John Sloan: Portraitist, Landscapist, Illustrator, and Observer of New York Life (1871-1933)
John French Sloan (2 August 1871-7 September 1951), New York City painter and etcher, was a founding member of the Ashcan school of American art, and a member of the group of painters who called themselves "The Eight." Although he was a successful book illustrator, his best known works are genre paintings of urban scenes which he recorded as he observed his New York City neighbourhood outside the window of his Chelsea studio. In his paintings he focussed on "the drab, shabby, happy, sad, and human life"of New York City, particularly pedestrians,during the early part of the twentieth century. Sloan was also a highly capable book-illustrator, landscape artist,and painter of portraits. Although his study of the reactions of Gabriel Betteredge, Rachel Verinder, Godfrey Ablewhite, and Franklin Blake to the Moonstone may be compared to that of contemporary British Illustrator Alfred Pearse's "'Exquisite! exquisite!'" (1910), Sloan's choice of subject was in no way influenced by the 1910 half-tone lithograph, which Sloan's illustration predates by two years. His other choices, however, suggest that he may have seen the original serial illustrations, either in Harper's Weekly for 1868 or in the Harper and Brothers volume published in July 1868, and re-printed in the fall of 1873.
Four Illustrations for The Moonstone in the Charles Scribner's Sons Edition (1908)
- "The Moonstone" and British India (1857, 1868, and 1876)
- Detection and Disruption inside and outside the 'quiet English home' in "The Moonstone"
- "Do you think a young lady's advice worth having?" — p. 94.
- The "Harper's Weekly" Illustrations for Wilkie Collins's "The Moonstone" (1868)
- Illustrations by F. A. Fraser for Wilkie Collins's "The Moonstone: A Romance" (1890)
- Illustrations by Alfred Pearse for Wilkie Collins's "The Moonstone: A Romance" (1910)
Collins, Wilkie. The Moonstone: A Romance. with sixty-six illustrations. Harper's Weekly: A Journal of Civilization. Vol. 12 (1868), 4 January through 8 August, pp. 5-503.
________. The Moonstone: A Romance. All the Year Round. 1 January-8 August 1868.
_________. The Moonstone: A Novel. With 19 illustrations. New York & London: Harper and Brothers, 1868, rpt. 1874.
_________. The Moonstone: A Romance. Illustrated by George Du Maurier and F. A. Fraser. London: Chatto and Windus, 1890.
_________. The Moonstone, Parts One and Two. The Works of Wilkie Collins, vols. 5 and 6. New York: Peter Fenelon Collier, 1900.
_________. The Moonstone: A Romance. With four illustrations by John Sloan. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1908.
_________. The Moonstone: A Romance. Illustrated by A. S. Pearse. London & Glasgow: Collins, 1910, rpt. 1930.
_________. The Moonstone. With forty-nine illustrations by William Sharp. New York: Doubleday, 1946.
_________. The Moonstone: A Romance. With nine illustrations by Edwin La Dell. London: Folio Society, 1951.
Farmer, Steve. "Introduction" to Wilkie Collins's The Moonstone. Peterborough, ON: Broadview, 1999. Pp. 8-34.
Leighton, Mary Elizabeth, and Lisa Surridge. "The Transatlantic Moonstone: A Study of the Illustrated Serial in Harper's Weekly." Victorian Periodicals Review Volume 42, Number 3 (Fall 2009): pp. 207-243. Accessed 1 July 2016. http://englishnovel2.qwriting.qc.cuny.edu/files/2014/01/42.3.leighton-moonstone-serializatation.pdf
Lonoff, Sue. Chapter 7: "The Moonstone and Its Audience." Wilkie Collins and His Readers: A Study in the Rhetoric of Authorship. New York: AMS Studies in the Nineteenth Century, 1982. Pp. 170-227.
Nayder, Lillian. Unequal Partners: Charles Dickens, Wilkie Collins, & Victorian Authorship. London and Ithaca, NY: Cornll U. P., 2001.
Peters, Catherine. The King of the Inventors: A Life of Wilkie Collins. London: Minerva, 1991.
Reed, John R. "English Imperialism and the Unacknowledged crime of The Moonstone. Clio 2, 3 (June, 1973): 281-290.
Robinson, Kenneth. "Chapter 12: 'The Moonstone'." Wilkie Collins: A Biography London: The Bodley Head, 1951. Pp. 200-224.
Stewart, J. I. M. "A Note on Sources." Wilkie Collins's The Moonstone. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1966, rpt. 1973. Pp. 527-8.
Last updated 27 August 2016