Boyle, Robert S.J. Metaphor in Hopkins. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1961.

Cotter, James Finn. Inscape: The Christology and Poetry of Gerard Manley Hopkins. Ithaca, New York: U of Pittsburgh P, 1972.

Ellis, Virginia Ridley. Gerard Manley Hopkins and the Language of Mystery. Columbia: U of Missouri P, 1991.

This closely argued volume, which is one of the essential studies of the poet, sets his work within the context of Jesuit belief and practice.

G.M. Hopkins: Tradition and Innovation. Ed. P. Bottalla, G. Marra, and F. Marucci. Ravenna: Pleiadi, 1991.

A collection of essays by Italian, American, and British scholar-critics.

Johnson, Wendell Stacy. Gerard Manley Hopkins: The Poet as Victorian. Ithaca, New York: Cornell UP, 1968.

This excellent brief volume is one of the very few to conisider Hopkins's poetry from within the Victorian context.

Landow, George P. "Yet Hear My Paradox:" Hopkins's Typological Allusions," in Victorian Types, Victorian Shadows. London: Routledge, 1980. [full text]

An examination by your Webmaster of the way Hopkins's major poems draw upon common Victorian methods of reading the Bible to express his belief that in art as in spiritual life, pressure, suffering, and pain bring forth the greatest, most spritual beauty.

Lichtmann, Maria R. The Contemplative Poetry of Gerard Manley Hopkins. Princeton: Princeton U P, 1989.

Mariani, Paul L. A Commentary on the Poems of Gerard Manley Hopkins. Ithaca, New York: Cornell UP, 1970.

Valuable guide to individual poems.

Pick, John. Gerard Manley Hopkins, Priest and Poet. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford U P, 1966.

This excellent brief biography, whose first edition appeared in 1942, marks the recapture by Roman Catholic critics, particularly Jesuit scholars, of Hopkins's poetry from the New Critics, who believed, quite bizarrely, that the poet-priest's fervent religious beliefs and spiritual anguish were irrelevant to his poetry!

Storey, Graham. A Preface to the Hopkins. London: Longman, 1981.

Sulloway, Allison G. Gerard Manley Hopkins and the Victorian Temper. New York: Columbia UP, 1972.


Victorian Web G. M. Hopkins

Last modified 6 July 2000; thanks to Maria Lichtmann for catching some errors