Africa by Henry Hugh Armstead (1828-1905). Colonial Office, Whitehall, London. Photograph, caption, and formatting by George P. Landow. [Photograph in late afternoon raking light” by Robert Freidus.] Interestingly, Africa is the only one of the continents that includes a child among its attributes — along with its tropical vegetation and rather poorly done, grotesque hippopotamus.

Other sculpture” by Armstead from the Colonial Office

[You may use these images without prior permission for any scholarly or educational purpose as long as you (1) credit the photographer and (2) link your document to this URL in a web document or cite the Victorian Web in a print one.]


Beattie, Susan. The New Sculpture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983.

Content last modified 6 June 2011

Reformatted 16 March 2015