Bailey, J. O. The Poetry of Thomas Hardy: A Handbook and Commentary. Chapel Hill, NC: U. North Carolina Press, 1970. PR 4753. B15

Burns, R. A. "Imagery in Hardy's 'The Darkling Thrush'. " Concerning Poetry, 10, 1 (Spring 1977): 87-89.

Houghton, Walter E., and G. Robert Stange. Victorian Poetry and Poetics. Boston: Houghton Mifflin and Riverside Press, 1959.

Leider, Paul Robert, ed. Eminent British Poets of the Nineteenth Century, Volume Two: Tennyson to Housman. New York: Harper & Bros., 1938.

Lock, Charles. "'The Darkling Thrush' and the Habit of Singing." Essays in Criticism 36, 2 (April 1986): 121-41.

Paulin, Tom. Thomas Hardy: The Poetry of Perception. London: Macmillan, 1975.

Powley, Edward B., ed. A Hundred Years of English Poetry. St. Martin's Classics. Toronto: Macmillan, 1933.

Richardson, James. Thomas Hardy: The Poetry of Necessity. Chicago & London: U. Chicago P., 1975. PR 4754 R5

Southworth, James Granvelle. The Poetry of Thomas Hardy. New York: Russell and Russell, 1966. PR 4754.S72 966

The Works of Thomas Hardy. Wordsworth Editions. Ware, Hertfordshire: Wordsworth, 1994.

Wright, Sarah Bird. Thomas Hardy A to Z: The Essential Reference to His Life and Work. New York: Facts on File, 2002.

Last modified 28 July 2004.