As its name suggests, cast iron is distinct from its sister material, wrought iron, in that it is produced from patterns and moulds rather than shaped by a smith at a forge. The pattern — usually made in timber, lead or plaster — was used to form a mould, with green sand employed to take the form of the pattern.... Into this mould molten pig-iron would be poured and, after cooling and fine working, the final form of the cast object would result. — Dobraszczyk 5-6

Lamps, lampposts and other street furniture

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Service covers and manholes

Domestic furniture


Gates and Fences


Hinges and decorative ironwork

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Rooftop finials and other decoration

Recommended Reading

Dobraszczyk, Paul. Iron, Ornament and Architecture in Victorian Britain: Myth and Modernity, Excess and Enchantment. Pbk. London and New York: Routledge, 2016. [Review]

Last modified 29 October 2021