“Shoe-making at the Philanthropic Society’s Farm School” by Frank Holl
Shoe making

Shoe making. Frank Holl. Wood engraving, 11½ x 16 inches. the Graphic(16 May 1872): 468. This image typifies Holl’s work as a social commentator. The workers are absorbed in their work, but the atmosphere is dreary; none of the characters is smiling or speaking and none of the joy in work that William Morris and John Ruskin proposed as the only model of gainful living. Click on image to enlarge it.

Related Material

Scanned image and text by Simon Cooke. [You may use this image without prior permission for any scholarly or educational purpose as long as you (1) credit the person who scanned the image and (2) link your document to this URL in a web document or cite the Victorian Web in a print one.]


Macquoid, Thomas and Katharine. About Yorkshire. London: Chatto & Windus, 1892.

Created 22 April 2019