[From Joseph Kestner, Protest & Reform: The British Social Narrative by Women, 1827-1867.]

According to Kestner,

North and South is a mid-Victorian text in that it confronts two questions close to the mid-century consciousness: religious doubt and the nature of progress. By confrontation with one or the other of these the characters achieve self-realization. Religious doubt is the catalyst for the Hales' removal from the comforts of Helstone to Milton-Northern (Manchester).

How does Gaskell handle religious doubts in ways similar to Tennyson's In Memoriam? In what nonliterary art does Victorian doubt appear?

Victorian Web Overview Elizabeth Gaskell North and South

Created c.1994; last modified 25 March 2000