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Daly, Gay. Pre-Raphaelites in Love. New York: Ticknor and Fields, 1989.

Dijkstra, Bram. Idols of Perversity: Fantasies of the Feminine Evil in Fin-de-Seècle Culture. N. Y.: Oxford, 1986.

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Roberts, Helen E. "Marriage, Redundancy or Sin: The Painter's View of Women in the First Twenty-Five Years of Victoria's Reign," in Martha Vicinus, ed., Suffer and Be Still: Women in the Victorian Age. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1972, 45-76

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Last modified 1996