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If you have something you'd like to have included in the Victorian Web, e-mail me first at george@victorianweb.org or simply send your contribution along after following the directions below.

Converting Foot- and Endnotes

This is by far the most important thing to get right, since it takes a good deal of time to correct. In the Victorian Web brief bibliographical notes become in-text citations, and very short notes become incorporated into the main text; longer notes become separate documents with their own titles that link to the main text. Include a list of works cited at the foot of each individual lexia (document) and then use the MLA short form of in-text citation, which means in practice that you provide only as much information in the parenthetical reference as is absolutely necessary.

Therefore, if you introduce quoted material by "According to Spurgeon's Sermons," you have already identified the author and text and now only need to provide a page number: "quoted text" (34).

If, however, you write, "According to a famous Victorian preacher . . . ," you do have to provide the necessary information (author and text) in abbreviated form with just enough detail to permit readers to find the full citation in your list of references: "quoted text" (Spurgeon, Sermons, 34).

When citing or quoting more than one work by the same author, use a short title if readers cannot otherwise determine the source of your passage. Remember, though, if you make clear the author or work in your discussion, you only need to provide a page number.


Please use the following form:

Spurgeon, Charles. Sermons. London: Rivington, 1843.

Ruskin, John. Works. 39 vols. Eds. E. T. Cook and Alexander Wedderburn. London: Allen and Unwin, 1902-12.

Smith, James. "Tennyson's Heroines." Victoriana 3 (1996): 23-35.

General Directions

1. Long essays should be divided into separately titled sections, particularly if each section concentrates upon a single author or topic.

2. If you are a faculty member, please provide your name, academic title, and institution; if an undergraduate or graduate student, please include your name, graduating class (e.g., '06), name and number of course for which the contribution was written, and college or university, as in the following: "Jane Smith '06, English 171, "Sages and Satirists," Brown University, 2006."

General Directions for those sending contributions in HTML

1. Begin each paragraph with "<p>" and end it with "</p>". Note: Any text preceded and followed by a line space, such as an item in a bibliography or timeline, constitutes a paragraph.

2. Start each paragraph in long quoted passages with <p class="lq>, and end it with </p>.

<p class="lq">
<p class="lq">
<p class="lq">

3. Each bibliographical item counts as a paragraph. Please format each item as follows: <p class="bibl"> </p>.

4. When citing pages, use parentheses in the main text and brackets for material between <p class="lq"> tags: <p>"quoted text" (p. 39)</p> but

<p class="lq"> quoted text. [p. 39] </p>

5. Use the following tags for subtitles: <h3>Bibliography </h3>

6. Use italic for titles of books, plays, paintings, and ships — that is, use <i> before each book title and </i> after it. [Note: Since I began to convert the site to CSS (Cascading Style Sheets), all such tags are fully descriptive, so we actually use, not <i> </i>, but the more descriptive <span class="book"> </span> and <span class="painting"> </span> — that is, the tag indicates indicates what the item is rather than what it looks like; a single document then controls appearance. If using these longer tags seems too complicated, just use those for italics, and we'll convert them.]

Getting Your Documents to Me

1. If you know how to save your documents as "text only" using the "Save As" option in the "File" menu of most word processing programs, send the document to me as an e-mail attachment.

2. Otherwise, please do the following:

House style: html formatting instructions

Some Easy Ways to Strengthen Your Writing

Contributors may wish look at the following documents before submitting their documents:

Last modified 1 October 2019