hannah More and George MacDonald.

Montserrat Martínez García sent in Spanish translations of twenty more essays from the religion section, completing all the material on alternate traditions from atheism and agnosticism to spiritualism, socinianism, and Swedenborg. Emma Haley's translations of a dozen essays on Marie Corelli also arrived and are now online.

Jacqueline Banerjee did a photo-essay on G. E. Street's American Cathedral in Paris and opened new sites for the sculptor George Wade and the architect Charles Harrison Townsend.

Jonathan Potter contributed “Constructing Social and Personal Identities in Dickens.’ David Copperfield.”

David Skilton, Research Professor in English at Cardiff University, who e-mailed the correct spelling of Miss Richmal Magnall's first name, also provided her dates: 1769-1820. Thanks!

November 2010

Your webmaster spent the first week of the month converting (for the French section of the site) dozens of Olivier Pinel's documents about the people and events of the French Revolution, which he has generously shared with readers of the Victorian Web; 100s more to go. He also added “Richard Jefferies, Mystical Agnostic and Skeptic” and “Richard Jefferies and the Industrial Sublime.” He also formatted the Spanish versions of more than 50 essays related to religion in Victorian England that Montserrat Martínez García translated, including those on the Church of England, dissenters and evangelical protestantism, the Tractarians, and other denominations. Lora Grigorova from Portugal sent in translations of the 3 documents in the Hall Caine section, Zaire Willems did the same for the biography of F. W. Farrar, and Esther Fernández translated the biography of R. D. Blackmore and a dozen related documents. Meanwhile, Asun López-Varela, who heads the Spanish-translation project, translated the sitemap for Decorative Arts and Design.

Philip V. Allingham transcribed and formatted William Winter's reminiscence of the illustrator, Sol Eytinge, Jr., his long essay on Dickens, Eytinge's drawing of Dickens, and Lock and Whitfield's photograph of Wilkie Collins.

Jacqueline Banerjee, who reviewed Victoria & Albert: Art & Love (published by the Royal Colections), created a series of photographs with accompanying commentary on material related to Victorian railways: a signal box on the Lewes and Uckfield Railway, Frederick Dale Banister's Eastbourne Station in Sussex, and an 1851 advertisement for railway insurance. In addition to her biography of Marochetti and photographs of his home on Onslow Square, she added images and text for his Richard I, Coeur de Lion outside the House of Lords, The Assumption of Mary Magdalene (the grand altarpiece at the Madeleine in Paris), his bust of Sir Anthony Panizzi at the British Library, and examples of his designs for furniture and ceramics.

Mike Pratt, Port Colborne, Ontario, Canada, requested and received permission to place on his site Philip V. Allingham's “Dickens's Impressions of the Mississippi valley at Cairo, Illinois, the original of ‘Eden’ in Martin Chuzzlewit.” Meanwhile, PVA continues writing commentaries on Eytinge's illustrations for Our Mutual Friend.

J. Michael Desmond, Professor in the School of Architecture at Louisiana State University, asked for and received permission to use the site's photograph of St. Paul's, Covent Garen, in his book on the architecture of his university. Paul Bukhovko writes from Belarus for permisisn to translate our article “Charles Lyell” [his Belorussian translation]. Ashley Muir Bruhn of Sterling Publishing in New York asked for and received permission to reprint portions of PVA's “Some Early Dramatic Solutions to Dickens's Unfinished Mystery” in an edited volume of John Forster’s The Life of Charles Dickens. Thalia Allington-Wood from the Tate requested and received GPL's photo of the bust of John Robert Cozens on the façade of Royal Institute of Painters in London. Alex, the webmaster of LivingBorough.co.uk, suggested an excange of links involving George Eliot's neighborhood.

The British Museum writes to invite our readers to a book-signing and Christmas shopping event on Thursday 2nd December in the British Museum Bookshop, from 6pm. On offer are complimentary seasonal refreshments, a discount on books on the decorative arts, a special selection of "authentic replica Victorian jewellery" and the chance to speak to the authors of a new book, Jewellery in the Age of Queen Victoria. The latter is evidently very wide-ranging, encompassing jewellery from Europe and America, and the roles of jewellery in fashion, literature and the culture generally. Sounds promising!

Danniel Dutton writes from the UK to let us know that the old off-site links to texts by George Eliot no longer work, Thanks! Mr. Dutton's e-mail prompted GPL to replace these links with ones to Project Gutenberg e-texts, after which he did the same for a dozen other authors. By the 29nd the site had 49,466 documents.

October 2010

The month, which marks the tenth anniversary of this quasi-blog within the Victorian Web, began with your webmaster in Bucharest, where he gave a talk on the American ceramicist-sculptor, Arnie Zimmerman at a conference on real and virtual cities at a Romanian center for semiotics. While in Bucharest he photographed an interesting nineteenth-century example of iron and glass architecture — the Macca-Vilacrosse Passage, whose name, date, and architect Prof. Mariana Net kindly provided. Just after mid-month more Spanish translations arrived, were formatted, and put online.

Philip V. Allingham scanned 17 illustrations for Sol Eytinge's for Dickens's Our Mutual Friend and provided htmls for the first 4.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed a substantial essay about Pugin's stained glass in St Augustine's Church, Ramsgate accompanied by 16 photographs, after which she created a section on William Henry Playfair, the most famous Scottish architect working in the classical tradition; he designed both the Royal Scottish Academy and the National Gallery of Scotland. Next came her essay and photographs of George Audsley's New West End Synagogue

Andrzej Diniejko traveled from Poland to Sardinia to deliver a lecture on the Victorian Web at the Convegno Italiano at the University of Sassari. Upon his return home he sent along an essay on the life and works of Frances Trollope.

Rosemarie Morgan of St. Andrews writes to to provide advance notice of Hardy at Yale II: (9-12 June 2011).

Mark F. Bean writes to provide a possible explanation for the odd name Catnach.

Christ Keenan of the Edison Innovation Foundation invited us to add a link to the organization's blog, which I have done. Pauline Hernandez wrote to say that the Waterloo link to material about Sherlock Holmes no longer works and suggested another site. Oliver Penil writes to give notice of his French site that lists all those guillotined during the Terror. Paul Thompson writes, “your website won Shmoop's Best of the Web award for Bleak House.” Thanks!

As of the 18th, the site had 48,912 documents and images.

September 2010

As of the 27th, the site has 48,873 documents and images. Your now-seventy-year-old webmaster is writing from Singapore where he and Ruth have flown for the 10th-anniversary celebration of the honors program at the National University of which he was the founding dean. While recovering from jetlag, he has continued work on the French translation of the site, which now consists of 800 documents. Upon his return from Singapore on the 16th, he formatted and uploaded the sitemap for «El Catolicismo romano en la Gran Bretaña victoriana» and twenty odd essays on Victorian Roman Catholicism and anti-catholicism, which includes a chapter from Josef L. Altholz's book on the Liberal Catholic movement in England.

Philip Allingham scanned the images and wrote the text to accompany a series of 14 illustrations by Copping and the Taylors of Dickens' Dream Childrren, a volume written by the novelist's granddaughter; he also scanned the book's introductions.

Jacqueline Banerjee created a sitemap for the architect John Francis Bentley (1839-1902) and an essay about his Westminster Cathedral, London, accompanied by 14 of her photographs plus text and images for Cardinal Wiseman's tomb there. In addition she wrote the texts accompanying Ipshita Banerji's images of the Glass House in the Lal Bagh Gardens, Bangalore, India, and St. Philomena's Church, Mysore; she did the same for Ramnath Subbarabam's images of the Victorian Memorial Hall in Calcutta. She also granted permission to publishers Thames & Hudson and The History Press for use of her images of Susan Durant's sculpture and of Holly Village, Highgate, respectively, in their forthcoming books.

Michael Uphill requested and received permission to include JB's photograph of St Mary Abbotts in his Tales from the London County Crypt — “about bellringers in London.“ Winn W. Wasson, who teaches Political Science at Ashford University in Iowa, requested and received permission material transcribed by PVA.

Christophe Semois wrote suggesting a link to his site www.Napoleon-battles.com, which features the Battle of Waterloo, and I have added it to the suggested reading that follows the biography of Wellington. Ruairidh Anderson writes from the U. K. to announce his Victorian-related blog, Songs from the Howling Sea: every Friday he releases “a free song about a character or event from London's Old East End.” His titles include “Murder and the Medical Profession,” “Part Time Entertainers And Raw Sewage,” and “Sunshine from the East.” Hubert Groult writes from France to request a link to his Wilde site. Ed West wrote to ask for permission to use "pictures for my blog about buildings demolished in the 20th century." Christopher Rollason shared his translation of Tennyson's "Crossing the Bar" with us.

Rachel Preen, Advertising Manager, Schoolzone.co.uk Ltd, wrote while GPL was in Bucharest that the site had received a star rating from Schoolzone.

