. The houses along this stretch of road began to be converted into shops in about 1870 (see Hughes 25); there was a further phase of development in c.1900, when the nearby bakery got a new frontage. However, the green cross symbol shown in the mosaic was only introduced by the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain in 1984 (see Anderson 119), so this is likely to be a later addition rather than an original sign. Cherry's Chemist has since moved several shops down, and the corner shop is a now a dry-cleaner's. Nevertheless, the mosaic panel has recently been restored.
The pharmaceutical symbols are given here in one handy group. We see, from the upper right clockwise:
Following the Pharmacy Act of 1852, strengthened by the Pharmacy and Poisons Act of 1868, chemists had to be legally registered to dispense medicine (see Anderson 119-20). There was still a good deal of regulatory work to be done, particularly with regard to the licensing and selling of poisons. It was important for people to recognise the symbols associated with a proper pharmacy in the days when there were uncertainties about their standards, and even more important for the symbols to be used appropriately to reassure the public.
- Gustav Klimt's Hygieia: A Source of Cold Comfort
- The Yates Memorial, by Henri de Triqueti, featuring Aesculapius and Hygea
- Molesey Park Pharmacy (also in Surrey)
Anderson, Stuart. Making Medicine: A Brief History of Pharmacy and Pharmaceuticals. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2005.
Friedlander, Walter J. The Golden Wand of Medicine: A History of the Caduceus Symbol in Medicine. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO (Praeger), 1992.
Hughes. Wendy. Walton-On-Tames (Images of England series). Stroud: Tempus, 2003.
Lass, Abraham H., David Kiremidjian, and Ruth M. Goldstein.
"The Origins and Meanings of Pharmacy Symbols." Wellcome Collection. Web. 13 December 2019.
Seth, S.D. "Prescription Writing, Suppliance and Self-Medication." In Textbook of Pharmacology, edited by S. D. Seth and Vimlesh Seth. 3rd ed. New Delhi: Elsevier, 2009 (Chapter 111). Preview at Google Books. Web. 13 December 2019.
Created 13 December 2019