Banerjee, Jacqueline. Through the Northern Gate: childhood and growing up in British fiction, 1719-1901. New York: P. Lang, 1996.

Bratton, J.S. The Impact of Victorian Children's Fiction. London: Croom Helm; New Jersey: Barnes and Noble Books, 1981.

Carpenter, Humphrey and Mari Prichard, ed. The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Darton, F.J. Harvey. Children's Books in England: five centuries of social life. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Demers, Patricia, ed. From Instruction to Delight: An Anthology of Children's Literature to 1850. Canada: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Flegel, Monica. Conceptualizing Cruelty to Children in Nineteenth-Century England: Literature, Representation, and the NSPCC. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2009 [Review by Megan Norcia].

Green, Roger Lancelyn. Tellers of Tales: children's books and their authors from 1800 to 1964. London: Edmund Ward, 1965.

Hunt, Peter, ed. Children's Literature: An Illustrated History. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Jan, Isabelle. On Children's Literature. Ed. Catherine Storr. London: Allen Lane, 1973.

Khorana, Meena, ed. British Children's Writers, 1800-1880. Detroit, Gale Research, 1996.

Marks, Sylvia Kasey. Writing for the Rising Generation: British Fiction for Young People, 1672-1839. Victoria, BC: Univ. of Victoria, 2003.

Tucker, Nicholas. The Child and the Book: A Psychological and Literary Exploration. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1981.

Zipes, Jack, ed. Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature. 4 volumes. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Children in Society

Cunningham, Hugh. The Children of the Poor: Representations of Childhood Since the Seventeenth Century. Oxford: Blackwell, 1991.

Jordan, Thomas E. Victorian childhood: themes and variations. Albany: Statue University of New York Press, 1987.

Kincaid, James. Child-Loving: The Erotic Child and Victorian Culture. New York and London: Routledge, 1992.

MacGavran, James Holt Jr., ed. Romanticism and Children's Literature in Nineteenth-Century England. Athens and London: Univ. of Georgia Press, 1991.

Plotz, Judith. Romanticism and the Vocation of Childhood. New York and Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001.

Evangelical Tracts

Cutt, Margaret Nancy. Ministering Angels: A Study of Nineteenth-Century Evangelical Religious Writing for Children. Wormley, Herts: Five Owls Press, 1979.

Demers, Patricia. Heaven upon Earth: the form of moral and religious children's literature, to 1850. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1993.

Pickering, Samuel F. Moral Instruction and fiction for children, 1749-1820. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1993.

Vallone, Lynn. "A humble spirit under correction." The Lion and the Unicorn. The Johns Hopkins University Press. Vol. 15, 1991. 72-95.


Briggs, Katherine. Fairies in the English Tradition and Literature. London: Routledge, 1967.

Carpenter, Humphrey. Secret Gardens: The Golden Age of Children's Literature from Alice's Adventures in Wonderland to Winnie-the -Pooh. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1995.

Cosslett, Tess. Talking Animals in British Fiction, 1786-1914. Aldershot, Hamps: Ashgate, 2006.

Goldthwaite, John. The natural history of make-believe: a guide to the principal works of Britain, Europe, and America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Knoepflmacher, U. C. "The Balancing of Child and Adult: An Approach to Victorian Fantasies of Children." Nineteenth-Century Fiction. 37 (4): 497-530.

Knoepflmacher, U.C. Ventures into childland: Victorians, fairy tales, and feminity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.

Lewis, C. S. "On Juvenile Tastes" (1958). Rept. in Of Other Worlds: Essays and Stories. Ed. Walter Hooper. San Diego: Harcourt Brace, 1975. 39-41.

Rose, Jacqueline. The Case of Peter Pan or the Impossibility of Children's Fiction. London: Macmillan, 1984.

Sandner, David. The fantastic sublime: romanticism and transcendence in nineteenth-century children's fantasy literature. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1996.

Schlobin, Roger C. ed. The Aesthetics of fantasy literature and art. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1982.

Summerfield, Geoffrey. Fantasy and Reason: Children's Literature in the Eighteenth Century. London: Methuen, 1984.

Tolkien, J. R. R. "Tree and Leaf" in "Tree and Leaf." "Smith of Wooton Major." "The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth." London: Unwin, 1975. 7-102.

Westfahl, Gary and George Slusser. Nursery realms: children in the worlds of science fiction, fantasy and horror. Athens: University of Greece, 1999.

Wullschlager, Jackie. Inventing Wonderland: The Lives and Fantasies of Lewis Carroll, Edward Lear, J. M. Barrie, Kenneth Grahame and A. A. Milne. London: Methuen, 1995.

Boy's Reading

Dunae, Patrick A. "Boys' Literature and the Idea of Empire." Victorian Studies. 24 (1): 105-21.

Robson, Catherine. Men in Wonderland: The Lost Girlhood of the Victorian Gentlemen. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2001.

Girl's Reading

Gorham, Deborah. The Victorian Girland the Feminine Ideal. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1982.

Jordan, Ellen. "Making Good Wives and Mothers: The Transformation of Middle-Class Girls' Education in Nineteenth-Century Britain." History of Education Quarterly. Vol.21, No.4.

Reynolds, Kimberley. Girls Only? Gender and Popular Children's Fiction in Britain, 1880-1910. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1990.