Jasmine Boni Ball of the International School of Florence writes, “I came across your site the victorian web and right now im writing a paper about 'what caused an increase in child labour during the victorian times/industrial revolution' was wondering if you could possibly give me some books or websites which would helped me with my historical investigation. I find the internet it quite limited and really need some strong primary sources." Here is GPL's response.

Anna-Maria Barz writes from Germany to let us know that a link in “Tennyson's Works” was broken: when a new version of Jim Kincaid's fine book was uploaded links to it weren't changed. Thanks, Anna-Maria!

August 2010

As the month ended, the site had 48,421 documents and images. Your webmaster continued work on the French version of the site, translating various documents in the Ruskin section, including his Oxford UP “Past Masters” Ruskin, John Ruskin et le conte de fées littéraire,” “John Ruskin sur fantasie dans l'art et la littérature,”, “Ruskin et Baudelaire sur l'art and l'artiste,” and “J. D. Harding et John Ruskin sur la variété infinie de la nature” — plus the usual documents conatining lists of links.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed her essay on John Johnson's St Mary's, South Tidworth, which included thirteen photos including those of Farmer and Brindley's stone carving and stained glass windows by the firm of Clayton and Bell. These new contributions led GPL to add Farmer and Brindley attributions to various documents, including those in the sections for the Foreign Office and the London Natural History Museum. JB also contributed a heavily linked essay and photographs on Pugin's tabernacle now in Southwark Cathedral. Malta Geografika reprinted, with out permission, one of JB's essays on Malta.

Catherine J. Golden and Michael Marx provided another Victorian valentine for the section on Victorian letter writing.

Simon Cooke greatly expanded our section on Victorian book bindings with his essays, “Book Bindings of the 1860s: the Christmas Gift Book” and “Dante Gabriel Rossetti as a Designer of Book Bindings” plus more than a dozen beautful photographs of this aspect of the decoratibe arts.

John Sankey reviewed Paul Murphy's Nineteenth-Century Irish Sculpture: Native Genius Reaffirmed, and Steve Donoghue kindly shared with us his review of Robert Hewison's Ruskin on Venice, which first appeared in Open Letters Monthly: An Arts and Literature Review. Thanks to Nigel Banerjee for suggesting it and to Jacqueline Banerjee for gaining permission from Mr. Donoghue. Cynthia J. Gamble shared with us “Disproving Ruskin's Advice: ‘Don't Go to Exhibitions’ — A Review of Ruskin, Turner and the Pre-Raphaelites at the Tate Britain.

Thanks to Constance Harsh, Professor of English, Colgate University, for providing the correct identity of the towers in the background of one of Phiz's plates for Martin Chuzzlewit. Thanks also to Merryn Somerset for explaining Hardy's reference to “Fosseway” in “A Trampwoman's Tragedy.”

July 2010

Your webmaster's Ruskinian pilgrimage ended on the 2nd, and for the next few weeks he continued to work on the hundreds of photographs of French gothic cathedrals and other buildings, the interior and exterior of Chartres being the last to see completion (and the stained class yet to come). In addition to continuing to format, proof, and link the lists of Ruskin's mentions of individual cities and structures scanned from the Library Edition, he continued what has probably been his single most difficult formatting and editing project on the Victorian Web — an annotated, heavily illustrated and cross-linked online edition of The Seven Lamps of Architecture. Unfortunately, Project Gutenberg has not yet added this work, and various online versions are often dreadful: the Hathi Trust's version, for example, spells Ruskin in various ways, including “Raskin” and “Iluskiu,” “St. Lô” appears as “st l6,” and “façade” as “fa9ade,” and it omits the crucial § in hundreds of cross-references, rendering them useless, since they appear to direct the reader to pages not sections in the text.

Taking a break from The Seven Lamps project, he created an online illustrated journal of the On the Old Road V trip, which pilgrimage James L. Spates, Professor and Class of 1964 Endowed Chair of Sociology and Chair, Urban Studies Program, at Hobart and William Smith Colleges, conceived and led. The illustrated journal awaits the contributions, comments, and photographs from other members of the group, who came from France, Switzerland, England, and the United States. Oh yes, by the 26st, the site had 47,355 documents and images.

On the 30th GPL uploaded the beginnings of French version of the Victorian Web, which thus far consists only of Susana Garcia Hiernaux's translations of materials on Bram Stoker, Swinburne, and Symons plus GPL's translations of various sitemaps and more than two hundred illustrated documents in the sections on architecture (the Houses of Parliament, Norman Shaw, and Waterhouse's Natural History Museum) and sculpture (e.g., the Albert Memorial and the works of Brock and Woolner). Translators — and corrections — most welcome!

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed her three-part essay, Letters in George Meredith’s The Ordeal of Richard FeverelPart I: Arson and Amor, Part II: In the Toils of the "System", Part III: The "Real" Reader — plus a set of topics to be investigated and additions to the Meredith Gallery: an 1862 photograph of Meredith with his son Arthur and a late letter from the novelist. In addition she reviewed Kathryn Ferry's The Victorian Home, one of many useful very short, heavily illustrated books published by Shire. JB also provided photographs and text for the burial stone of Richard Anning Bell and the memorial one for F. W. Pomeroy, did the same for a particularly exciting building — the Shah Jahan Mosque (1867), Surrey, the first mosque in Northern Europe. Continung her work on nineteenth-century sculpture, JB added four new works to the John Gibson section.

Lord Norton used JB's photo of The Buxton memorial and credits her on the House of Lords Blog.

Philip V. Allingham scanned and edited Skinner Prout's 1849 Illustrated Londion News illustrated article, “Scenes on Board an Australian Emigrant Ship” including images of shipboard life and an image of the a settler's hut in Australia. Having provided the contemporary context, he wrote “Skinner Prout’s ‘Scenes on Board an Australian Emigrant Ship’ and David Copperfield,” all of which prompted GPL to create a new sitemap, “Emigration in Victorian Britain.” In addition, PVA scanned the images and accompanying text for ILN articles on four shipwrecks. He continued to mine Illustrated Londion News, producing “Old Style — The Mail Coach,” “New Style — The Mail Train,” and “Dickens's attitude towards the Age of Steam.”

Catherine J. Golden continues to add to her section about the Victorian revltion in letter writing with essays on condolence letters, “Prepaid Stationery and the Penny Black,” and “Valentine.’s Day: Love and Derision ‘By the Bushell.’” Having received permission from the Museum of London to reproduce in the Victorian Web George Elgar Hicks.’s The General Post Office, One Minute to Six she provided a substantial essay on the painting, and she also obtained permission to put online an image of one of the infamous Mulreadies, which GPL used to create details to illustrate her essay. Near the end of the month she sent in Michael Marx's photos of valentines and mourning stationery.

Graham Lupp is a successful Australian painter whose widely diverse artworks involve a great many interests and extensive travel overseas. Originally an architect, Graham also has a keen interest in Victorian Australian architecture, and has proposed sending along “Postcards from Oz” at irregular intervals, and he has already contributed enough material for GPL to create a section on Australian architecture (be sure to take a look at his painting of a window in the local Bishop's Victorian home.

Jeremy Gerrard contributed “The Morality of Sacrifice in Little Dorrit.”

Christian Myhre Nygaard of Jyskebank.tv, a Danish English-language online tv station, invited the Victorian Web to add a link to Gibraltar, an English territory with southern characteristics, which we have done in British Empire sitemap. Keither Duffy writes to let us know about the East Durham History Project to which we have added a link in the places section. Gary Crawford writes to let us know that the URL for Le Fanu Studies has changed. Thanks.

Dr Alexandrina Buchanan, Lecturer in Archive Studies at the University of Liverpool, writes in with information about the retsoration of St. Catherine's Chapel, Ely Cathedral.

Alberto Rinaldi e-mailed from Trossingen, Germany, “we have the pleasure to inform you that ‘The Victorian Webs’ has been selected as the Linksgiving.com Weekly Link Award winner for this week (July 11-17, 2010). Matthew Koyle pointed out a broken link in the index of authors, and Clare Imholtz wrote to correct an error in the introduction to the illustrator Gilbert. Thanks!

June 2010

In preparation for a voyage to France with fellow Ruskinians — the fifth version or stage of On the Old Road conceived and led by James L. Spates, Class of 1964 Endowed Chair of Professor of Sociology at Hobart and William Smith College — your webmaster scanned twelve plates from The Seven Lamps of Architecture, creating larger scanned images for individual parts of multi-section plates and adding the passages in which Ruskin discusses them. Whenever the Victorian Web had other relevant drawings and watercolors, GPL linked them to these plates as well. During the two-week Ruskin pilgrimage, he took more than a 1,000 photographs of buildings Ruskin described in Bayeux, Caen, Chartres, Coutance, Lisieux, Rouen, and St. Lô. Jim Spates, Cynthia Gamble, Pierre André Mentent, and Norma Wilson identified the architectural details Ruskin drew and about which he wrote. Standing before the buildings Ruskin escribed, Jim read from Ruskin's published writings, letters, and diaries, and Cynthia informed many of our excursions with cutting-edge scholarship by reading from her extensive transcriptions of unpublished manuscript materials. The site now contains photographs of the present condition of the detail at St. Lô to which Ruskin devoted Plate II as well as a better preserved analogue. Similarly, we now have an image of the original window tracery at Bayeux Cathedral that appears in Plate III and what he called the "foam bubbles" in the Plate VII.

