Christ is often spoken of as having been crushed in the winepress at the Crucifixion or as then having to endure the hard labors of working the winepress; at the LastJudgment He will reverse his role and tread upon, crush, or bruise evil. Massey applies what we may term the passive version of this image from Isaiah 63:3 and Revelation 14:19-20 in "Anathema Maranatha:"

They have broken our hearts for their hunger, and trod
The wine-press for Death, with the grapes of our God;
And ye lick their feet, red with your blood, like dumb cattle.

One of the more famous applications of this set of biblical texts to God's punishment of political oppressors appears in Julia Ward Howe's "Battle Hymn of the Republic" (1862).


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Print version published 1980; web version 1998