Note: Philip V. Allingham, and our Editor for Book Illustration and Design, Simon Cooke, both have numerous articles on specific authors and their illustrators in a variety of scholarly journals. Please look out for references to these in the relevant sections of the Victorian Web.


Allingham, Philip V. Hardy's Illustrated Fiction: A Study of the Illustrations that Accompanied the Original Periodical Fiction of Thomas Hardy (1870-1903). Saarbruken: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, 2011.

_____. "'We Can Now See That the Days of Illustrated Novels Were Drawing to an End' — Not So." The Dickens Magazine. Haslemere, Surrey: Bishops Printers. Series 1, Issue 3, pp. 6-7.

Anderson, Patricia J. The printed image and the transformation of popular culture, 1790-1860. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991.

Beegan, G. The Mass Image: a Social History of Photomechanical Reproduction in Victorian London. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

Bénézit, E. Dictionnaire Critique et Documentaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs. Paris: Librairie Gründ, 1976.

Bewick, Thomas. A Memoir of Thomas Bewick Written by Himself Embellished with Numerous Wood Engravings, Designed and Engraved by the Author for a Work on British Fishes, and Never before Published. Newcastle-on-Tyne: Robert Ward and London: Longman, Green, Logman, and Roberts: 1862. Internet Archive version of a copy at the University of Toronto. Web. 20 September 2014.

Bland, David. A History of Book Illustration: The Illustrated Manuscript and the Printed Book. London: Faber, 1958; Berkeley: U. of California Press, 1974.

Browne, Edgar. Phiz and Dickens As They Appeared to Edgar Browne. London: James Nisbet, 1913.

Browne, John Buchanan. Early Victorian Illustrated Books: Britain, France, and Germany. London: British Library Publishing Division (1894). London & New Castle: Oak Knoll Press, 2005.

Browne, John Buchanan. Phiz! Illustrator of Dickens' World. New York: Charles Scribner's, 1978.

_____. Phiz! The Book Illustrations of Hablot Knight Browne. Newton Abbot, London, and Vancouver: David and Charles, 1978.

Burton, Anthony. “[Review of] John Harvey’s Victorian Novelists and their Illustrators.” Dickensian 67 (1971): 109.

Cayzer, Elizabeth. "Dickens and His Late Illustrators. A Change in Style: Phiz and A Tale of Two Cities." Dickensian 86, 3 (Autumn, 1990): 30-4.

Chesson, W. H. George Cruikshank. London: Duckworth, n. d.

Cohen, Jane Rabb. Charles Dickens and His Original Illustrators. Columbus: Ohio University Press, 1980.

Cooke, Simon. "The Fountain of One's Own Originality: Du Maurier's Theories of Illustration and How he Applied Them to his Work." George Du Maurier: Illustrator, Author, Critic. Eds. Simon Cooke & Paul Goldman. Farnham: Ashgate, 2016. pp. 83–100.

_____. "George Du Maurier’s Illustrations for M. E. Braddon's Eleanor’s Victory in Once a Week." Victorian Periodicals Review 35: 1 (Spring 2002): 89–106.

_____. Illustrated Periodicals of the 1860s. Pinner: PLA; London: The British Library; Newcastle, Delaware: Oak Knoll Press, 2010.

_____. "Interpreting Masculinity: Pre-Raphaelite Illustration and the Works of Tennyson, Christina Rossetti, and Trollope." Pre-Raphaelite Masculinities. Eds. Serena Trowbridge and Amelia Yeates. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2013.

_____, and Paul Goldman, eds. George Du Maurier: Illustrator, Author, Critic: Beyond Svengali. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2016.

Dalziel, George and Edward. The Brothers Dalziel: A record of fifty years' work in conjunction with many of the most distinguished artists of the period 1840-1890. Foreword by Graham Reynolds. London: Methuen, 1901; reprinted, London: Batsford, 1978.

Dalziel, Pamela. "Anxieties of Representation: The Serial Illustrations to Hardy's The Return of the Native." Nineteenth-Century Literature 51, 1 (June 1996): 84-110.

De Maré, Eric. The Victorian Woodblock Illustrators. London: Gordon Fraser, 1980.

Du Maurier, George. "The Illustrating of Books from the Serious Artist's Point of View." The Magazine of Art (1890): 349–53; 371–75.

Engen, Rodney. Richard Doyle. Stroud: The Catalpa Press, 1983.