The non-Ruskinian discoveries included buildings in Caen that resemble those Samuel Prout drew in Lisieux and a reconstruction (on the grounds of William the Conqueror's castle) of a medieval derrick used in stone quarries (for the technology section). This discovery prompted GPL to rewrite the discussion of ages of technology originally written in 1988, renaming it “Five Ages of Technology.”

The latest catalogue from London's Maas Gallery, whose contents they genrously shared with our readers, provided images and text for paintings and drawings by Jerry Barrett, Eleanor Fortescue Brickdale , Edward Burne-Jones, Herbert Dicksee, and William Etty. In addition, the catalogue contained two beautiful ink-and-watercolor drawings of pre-Victorian steam engines, one of which also contained a cut-away drawing of a paddle-wheel warship. These last two images prompted the creation of a section on steam power, just as the other Maas images led to creating sections for several artists new to the site and removing the list of individual artists from sitemap for Victorian painting and puttng it in a separate document.

Jacqueline Banerjee created a section on the Irish sculptor Albert Bruce-Joy, which includes a biography and status of Alexander Balfour and James Whiteside.

Catherine J. Golden, Professor of English at Skidmore College, who prompted GPL to create a new section, “The Victorian Revolution in Letter Writing, ” contributed her introduction to the subject and her essays — “Sir Rowland Hill,“ “The Portable Writing desk — the Victorian laptop,” and “Postal Products: Postage stamps, Stationery, Letter Racks, Paper Clips, Ink Wells, Desk Sets, Portable Writing Desks.” Thanks to Michael Marx for his excellent photographs accompanying the essays. JB has sent in additional photographs of Post Boxes, and GPL has continued to mine the Victorian Web for examples of ink wells, desks, and writing tables. JB reminded him that she had earlier sent in a photograph of the Perkins D cylinder Printing Press on which the first stamps were produced, and she also provided an image of Marcus Stone's illustration of Nora bent over her letter (from Trollope's He Knew He was Right), which, she pointed out, works well with Ellen Moody's 2007 essay, “Partly Told In Letters: Trollope's Story-telling Art.”

Carla Maria Gnappi, PhD, of Parma, Italy, contributed “Science and Technology in Victorian Utopias.”

Startpage.co.uk gave one of its awards to “David Ricardo's Contributions to Economics,” an essay that dates back to 1995.

Thanks to Alice Horne for correcting a misspelled name in the section on Great Expectations and to Marc B. Goldstein for correcting a real howler in “The Lady of Shalott.” Andy Wood, Hon. Secretary, Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours, corrected the birthdate of Alfred East, explaining “I am reliably informed that even during Sir Alfred's lifetime the date was often wrongly given.”

May 2010

Glorious May continues with site having grown to 46,355 documents. Drawing upon M'Clintock and Strong's nineteenth-century Evangelical Cyclopædia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature — the ten volumes of which David Cody, a researcher who worked on the original Intermedia project, gave him two decades ago — your webmaster added susbtantial materials to the religion section, including a ten-part essay on John Wesley, substantial discussions of George Whitefield, Socinus, and Socinianism, and three substantial essays on tracts and the tract movement. After Ohio University Press granted permission for the Victorian Web to translate into html its online PDFs of the introduction and first chapter of Megan A. Norcia's fascinating X Marks the Spot: Women Writers Map the Empire for British Children, 1790-1895 (2010) your webmaster spent several days scanning, modifying, and formatting the many, many endnotes for the VW version.

After Catherine J. Golden, author of Posting It: The Victorian Revolution in Letter Writing (2009), met with GPL to discuss ways of creating a section in the Victorian Web on the subject of her book, which will link to social history, gender matters, economics, technology, and politics, he retitled the section on printing as “Printing, publishing, letter writing, and the beginnings of telecommunications” and put up a new sitemap for Victorian letters as a social and tecnological practice to which Professor Golden contributed an introduction. GPL next devoted most of a week to formatting the materials, particularly the Victorian ones, in Eunice and Ron Shanahan's “Letters from the Past,” separating the letters and commentaries into sections containing for Victorian and earlier letters.

Jacqueline Banerjee added to our writers of children's and historical literature with “Notice of an essay on Emma Marshall ”, and sent in an illustrated essay on the Holborn Viaduct in London, one of the engineering feats of the age, which facilitated access from the West End of London to the East. She also added many new images of the work of the sculptor Henry de Triqueti, including the Triqueti Marbles in the Royal Albert Chapel, Windsor, and reviewed a new book on his work, with several additional images of his sculpture.

Andrzej Diniejko contributed “Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution and the Intellectual Ferment of the Mid- and Late Victorian Periods” and “Ambivalent Victorians in Modern and Postmodern Perceptions. A Review of The Victorians in the Rearview Mirror by Simon Joyce (2007).”

Adrian Lipscomb, who earlier provided our biography of the military painter, William Simpson, provided materials to open a new section on portrait miniatures and one of its practitioners, Maria Eliza [Burt] Simpson, which includes almost a dozen of her works, a biographical essay, and photographs of the artist.

Jeanette Edgar from Blackwell, The Arts & Crafts House in Bowness-on-Windermere, writes to announce William Morris: A Sense of Place, an exhibition that will run from 26 June to 17 October 2010. The Watts Gallery e-mailed a notice of its exhibition of “Photographs of Sir Hubert von Herkomer and his family from the Rob Dickins Collection.

April 2010

As of 26 April, the site had 45, 928 documents and images. Your webmaster created a folder for Sarah Waters in the Neo-Victorian section of the site, to which Devon Anderson contributed “‘The flesh made word’: Fingersmith and the Textual Body, ” Amy Farley “Violating Female Function: The Rewriting of the Female Form in Fingersmith,” and Stefanie Sevcik “Writing, Reading, and Erasing Identities in Fingersmith.”

Jacqueline Banerjee added photos of Galizia's Maltese houses in the Moorish style and completed her section on Victorian Malta with the last of her three-part discussion, “Architecture and Civil and Military Engineering Projects,” the three parts of which include almost 3 dozen of her photographs. In addition , she also sent in photographs, texts, and fully fomatted html for St Michael and All Angels, Brighton, by G. F. Bodley and William Burges; and sitemaps for works by Sir Jeffry Wyattville and A. J. Humbert, two architects who worked on the royal estates at Windsor and Sandringham respectively.

Stuart Durant contributed “A Selection of Great Victorian Railway Stations.” Raymond E. O. Ella kindly provided a photograph of Thornycroft's bust of John Ella and information about the Victorian musician and composer. Teja Varma M.A., an M.Phil candidate at the University Of Delhi, contributed “No Escape to be Had, No Absolution to be Got”: Divorce in the Lives and Novels of Charles Dickens and Caroline Norton.

The section on Neo-Victorians grew as Stefanie Sevcik wrote “The Undelivered Message: French Theory and Biographical Research in A.S. Byatt’s Possession,” Amy Farey “The Public Eye & Narrative Ghosts: Textual Connectivity in A.S. Byatt’s Possession,” and Devon Anderson “‘For the sake of truth alone?’: Taking Possession of the Female Diary.”

Deborah McDonald, who some years back generously shared with readers of the Victorian Web some of her materials on women's work and Victorian feminism, sent along announcement of her new book entitled The Prince, His Tutor and the Ripper. After conferring with her pubisher, she shared her introduction and material upon homosexuality at Eton.

Rose Hepworth and Rachel Pearce, of the Arts Society, Newnham College, University of Cambridge, requested and received permission to use one of our scanned images.

Paul Thompson writes that th site has received best-of-the web awards from PC Magazine for the sections on Jane Eyre, An Ideal Husband, and Dracula.

Thanks to Miles Tittle who correctly identified the subject one of Morris's illuminated manuscripts and to Dan, who provided a corection to a broken link.

March 2010

Perhaps the most important news of the month was the request from the Library of Congress on 29 March to archive the Victorian Web for its historical importance. As of 29 March, the site had 45, 795 documents and images. Your webmaster redesigned and reformatted James Kincaid's Dickens and the Rhetoric of Laughter, and continuing work on the Spanish vesion of the site, formatted the materials on Emily Brontë, Catherine Hubback, and A. C. Benson. The first stages of the Great Expectations project saw completion: this experiment in collaborative scholarship and learning with web-based texts will link (1) the text of the novel, (2) previously published scholarly texts, encluding entire books, (3) dozens of illustrations, (4) contemporary reviews, and (5) student-created annotations that take various forms, including essays and reading and discussion questions. This web version of the novel derives from the Project Gutenberg EBook version that “An Anonymous Volunteer” and David Widger created. Thus far the text, several dozen illustrations, and a few dozen student commentaries are online.

