Gretchen Schmidt (Margaret Spicer Simson) by Theodore Spicer Simson. 1911. Private collection. Inscribed “Gretchen Schmidt T. S. S. Fecit AD MDCCCXI.” [Click on image to enlarge it.]

Photograph and text by owner. Formatting and color correction by George P. Landow. [You may use this image without prior permission for any scholarly or educational purpose as long as you credit the photographer and (2) link your document to this URL in a web document or cite the Victorian Web in a print one.]

Last modified 17 November 2016