The serial publication of fiction began to change in the late 1850s with the appearance of such illustrated weeklies as Once a Week (1859) and The Cornhill (1860), which over the next decade ousted the old-style, cheap, non-illustrated literary magazines such as Bentley's, Ainsworth's, and All the Year Round. Furthermore, a new kind of fiction, the Sensation Novel (derisively called "The Bigamy Novel" by its detractors) developed in the 1860s as an offshoot of the less realistic Gothic Novel. The part-publication of Dickens was almost entirely subsumed by these new literary magazines, although America's Atlantic Monthly and Britain's Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine continued to publish high-quality fiction (such as that by Joseph Conrad) without accompanying illustrations. In this respect, Great Expectations (1861) was very much a throw-back, appearing first in a cheap, pulp-paper weekly rather than in a new commodity text such as Good Words.

Cruikshank, Phiz, and their tribe retired, replaced by a host of young, realistic illustrators such as George Du Maurier, Robert Barnes, Arthur Hopkins, and C. S. Reinhart, gifted commercial artists who worked mostly for the new, illustrated magazines of the 1860s. French novelists such as Balzac, Flaubert, Daudet, the Goncourts (the so-called "Naturalist School"), De Maupassant and Jules Verne, the Russians Turgenev and Count Leo Tolstoy, and Americans such as Twain, Melville, and Henry James continued to produce popular fiction from abroad, a trend established earlier in the century by Dumas, Poe, Hawthorne, and Fennimore Cooper.

Finally, children's literature, which had in its infancy produced only a few best-selling classics, such as Mary Sherwood's The Fairchild Family (1818) Catherine Sinclair's Holiday House (1839), was about to enter the Golden Age, with Lewis Carroll and Edith Nesbit and a host of other writers whose works aimed primarily at a child and juvenile market would continue to be best-sellers well into the twentieth century.

1862

1863

1864

1865

  • Sheridan Le Fanu's Uncle Silas
  • Elizabeth Gaskell's Lizzie Leigh The Grey Woman and Cousin Phillis (in a single volume)
  • Harrison Ainsworth's The Spanish Match and Auriol
  • James Payn's Lost Sir Massingerd (serialialised)
  • James Payn's Married Beneath Him
  • James Payn's Mirk Abbey

1866

1867

1868

1869

1870

1871

1872

  • Margaret Oliphant's At His Gates
  • Thomas Hardy's Under the Greenwood Tree
  • Rhoda Broughton's Good-bye, Sweetheart!
  • James Payn's Gwendoline's Harvest
  • Rhoda Broughton's Goodbye Sweetheart
  • George Eliot's Middlemarch
  • (serialised 1871-1872) Samuel Butler's Erewhon
  • Wilkie Collins's Poor Miss Finch (3 vols.).

1873

1874

1875

1876

1877

1878

1879

1880

1881

1882

1883

1884

1885

1886

1887

1888

1889

1890

1891

1892

1893

1894

1895

1896

1897

1898

  • H. G. Wells' The War of the Worlds

1899

  • Rhoda Broughton's The Game and the Candle
  • . H. G. Wells' When the Sleeper Awakes.
  • 1900

    • Joseph Conrad's Lord Jim (serialised in Blackwood's)
    • Rhoda Broughton's Foes in Law
    • . H. G. Wells' Love and Mr. Lewisham

    1901

    • H. G. Wells' The First Men in the Moon
    • Samuel Butler's Erewhon Revisited
    • Ford Maddox Ford's The Inheritors

    Related Materials

    Selected References

    Altick, Richard D. Victorian People and Ideas. New York. W. W. Norton, 1973.

    Booth, Michael R.; Southern, Richard; Davies, Roberston; Frederick and Lise-Lone Marker. The Revels History of Drama in English, Vol. 6. 1750-1880. London: Methuen, 1975.

    Carpenter, Humphrey, and Prichard, Mari. The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.

    Jackson, Arlene M. Illustration and the Novels of Thomas Hardy. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1981.

    Mitchell, Sally (ed.). Victorian Britain: An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland, 1988.

    Patten, Robert L. Charles Dickens and His Publishers. Oxford: Clarendon, 1978.

    Terry, Reginald C. Victorian Popular Fiction 1860-1880. London: Macmillan, 1983.

    Tillotson, Kathleen. Novels of the Eighteen-Forties. Oxford: Clarendon, 1971.

    Vann, J. Don. Victorian Novels in Serial. New York: Modern Language Association, 1985.


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    Last modified 26 March 2002 [MB]