Left: Whole window. Right: The figure of Jesus in the middle. [Click on the images to enlarge them.]

Christ and the Four Apostles, East Window of St John the Evangelist, East Witton, N. Yorkshire, by Lavers, Barraud and Westlake. Although St John's dates from 1809, this Grade II listed church was significantly restored in the late Victorian period, with some very fine Victorian tiling and stained glass. In particular, the "5-light uncusped Perpendicular east window" (listing text) has glass designed for Lavers and Barraud by Henry Stacy Marks.

Closer view of the apostles John and Luke.

William Waters writes: "Since the colour and leading are so individual one can assume that Marks, besides cartooning, had some input in the workshop" (137). Waters then reminds us that Marks had worked for William Burges, whose coloured cartoons for the windows of St Fin Barre's Cathedral in Cork are works of art in themselves. Here, as Waters says, "Christ's red drapery scattered with white stars is stunning" (137).

Links to Related Material

Photographs by John Salmon, and text by Jacqueline Banerjee. You may use these images without prior permission for any scholarly or educational purpose as long as you (1) credit the photographer and (2) link your document to this URL in a web document or cite it in a print one. [Click on the images to enlarge them.]


St John the Evangelist, East Witton. Historic England. Web. 31 October 2023.

Waters, William (author), and Alastair Carew-Cox (photographer). Angels & Icons, Pre-Raphaelite Stained Glass, 1850-1870. Abbots Morton, Worcester: Seraphim Press, 2012. [Review]

Created 31 October 2023