Felmingham, Michael. The illustrated gift book, 1880-1930: with a checklist of 2500 titles. Aldershot [Hants, England]: Scolar Press, 1988.

Feltes, N. N. Modes of Production of Victorian Novels. Chicago: U. Chicago Press, 1986.

Fisher, Judith. "Image versus Text in the Illustrated Novels of William Makepeace Thackeray." Victorian Literature and the Victorian Visual Imagination. Eds. Carol T. Christ and John O. Jordan. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995. pp. 60–87.

Frith, W. P. John Leech. 2 Vols. London: Richard Bentley, 1891.

Gamble, Charles William. Modern illustration Processes; an introductory textbook for all students of printing methods. 3d ed. London: Pitman [1950].

George Cruikshank. Intro. William Feaver. Exhibition catalogue. London: Arts Council, 1974.

Golden, Catherine. Serials to Graphic Novels: The Evolution of the Victorian Illustrated Book. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2017.

Goldman, Paul. Beyond Decoration: The Illustrations of John Everett Millais. London: The British Library, 2005.

_____. "George Du Maurier as a Draughtsman and Illustrator." George Du Maurier: Illustrator, Author, Critic. Eds. Simon Cooke & Paul Goldman. Farnham: Ashgate, 2016. pp. 17–31.

_____. Victorian Illustration. Aldershot: Scolar, 1996; rpt. 2004.

_____. Victorian Illustration: The Pre-Raphaelites, the Idyllic School and the High Victorians. Aldershot: Scolar, 1996; new ed. London: Lund Humphries, 2004.

_____, and Simon Cooke. Reading Victorian Illustration, 1855-75: Spoils of the Lumber Room. London and New York: Routledge, 2012.

Graves, Algernon. The Royal Academy of Art, A Complete Dictionary of Contributors and their work from its foundation in 1769 to 1904. London: Henry Graves and George Bell, 1905. Rpt. Kingsmead Reprints, 1970.

Hall, N. John. Trollope and His Illustrations. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1980.

Hammerton, J. A. The Dickens Picture-Book. London: Educational Book Co., 1910.

Hancher, Michael. The Tenniel Illustrations to the “Alice” Books. Columbus, OH: Ohio State UP, 1985.

Hartley, Harold. "Introduction." R. A. Exhibitors: Book Illustration of the 1860s. London: The National Gallery, 1923.

Harvey, John. Victorian Novelists and their Illustrators. London: Sidgwick and Jackson, 1970.

Hodnett, Edward. Five Centuries of English Book Illustration. Aldershot: Scolar, 1988.

Houfe, Simon. The Dictionary of 19th Century Book Illustrators. Rev ed. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Antique Collectors Club. 1996.

Hughes, Linda K, and Lund, Michael. The Victorian Serial. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1991.

Kitton, Frederic G. Dickens and His Illustrators. London: Chapman & Hall, 1899.

Jackson, Arlene M. Illustration and the Novels of Thomas Hardy. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1981.

James, Philip Brutton. English Book illustration, 1800-1900. London: Penguin, 1947.

Johannsen, Albert. Phiz: Illustrations from the Novels of Charles Dickens. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1956.

Johnson, Diana L. Fantastic Illustration and Design in Britain, 1830-1930. Providence"Museum of Art of the Rhode Island School of Design, 1979.

Johnson, E. D. H. "George Cruikshank: The Collection at Princeton." Princeton University Library Chronicle. 25 (1973): 1-33. [see Patten below]

Jordan, John O., and Robert L. Patten. Literature in the Marketplace: Nineteenth-Century British Publishing and Reading Practices. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Kitton, Frederic G. Dickens and His Illustrators. Chapman & Hall, 1899. [Rpt. Honolulu: U. Press of the Pacific, 2004.]

Kooistra, Lorraine J. Poetry, Pictures, and Popular Publishing: The Illustrated Gift Book and Victorian Visual Culture, 1855-1875. Athens, Ohio: Ohio U. P., 2011.

Kunzle, David. George Cruikshank: A Revaluation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton U. P., 1974.

_____. The History of the Comic Strip, Vol. I: The Nineteenth Century (1990)

Leavis, F. R. and Q. D. "The Dickens Illustrators: Their Functions." Dickens the Novelist. London: Chatto and Windus, 1970. Pp. 332-37.