Jacqueline Banerjee added to her work on Edinburgh architecture with a new section on William Hamilton Beattie (1842-1898) that includes his North British Hotel (now the Balmoral) and Jenners Department Store. Next came British Victorian architects in Malta: William Scamp, who designed St Paul's Anglican Pro-Cathedral in Valletta and The old naval bakery, now the Maritime Museum in Vittoriosa and E. M. Barry's (now-destroyed) Royal Opera House, Valletta, after which she wrote two illustrated essays on the Victorian British in Malta — the first on the historical background, the second on society and culture in Victorian Malta — with a third on architecture and civili engineering projects to come.

After completing the commentaries and scans for all 40 of the Phiz illustrations for David Copperfield, Philip V. Allingham sent in more than a dozen scanned images for several Hogarth series, including The Rogue's Progress, England and France, and Beer Street and Gin Lane, and the four-part Election series.

Andrzej Diniejko contributed two substantial essays: “Harriet Martineau: a Radical Liberal Social Commentator” and “Hannah More, Conservative Social Reformer,” introductions to the major works of both once enormously influential authors. (Diniejko's essay on More prompted GPL to look through bookshelves for his copy of S. C. Hall's A Book of Memories of Great Men and Women of the Age where he encountered an illustrated biography by the editor of the Art Journal, which he then scanned and translated into html.)

Sarah Zweifach contributed an interesting brief essay entitled “Saint or Sinner On the Scaffold? Public Shame in Great Expectations, Jane Eyre, and The Scarlet Letter ” that draws upon work in psychology and law. Kasper Nijsen from Amsterdam sent us Swinburne's Masterly Hand: Wagnerian Leitmotifs in "Tristram of Lyonesse". Stuart Durant, who wrote both “The Life and Work of Christopher Dresser, 1834-1904” and a chronology for the famous designer to the catalogue of the 1972 Fine Art Society exhibition, contributed “Christopher Dresser and Interior Design.” Ayla Lepine, Visiting Lecturer, Courtauld Institute of Art, wrote an extensive introduction to the life and works of the architect, George Frederick Bodley (1827-1907). Philip Ashby-Rudd and Emma Trehane contributed “Never-Land, Lulworth Cove and the intellectual circles of J. M. Barrie, Thomas Hardy, Alfred Fripp, Sir Frederick Treves and Gerald Du Maurier” with photographs by John Bickerton.

Lucia Hernandez writes from “Hampstead Theatre about Andersen's English (7 April-8 May 2010), a play that presents an important moment in Hans Christian Andersen’s relation with Charles Dickens. It is a haunting and wistfully funny new play about family secrets, loneliness and love.”

Don LePan, President of Broadview Press (which publishes out so many wonderfully annotated editions of Victorian works, wrote to say that the title of Robert Buchanan's “The Fleshly School of Poetry: Mr. D. G. Rossetti” had a typo — “Fleshy” instead of “Fleshly” One Tim [tradcliffe2@gmail.com] wrote to inform us that the link to "Maxwell on Molecules" from the chemistry page didn't work — thanks for that! — and that "the entire chemistry section is very limited. These issues, he advised, "should be immediately addressed as is your civic duty." It's always nice to hear from the young.

February 2010

By the twenty-second the site had 45, 403 documents and images. Continuing to work on the Spanish version of the site, your webmaster has thus far translated and uploaded 1,100 documents — a number really not all that impressive once one realizes that they all appear in sections on architecture, decorative arts, and illustration and thus contain comparatively little text! The long-planned recreation of The “In Memoriam” Project on the web has seen the first stage completed: all 133 sections of the poem have been formatted and linked to lists of almost every appearance of 20 images, symbols, and motifs, such as “ dream,” “hand,” “time” and “widow” (when words repeat within a lne or two, they are not linked). Recreating The “In Memoriam” Web, which Jon Lanestedt of the University of Oslo and GPL published in 1992 with Eastgate Systems, presents major problems on the WWW, since it lacks several key features of Eastgate's Storyspace, among them (1) the ability to create and overlay many small annotation windows, and (2) invisible links that readers can easily locate by pressing a key combination. Of course, using Java and other software, one could replicate some of these features, but the WWW's lack of standardization means that the resulting documents will not function in most web browsers. Stay tuned.

Philip V. Allingham has brought up to 37 the extensive commentaries for Phiz's illustrations of David Copperfield.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed biographical material for the neo-classical sculptor John Gibson, and biographical material and an index for the engineer and architect Captain Francis Fowke; images of and commentaries on F. W. Williamson's Shrubsole Memorial in Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey, Captain Fowke's Royal Scottish Museum in Edinburgh (to which Dave Henniker of Edinburgh Photography kindly contributed an interior view); and William Leiper's impressive Dowanhill Church in Glasgow. Also, an extended discussion of Gerald du Maurier's illustration for Chapter 18 of George Meredith's Adventures of Harry Richmond.

Andrzej Diniejko, our new contributing editor for Poland, wrote Shirley as a Condition-of-England Novel.

Drew Gibbons writes from snowy Virginia (!) that "the information under your 'how to cite' section is in need of updating. The MLA 7th ed., now in force, has made a number of changes, and the site is not reflecting them." As soon I can make it to the library, I shall up date the directions. Christopher Wieninger writes to let us know that Chris Redmon's Sherlockian site has moved to http://www.sherlockian.net/. Ashley McConnell writes to correct the assertion that Angela Georgina Burdett-Coutts "the first woman to be given a peerage," so I have added "Victorian" before "first woman."

Etienne Ma of Brown University pointed out two bad links in the sitemap entitled "The Social Contexts of Charles Dickens Writing," one it turns out created by reformatting E. D. H. Johnson's Charles Dickens: An Introduction to His Novels, the other by standardizing the names of sitemaps — once again, editing the site seems to involve two steps forward and one back. Thanks to all.

January 2010

Your webmaster continued working on the Spanish version, formatting the section on Max Beerbohm, George Eliot, Mrs. Henry Wood, and translating sections of the decorative arts, including its sitemap and those for ceramics, and galleries and sections on the Cult of Japan, the Martin Brothers, William de Morgan, and C.R. Ashbee and the Guild of Handicraft (jewelry, metalwork, and furniture).

Jacqueline Banerjee created new sections on the architect David Bryce and the sculptors Amelia Robertson Hill and Behnes including a biuograpjy, photographs and discussions of his Colonel Leake and Sir Robert Peel; she also provided images and discussions of Gibson's Venus Verticordia William Huskisson; plus an illustration by Walter Crane.

Philip V. Allingham has now completed his detailed commentaries on the first 29 illustrations of David Copperfield by Phiz.

Dr Andrzej Diniejko, Senior Lecturer in English Literature and Culture at Poland's Warsaw University, contributed Benjamin Disraeli and the Two Nation Divide," and following our invitation, he reviewed Indiana University Press' Burden or Benefit? Imperial Benevolence and Its Legacies. Derek B. Scott, Professor of Critical Musicology, University of Leeds, contributed to more of his BBc performances of Victorian music hall songs — "Pretty Polly Perkins of Paddington Green" and a Tyneside parody of it, "Cushie Butterfield."

Amy Brennan of the Scottish government's Culture, External Affairs and Tourism Directorate, wrote for and received permission to use one of Dr. Banerjee's photographs of a statue of Robert Burns. Dr. Andy Reid wrote for and also received permissin to use JB's photograph of the Viceroy's Lodge in Shimla, India, in a book on the "Tudoresque Diaspora."

V. Peidis kindly e-mailed to say that the one of our documents in the Feist collection of photographs had the wrong image and that the link in the gallery of statues of Queen Victoria did not work. Nathalie Chernoff of the University of Lancaster wrote let us know about a bad link. Kathy Webber wrote to correct a typo in Tennyson's "Crossing the Bar." Many thanks.

As of the 31st, the site had 44, 873 documents.

December 2009

Your webmaster continued working on the Spanish version of the site, creating 60 odd documents about Victorian architecture in the Straits Colonies and a larger number on iron-and-glass architecture and buildings in London. When Brian Gross, who's promoting The Young Victoria, wrote to announce this film, that he tells us "your readers would love," GPL created a document with links to the elegant official movie site and images from it. This month the Victorian Web received essays from new contributors in the UK, Poland, and Iran, and GPL began working with the authors to prepare their work for the site.

After reading David S. Reynolds's John Brown, Abolitionist (which his daughter gave him as a present), GPL added two essays on Puritanism, Cromwell, Carlyle, and John Brown: "The Influence of Carlyle's Portrait of Cromwell upon John Brown" and "'Abolition is the offspring of Puritanism:' John Brown, the Puritan Heritage, and the American Civil War."

