The following paragraph serves as a long footnote to Westminster Review’s “England in Egypt,” an essay occasioned by D. McKenzie Wallace’s England and the Egyptian Question (1883). Click on “Return” at the end of the paragraph to return to the main article. — George P. Landow

Sir E. Baring in writing on the 9th of October, 1873, to Lord Granville in answer to the two questions “1. Is it safe to withdraw the British garrison from Cairo? 2. To what extent is it consistent with the preservation of public order that the total British force in Egypt should be reduced?" said, “As regards the first question, I am of opinion that the British garrison at Cairo may be with safety withdrawn. As regards the second question, I am of opinion, after consultation with General Stephenson, that the total force in Egypt, which consists at present of about 6,700 men, may be reduced to three battalions of Infantry, one battery of Field Artillery, one battery of Garrison Artillery, and one company of Engineers, making a total of about 3,000 men and six guns. I agree with General Stephenson in thinking that this force should be concentrated at Alexandria. General Stephenson has informed me that a small expenditure of money will permit of barrack accommodation for this number of men being provided at Alexandria. Should her Majesty’s Government be pleased to approve of the proposals which I have now the honour to make the British force in Egypt will be amply sufficient to preserve order in Alexandria, and to maintain the iionour of her Majesty’s arms against any force that it may be supposed, with any reasonable degree of probability, it may have to encounter. Moreover the moral effect reduced by the presence of this force, or even, indeed, of a force considerably smaller than that proposed, will of itself, in all probability, suffice to insure the tranquillity of the country. It should, however, be clearly understood that the main responsibility for preserving order throughout Egypt will devolve on the Egyptian Government. I trust that they may rely upon the full moral support of her Majesty’s Government in the execution of that task.” [366-67n]

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Related material


“England in Egypt.” Westminster Review. 366-99. Hathi Trust Digital Library online version of a copy in the University of Chicago Library. Web. 13 August 2020.

Robinson, Ronald, John Gallagher, and Alice Denny. Africa and the Victorians: The Climax of Imperialism (1961). Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Books, 1968.

Wallace, D. McKenzie. England and the Egyptian Question. London: Macmillan, 1883.

Last modified 29 August 2020