York Minster seen from within and outside the medieval city walls. The photograph at right shows the Minster behind Micklegate Bar, part of which dates to the 1100s. Photographs 2019. Click on images to enlarge them.

York Minster on a rai ny day in 1977.

According to York Minster's own rich website, the cathedral's history can be traced back to a series of early medieval churches, but the present structure began in 1220 when Archbishop Walter de Gray and the Dean and chapter decided to rebuild the Norman minster (damaged by fire in 1137) "on a scale to rival Canterbury." The transepts were constructed during the next 30 years, and the rebuilding continued for 250 years! The chapter decided to replace the nave around 1280, and this worktook more than half a century, in part because of the epidemic of Black Death (bubonic plague) in 1349. Part of the central tower collapsed in 1407 while work on the eastern part of the church continued. During the fifteenth century national politics deeply affected the Minister and its clergy, as did Henry VIII's breaking away from the Catholic church.

York Minster seen from from several places in the city. The church dominates the city skyline, towering above many roofs. Photographs 2019. Click on images to enlarge them. The photograph at right was taken from immediately outside York Art Gallery. The white building in the one at left is the De Grey Rooms.

York Minster seen across the wide Lendal Bridge over the River Ouse and behind a Victorian red brick structure. A tower belonging to St Wilfrid's Catholic Church appears at the left.

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Photographs by George P. Landow 1977, 2019. [You may use these images without prior permission for any scholarly or educational purpose as long as you (1) credit the photographer and (2) link your document to this URL in a web project or cite it in a print one.]

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Last modified April 20, 2019