Jacqueline Banerjee, who contributed two essays accompanied by two dozen photos of Castell Coch by William Burges, also added to her work on Winchester, including photographs and discussions for the Guildhall, the house where Jane Austen died, and the history and buildings of Winchester College. She also added an essay and 12 photographs of Burges's All Saints, Fleet and created a new section on the sculptor Thomas Campbell, which includes his bust of Sir Robert Smirke and his equestrian statue of Sir John Hope, fourth Earl of Hopetoun.

Philip V. Allingham completed the first 23 commentaries on the illustrations of David Copperfield by Phiz.

Dr Andrzej Diniejko, Senior Lecturer in English Literature and Culture at Poland's Warsaw University, contributed "Thomas Carlyle and the Origin of the 'Condition of England Question'" and "Carlyle's Belief in Meritocracy and his Captains of Industry."

The site, which had 43,995 documents and images as of the 28th, passed 44,000 by the year's (and decade's) end, after I uploaded essays by the three editors and Andrzej Diniejko.

November 2009

Your webmaster continued working on the Spanish version of the site, and with the help of Ana González-Rivas Fernández, Assistant Professor at Madrid's Universidad Complutense (who also provided the first Spanish translator's bio), he put up more material from the sculpture section. He also worked with various contributors creating or editing htmls, and he reforamtted several hundred documents about book illustration, in the process creating a small section on German book illustration. Professor López-Varela vetterd and then e-mailed Terri Ochiagha Plaza's translations of the materials on Thomas Hughes, and GPL devoted a day to formatting them, which are our first complete section in Spanish on an author.

Jacqueline Banerjee began the month with essays and more than three dozen photographs of William Burges's magnificent Cardiff Castle. Her next contributions included photographs and comemntary on Sir George Gilbert Scott's University of Glasgow plus his (and Armstead's) monument for Bishop Wilberforce and the choir screen in Winchester Cathedral, J. W. Simpson and Edmund John Milner Allen's Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, and James Walker's Victoria Bridge. She also contributed a series on Winchester Cathedral, including not only Scott's work mentioned above but also Chantrey's monument to Bishop Brownlow North and Jones's to C. B. Pigott.

Philip Allingham completed commentaries for the first dozen illustrations by Phiz of David Copperfield plus all the plates, which GPL color corrected and sized.

Simon Cooke added to his work about British illustrators with essays on Richard Doyle and William Small, and he provided scans of illustrations by them as well as some by Daniel Maclise and Arthur Hughes. GPL sized and edited the images and created htmls for all of them.

Julian Rubin writes, suggesting a link to a site about the roots of wireless communication in the Victorian period and wrote a description of it for our readers. John Sankey shared more of his photographs and discussions of Brock's sculpture, including his medallion portrait of Queen Victoria, busts of Sir Henry Tate and Sir Augustus Harris, and the statue of Richard John Seddon in Wellington, New Zealand.

Professor A. K. Bakshi, Director of the Institute of Lifelong Learning at the University of Delhi, has written and received permission to use some of our illustrations in educational materials.

Emma Trehane writes to inquire if any readers of the Victorian Web have information that connects the writer and playwright J.M.Barrie with Lulworth Cove in Dorset.

As of the 30th, the site had 43, 450 documents and images.

October 2009

After your webmaster returned from delivering a series of lectures on new media, hypertext, and their educational and political effects at Universität Bayreuth, Germany, he began laying the groundwork for Spanish and French versions of the site that will be part of a three-year project entitled "Studies on Intermediality as Intercultural Mediation." This project has been conceived, organized, and directed by Professor Asuncion López-Varela Azcarte of the Facultad de Filologia de Universidad Complutense de Madrid and supported by grants from her university and from Madrid (Comunidad de Madrid CCG08-UCM/HUM-3851) and the Ministry of Science and Innovation (Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación MICINN FFI2008-05388/FISO).. After each lexia (or separate document) is translated, two readers will vet it, after which it will appear in the non-English versions of the Victorian Web. Landow created icons once Alfonso Sánchez Moya and Maya Zalbidea Paniagua corrected his suggestions for icons texts. Using Google Translate, he created a draft of a Spanish version of the section containing 34 works of Thomas Woolner, the Pre-Raphaelite sculptor, which Ms. Zalbidea Paniagua then corrected, herself translating the documents on Raffles and John Stuart Mill — the first Spanish text documents to go online! Next, he translated two dozen documents for the Albert Memorial plus the works of Joseph Durham and those of Edward Hodges Baily, best known for his statue on Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square.

Jacqueline Banerjee begins the month with Frampton's statue of Quintin Hogg, William Brodie's of Thomas Graham, Francis Chantrey's George IV and James Watt, John Henry Foley's Field Marshal Lord Clyde, Carlo Marochetti's James Oswald and The Duke of Wellington, John Mossman's of the explorer David Livingstone and the poet Thomas Campbell, Hamo Thornycroft's William Ewart Gladstone. Glasgow architectural sculpture includes Richard Ferris's Faith and Fortitude and Paul Montford's Philosophy and Inspiration.

Her contributions to the architecture section include the following Glasgow buildings and fountains: Alexander Beith MacDonald's The People's Palace and Winter Gardens, several architects' Scottish Temperance League Building, the Doulton Fountain, and the Cameron Memorial Fountain. Her travels produced 11 photos of Cardiff Castle by William Burges.

John Sankey shared his photographs and discussions of Brock's Lister and Sir Richard Temple. Derek B. Scott, Professor of Critical Musicology, University of Leeds, contributes another of his performances of Victorian popular music — the 1894 "If It Wasn't for the 'Ouses in Between".

Simon Cooke took time off from proofing his book on British illustrators that the British Library is publishing to send in introductions to the illustrations of Edward Burne-Jones, Arthur Hughes, Daniel Maclise, George Pinwell, and James Macneill Whistler.

Dr. Albrecht Geck, Privatdozent at the University of Osnabrück, writes to say that his book, Autorität und Glaube (Authority and Faith), in which a Victorian Web image of Tom Tower, Oxford, appears has just been published by Universitätverlag Osnabrück. Dr. Kurt Harris Chair, English Department, Southern Utah University, writes to let us know that he has created a Thackeray site.

Bruce Bumbalough, Watauga, Texasm writes to point out a broken link in the general bibliography section, and Shelley B. Aley, Associate Professor at James Madison University, writes to point out that one of our contributors used a portrait of the wrong Alexander Bain. Thanks.

September 2009

Before setting off for London, George Landow created a section and sitemap for Dombey and Son, adding a brief essay, "Toodle the Railway Man — Occupation as Character." After Marjorie Bloy, Senior Researcher for the Victorian Web back in 2000-2001, wrote to let us know the new URL for one of the sites she had linked, GPL changed 21 documents. Arriving in London, your webmaster took numerous walks around Trafalgar Square and down Piccadilly and and High Holborn, ultimately creating photographs and texts for Staple Inn, Waterhouse's Prudential Assurance Building, the Royal Academy, a night view of the National Gallery, and the following sculpture: George Gamon Adams's Charles James Napier, Behnes's Major General Sir Henry Havelock, and the World War I memorial in the Prudential Assurance Building, Toft's The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) Memorial on High Holburn, and good deal of architectural sculpture. In the process, he created a sitemap for war memorials, reformatting documents in that section and doing the same for the section on the nude in art.

After packing up and moving to Gower Street next to UCL, your webmaster created photographs and accompanying htmls for Sir Richard Westmacott's Duke of Bedford memorial and one of his favorite London buildings — the Arts and Crafts classic Mary Ward House, named after Matthew Arnold's famous novelist-niece and the first school with classrooms for disabled children. A visit to the V&A furnished information about the relations of Art Nouveau and dance, and photographs of Dalou's Bacchanal, a better version of Watts's Clytie, Drury's The Age of Innocence, and two fairy paintings by Joseph Severn and one by Etty. Taking a tour of Buckingham Palace permitted GPL to photograph the rear of the palace, back garden (really lawn), and the lake and create a sitemap for the palace, and while there he was able to take some additional pictures of the magnificent Victoria Memorial. Going to the Saturday food market near London Bridge produced photographs of the Globe Tavern, a 1872 pub, and the iron and glass markets, and walking to that a Spitalfield's Charles Harrison Townsend's Bishopsgate Institute. Walking around central London produced photographs of Sir Francis Chantrey's William Pitt in Hanover Square, statues of Science, Commerce, and Art on 70-71 New Bond Street. The section on iron-and-glass architecture and that on railway stations continues to expand with photographs of the entrance to the old Metropolitan Railway, Liverpool Street and Waterloo Stations (thanks to station reception for granting a photography pass).