Leighton, Mary Elizabeth, and Lisa Surridge. The Plot Thickens – Illustrated Victorian Serial Fiction from Dickens to Du Maurier. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2019.

Lester, Valerie Browne. Phiz: The Man Who Drew Dickens. London: Chatto and Windus, 2004.

McLean, Ruari. George Cruikshank: His Life and Work as a Book Illustrator. English Masters of Black-and-White. London: Art and Technics, 1948.

_____. Victorian Book Design and Colour Printing. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972.

Maidment, Brian. Comedy, Caricature and the Social Order, 1820-50. Manchester, Manchester University Press, 2013.

_____. Reading Popular Prints, 1790–1870. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1996.

Mallalieu, H. L. The Dictionary of British Watercolour Artists up to 1920. 2nd ed. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Antique Collectors' Club, 1986.

Maxwell, Richard. The Victorian Illustrated Book. London and Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2002.

Meisel, Martin. Chapter 13, "Novels in Epitome." Realizations: Narrative, Pictorial, and Theatrical Arts in Nineteenth-Century England. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989. Pp. 247-282.

Morris, Frankie. Artist of Wonderland: the Life, Political Cartoons, and Illustrations of Tenniel. Cambridge: The Lutterworth Press, 2006.

Muir, Percy. Victorian Illustrated Books. N. Y.: Prager, 1971.

Ormond, Leonee. George Du Maurier. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1969.

Page, Norman. "Thomas Hardy's Forgotten Illustrators." Bulletin of the New York Public Library, 77: 4 (Summer 1974): 454-63.

Patten, Robert L. Charles Dickens and His Publishers. Oxford: Clarendon Press: 1978.

Patten, Robert L., ed. George Cruikshank: A Revaluation. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1992. [Originally published 1974 as an issue of Princeton University Library Chronicle.]

_____. George Cruikshank's Life, Times, and Art. 2 vols. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1992-1996.

Pennell, Joseph. The Adventures of An Illustrator Mostly in Following His Authors in America and Europe. Boston: Little, Brown, & Co., 1925.

_____. Pen Drawing and Pen Draughtsman. London: Macmillan, 1897.

Peppin, Brigid. Fantasy: The Golden Age of Fantastic Illustration. New York: New American Library, 1976. (Also Watson-Guptill, 1975.)

Peppin, Bridget, and Lucy Micklethwait. Dictionary of British Book Illustrators: The Twentieth Century. London: John Murray, 1983.

Ray, Gordon. The Illustrator and the Book in England from 1790 to 1914. New York: Pierpont Morgan Library, 1976.

Reid, Forrest. Illustrators of the Eighteen Sixties. New York: Dover, 1928; reprint, 1975.

Salaman, M. C. Modern Book Illustrators and Their Work. Ed. C. Geoffrey Holme and Ernest G. Halton. London: The Studio Ltd., 1914. Internet Archive version in a copy of the Cornell University Library. Web. 24 December 2012.

Solberg, Sarah A. "A Note on Phiz's Dark Plates." Dickensian 76, 1 (1980): 40-41.

Steig, Michael. Dickens and Phiz. Bloomington & London: Indiana U. P., 1978. [Complete text on this site.]

Thomas, Julia. "Happy Endings: Death and Domesticity in Victorian Illustration." Reading Victorian Illustration, 1855–1875. Eds. Paul Goldman and Simon Cooke. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2012. Pp. 79–96.

Thomson, David Croal. The Life and Works of Thomas Bewick being an Account of His Career and Acivements in Art with a Notice of the Works of John Bewick. London: The Art-Journal, 1882. Smithsonian Libraries site. Web. 19 September 2014.

Wakeman, Geoffrey. Victorian Book Illustration: The Technical Revolution. Norwich: Fletcher, 1973.

Watts, Alan S. "Why Wasn't Great Expectations Illustrated?" The Dickens Magazine. Haslemere, Surrey: Bishops Printers. Series 1, Issue 2, pp. 8-9.

White, Gleeson. English Illustration: The Sixties, 1855-70. 1897, reprint. Bath: Kingsmead, 1970.

Vogler, Richard A. Graphic Works of George Cruikshank. Dover Pictorial Archive Series. New York: Dover, 1979.

Zaitlin, Linda Gertner. "Aubrey Beardsley" — A Catalogue Raisonné. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2016.


Last modified 15 October 2019