During the 1860s and 70s, an average of two pleasure piers were built in Britain every year. — Kathryn Ferry, p. 5

Piers proliferated throughout the Victorian period; by 1900 there were eighty of them, offering not only bands and promenades but also Punch-and-Judy stands, singers, dancers and jugglers in end-of-pier shows, steamer excursions, and all manner of other entertainments. — Adam Hart-Davis, p. 109

A view of LLandudno Pier, N. Wales, Photograph: Colin Price.

Selected Piers

Related Material


Dobraszczyk, Paul. Iron, Ornament and Architecture in Victorian Britain: Myth and Modernity, Excess and Enchantment. London and New York: Routledge, 2016.

Eugenius Birch. Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Vol. 78 (4/1884): 414-16. The ICE [Institution of Civil Engineers] Virtual Library. Web. 29 June 2020.

Ferry, Kathryn. "The Genius of Eugenius." The Victorian (The Magazine of the Victorian Society). No. 58 (July 2018): 4-7.

Hart-Davis, Adam. What the Victorians Did for Us. London: Headline, 2001.

Created 29 June 2020