When OpenHouse London 2009, which took place on the weekend of the 19th and 20th, permitted access to buildings not usually open to visitors, GPL took a series of photographs of some important churches: A visit to G. E. Street's St. Mary Magdalene in Paddington produced many images of the church, its sculpture, Salviati's mosaics, Holiday's stained glass, and J. N. Comper's Chapel of the Holy Sepulcher with its magnificent reredos and organ. A visit to E. B. Lamb's Parish Church of St. Martin (which Pevsner described as London's "craziest Victorian church") produced another large series. Another series of images made possible by OpenHouse London was Norman Shaw's Hampstead home and studio for Kate Greenaway. Walking from Belsize Park to Primrose Hill to Bloomsbury led to photographs of the Sir Cowasjee Jehangir Fountain in Regent's Park, and a quick ride on the tube to Oxford Circus produced the last series from this trip — an essay and a dozen images about Butterfield's All Saints, Margaret Street — he (almost) hidden treasure. This illustrated essay represents a new approach to putting large numbers of images about a single building or sculpture online: instead of creating an html for every image with approximately the same essay, it uses thumbnails linked to larger images rather than to htmls containing images. Will readers prefer it? Will the smaller number of html documents make it harder to find on Google, Bing, and other search engines?

More photos of stained glass and mosaics to come. . .

Philip V. Allingham and GPL completed the series of 28 illustrations by Fred Barnard for Dickens's biography in the Household Edition. PVA is at work on commentaries.

Jacqueline Banerjee added photographs and accompanying text for Lewis Vulliamy's Law Society, William Burges's Park House in Cardiff, Wales, and John Prichard and J. P. Seddon's Llandaff Cathedral, including stained glass windows by Morris and Burne-Jones and Sir William Goscombe John's statue of James Rice Buckley. Next follow a series on Waterhouse's Lloyds Bank in Cambridge and Edward Buckton Lamb's St. Simon and St. Jude.

David Humphreys, who writes, "when I teach the concept of the self-fulfilling prophecy, I use your image of Pygmalian(sic) and Galatea," kindly corrected the spelling in Gérome's painting to "Pygmalion." Normand Theriault e-mailed to let us know that the image of Tennyson's family tree had gone missing, and GPL replaced the corrupted image. Thanks. On 28 September the site has 42, 551 documents.

August 2009

George Landow spent most of the first two weeks of the month scanning, proofing, formatting, converting notes, and linking the first two chapters of Janet Larson's Dickens and the Broken Scripture, one of the most difficult such web conversions he'd ever done. He also mined Little Dorrit for Dickens's description of the India Docks and his views of the transformative power of Victorian railways and his dislike of medievalism on both aesthetic and political grounds.

As part of his work on Barnard's illustrations of Dickens, Philip Allingham contributed "The best of all Dickens illustrators:" A 1908 Review of A Dickens Picture Book" that summarizes late-Victorian views of the novelists's illustrators. He also sent in scans of a Barnard illustration that accompanied this review and another of George Cruikshank's The Ragged School, Smithfield, which contribution prompted GPL to create a sitemap and bibliography for ragged schools.

Jacqueline Banerjee contributed a review of a new book on London's Changing Riverscape, by Charles Craig and others, also adding photographs and accompanying discussions of Wapping Pier, London, E1, the West India Docks, Chamberlain's Wharf., Metropolitan Wharf, Columbia Wharf, and Oliver's Wharf to our new section on industrial architecture.

Next, she sent in photos and commentaries for monuments and memorial sculptures, including Robert Smirke's Wellington Monument, Goscombe John's Memorial to the Engine Room Heroes in Liverpool, the text for the Port Sunlight Memorial near Liverpool, and the Bellot memorial in Greenwich, by Philip Hardwick (which addition occasioned a great deal of reorganizing of the Hardwick family's index by GPL). She also added photographs of Thornycroft's Alfred the Great, and she and GPL added John Sankey's photographs and discussions of the following sculptures by Thomas Brock: Thomas Hughes, Gladstone, Brigadier General John Nicholson, Sir Rowland Hill, Sir Isaac Pitman, and Edwin Austin Abbey. To close out the month JB sent in and essay and 15 photographs of St. Fin Barre's Cathedral in Cork, Ireland, and following her two near-perfect templates GPL created the last 13 htmls.

Michael Philips, who wrote to inform us that he "produce[s] video guides of buildings and landmarks for www.iGuidez.com," invited us to link to his 120 videos of Belfast, such as this one for Lavery's Pub. Henry Reichold writes to inform readers of the Victorian Web about his detailed view of the Albert Memorial.

Ruth Howard, Curator, Vale and Downland Museum, writes for permission to use Dicky Doyle's The Battle of Ashdown that serves as an illustration in Tom Hughes's The Scouring of the White Horse. Magnús Einarsson write from Iceland for permission to use Tenniel's illustrations for the Alice books in "a sociology textbook" he is writing "for students in secondary school." (Some others also wrote for permission, which was denied, to use our materials for commercial purposes, in large part because we do not want the Victorian Web to compete with for-profit sources of images.

A young man named Todd wrote to "thank you for your Victorian Web website. My teachers touched on the Industrial Revolution as part of our history classes but for some reason or another they didn't explain how truly grim those times were." You're most welcome!

Brad Henry writes to point out that "In the opening sentence of your introductory article, 'this' century should of course be 'the last.' A common error among those of a certain age . . . (and of which I am one, so no offence intended)." None taken . . . and thanks. A quite grumpy Denis Green wrote to point out multiple typos in a scanned document — it seems the wrong version might have gone online erasing the proofread one. Michael Wyman writes with corrections to our essay on toy theatres and a citation to Google Books. Nancy Koester, Ph.D., writes to correct information about Annie Field. Thanks to all.

On August 31 theVictorian Web had 41,969 documents.

July 2009

Since both George Landow and Jacqueline Banerjee were on cruise ships during the last week of June — Banerjee on a cruise around the UK and Landow making his way from Nice to Paris by way of the River Rhône from Arles to Avignon, Lyons, and Tournon — little new material went online, but both took many photographs. GPL added a series of 10 photographs of Lyon's gothic revival Basilica de Notre Dame de Fourvière and its sculpture and another six of l'Église Saint-Ambroise in Paris. After finding two fifteenth-century sculptural allusions to Genesis 3:15's "bruising the serpent's head" in Viviers, he added them to the religion section under typology and created a new sitemap for that image so important to Hopkins and Browning. Similarly after coming upon Paul Auscher's 1904 Felix Potin Building on the Rue de Rennes in Paris, he added it to the section on Art Nouveau architecture and then created a new sitemap for it.

GPL's second visit in less than a year to the magnificent Musée d'Orsay — yes, a dirty job but someone's got to do it — added to the material on Art Nouveau design, including three examples of Hector Guimard's ironwork, another of his wooden chimney surround plus furniture by Van de Velde, Biegas, and Eckmann, and a wonderfully goth belt buckle featuring a bat.

After the Dutch architect and architectural theorist Lars Spuybroek kindly sent along a copy of his The Architecture of Continuity (Rotterdam, 2008), GPL, who is in the process of writing a brief essay on Spuybroek as a twenty-first-century Neo-Ruskinian, composed "Lars Spuybroek on the principles of Art Nouveau, " "Why Art Nouveau 'had to be short-lived'," and "Gaudí led the gothic away from revivalism."

JB's first July contribution took the form of identifying one of GPL's photographs taken a few years ago as Edinburgh's Buccleuch and Geyfriars Free Church of Scotland. Next came new photographs of Goscombe John's Edward VII and John Gibson's Suffer Little Children to Come to Me plus a new work by Gibson — his monument to Margaret Sandbach. Other works of sculpture include Joseph Durham's Florizel and Perdita and his Monument to Prince Albert overlooking the harbour, St Peter Port, Guernsey, which last contribution prompted GPL to put up his photograph of the original cast, which stands on a much more elaborate base near Royal Albert Hall; he then reorganized the Durham home page. She also sent in photographs on Francis Derwent Wood's Psyche and Fiametta and Sir William Goscombe John's William Edward Hartpole Lecky, M.P. and J. H. Foley's O'Connell Monument, plus a series of photographs of Fowler and Baker's Forth Bridge in Scotland accompanied by an essay. Let us not forget her series on the wonderful Glasgow School of Art!

JB's additions to the architecture section include 14 photographs of St. Matthew's Church on Guernsey and accompanying essay, St. John the Baptist and St. Augustine Church in Dublin, St. Colman's Cathedral in Cobh, Ireland, the Campanile at Trinity College, Dublin

On Fiammetta and half a dozen other photographs Ruth M. Landow, a new contributor, used her Photoshop skills to remove distracting backgrounds. Thanks!

Frank M. Turner, the John Hay Whitney Professor of History at Yale and the Director of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, contributed a long, detailed, and very favorable review of Shanyn Fiske's Heretical Hellenism: Women Writers, Ancient Greece, and the Victorian Popular Imagination. Jessica Courtney contributed "The development of the English language following the Industrial Revolution," which GPL formatted and edited. Thanks to Dr. Catherine Watts, Principal Lecturer, School of Language, Literature and Communication, University of Brighton, for recommending this essay.

