powerloom

Jacquard Punch Card Loom

1700s

Deutches Museum,

Munich, Germany

Photograph by George P. Landow

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The Jacquard loom proved important in both the first and second industrial revolutions — the first because it demonstrated the mechanization of textile production, leading to British cotton factories; the second, because its punch-card control system (used in player pianos and other automata) later proved important in early mainframe computing. [Compare a later metal Jacquard loom]