Bown, Nicola, Carolyn Burdett, and Pamela Thurschwell, eds. The Victorian Supernatural. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Brandon, Ruth. The Spiritualists: The Passion for the Occult in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1983.

Bremmer, Jan N. The Rise and Fall of the Afterlife. London: Routledge, 2002.

Buckland, Raymond. The Spirit Book: The Encyclopedia of Clairvoyance, Channeling, and Spirit Communication. Canton, MI: Visible Ink Press, 2005.

Byrne, Georgina. Modern Spiritualism and the Church of England, 1850-1939. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer, 2010.

Carlson, Laurie M. Harry Houdini for Kids: His Life and Adventures with 21 Magic Tricks and Illusions. Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2009.

Cottom, Daniel. Abyss of Reason: Cultural Movements, Revelations, and Betrayals. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Davies, Charles Maurice. Mystic London: or, Phases of Occult Life in the Metropolis. London: Tinsley Brothers,1875.

Doyle, Arthur Conan. The History of Spiritualism. New York: Doran, 1926.

____. Memories and Adventures. 1924. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

____. The New Revelation. Project Gutenberg.

Eliot, George. George Eliot's Life, as Related in Her Letters and Journals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Hazelgrove, Jenny. Spiritualism and British Society between the Wars. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000.

Hill, Arthur J. Spiritualism. Its History, Phenomena, and Doctrine. London, New York, Toronto and Melbourne: Casell and Company, 1918.

Howitt, William. The History of the Supernatural in All Ages and Nations and in All Churches Christian and Pagan Demonstrating a Universal Faith. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott and Company, 1863.

Kaplan, Fred. Dickens and Mesmerism: The Hidden Springs of Fiction. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975.

Lamont, Peter. “Spiritualism and a Mid-Victorian Crisis of Evidence,” The Historical Journal, 47(4) 2004, 897-920.

Oppenheim, Janet. The Other World: Spiritualism and Psychical Research in Victorian Britain, 1850-1914. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Owen, Alex. The Darkened Room. Women, Power and Spiritualism in Late Victorian England. London: Virago, 1989.

_____. “‘Borderland Forms’: Arthur Conan Doyle, Albion’s Daughters, and the Politics of the Cottingley Fairies.” History Workshop 38 (1994), 48-85.

Sandford Christopher. Masters of Mystery: The Strange Friendship of Arthur Conan Doyle & Harry Houdini. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

Pearsall, Ronald. The Table-Rappers: The Victorians and the Occult. London: Sutton Publishing, 1972.

Podmore, Frank. Modern Spiritualism. London, 1902; reprinted as Mediums of the Nineteenth Century. New York: University Books, 1963.

___. The Newer Spiritualism. London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1910.

Travers Smith, Hester. Oscar Wilde from Purgatory: Psychic Messages. New York: H. Holt, 1926.

Tromp, Marlene. “Spirited Sexuality: Sex, Marriage, and Victorian Spiritualism,” Victorian Literature and Culture, 31(2003) 67-81.

___. Altered States: Sex, Nation, Drugs, and Self-Transformation in Victorian Spiritualism. Albany: State of New York University Press, 2006.

Sword, Helen. Ghostwriting Modernism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2002.

Wallace, Alfred. The Scientific Aspect of the Supernatural. London: F. Farrah,1866.

Wiley, Barry H. The Thought Reader Craze: Victorian Science at the Enchanted Boundary. Jefferson, NC.: McFarland & Company, 2012.

Willburn, Sarah A., Tatiana Kontou, eds. The Ashgate Research Companion to Nineteenth-century Spiritualism and the Occult. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2012.

Winter, Alison. Mesmerized: Powers of Mind in Victorian Britain. Chicago, London: University of Chicago Press, 1998.


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Last modified 14 November 2013