Christina Beardsley, whose biography of F. W. Robertson the Lutterworth Press (UK) will publish, offered additional information and a correction that GPL added to our biography of the famous Anglican minister. Thanks!

Dr. Albrecht Geck, Privatdozent at the University of Osnabrück, Germany, wrote for permission to use our scan of Eastlake's drawing of Tom Tower, Oxford, for his book Authority and Faith "on the correspondence between Pusey and Tholuck," which Vandenhöck & Ruprecht in Göttingen will publish this September. Casey Reas of UCLA Design Media Arts writes to request permission to use "your photo of a Jacquard Loom" in FORM + CODE in Design, Architecture, and Art, which Princeton Architectural Press will publish in September.

By the 27th the site had 41,817 documents.

June 2009

After Jacqueline Banerjee sent in a photograph of a London-built hansom cab, pointing out that we had no sitemap for transportation, Landow created one, added his own photo of the York-London mail coach, and created a sitemap entitled "Omnibuses, Coaches, Carriages, and Other Horse-Drawn Vehicles," to which he linked four documents containing passages in which coaches play a significant role from Dickens's Pickwick Papers, Martin Chuzzlewit, and Bleak House.

Philip Allingham completed most of the task of scanning all 61 plates and related images of Fred Barnard's illustrations of David Copperfield and creating HTML documents for each plate: Allingham scanned all the images, GPL resized, straightened, and otherwise adjusted each image and also created an HTML template, which PVA then filled out. Extensive commentaries come next!

JB, who reviewed of The Statues of London, by Claire Bullus and Ronald Asprey, sent in some images of more recent sculptures as well as those of Stephen Poyntz Denning's painting entitled Queen Victoria, Aged 4, Sir John Steell's sculpture of Allan Ramsay, The Hub, Edinburgh, which has a Pugin spire; the National Portrait Gallery; and Burlington House in Piccadilly. JB sent in Punch cartoons on the subjects of bicyclists and the exclusion of women from universities.

She did not neglect London: the site now boasts new photographs of and essays about London's Old Bailey plus Frederick W. Pomeroy's two sculptures for it: Fortitude and Truth flanking a recording angel above the City of London Arms, and Justice.

JB also continued her series of photographs of Liverpool architecture and sculpture and accompanying essays, including those for with several on St. George's Hall, The Picton Reading Room, The Walker Art Gallery.and The William Brown Library and Museum (now the World Museum). The additions from Liverpool to the sculpture section include bas reliefs on the façade of St. George's Hall by Conrad Dressler and Thomas Stirling Lee, and John Warrington Wood's three works for the Walker Art Gallery — Michelangelo, Raphael, Queen Victoria visiting Liverpool in 1851.

Dr Neil S. Sturrock, Vice-Chairman CIBSE Heritage Group, kindly shared with us a great deal of new material on building services engineering, including a history of St. George's Hall and a heavily illustrated essay, "David Boswell Reid's Ventilation of St. George's Hall, Liverpool" (the world's first air-conditioned building) and others on Reid, including a biography and a study of his work on the Houses of Parliament. GPL then created sitemaps for both St. George's and this pioneering engineer.

Emily Doran writes from the Royal Academy of Arts in London to announce J. W. Waterhouse: the Modern Pre-Raphaelite, an exhibition running from 27 June to 13 September.

Annette Magid writes to invite papers for her Wilde session at the 2010 Northeast Modern Language Association meeting in Montreal

Eleanor Scoones, Assistant Producer at Silver River (an independent television production company in London making a new 4-part series on the history of the Grand Tour for Channel 4), wrote for — and obtained — permission to use GPL's photograph of the frieze on the Athenaeum Club: "We will be filming at the Parthenon in Greece and whilst there we would like Kevin McCloud to refer to a small black and white print of the photograph as he explains that the AthenaeumÍs frieze was copied from the Parthenon."

Angela Hazelton writes to point out that the url for one of our external links to material about the Great Exhibition had changed. Jennifer Green similarly points out that the link to a Carnegie-Mellon site on feminism no longer works and suggested another instead. Amanda Bierly wrote while I was on the way to Avignon that a typo in Terpening's biography of Richard Strauss gave an incorrect date. Thanks!

May 2009

Your webmaster created a sitemap for cultural institutions in London and edited a number of student essays for the site, including David Goff's "On Process and Persistence: Visions of Time in Pre-Raphaelite and Decadent Works," Olivia Harding's essay about fantasy ("The Ordinary and The Extraordinary"), Matthew Surka's "Pip Learns to Reject the Goddess of Getting On," "Surprizes and Surprizers in Great Expectations and Jane Eyre, " and "Celebrity, the Victorian Audience, Dickens, and Ruskin," Elizabet Piette's "London in Wilde and Dickens," "Life in Nineteenth-Century Prisons as a Context for Great Expectations," and Brian Alexander's "'Breach of Promise of Marriage': Miss Havisham and a late-Victorian lawsuit." After Joshua Vogel pointed out a broken link in the Freud section, I fixed it and reformatted the entire section.

As of the 25th, the site contained 41,325 documents and images.

Philip Allingham continued writing extended commentary on the illustrations by Phiz for Nicholaus Nickleby, and he also added an essay on Phiz's thirtieth plate for Martin Chuzzlewit.

Jacqueline Banerjee added "Women's Religious Orders in Victorian England," and she and GPL wrote "The Conventual Life and Victorian Culture." She also provided photographs of No. 17, Park Village West in Camden, London, which first housed these sisterhoods. In addition, she created a series of photographs and accompanying essays aboout items related to Crystal Palace Park in south-east London — eight of the Italian Terraces, three more of the Dinausaur Court, and another three of Woodington's bust of Sir Joseph Paxton. Next, JB provided photographs and text for Waterhouses's North Western Hotel and a discussion of the accompanying Lime Street Station, Liverpool, as well as the Crystal Palace Station in SE London.

Marie O'Brien, Collections Manager of the Saco Museum in Maine kindly provided a photograph of part of H. C. Selous's panorama illustrating Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress. John Sankey shared with us a list of Brock's sculpture.

Luca Garuti, who is currently "studying at the University of Verona, Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literature," kindly e-mailed to point out that the documents for plates 6 & 7 in F. G. Kitton's illustrations of Dickens's The Mystery of Edwin Drrod had different text but the same image. Thanks!

April 2009

As of the 27th, the server tells me that we have 41,040 documents. Your webmaster spent much of the month preparing student work for the site and reorganizing and adding to the Beardsley section after receiving Yelena Primorac's "Illustrating Wilde: An examination of Aubrey Beardsley's interpretation of Salome."

Jacqueline Banerjee added two bas-reliefs at the foot of Nelson's Column: Woodington's The Battle of the Nile, and Watson and Woodington's The Battle of Cape St Vincent plus the Lewis Vulliamy's façade at the Royal Institution.

Pascal Debout of the Institut Charles Darwin International in Metz, Franz, writes to announce a Charles Darwin exhibition at the Park of Bagatelle in Paris from 29 May to the end of October 2009. Simon Cooke, who wrote his doctoral thesis on Henry Courtney Selous, contributed enough material to create an entire section for this important illustrator, including more than a dozen plates, biography, and a series of essays.

David Goff contributed A Mirror for Salome: Beardsley's The Climax, Athena's Gaze: Klimt and the Divine Artist, and "The Laws of Artifice: Aesthetic and Ego in Against the Grain." Steven De Luccia contributed Body as Metaphor in Dowson's "Nuns of the Perpetual Adoration", Mortality and Modernity Invade the Landscape [in Klinger's etchings]," and "Straddling the Margins of Society."

Mo Heard announces a 2010 essay contest on the subject of the magic lantern, shadow theatre, optical philosophical toys, panoramas, and dioramas.

Tony Willicombe of Penarth, Wales writes to remind us that Alfred Russel Wallace was a Welsh rather than an English naturalist. Trevor Brock, the minister of Great Victoria Street Baptist Church in Belfast, writes to correct the misidentification of photos of St. Patricks's Roman Catholic Church, and Paisley Mann writes to let correct a date in the DuMairier section. A reader identified only as Ferdi points out a typo in a date. Anne Rawkstar write from Malaysia to correct the Malay names of buildings in Kuala Lumpur. Thanks!

March 2009

The month began with 40, 572 documents on the site and ended with 40851 — these numbers thaks to Aloysius Tay Wee Kwok, IT Manager, University Scholars Programme at National University of Singapore, who kindly configured the main server to send weekly reports. George P. Landow and his students have created an annotated version of Carlyle's "Signs of the Times."

Phlip Allingham continues his commentaries on Copping's illustrations to Dickens's works.

