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Arnstein, Walter, Michael Bright, Linda Peterson, and Nicolas Temperley. "Recent Studies in Victorian Religion," Victorian Studies, XXXIII, 1, Autumn 1989.

McLeod, Hugh. "Recent Studies in Victorian Religious History," Victorian Studies, 21 (Autumn, 1977).

McLeod, Hugh. Religion and the People of Western Europe: 1789-1970. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1981.

Reardon, Bernard M. G. From Coleridge to Gore: A Century of Religious Thought in Britain. Longman, 1971.

Robertson, J. M. A History of Freethought in the Nineteenth Century. 2 vols., London: Watts & Co., 1929.

Rupp, Gordon. Religion in England 1688-1791. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.

Schieder, R. M. "Loss and Gain? The Theme of Conversion in Late Victorian Fiction," Victorian Studies, 7 (Sept. 1965).


The Evangelical Movement

Allen, R. Wilberforce. Methodism and Modern World Problems. London: Methuen & Co., 1926.

Bebbington, D. W. Evangelicalism in Modern Britain: A History from the 1730s to the 1980s. London: Unwin Hyman, 1989.

Bennett, John C. "Charles Simeon and the Evangelical Anglican Missionary Movement: A study in Voluntarism and Church-Mission Tensions." Ph.D. thesis, University of Edinburgh, 1992.

Brantley, Richard E. Coordinates of Anglo-American Romanticism: Wesley, Edwards, Carlyle & Emerson. Gainesville: Univ. of Florida Press, 1993.

Brantley, Richard E. Locke, Wesley, and the Method of English Romanticism. Gainesville: Univ. of Florida Press, 1994.

Colquhoun, John Campbell. William Wilberforce: His Friends and his Times. London: Longmans, Green, Reader and Dyer, 1866.

Foster, Charles I. An Errand of Mercy: The Evangelical United Front, 1790-1837. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1960.

Hempton, Davic and Myrtle Hill. Evangelical Protestantism in Ulster Society, 1740-1890. London: Routledge, 1992.

Hilton, Boyd. The Age of Atonement: The Influence of Evangelicalism on Social and Economic Thought. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988.

Howse, Ernest Marshall. Saints in Politics: The "Clapham Sect" and the Growth of Freedom. Toronto: Univ. of Toronto Press, London, 1952.

Jay, Elizabeth. The Religion of the Heart: Anglican Evangelicalism and the Nineteenth-Century Novel. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979.

Larsen, Timothy. Friends of Religious Equality: Nonconformist Politics in Mid-Victorian England. (Studies in Modern British Religious History. 1). Woodbridge, Suffolk and Rochester, NY: Boydell, 1999.

Newsome, David. The Wilberforces and Henry Manning: The Parting of Friends. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1966.

Noll, Mark, David Bebbington, G. A. Rawlyk, eds. Evangelicalism: Comparative Studies of Popular Protestantism in North America, the British Isles, and Beyond, 1700-1990. N.Y.: Oxford UP, 1994.

Smyth, Charles. Simeon and the Church Order: A Study of the Origins of the Evangelical Revival in Cambridge in the Eighteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1940.

Wilberforce, R. I. and S. The Life of William Wilberforce. 5 vols, London: John Murray, 1838.

Wilberforce, William. A Practical View of the Prevailing Religious System of Professed Christians in the Higher and Middle Classes in this Country Contrasted with Real Christianity. 2nd ed., London: Cadell and Davies, 1797.

Broad Church

Arnold, Thomas. sermons. 3 vols., London: Rivington, 1829-34.

Barth, J. Robert. Coleridge and Christian Doctrine. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1969.

Prickett, Stephen. Romanticism and Religion: The Tradition of Coleridge and Wordsworth in the Victorian Church. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1976.

Pym, David. The Religious Thought of Samuel Coleridge. N.Y.: Harper & Row, 1979.

Tractarianism, High Church, and the Oxford Movement

Brilioth, Yngve. The Anglican Revival: Studies in the Oxford Movement. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1925.

Brilioth, Yngve. Evangelicalism and the Oxford Movement. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1934.

Church, R. W. The Oxford Movement: Twelve Years, 1833-1845. Edited with an introduction by Geoffrey Best. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1970 [1891].

Liddon, Henry P. Life of Edward Bouverie Pusey. 4 vols. London: Longmans Green, & Co., 1893-1897.

Lock, Walter. John Keble: A Biography. 6th ed., London: Methuen, 1894.

Newman, John Henry. Apologia pro Vita Sua. ed. A. Dwight Culler. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company The Riverside Press, 1956 [1864].

Tennyson, G. B. Victorian Devotional Poetry: The Tractarian Mode. New Haven: Yale University Press. [Review]

Thomas, Stephen. Newman and Heresy: The Anglican Years. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1991.

Voll, Dieter. Catholic Evangelicalism: The Acceptance of Evangelical Traditions by the Oxford Movement During the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century, A Contribution to the Understanding of Recent Anglicanism. Trans. Veronica Ruffer. London: The Faith Press 1963.

The Bible, Interpretation, and Religious Symbolism

Carpenter, Mary. George Eliot and the Landscapes of Time: Narrative From and Protestant Apocalyptic History. Chapel Hill: U. of North Carolina P., 1986.

Cassels, Walter Richard. Supernatural Religion (1902) online text [a classic of Victorian higher criticism].

Landow, George P. Victorian Types, Victorian Shadows; Biblical Typology in Victorian Literature, Art, and Thought. Boston and London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980.

Peterson, Linda H. "Biblical Typology and the Self-Portrait of the Poet in Robert Browning." In Approaches to Victorian Autobiography. Ed. George P. Landow. Athens: Ohio UP, 1979., 243-64.

Peterson, Linda H. "Robert Browning and Biblical Typology." Brown U. Ph. D. dissertation, 1977.

Sussman, Herbert. Fact into Figure.

Ryle, John Charles (1831-1900). Holiness . [1st ed. 1879] Durham, England: Evangelical Press, 1991.

This treatise on piety has been reprinted many times, most recently by the Evangelical Press of Durham, England, in 1991. I concur with Briton J. I. Packer of Regent College, Vancouver, who ranks this primary work among the classics of the British evangelical tradition, particularly its Calvinistic wing. It is truly a worthy addition to your list. Holiness attempts an exegesis of the ideal whose significance emerges from Leviticus 20:7 and 1 Peter 1:15-16. Ryle quotes hundreds of scriptures to make his point, including these. His purpose is well summarized in the book's introduction, which is available on the WWW. --Don Alban, Jr. [dalban@maranatha.net]

Religion and Society

Krueger, Christine. The Reader's Repentance: Women Preachers, Women Writers, and Nineteenth-Century Social Discourse. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 1992. [Review]

Norman, Edward. The Victorian Christian Socialists. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1987

Obelkevich, James. Religion and Rural Society: South Lindsey, 1825-75. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976.

Olsen, Gerald Wayne, ed. Religion and Revolution in Early Industrial England: The Halévy Thesis and its Critics. Lanham, MD.: Univ. Press of America, 1990.

Tamke, Susan S. Make a Joyful Noise unto the Lord: Hymns as a Reflection of Victorian Social Attitudes. Athens, Ohio: Ohio Univ. Press, 1978.

Last modified 1998