Rowbotham, Judith. Good Girls Make Good Wives: Guidance for Girls in Victorian Fiction. Oxford and New York: B. Blackwell, 1989.

Yonge, Charlotte. "Authorship." A Chaplet for Charlotte Yonge. London: The Cresset Press, 1965.

Nursery Rhymes

Opie, Iona and Peter, ed. The Oxford Dictionary of Nursery Rhymes. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1951.

Magazines and Popular Reading

Drotner, Kristin. English Children and their Magazines, 1751-1945. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1988.

Haining, Peter, ed. The Penny Dreadful. London: Victor Gollancz, Ltd., 1976.

Hannabuss, C. Stuard. "Nineteenth-century Religious Periodicals for Children." British Journal of Religious Education. Vol. 6, No. 1, (1983), p. 20-40.

Neuburg, Victor E. The Penny Histories. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc., 1969.

Springhall, John. "Disseminating Impure Literature": The 'Penny Dreadful' Publishing Business Since 1860." Economic History Review: New Series, Vol. 47, No. 3, (Aug., 1994), p. 567-584.

Illustrated Children's Books

McLean, Ruari. Victorian Book Design and Colour Printing. 2nd edition. [London]: Faber & Faber, [1972].

Holme, Bryan. The Kate Greenaway Book. New York: The Viking Press, 1976.

Muir, Percy. Victorian Illustrated Books. New York and Washington: Praeger Publishers, 1971.

Children's Literature and Empire

Boscawen, Mary R. E. Conversations on Geography; or, The Child's First Introduction to Where He Is, What He Is, and What Else There Is Besides. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1854.

Bratton, "Of England, Home, and Duty: The Image of England in Victorian and Edwardian Juvenile Fiction," in MacKenzie (see below).

Castle, Kathryn. “The Imperial Indian: India in British History Textbooks for Schools, 1890-1914” in The Imperial Curriculum: Racial Images and Education in the British Colonial Experience, ed.J.A. Mangan. London: Routledge, 1993.

Clarke, Norrna. '"The cursed Barbauld crow': Women Writers and Writing for Children in the Late Eighteenth Century," in Opening the Nursery Door: Reading, Writing and Childhood, 1600-1900. Ed. Mary Hilton, Morag Styles, and Victor Watson. London: Routledge, 1997.

Colley, Linda. Britons: Forging the Nation, 17071837. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1992.

Hilton, Mary. Morag Styles, and Victor Watson. Opening the Nursery-Door: Reading, Writing and Childhood 1600-1900. London: Routledge, 1997.

Hofland, Barbara. Africa Described in Its Ancient and Present State: Including Accounts from Bruce, Ledyard, Lucas, Horneman, Park, Jackson, Salt, Sir F. Henniker, Belzoni, the Portuguese Missionaries, and Others, Down to the Recent Discoveries by Major Denham, Dr. Oudney, Captain Clapperton, M. Callie, and the Landers; Intended for the Use of Young Persons and Schools (1828). London: A. K. Newman and Company, 1834.

Hunt, Peter. "Introduction." Literature for Children: Contemporary Criticism. ed. Hunt. London: Routledge, 1992.

Kutzer, M. Daphne. Empire's Children: Empire and Imperialism in Classic British Children's Books. New York: Garland Publishing, 2000.

McDougall, Harriette. Letters from Sarawak, Addressed to a Child; Embracing an Account of the Manners, Customs, and Religion of the Inhabitants of Borneo, with Incidents of Missionary Life among the Natives. London: Grant and Griffith, 1854.

Mortimer, Favell Lee. Near Home; or, The Countries of Europe Described, with Anecdotes and Numerous illustrations. 1849; London: Hatchard and Co., 1862.

Plozajska, Teresa. Geographical Education, Empire and Citizenship: Geographical Teaching and Learning in English Schools, 18701944. Liverpool: Liverpool Hope University College, Department of Environmental and Biological Studies, 1999.

Plumb, J. H. "The New World of Children in Eighteenth-Century England," in The Birth of a Consumer Society: The Commercialization of Eighteenth-Century England. Ed. Neil McKendrick, John Brewer, and J. H. Plumb. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1982.

Richards, Jeffrey. “Introduction” to Imperialism and Juvenile Literature. Ed. Jeffrey Richards. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1989.

R[oberts], E[lizabeth]. Geography and History, Selected by a Lady, for the Use of Her Own Children. 10th ed. 1790; London: Lew and Gilbert, 1815. n.p.

Smith, Johanna M. "Constructing the Nation: Eighteenth-Century Geographies for Children," Mosaic 34. 2 (June 2001).

Stowe, Harriet Beecher. A New Geography for Children. Rev. by an English Lady by direction of the author London: Sampson Low, Son, and Co., 1855.

Taylor, Emily. Glances at the Ball We Live on. Nashville: E. Stevenson and J.E. Evans, 1856.

_____. [Mary Anne Venning,] A Geographical Present; Being Descriptions of the Several Countries of. Europe, Compiled from the Best Authorities', with Representations of the Various Inhabitants in Their Respective Costumes [Part I]. New York: William Burgess, 1829.

_____. [Mary Anne Venning,] A Geographical Present; Africa. [Part III]. New York: William Burgess, 1831.

Watkins, Tony. "Cultural Studies, New Historicism and Children's Literature," in Hunt.

Last modified 21 July 2014