Jacqueline Banerjee reviews Jeremy Paxman's The Victorians: Britain through the Paintings of the Age (2009) and the new third edition of Macmillan's London Encyclopaedia. In addition, she provides a series of photographs and commentaries on Morris's Red House and on the Palm House in Sefton Park, Liverpool, and a commentary on Richard Dadd's The Fairy-Feller's Master-Stroke. Her continuing work on sculpture includes a biography of Baron Henri-Joseph-François de Triqueti plus several of his sculptures, Flaxman's statue of Robert Burns, the Coade Lion on Westminster Bridge, new photographs of Gilbert's Queen Alexandra Memorial plus photographs and information about two works in London's Royal Insitution — J. H. Foley's statue of Michael Faraday and Thomas Woolner's medallion of John Tyndall.

Dr Hilary Grimes wrotes from Edinburgh Napier University to announce a new Robert Louis Stevenson Website. Deepti Kapoor writes suggesting linking to his site, which contains information of Jewish and Christian notions of passover as context for Rossetti's watercolor of that subject. Evelyn Rosenthal provided photographs of Teulon's St Stephen's Church, and Phil Beauchamp allowed us to use his photographs of George Heywood Sumner's sgraffiti in St Mary's Church, Sunbury.

David Goff contributed, "Burne-Jones and the Divine Unity," a discussion of one of Burne-Jone's late designs for a stained-glass nativity, "Companions for the Soul: Solitude and Kinship in [Christina Rossetti's] "The Thread of Life," and "Time and its Relics: Dante Rossetti's 'The Burden of Nineveh.'" Stephen Deluccia wrote "Setting, Perspective, and Context in The Annunciation, St Margaret's Church, Rottingdean," and Christina Rossetti's fragmentation of self

Rev. Simon Wooodley, the current rector of Bemerton, George Herbert's parish, writes to correct the spelling of the town in Dyce's painting of the poet in his garden there. Thanks!

February 2009

George P. Landow adapted several chapters from Gertrude Jekyll's works, including several dozen photographs, to create material on technology in the home, including Rushlight: How the Country Poor Lit Their Homes, The Evolution of the Fireplace, What the housewife used to cook meals: fireplace hangers, pot cranes, fire and cup dogs, tongs and other implements plus a section on rural working-class housing with an essay, "Cottages and Farms, especially in Old West Surrey." In addition, he created a section in photography containing a selection of her work in that medium plus several articles adapted from her writing about agricultural labor: ""From Hand Labour to Machine Work in agriculture": Work and New technologies in the Victorian Era," "Harvesting Corn," "Dibbles, Flails, and Wooden Ploughs," and "Country Occupations: Mowers, Sawyers, Cider-Makers, Copse-Cutters, Hurdle-Makers, Heath-Turf Cutters."

Philip V. Allingham scanned, partially formatted, and wrote the introduction and captions for both 14 illustrations Harry C. Edwards created for the American publication of Hardy's "Mastr John Horseleigh, Knyght" and the 30 illustrations Harold Copping created for Dickens's works.

Jacqueline Banerjee began the month by contributing Godfrey Sykes's monument to William Mulready at Kensal Green cemetery and Sir John Steell's bust of Florence Nightingale, as well as some more work on the public sculpture of Liverpool: Charles Bell Birch's sculptures of Major-General Earle and Disraeli, Sir Thomas Brock's Gladstone Memorial, Sir George Frampton's memorial statues for Canon Thomas Major Lester, Sir Arthur B. Forwood, and William Rathbone, Albert Bruce-Joy's Alexander Balfour, and Frederick William Pomeroy's Mgr. James Nugent and replicas in Liverpool of two famous London statues — Sir Alfred Gilbert's Eros and Frampton's Peter Pan.

Her contributions to the architecture section include a series on Liverpool: The Albert Dock and its Traffic Office (soon to be the home of the International Slavery Museum Research Institute and Education Centre) along with Gladstone's birthplace and other houses in Rodney Street, Liverpool.

Derek B. Scott, Professor of Critical Musicology at the University of Leeds, sent in his performance of "Ben Bolt," the song Trilby sings in DuMaurier's novel of that name. Anna Twomey sends in a description of her research on "the culture of working-class autodidacts," asking readers of VW for any suggestions (her e-mail address appears in her project description).

Students in Landow's courses at Brown University created several dozen essays and questions sets for George MacDonald's Phantastes and Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre. David Goff contributed "Stopped in Motion: The Individual in Egg's Travelling Companions, "Truth and Falsehood in Ruskin's Modern Painters," and "Time and its Relics: Dante Rossetti's 'The Burden of Nineveh'" while Stephen DeLucia contributed "The interplay of form and content in 'The Palace of Art'" and "Symbolism Prefiguring Typology in The Girlhood of Mary."

Some time ago Vara Neverow sent along a copy of her Harcourt edtion of Virginia Woolf's Jacob's Room, which used several of our images. Julie F. Codell, Professor of Art at Arizona State University, writes to report a batch of bad links that her students encountered in the list of Pre-Raphaelite associates. Thanks!

The month ended with 40,572 documents on site.

January 2009

George P. Landow began the month by sending an updated copy of the site to our mirror at Nagoya University, Japan, which Professor Mitsu Matsuoka has administered for the past few years. By the 26th 40,026 documents resided on the site. Some news related to the Victorian Web: After your webmaster decided to take offline its sister site, Postcolonial Literature and Culture www.postcolonialweb.org, Professor Yew Kong Leong [lyew at nus.edu.sg] volunteered to run the site on servers to which he has access. Those university teachers from Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, and the United States who kindly wrote when the site disappeared will be very grateful. Thanks Leong!

GPL, prompted by the new section on Gertrude Jekyll (see below), used several of her books, including Old West Surrey (1904), to create long-needed material on housing for the rural working classes ("Cottages and Farmhouses"), rural clothing, including documents with Jekyll's photographs of the countryman's smock, countrywomen's headgear, and pattens, footwear to raise one above the mud. Hannah B. Higgins sends along a copy of her new The Grid Book (MIT Press), which contains GPL's photograph of a Jacquard loom.

Philip Allingham contributes a brief essay to accompany Fred Barnard's Mrs. Gamp, on the Art of Nursing, an illustration to Dickens's Martin Chuzzlewit, plus commentaries on two illustrations of the same novel by Phiz. He also wrote a detailed discussion of the wrapper for serial issues of David Copperfield, examining how Phiz created his pictorial introduction to a novel about about which the novelist had uncharacteristically told him very little.

Jacqueline Banerjee sent in multiple photographs of Thomas Thornycroft's equestrian statues in Liverpool of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert; John Gibson's Suffer Little Children to Come to Me, Alexander Munro's bust of Josephine Butler accompanied by a biography of this important campaigner for women's rights, and Augustus Welby Pugin's gothic revival hall chair. Continuing her indefatigable proofreading, she caught a number of damaged images, errors, and inconsistencies.

Ray Sachs sent in the latest news on the Crystal Palace Campaign accompanied by both an 1864 plan of the park containing the palace plus a half dozen images of the master plans submitted to Bromley Council's Planning Development Committee. C. Aitchison Hull writes from the UK to notify our readers of her new site on the Victorian painter, Frederick Lee Bridell, and she also shared from her new book about Bridell a passage about the Anglo-American circle in Rome that included the Brownings. Vince Ciricola writes to let us know that his site to which his essay, "Sadi Carnot and the Conservation of Energy" links, has moved.

Christopher Arnander shared with us material about Gertrude Jekyll from his Jekyll Estate site, which enabled GPL to create a section for this painter, nature writer, and enormously influential garden designer to which which GPL added bibliographies and an essay, "Gertrude Jekyll's Word Painting."

Andrew Pinder, who writes from the U.K. to correct a factual error in the caption accompanying our photograph of Hangman's Cottage in the Hardy Gallery, also contributed an essay about the chronological setting of Hardy's "The Withered Arm, his views of capital punishment, and the Swing Riots of 1830" and The Dynasts: Dated, Durable, Defiant — A Performance Poet's Perspective.

Melisa Klimaszewski, Assistant Professor, Department of English, Drake University, and author of a forthcoming biography of Wilkie Collins, correctly identified the text inscribed on Holman Hunt's deathbed portrait of Charles Allston Collins as an edited excerpt from Charles' own A New Sentimental Journey (1859).

Dave Kruger points out a typo in Browning's "A Toccata of Galuppi's." Paula M. Krebs, Professor of English at Wheaton College, e-mailed with the information that two links in "Why did the British Empire expand so rapidly between 1870 and 1900?" had broken. Erl Johnston writes from Belfast to provide information about three Belfast buildings: he identifies one of our photographs as the former Diocesan Offices for the Church of Ireland designed by Lanyon, Lynn & Lanyon, points out that Samuel Stevenson designed the Technical Institution, and explains that it has been discovered that the Scottish Provident Institution is constructed of Glasgow Blonde sandstone. Thanks!

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